Ndondomeko ya ndondomeko ya momwe mungasamalire ndi kudula pelargonium

Geranium (pelargonium) - wotchuka kwambiri maluwa, omwe ali pafupifupi mawindo onse. Mukamera chomera ichi, kudulira kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa maluwa obiriwira. Sikofunika kokha kuphukira kwa maluwa ambiri pamtundu umodzi wa geranium shrub, komanso kwa mitundu yokongola ya zomera.

Ngati simukudula mphukira yaitali m'kupita kwa nthawi, ndiye kuti nthawi yomwe masambawo amachoka, maluwawo adzasokonezeka. Amayi ambiri azimayi chifukwa cha izi amatulutsa chomeracho. Koma simukufunikira kuchita izi, kuchotsani zigawo zakale panthawi, ndiye pelargonium idzasangalala ndi maluwa ake ndi kukongola kwa zaka zambiri.

Kodi kudulira ndi chiyani?

Mbewu - njira yomwe imakuthandizani kusintha kukula ndi kukula kwa mbewu, pambali pake amalola kusintha khalidwe ndi kuchuluka kwa maluwa mapesi. Mothandizidwa ndi njira yaulimiyi, n'zotheka kuchepetsa pelargonium yosabala, kuonjezera chiwerengero cha zidutswa zazitsulo ndikusintha kukongola kwa mbewu. Komanso, moyo ndi maluwa a geraniums akuwonjezeka ndi zaka zingapo.

Nchifukwa chiyani izo zachitidwa?

Geranium imakhala ndi mitundu yambiri, kuyambira pazomera kupita ku tchire. Malo otchuka kwambiri ndi chipinda cha royal pelargonium. Mtundu uliwonse wa zomera umafuna kusamala, koma muyenera kudulira mitundu yonse ndi maluwa. Ndikofunika kuti tichite ndondomeko nthawi zonse - izi:

  • kumasulidwa kwa chiwerengero chachikulu cha peduncles ndi nthambi;
  • kugwirizana ndi kukongoletsa kwa chitsamba;
  • kukhazikika, nthawi ndi kupuma kwa maluwa;
  • kupeza cuttings kuti apitirize kuswana.
Ndikofunikira! Geranium imakhala ndi masamba ambiri pa malo amodzi, ndipo kudulira kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zatsopano, pomwe padzakhala maluwa atsopano.

Kodi pinching ndi chiyani?

Kusinthanitsa - mawotchi amachotsedwa pamwamba pa mphukira kukula, chifukwa amadzutsa mfundo zogonera. Izi zimathandiza kuti chitsamba chikhale chokongola kwambiri, komanso kuti chikhale chobiriwira pambuyo pake. Chomera chaching'ono chimakanizidwa ndi zala kapena misomali ya msomali.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema za zomwe zimawonongeka ndi pelargonium ndi chifukwa chake ziyenera kuchitidwa:

Malamulo oyambirira

  1. Kuphimba kapena kudula ndikofunikira kokha ndi chida chobera, makamaka kuchipukuta ndi mowa musanagwiritse ntchito.
  2. Chidachi chiyenera kukhala chakuthwa kwambiri kuti asavulaze chomera.
  3. Musanayambe ntchito, muyenera kusamba ndi kusamitsa manja anu kuti musatenge kachilombo kachitatu.
  4. Ngati kukupiza ndi manja anu, simungathe kuthawa, mukhoza kuvulaza mizu.
  5. Mwamsanga mukatha, maluwa amaikidwa dzuwa, koma mphukira zazing'ono ziwoneka mofulumira kwambiri ndipo zimakhala zamphamvu komanso zathanzi.
  6. Mphukira zonse zomwe zimayikidwa mkatikati mwa chitsamba ziyenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga, mwinamwake chitsamba chidzakhala chachikulu kwambiri ndipo geranium ingasokonezedwe.
  7. Ngati mtunda wa pakati pa masamba ndi waukulu (kuthawa kwatuluka chifukwa cha kusowa kuwala), ndiye kuti ndibwino kudula pamwamba pa masamba.
  8. Ngati mphukira yomwe imawonekera imayambitsidwa ndi matendawa, imadulidwa pamodzi ndi thunthu. Zomwe matenda ndi tizilombo toononga tingawononge pelargonium, werengani pano.
  9. Mukamaliza kudulira, zilonda zonse ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi mankhwala opatsirana.
  10. Ngati mukuwombera mfumu begonia, ndiye kuti simukuyenera kutero nthawi imodzi, chifukwa chomeracho ndi chofooka kwambiri.

Ndi liti kuti muzitsuka chomera chochuluka kuchokera ku mbewu kunyumba?

Mbewu za Pelargonium zinabzalidwa ndipo mphukira zoyamba zinkawonekera pamphika, pomwe timapepala timene timapanga 4-6, kenaka choyamba chimachokera. Mmene mungaperekere:

  1. Tengani lumo laling'ono.
  2. Njira ndi mowa.
  3. Onetsetsani mosamala kukula kwa mfundoyo ndi mapepala 1 kapena angapo.

Pambuyo pakamangidwe, pelargonium imayamba kupereka mapepala ambali. ndi kumanga masamba ambiri.

Geranium imafunika kutsitsa pa chikwama chilichonse, chomwe chiri ndi mapepala 4 enieni.

Khwerero ndi Gawo Malangizo

Momwe mungasamalire molondola? Zotsatira zotsatilazi ndi izi:

  1. Yang'anani mosamalitsa mphukira zapamwamba ndikupeza maluwa aakulu kwambiri, omwe amachititsa kukula kwa mphukira. Ndi impso izi zomwe ziyenera kuchotsedwa, mwinamwake pelargonium iyamba kutambasula mmwamba, pamene masamba ogona sadzauka.
  2. Ngati impso imapezeka, imayenera kuchotsedwa. Izi zingatheke ndi tsamba lakuthwa kapena zala. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito pruner wamaluwa pa mphukira. Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, chinthu chachikulu sichiwononge mphukira yaikulu ndi masamba.
  3. Kutsekedwa kwatha kumatha, kudula kumatulutsidwa ndi phulusa, chobiriwira chobiriwira kapena sinamoni.

Momwe mungapangire?

Chotsani pamwambapo kukula. Ngati mutadzuka mitu yakugona, ndiye kuti mphukira imachotsedwa nthawi yomweyo. Pa nthawi yomweyo, kukula kwa pelargonium kudzaima, thunthu lalikulu lidzayamba kupeza nyonga ndipo mphukira yomwe mukufunika idzawoneka posachedwa.

Mpaka chitsamba chikapangidwe, ma inflorescences onse amachotsedwa, kotero kuti geranium imapereka mphamvu kuti chitukuko chikhale chobiriwira. Panthawiyi, ikhoza kudyetsedwa ndi feteleza. Pelargonium imamasula kamangidwe kake kakang'ono chabe, choncho, maluwawo atayamba kuphuka, amachotsedwa.

Tsatirani ndondomekoyi

  • Pambuyo kudula mitengoyo kumafuna chidwi chapadera. Chinthu choyamba muyenera kuchiyika pawunikira, koma yesetsani kutulutsa dzuwa.
  • Pelargonium yatsala pawindo kwa mwezi umodzi, ndiye duwa limasunthidwa ndikuyikidwa pafupi ndiwindo. Pa nthawi ino, nthawi yokula ikuyamba.
  • Kutentha kwa chipinda chomera.
  • Ndikoyenera kukumbukira kuti geranium ndi chomera chokondweretsa kwambiri, motero, pakuyika duwa kumpoto ya kumpoto simudzakhala korona wokongola - chifukwa cha kusowa kwa dzuwa, chomera chidzakwera pamwamba.
  • Kuonjezera apo, pelargonium silingalole kuti zinthu ziziyenda bwino, choncho muyenera kumangokhalira kuyendetsa ndege.
  • Mvula ikangotha, geranium imayikidwa pa khonde.
  • Imwani chomeracho chiyenera kukhala chokwanira, kutsanulira madzi ku poto. Pankhani ya chomera ichi, pangakhale kusowa kwa chinyezi kusiyana ndi momwe zidzasinthire mu mphika.
  • Kubwezeretsa zomera zomwe zimatulutsidwa zaka zitatu zilizonse, pomwe sizikuphatikizidwa ndi kunyoza kapena kudulira. Pelargonium amayankha bwino kuvala pamwamba, kungakhale nayitrogeni feteleza kumayambiriro kwa kasupe atatha kudulira. Ndiye phosphorous-potashi, kuti apangidwe korona wolimba ndi wamphamvu.
  • Ngati kununkhira kapena kudulira kuchitidwa molondola, posachedwa kukongola kwako kudzasangalala ndi maluwa okongola, omwe adzapitilira kwa nthawi yaitali ndi chisamaliro choyenera. Zomwe mungachite ngati pelargonium sakufuna pachimake, mungapeze apa.

Geranium ndi wokongola kwambiri ndi maluwa onunkhira omwe anakula pa windowsills athu agogo. Anakhulupilira kuti chomera ichi chimabweretsa mgwirizano ndi kupambana mnyumba. Pakali pano, pali ma hybrids ambiri omwe amasiyana mozungulira maluwa ndi mawonekedwe a inflorescences.

Mungathe kukumana ndi begonia ndi mthunzi wosazolowereka. Oyamba kumene samakonda kugula chomera ichi, chifukwa amakhulupirira kuti amafunikira chisamaliro chapadera. Koma izi siziri choncho, chofunika chokhazikika nthawi zonse ndi kudulira ndi kukanikiza, mosasamala kanthu kosiyanasiyana ndi mtundu wa geranium.

Zambiri mwatsatanetsatane za kusamalira chipinda pelargonium, tinauza apa, ndipo kuchokera mu nkhani ino mungaphunzire momwe mungamere chomera pamtunda.