Zobweretsera zobwereka za pelargonium ndi kukalumikiza

Pelargonium ndi maluwa osakhwima omwe amawoneka okongola pawindo lawindo, pa flowerbed kapena m'munda. Wokongola kwambiri komanso maluwa osadzichepetsa, chifukwa chake ndi wotchuka kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa. N'zotheka kufalitsa chomera ichi m'njira yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito cuttings.

M'nkhani ino tidzanena zomwe kudula kwa pelargonium komanso momwe tingayambire bwino chomera ichi mofananamo.

Kodi ndingachuluke bwanji duwa kunyumba?

Kunyumba, kubereka kwa pelargonium kumachitika m'njira ziwiri:

  • Cuttings. Imeneyi ndi njira yodziwika kwambiri, popeza mitengo ya cuttings imakhala yosavuta ndipo pambuyo pa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi imabweretsa maluwa.
  • Mbewu. Muyenera kubzala mbewu kumapeto kwa February kapena kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March ndikukula maluwa aakulu.
Ndikofunikira! Mbewu zowonjezera chomera chosakanizidwa ziyenera kugulidwa, chifukwa mitundu yotereyo siingakhoze kubala mbewu ndi makhalidwe a makolo, ndipo maluwa omwe amakhala nawo nthawi zonse amakhala ndi maluwa osalala adzakula kuchokera ku mbewu za pelargonium ndi maluwa akuluakulu.

Nthawi komanso momwe mungadulire - malamulo ambiri

Mukhoza kuchita kudula chaka chonse, koma ndibwino kuti muzichita masikapanthawi yogwiritsa ntchito timadziti timene timapanga timadzi timene timapangidwira mwamsanga.

Cuttings idabzala mu autumn kapena yozizira mizu 2 nthawi yaitali kapena musati muzu nkomwe. Kuonjezera apo, kuphulika kwa mphukira m'nyengo yozizira kumabweretsa mfundo yakuti popanda kuunikira kwowonjezereka, iwo amatha kutayika ndipo amayenera kudula kumapeto.

Kukonzekera kukalumikizanitsa

Pofuna kulima bwino pelargonium ndikofunikira kusankha bwino ndikukonzekera mphukira zake. Pakufunika kuswana ndi mawiri awiri a masamba.

Ndondomeko ya mizu:

  1. ndi mpeni wotetezedwa kwambiri wotetezedwa pogwiritsa ntchito mpeni pambali pangodya mpaka pamtengo, mosamala kudula kudula 5 cm;
  2. chotsani nthambi zonse za maluwa ndi masamba kuchokera kwa iye, mwinamwake iye sadzakhala ndi mphamvu kuti muzuke;
  3. Siyani mdulidwe mumthunzi kwa maola angapo kuti muume mdulidwe;
  4. Gwiritsani ntchito magawo odulidwa ndi ophwanyika, mphika, sinamoni kapena "Kornein".

Momwe mungapezere mizu m'madzi?

Pafupifupi mitundu yonse ya Pelargonium, kupatulapo Royal, imapereka mizu m'madzi. Kodi mungamange bwanji mofanana? Kuti muchite izi, mumangofunika kuika tizidutswa mumadzimo ndi kutentha kozizira ndi madzi kotero kuti chimakwirira gawo la 1-2 masentimita, kenako dikirani mpaka mizu iwoneke ndikuikanso pansi.

Chenjerani! Ngati palibe mizu pambuyo pa sabata la kudula m'madzi, m'pofunikira kusinthira mdulidwe ndikuzulira maluwa pansi.

Kodi mungabzala bwanji?

Pofuna kubzala bwino kwa pelargonium cuttings, muyenera kutsatira ndondomeko yotsatirayi:

  1. Sakanizani peat ndi vermiculite kapena mchenga wa coarse mchenga, konzekerani nthaka yochepa yomwe imadutsa chinyezi bwino (kuti mudziwe momwe mungasankhire nthaka ndi poto kuti mubzalitse pelargonium, werengani pano);
  2. pangani mabowo m'mitsuko ya pulasitiki yokonzedweratu;
  3. kutsanulira nthaka mu makapu ndikuisakaniza bwino;
  4. kuthira madzi otentha kapena yankho la potassium permanganate m'nthaka kuti awononge tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo tizilombo mmenemo;
  5. Yembekezani kuti nthaka ikhale yozizira;
  6. gwirani pansi pansi masentimita 2-3 kuya;
  7. Ngati muli ndi masamba a chikasu, onetsetsani kudula kwa masiku angapo ndi galasi loyera kapena galasi.

Mbeu zatsopano zomwe zimangobzala kumene zilibe, komabe siziyenera kuthiriridwa kawirikawiri, mwinamwake chomeracho chikhoza kuvunda. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, kuyanika kwa nthaka sikuyenera kuloledwa, chifukwa chifukwa chake kudula kudzakhalanso kowuma. Palibe chifukwa chake tizidulidwe tifunika kuphimbidwa, kutulutsa wowonjezera kutentha - izi zidzetsa kuvunda kapena kuchitika kwa matenda a fungalesi ndipo zomera zidzafa (kuti mudziwe zambiri za matenda ndi tizirombo ta pelargonic, onani apa) Komanso kubzala zipatso, mungagwiritse ntchito mapiritsi apadera a peat. Muyenera kuwameta kwa mphindi ziwiri m'madzi, kenaka pitani nthawi yopuma ndikuyika zonse pamodzi mu kapu ya pulasitiki.

Kuthira mizu

Mitengo ya Pelargonium imachokera bwino pa 20-24 madigiriNgati zizindikiro za kutentha zili zocheperapo, njira yolima mitengo ndi chitukuko chimachepetsa. Ndi bwino kusungunula nthaka kuchokera pamwamba, kuchotsa madzi ochulukirapo kuchotsa poto kupyola mabowo.

Pa nthawi ya rooting m'pofunikira kuchotsa chovala chapamwamba ndi dzuwa. Pakadutsa milungu isanu ndi iwiri, kudula kumayamba kuima mizu, yomwe imatha kuwonetsedwa kudzera m'makoma oonekera a pulasitiki, komanso kuchokera ku masamba atsopano omwe akuwonekera. Kuti mphukira ikhale chitsamba chokongola ndi maluwa okongola, chomerachi chiyenera kumangirizidwa pamtunda wa tsamba lachisanu kapena lachisanu ndi chimodzi (ife tawuzidwa m'nkhani ino za momwe tingakonzere ndi kuchepetsa pelargonium molondola).

Kusamalira kunyumba

Pambuyo mokwanira rooting wa kudula, m'pofunika kuti ndikasendeza chomera mu mphikamomwe idzapitilira kukula, chifukwa ichi mukufunikira:

  • kutsanulira ngalande (njerwa zakukwaza, miyala yamtengo wapatali kapena dongo lokwanira) mu mphika wokonzedwa bwino;
  • pamwamba kuti mudzaze nthaka yosanjikiza;
  • Chotsani phesi ndi mtanda wa dziko ndikuyiyika pakatikati pa mphika;
  • mudzaze zosowa ndi dziko lapansi;
  • kang'anani pang'ono;
  • imwani chomera kuti madzi asagwe pansi pa tsinde (momwe mungamwetse, komanso nthawi komanso momwe mungamere pelargonium, mungapeze apa);
  • Chotsani maluwa mumthunzi kwa masiku angapo.

Tinawauza za zochitika za kubzala, kuziika ndi rooting za pelargonium pano.

M'tsogolomu, chisamaliro chomera chimachitika mwachizolowezi. Mungagwiritse ntchito kusakaniza kwa pelargoniums kapena begonias, kapena mukhoza kuphika nokha mwa kusakaniza 1 gawo la mchenga wabwino, mtsinje wa humus ndi gawo limodzi la mtedza.

Bwanji ngati chinachake chitalakwika?

Mwakukhoza kuti tizidulidwe sizingayambe mizu ndipo sizikhala mizu, ziripo, kotero ndi bwino kukonzekera kwambiri zipatso. Ngati zidutswazo zaima m'madzi kwa sabata ndipo musayambe mizu, muyenera kudula wina pamwamba pa yoyamba, kuumitsa, kuwawaza ndi malasha ndi kubzala m'nthaka.

Ndikofunika kufufuza kutentha kwa dothi m'maluwa omwe ali pawindo - nthawi zambiri kumachepa kusiyana ndi kutentha kwa mpweya ndipo chifukwa cha izi mizu siimakula, koma imatuluka. Pothandizidwa ndi kumtumikizanitsa, mungathe kumangobwereza mofulumira pelargoniumpamene akusunga mitundu yonse ya zamoyo za zomera.

Mukuchita izi, palibe chovuta ndipo, ngati mutatsatira malangizo, mutha kupeza maluwa okongola omwe adzakondweretsa omwe akuzungulirani ndi maluwa awo.