Kodi ndibwino kuti mudandaule ngati maluwa a orchid ali ndi maluwa owuma komanso kuti achite chiyani?

Orchid - yopanda nzeru, koma, ngakhale izi, chomera chotchuka pakati pa okonda maluwa.

Komabe, chodabwitsa chotere monga maluwa omwe adayimika ambiri amakhalabe chifukwa chokhalira osangalala.

Kodi ndizifukwa zotani zomwe izi ndizochitika, ndipo ndi liti pamene ndikuyenera kuyimitsa alamu, ndi chiyani choti muchite ngati maluwa amatha kuuma pamodzi ndi mbali zina za chomera?

Cholinga cha mphukira ya maluwa

Pamene nthawi yonse ya orchid yatha, chomeracho chinakhala ndikupeza mphamvu yotulutsa kanthawi kochepa - phokoso, pomwe maonekedwe akuyamba. Mapangidwe a Bud ndi kukula kumachitika pa peduncleicho chimasintha pa nthawi. Mapeto a maluwa amatanthauza kuti maluwa othamangawo adakwaniritsa ntchito yake yaikulu.

Kuwonekera kwa kuthawa kwowuma

Mukamayanika, peduncle imatha kuuma kwake ndi kuphulika, pang'onopang'ono imasintha maonekedwe ake: mtundu wobiriwira umatha ndipo mtundu umakhala wofiira ndi wofiirira. Thupi limatayika mu gawo louma, photosynthesis imasiya, palibe njira zothandiza - imfa imachitika.

Ndi liti?

Ngati peduncle imayamba kutembenuka chikasu ndi youma pambuyo pa kukula kwa orchid, pamene maluwa onse auma ndi kugwa - palibe chifukwa chodandaula. Ngati piruncle ikuwombera panthawi imodzimodziyo pokhapokha panthawi yomwe maluwa akuphulika, muyenera kuganizira zomwe maluwawo amamera, ndipo muwone ngati chisamaliro choperekedwa kwa chomera chikugwirizana ndi zomwe zikufunika.

Nchifukwa chiyani izi zikuchitika?

Kutali kwambiri kuyanika kwa peduncle sikuti nthawi zonse kumakhala koyeneraNthawi zambiri zimakwiyidwa ndi zinthu zakunja.

  • Kuwala kolakwika. Ngati orchid ilibe kuwala, osati maluwa a maluwa okha, komanso masamba, mizu ya mlengalenga, sizinapangidwe bwino masamba, ndipo photosynthesis imachepetsanso. Komabe, sitiyenera kuiwala kuti kuwala kowala komanso kuwala kwa dzuwa kumakhala koopsa pa duwa. Ndi bwino kuika orchid mumthunzi wache.
  • Kuchuluka kapena kusowa kwa zakudya. Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza kawirikawiri kumayambitsa maluwa a orchid mmalo mopindula: iyo idzauma masamba, peduncle, mizu, masamba amatha. Chifukwa chosoĊµa zakudya, mbewuyo idzayamba pang'onopang'ono kapena ayi.
  • Kutentha kwa mpweya. Chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa mpweya wa mlengalenga, mu nyengo youma, mkhalidwe wonse wa zomera udzawonongeka, maluwa osadziwika adzagwa, peduncle idzafota, ndipo ngati chinyezi chikuwopsa, njira yovunda ingayambe.
  • Hypothermia. Kutentha kwa mpweya sikuyenera kukhala pansipa + madigiri 14. Chifukwa cha hypothermia, orchid idzagwetsa masamba, ndipo peduncle idzafota. Simungakhoze kuyika chomera pansi pa mpweya wabwino kapena kawirikawiri komanso motalika kuti mutsegule chipinda m'nyengo yozizira.
  • Kutentha mizu. Orchids amakonda kutenthedwa, komabe iwo amafunika kuwawotcha. Musasiye chomera padzuwa, pafupi ndi chimbudzi chowotcha m'nyengo yozizira kapena pansi pa mtsinje wozizira kuchokera ku mpweya wabwino.
  • Kusokonezeka maganizo. Ngati "musunthira" orchid kumalo atsopano, zidzasokonezeka, monga kuwala, kutentha, ndi chinyezi cha mlengalenga. Zotsatira za vutoli ndi kutha kwa maluwa ndi kutaya masamba.
Simukuyenera kutembenuza mphika ndi orchid kuwala kuti apereke kuwala kwachilengedwe - chomeracho chimayang'ana zochitika zoterezi monga zolemetsa.

Kodi mungatani mukamayanika?

Kodi ndi bwino kudula?

Pamene orchid yaphuka, nthawi ya mpumulo yayamba ndipo pali chidaliro chonse kuti chomeracho chikupumula ndipo sichidzaphulika posachedwa - nthawi yayandikira kudula kowuma.

Kawirikawiri izi zimachitika pakati kapena kumapeto kwa nthawi, koma nthawi zonse silingaganizire pa kalendala ndi nthawi ya chaka, koma panthawi ya peduncle yokha - Ikhoza kudulidwa kokha mukatha kuyanikapamene palibe impso zamoyo. Apo ayi, mukhoza kuwononga orchid, kufooketsa, chifukwa idzagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zake kuchiza bala.

Kodi ndikufunika kubwezeretsa?

Pothirira madzi ndi chimodzi mwa zifukwa zowuma kwa peduncle. Ndikofunika kufufuza bwinobwino mizu ndikuyang'ana matenda awo: mtundu wobiriwira umasonyeza thanzi lawo, kuwala ndi siliva - mbewu ikupumula, koma mtundu wofiirira ndi wakuda umasonyeza kuvunda kwa mizu kapena matenda ena.

Pankhani iyi, kuika ndilo gawo lovomerezeka. Ndikofunika:

  1. Chotsani chomera mu mphika.
  2. Tsukani mizuyi bwinobwino.
  3. Chotsani malo onse owonongeka.
  4. Kupanga malo amacheka ndi antiseptic.
  5. Siyani usiku kuti muume.
  6. Ikani orchid mu gawo lapansi latsopano ndi wosanjikiza wabwino.

Kuti pakhale kusintha kwabwino kwa chomera, poto ayenera kuchotsedwa m'malo amdima, ndipo kuthirira kumalowe m'malo mwa kupopera mbewu ndi madzi otentha kutentha.

Kuchotsa malamulo

Ngati nsonga ya peduncle yakhala yachikasu mmera, ndipo ikadali yobiriwira, palibe chifukwa chochidula. Kuti muwoneke bwino, chomera chokhacho chingathe kudulidwa, ndipo nthendayi yonse imachotsedwa pokhapokha ikauma. Izi zidzafuna:

  1. Konzani ndi kusankhanitsa pruner kapena mpeni.
  2. Dulani mosamala ndondomeko youma.
  3. Siyani tsinde ili kukula kwa masentimita awiri.
  4. Fukani kagawo ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo (mungagwiritse ntchito oponderezedwa atsegulidwa kapena makala).
  5. Ngati pali masamba owuma pamaluwa a orchid, m'pofunika kuwachotsa mofanana.
Pambuyo pa ndondomekoyi, chomeracho sichitha madzi masiku 7-10.

Chomera kusamalira ndi zowonongeka maluwa mphukira

Pofuna kupewa zotsatira zoipa, orchid imasiyidwa yokha kwa kanthawi, koma zina ziyenera kukumana:

  • ngakhale kuti m'nyengo ya chilimwe kutentha kwa mpweya kwa orchid kuyenera kukhala + 22 mpaka madigiri, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira - + 16-18, m'masabata angapo oyambirira mutatha kudula zouma zouma, kutentha kumayenera kutsika ku madigiri 20-22;
  • kuchepetsa kuthirira, koma musalole nthaka kuti iume;
  • Lembani nthawi yomwe zomerazo zikuyendera komanso osawonetsa kuwala kowala;
  • kusunga chinyezi cha mpweya pamtunda wa 50-60%;
  • Nthawi zonse muzimitsa chipinda popanda mpweya wa mpweya;
  • kuthetsa feteleza m'mwezi woyamba utatha, musadyetsenso kamodzi pamwezi;
  • kupopera nthawi zonse ndi madzi ozizira, kutentha kwake komwe kumayenera kukhala madigiri 35-40.

Zouma orchid peduncle - osati chowopsya chotere, monga zingawonekere, ndipo kudulira, ngati kuli koyenera, sikovuta. Chinthu chachikulu sikuti ndiwopsyeze, koma kuti mumvetsetse bwinobwino mkhalidwe wa mbeuyo, ndipo ngati nkofunikira, pitirizani kuchitapo kanthu. Athandireni orchid mosamala, ndipo akuthokozani chifukwa cha maluwa ake okongola.