Osati kuvulaza chomera: kodi n'zotheka kubzala orchid mu kugwa ndikuchita bwino?

The orchid ndi malo opangira chokonzedwa bwino a banja la Orchid. Pamene mukukula maluwa, chiyeso chovomerezeka cha chisamaliro chake ndikuchiika. Izi ndizofunikira kwa orchid, monga chomera sichikondwera kukhala malo omwewo kwa nthawi yayitali ndikuyamba kudwala.

Kumayambiriro kwa autumn, tsiku lowala lidali lalitali, ndipo maluwa amatha kuuka m'maluwa. Ngati maluwa anu amayamba kumera mu September-Oktoba, nthawi zambiri, ino ndi nthawi yokwanira kuti peduncle ipange, ndipo orchid ikukondweretsani ndi maluwa atsopano.

Moyo umayenda m'dzinja

Mu September, kuwala kwa dzuwa sikukutentha monga chilimwe, kotero maluwa a orchid omwe amakula kale pamsewu kapena pa khonde, ndi nthawi yoti abweretse mnyumbamo.

Pambuyo pake, duwa liyenera kufufuzidwa mosamala kuti pasakhale tizilombo. Apo ayi, kuchokera ku chomera chimodzi akhoza kupeza mpumulo.

Mu September, muyenera kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa zakudya zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito.. Komanso, kusintha kudzakhudza kutentha - usiku - madigiri 14-24. Ntchito izi zidzakhala kukonzekera bwino kwa ma orchids ozizira.

Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa October, mtundu wina wa orchid umatuluka, pamene ena amapita "ku holide yachisanu." Ndipo zotsirizazo zimasiya masamba, koma izi siziri chifukwa cha zochitika, chifukwa izi ndi zachibadwa.

Mu November, feteleza ikhoza kusungidwa kwa mitundu yambiri ya orchid, kupatulapo imene iyenera kusamaliridwa chaka chonse. Mulimonsemo, nkofunika kupereka madzi okwanira ku duwa, monga mpweya m'chipindacho ndi youma chifukwa cha zipangizo zotentha.

Kuwonjezera apo, kumapeto kwa autumn, tsiku silokha, choncho adzayenera kulingalira za kuyatsa kwina pogwiritsa ntchito nyali zapadera.

Kodi ndingapezeko mu October?

Kwa kuika kwa orchid, nthawi ya chaka sizilibe kanthu - ndi kupambana komweko n'kotheka kukwaniritsa kuzizira m'nyengo yozizira, chilimwe ndi yophukira. Koma nthawi yabwino kwambiri ya ntchito izi ndi masika. Ngati pakufunika kusinthira gawoli lachitika m'mwezi wa m'dzinja - mu September, Oktoba kapena November, ndiye kuikanso kumayenera kuchitidwa poganizira mtundu wa mbewu. Chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti njirayi siigwirizana ndi maluwa.

Ndi njira ziti zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito?

Pali njira zingapo zowonjezera orchid mu kugwa:

  1. Kufika pa malowa. Chofunika cha njirayi ndi chakuti mizu iyenera kumangirizidwa ku chipika ndi mzere wochepa. Pofuna kupewa mizu kuti isawume, moss angagwiritsidwe ntchito. Afunika kuphimba mizu ndikuphimba chokhacho.
  2. Kutsanzira zachilengedwe. Monga mukudziwira, ma orchids amakula kuthengo. Pofuna kuti chomeracho chizimva bwino, muyenera kuchipatsa ndi chinyezi cham'mlengalenga.
    Ngati adasankha kusamutsa orchid ku bwalo, ndiye kuti iyenera kusungidwa mu wowonjezera kutentha ndi kutentha kwakukulu.
  3. Kusamalira njira. Pankhaniyi, orchid iyenera kuikidwa mu chidebe chatsopano ndi kusakaniza nthaka yakale, kuwonjezera yatsopano pamphepete. Njira iyi ndi yopweteketsa kwambiri maluwa, koma pazimenezi muyenera kukonzekera mphika waukulu.

Kusankha mphamvu ndi nthaka

Kudzala orchids, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chidebe chatsopano, chomwe chimakula pang'ono kuposa chakale. Pansi pa mphika mupange pafupifupi mabowo 4 ndi mamita awiri mmkati mwake. Ngati palibe mabowo ngati ali ochepa, ndiye kuti vutoli likhoza kuthetsedwa ndi mpeni.

Nthaka yobzala orchids ikhale yonyowa. Mungathe kugula gawo lokonzekera lokonzekera maluwa kapena kukonzekera nokha.

Pachifukwa chachiwiri, nkofunika kusakaniza mu zigawo zofanana.:

  • makungwa a pine;
  • sphagnum moss;
  • mizu ya fern;
  • makala;
  • wosweka mtedza zipolopolo;
  • wothira dongo.

Makungwa a pine ndi moss ayenera kuthiridwa kwa ora limodzi m'madzi otentha. Ngati mukukonzekera nthaka kuti mugwiritse ntchito makungwa omwe amasonkhanitsa m'nkhalango, ndiye kuti muidule mu masentimita 1-3 mu kukula, ndiyeno yiritsani kwa mphindi khumi ndi zisanu. Izi zidzapha mabakiteriya onse a tizilombo ndi mphutsi za tizilombo.

Kukonzekera

Ntchito yokonzekera ili motere.:

  1. Yesani mosamala ndi kuyesa mkhalidwe wa chomera.
    Ngati maluwa agwa, koma panthawi yomweyi maluwawo ndi ofiira, amakhala ndi zamoyo pamphuphu, ndiye safunikira kuchotsedwa.
  2. Masamba a orchid ayenera kukhala ovuta, obiriwira ndi obiriwira.
  3. Mizu kudzera m'makoma a mphika woumba ayenera kukhala wandiweyani komanso wofiirira.

Kodi muyenera kuganizira chiyani panyumba?

Ngati palibe kukayika ngati kuli kofunika kubzala orchid pakagwa, ndiye kuti ndondomeko ikhoza kuchitika mutatha kudziwa zambiri za maonekedwewa.

Chotsani mu mphika

Chinthu choyamba muyenera kuchotsa mosamalitsa chomeracho kuchokera kumtundu wakale. Pochita ntchito izi, nkofunika kuti asawononge maluwa omwe samasintha.

Mungathe kuchita mosamalitsa ngati mupinyamo mphika ndi manja anu. Kenaka nthaka ndi mizu zimachoka pamakoma.

Pambuyo pake, mukhoza kupita kumalo osungira zomera kuchokera mu mphika. Ngati muli ndi mavuto, mukhoza kudula chidebecho ndi lumo.

Flushing

Pamene muzu wa mzuwo unachotsedwa pansi, ndiye mwapang'onopang'ono ndi manja anu. Choncho, n'zotheka kuyeretsa mizu ya zigawo za gawo lapansi. Kenaka muzimutsuka ndi madzi otentha kuchotsa zitsamba zapadziko lapansi.

Kudulira mizu ndi masamba

Mutatha kutsuka mizu, mutha kuchotsa zouma ndi zowola.. Pazifukwa izi nkofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito lumo lakuthwa, lomwe kale linatetezedwa ku disinfected.

Manyowa ayenera kuperekedwa ndi wothandizira antibacterial kapena activated carbon powder. Panthawiyi, nkofunika kuti musakhudze mizu yathanzi, chifukwa izi zingayambitse chitukuko cha matendawa.

Kusaka

Musanayambe kuyika chomera mu chidebe chatsopano, muyenera kuchima bwinobwino. Kuti muchite izi, ingoyani ma orchid pa nsalu yoyera kwa maola awiri.

Kusamukira ku gawo latsopano

Njira yobzala duwa mu chidebe chatsopano ndi izi.:

  1. Mu mphika wokonzekera ngalande kukhazikitsa chomera.
  2. Pang'onopang'ono yikani nthaka kusakaniza, kuigwiritsa ntchito ndi ndodo yochepa kuti pasakhale malo pakati pa mizu.
  3. Kuti dothi likhale lolimba kwambiri, muyenera kugogoda pamakoma a mphika.
  4. Musati mukanikize kapena kuyesa kukankhira mochuluka nthaka moyenera mu chidebe. Ikhoza kuvulaza mizu.
  5. Ngati mizu yaitaliyo sichilowa mu mphika, ndiye kuti akhoza kusiya kunja. Kenaka duwa lokhala ndi chithandizo chawo lidzalandira chinyezi china kuchokera mlengalenga.

Kuthirira koyamba

Pambuyo pakugulitsa orchid kwa masiku asanu sayenera kuthiriridwa. Nthawi ino ayenera kuyembekezedwa kuti mabala onse ochokera kumadula azichiritsidwa. Mmalo modiririra, mukhoza kutsuka masamba, mwinamwake maluwawo angaume..

Kodi peduncle amapanga?

Ngati chomeracho sichinafalikire kwa miyezi isanu ndi itatu mzere, ndiye mutatha kuziyika izi zikhoza kuchitika kachiwiri. Pambuyo pa njirayi, orchid imapereka mseche nthawi yomweyo, chifukwa zimakhala zovuta kwambiri kwa iye.

Maluwawa ndi ofunika kwambiri, ndipo kuika masamba kungakhale ndi zotsatira zoipitsa maonekedwe ake, chifukwa cha chikasu pamasamba. Izi zimachitika makamaka motsutsana ndi malamulo otetezeka. Ngati kukumbidwa kumachitika molingana ndi malamulo, orchid ikhoza kusamba mu masabata angapo..

Mavuto ndi zovuta

Panthawi yopatsa, ambiri amalima maluwa, chifukwa chosadziƔa zambiri, kupanga zolakwa zambiri zomwe zimakhudza thanzi labwino.

Pano pali mavuto ambiri.:

  • mphika wolakwika wolakwika;
  • gawo losauka bwino kapena lophika bwino;
  • kulephera kutsata malangizo opatsirana;
  • Thirani pa nthawi ya maluwa popanda kufunika kofulumira.

Vuto lalikulu kwambiri ndi kuwonongeka kwa mizu. Izi zimachitika ngati mutagula orchid imaikidwa popanda kuchotsa sphagnum.

Kusamalira Zomera

Pambuyo pa kuikidwa kwa orchid, ndikofunika kuti musamalire bwino, kutsatira zotsatirazi.:

  1. Sungani mphika mumthunzi ndipo chitani kuteteza maluwa kuchokera ku mphamvu ya dzuwa (masiku 8-10).
  2. Kutentha mu chipinda chimene orchid ilipo sikuyenera kupitirira madigiri 20.
  3. Kutupa koyamba kumathera masiku asanu mutatha kuika. Asanayambe kuthirira, onetsetsani kuti wiritsani madzi. Kenaka sungani mphika wa orchid m'madzi kwa mphindi 30. Zotsatirazi zotsatilazi zikuchitika pasanafike masabata awiri. Masamba akhoza kuthiriridwa ndi madzi otentha.
  4. Pambuyo masiku 30, mungagwiritse ntchito kuvala pogwiritsa ntchito mchere komanso mankhwala omwe ali ndi potaziyamu, magnesium, ndi nayitrogeni. Nthawi yotsatira mukamagwiritsa ntchito kuvala masiku 20.
  5. Mutatha kuika maluwa amatha kudwala. Komanso, zomera zimachepetsa kukula kwa mizu.
    OdziƔa bwino alimi amalangiza kuti asamabwezeretse mbewu nthawi zambiri. Zokwanira kuchita kamodzi pa zaka 2-3.

Kuwombera kwa orchid ndi njira yovuta komanso yodalirika.. Ngati ntchito yonse idachitidwa molondola komanso mwachangu, ndiye kuti orchid idzapindula kwambiri. Kuonjezera apo, adzatha kuphuka mu masabata angapo ndikukondweretsa anthu omwe ali pafupi naye ndi kukongola kwake ndi kuyang'ana bwino.