Mbali zimasamalira ubwino wamba - chikasu pelargonium

Yellow pelargonium ndi chosowa chomera mkati. Olima amalima omwe anatha kupeza chozizwitsa ichi pakhomo lawo la nyumba amanyadira kwambiri.

Mitengo yamaluwa yokhala ndi maluwa ambiri ndi osowa kwambiri, ndi kosavuta kuikonza kudzera pa intaneti. Amadziwikanso kuti geranium dzuwa chifukwa cha maluwa achikasu. DzuƔa lidzakongoletsa nyumba iliyonse ndi maluwa ake obiriwira.

Mbiri ya

Botanists sitingathe kufotokoza momwe chikasu cha pelargoniums chinkawonekera m'chilengedwe.

Anthu ambiri amakhulupirira kuti chikasu chachilendo chachilendo chomera ichi chinali chifukwa cha kusintha kwa thupi. Ena amanena kuti izi ndi zotsatira za kupanga zamoyo.

Zilonda za chilengedwe zomwe zili mu maluwa a pelargonium ndi anthocyanins.Amapatsa pinki ndi yofiira pinki. Pachifukwa ichi, obereketsa akukumana ndi mavuto aakulu pakubereka mitundu ndi maluwa achikasu.

Kaya ndi kulengedwa kwa chirengedwe, chifukwa cha kusintha kwa thupi, kapena manja a munthu, njira imodzi kapena yina, pelargonium ya dzuwa ilipo ndipo imatenga jeni la chikasu, lomwe nthawi zonse limagwirizanitsidwa ndi jini lomwe limayambitsa tsamba lolimba. Choncho, ndondomeko za chitsamba cha zomera si zokongola kwambiri, ngati sizingasinthe.

Dziko la Pelargonium - dziko la Afrika.

Malongosoledwe a zomera

Pelargonium wachikasu amatanthauza mitundu ya geranium. Ichi ndi chomera chosatha chotchedwa shrub chosatha. Zimatanthauzira mitundu ya zinyama zaphalala.

Mbali yaikulu ya mitundu ya Pelargonium mwa dongosolo losakanikirana la maluwa a maluwa. Mafuta atatu otsikawa nthawi zonse amakhala ochepa kuposa awiri.

Mitundu ya pelargoniums ndi zomera zokha.. Iwo sadzapulumuka m'nyengo yozizira m'munda, mosiyana ndi geraniums, mitundu ina yomwe yozizira bwino mu flowerbeds.

Maonekedwe ndi zinthu

Nthaka nthawi zonse imakhala yolimba ndi masamba owuma. Zimayambira komanso zimakhazikika. Mphepete mwa masamba ndiwopseza, ndipo pamwamba pake pamakhala pansi. Yellow maluwa nthawi zonse amasonkhanitsa ambulera inflorescences.

Mbewu yoyamba ya dzuwa yotchedwa solar pelargoniums inali kwenikweni yachikasu, koma mthandizi wofiira ndi mizere yofiira ndi mawanga pa phulusa.

Mitundu yamakono imakhala ndi chikasu., pamakhala palibe zofiira.

Mitundu yodziwika: chithunzi ndi kufotokoza

Firstyelloy

Zosiyanasiyana ndi zobiriwira chikasu maluwa, ndi m'mimba mwake ndi 2-3 masentimita.

Guernsey chokoma

Maluwa ndi sing'anga, mandimu, chitsamba chiri chobiriwira, monga zimayambira zimapanga zambirimbiri.

Buttermilk

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi masamba omwe amawoneka ngati velvet wobiriwira ndi maluwa okongola a chikasu.

Creamery

Izi zosiyanasiyana inflorescence kwambiri zazikulu, wopangidwa ndi kuwala kirimu yopapatiza maluwa.

Pelargonia pulverulentum Oribi Akupanga ndi Pelargonia gibbosum

Mankhwala awo otumbululuka Chimakula ngati maluwa a snapdragon. Sili wochuluka, 3-5 masamba amaoneka pa zimayambira, zomwe mwamsanga zimatha.

Malo osankhidwa ndi malo ndi malo oyendetsa

Malo ndi kuunikira

Chomeracho chidzakhala chabwino m'mawindo akummawa ndi akumwera. Kuchokera ku dzuwa lowongolera, onetsetsani kuti mutseka chophimba, mwinamwake masamba aziwotcha. Pelargonium ikhoza kuyikidwa osati pawindo, koma osati kutali ndi iyo, koma kuti kuyatsa kuchokera pazenera kulibwinobe.

Pelargonium chikasu sichilola pafupi kwambiri ndi zomera zina. Choncho, mphika nawo uyenera kuyima patali kuti masamba asagwirizane ndi masamba a zomera zina.

Poto

Njira yabwino ikadakhala yozama, koma osati yayikulu. Mu mphika waukulu kwambiri, pelargonium idzaphuka mochepa kwambiri..

Nthaka

Kumbukirani kuti m'chilengedwe, pelargonium imakula mu Africa, chifukwa chomeracho sichifuna nthaka yowonjezera. Choyenera chikhale chisakanizo cha munda, mchenga ndi peat mofanana. Pansi pa ngalande yofunikira ya dothi lochepetsedwa kapena njerwa zosweka. Mukhozanso kugula nthaka yapadera ya pelargoniums.

Ngati nthaka imachotsedwa mumsewu, iyenera kuwerengedwa mu uvuni kwa ola limodzi.kupha majeremusi onse. Kusanyalanyaza malangizowa kungachititse kuti imfa ifike mofulumira kwambiri.

Kuwaza

Ndizosatheka kubzala maluwa mutagula, ngakhale ngati nthaka ilipo, ikuwoneka yosafunika. Ndikofunika kuyembekezera mpaka kumapeto kwa maluwa, koma pokhapokha pokhapokha padzakhala bwino.

Pelargonium anafera m'chaka. Ngati duwa limagulidwa nthawi yosiyana ndi chaka, sikoyenera kubzala nthawi isanafike.

Maluwa achotsedwa mu mphika wakale ndi clod ya dziko lapansi. Tulutsani mizu ya nthaka ndikutsuka sizingatheke.

Mitsuko imayikidwa pansi, kenako nthaka imathiridwa, pelargonium imayikidwa ndi kuwaza pambali zonse. Ndiye muyenera kutsanulira pang'ono.

Kusamalira Zomera

Kuthirira

Mbewu imalolera chinyezi chamadzi. Kwa pelargonium, masiku angapo a chilala ndi abwino kuposa madzi okwanira nthawi zonse. Choncho, ndi kofunika kuthirira nthaka ikakhala youma.

Mukhoza kuthirira madzi osamwa okha omwe afika kutentha. Ngati mulibe madzi oterewa, ndiye kuti muyenera kuyimba pamphepete ndikuziteteza kwa tsiku kuti chlorine iwonongeke. Ngati zipinda zimakhala bwino m'nyengo yozizira, mukhoza kutentha pang'ono madzi okwanira kuti asakhale ozizira.

Pelargonium utsi wa chikasu sungakhoze kukhala! Idzavulaza tsamba lake la masamba ndi masamba.

Kupaka pamwamba

Pakati pa maluwa, kuti ikhale yaitali, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza phosphate-potassium.yomwe nayitrogeni imakhala yochepa. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza.

Chakudya chiyenera kukhala mlungu uliwonse kuyambira May mpaka September. Mu kugwa ndi nyengo yozizira, zomera sizifuna kudyetsa kwina.

Simungathe kudyetsa chikasu pelargonium organic fertilizerAdzafa ndi izi. Ndalama zokha zimathandiza pa izo.

Kusinthanitsa

Kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira, nsonga za nthambi zimagwedezeka kotero kuti chitsamba chikhale ndi mawonekedwe okongola ndipo chimasula mphukira. Chifukwa cha ichi, zidzakhala zazikulu.

Zingatheke tizirombo ndi matenda

  • Matenda a fungal. Kuthira mowa kwambiri kungapangitse vertselleznuyu kufuna. Nkhumba zimayamba m'nthaka, kenako zimakwirira chimanga. Ndikofunika kuika pelargonium mu mphika watsopano ndi kukhazikitsa njira yodziwira bwino.
  • Kuwonongeka kochedwa. Pelargonium ikhoza kuwonongeka mochedwa. Alimi ambiri akulangizidwa kuti achotse chomeracho mwamsanga, chifukwa n'zosatheka kuchiza matendawa. Koma m'mayambiriro ake, mukhoza kuyesa kuchiritsa Previkur ndi Profit Gold.
  • Matenda owopsa a pelargonium ndi mwendo wakuda. Imeneyi ndi bowa yomwe imakhudza mizu, imakhala yosayenerera mankhwala ophera fungicidal.
  • Matenda a fungal. Ngati masamba ndi dzimbiri, izi zikuwonetsanso matenda a fungal. Nkhuku imayamba chifukwa cha kuthirira madzi komanso kukhutira mu chipinda chokhala ndi chinyezi. Amachiritsidwa bwino ndi fungicides. Zisanachitike izi, mbali zonse za maluwawo zachotsedwa.
  • Pliers kuwonekera, mosiyana, chifukwa cha kusowa kwa ulimi wothirira ndi mpweya wouma m'chipinda. Mukhoza kuwachotsa mwa kugula kukonzekera kwapadera mu sitolo yamaluwa.
  • Pa pegrgonium ikhoza kukhala whiteflyTizilombo timabisala pansi pamunsi mwa masamba. Dzipatseni malo otetezeka pa masamba. Chifukwa chiwonongeko cha whiteflies chimagwiritsa ntchito misampha ndi karbofos.
  • Pa dzuwa pelargonium ingawonekere aphid. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timakhala pa zimayambira ndi masamba. Kuyambira wowerengeka mankhwala a iwo amathandiza kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa tincture wa adyo. Komabe ndi bwino kugula tizilombo todabwitsa.
Chomeracho chiyenera kutayika nthawi yomweyo kwa ena kuti matendawa kapena tizilombo tisagwidwe maluwa onse.

Kuswana

Mbewu

Ubwino wa njirayi ndikuti umakula maluwa ndi mphamvu zambiri. Mbewu imafesedwa mu nthaka yothira pakati pa dzinja ndi kuphimba ndi zojambulazo. Iyo ikamera ikuphulika, imatha kukonkhedwa ndi kukula kokondweretsa. Muyenera kuyendayenda mu masabata awiri, ndipo masabata asanu ndi atatu zomera zimakonzedwa kuti zikhale muzitsulo zosatha.

Cuttings

Ubwino ndikuti phesi imayamba mwamsanga ndikuyamba kukula. Kuti muchite izi, dulani pang'onopang'ono kuchoka ku pelargonium, kuumitsa pang'ono ndikuikamo madzi kuti mutulutse mizu. Mukawoneka, mumatha kuika mphika wamuyaya.

Ndi mitundu yanji ina ndi mitundu ya pelargonium yotchuka? Werengani za Pelargonium Silik, Angel, Terry, Rosebud, Chokoma, Pak, Garden, Ammel, Ampel.

Pelargonium ndi wachikasu, ngakhale kuti ndi osowa kwambiri, koma wodzichepetsa. Ngati mumatsatira malamulo osavuta oti mumusamalire, chomeracho chidzakondwera ndi maluwa ake odabwitsa ndipo chidzakuthandizira kukhazikitsa ulesi m'nyumba.