Zopweteka za epiphytes: Kodi mungapange bwanji orchid kupanga mapesi angapo a maluwa ngati ndiumitsika ndipo sapereka ngakhale imodzi?

Alangizi ambiri a orchid amalima pafupifupi tsiku lililonse amakumana ndi mafunso osiyanasiyana okhudza kusamalira ziweto zawo.

Mavuto ambiri amalingalira kuti ma orchids safuna kuphuka, kapena pachimake kawirikawiri, kapena osati monga magnificently monga momwe tingafunire.

Sizowoneka kuti ulemerero wa kapricious umakhazikika patsogolo pa duwa. Nkhaniyi ndiyesayesa kuthetsa nkhani za mtundu umenewu kuti zitsimikizire momwe zingakhalire maluwa a orchid kumasula phesi la maluwa.

Kodi mphukira yamaluwa ndi chiyani?

Peduncle - kuwombera (arrow), kukwera kuchokera pansi pa chomera, pomwe maluwa amapangidwira, kapena, mu lingaliro losavuta, gawo la chomera chomera, chimene maluwa amapangidwira.

Peduncle ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi maluwa a orchid, Choncho, alimi ambiri osadziŵa zambiri amapanga zolakwika zosayembekezereka m'masamalidwe a mbewu zomwe zingachititse kufa kapena kufa kwa peduncle. Kodi kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa peduncle ndi mizu ndi chiyani?

  • Maonekedwe a msanawo ndi ozungulira, ndipo peduncle imakhala yofanana.
  • Mphukira ya maluwa imangowonekera kokha kuchokera pachifuwa cha tsamba.
  • Mtsinje ukuwonekera pamwamba pa malo a maluwa oyambirira.
  • Onetsetsani kuti muli ndi zolakwika pa peduncle - masamba.

Kawirikawiri, orchid imabala mapesi a maluwa m'dzinja, pamene kutentha kudumpha pakati pa usana ndi usiku zizindikiro ndi zazikulu: kuchokera + 25С mpaka + 15С. Nthawi yambiri yopanga mivi ya maluwa - 2 - 3 miyezi (kuchokera nthawi yomwe ikuwonekera ku gawo la peduncle). Ngati maluwa amatha kupanga zinthu zabwino kwa mbewu, ndiye kuti njirayi ingachedwe. Pa nthawi yomweyo, izi zidzatsimikizira kuti kukongola kwa nyumba kudzakhala pachimake.

Kodi maluwa ndi ofunika bwanji?

Peduncle - gawo lofunika kwambiri la orchid. Ena amawatcha "mtima" wa chomera. Ndi amene amapereka kukongola kwa orchid, monga maluwa amapangidwira. Monga momwe amadziwira kuchokera ku maphunziro a biology, duwa ndi njira yomwe zomera zimakokera tizilombo chifukwa cha kupaka kwake, ndiko kuti, kupitiriza kwa mitundu. Monga chitsimikiziro cha izi, ziri pa peduncles zomwe ana amawonekera, zomwe zimatha kukhazikika mosavuta ndikupeza kale mbewu.

Ngakhale kuti orchid peduncle ikukula, chomeracho sichiyenera kuikidwa.

Nchifukwa chiyani chomeracho sichimasula shooter?

Ndikofunika. Zifukwa zomwe zimayambitsa vuto ndi peduncle, zimadalira mtundu wa orchids mu funso. Popanda kudziwa zenizeni za kusamalira mtundu wina wa orchid, munthu sangathe kuyembekezera zokhazikika, wambirimbiri pachimake!

Maluwa onse amkati amagawanika kukhala osasintha komanso amodzi. Zomalizazi zimakhala ndi kukula kokha, chitsamba sichitha, sichikhala ndi nthawi yopumula: Wanda, phalaenopsis, askocends. Zizindikirozi zimasowa mpumulo zomwe ziyenera kuperekedwa bwino. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, chimene chili chabwino kwa phalaenopsis ndi dendrobium sichinthu chofunikira kwa vanda, cymbidium, cattley.

Musanayembekezere kudyetsa udzu wochokera ku orchid, muyenera kudziwa bwino ndi mabuku apadera omwe anapangidwa kuti akonze maluwa enaake. Ndiye ndikofunika kufufuza: chifukwa chiyani orchid sapereka peduncle, kodi zolembazo zikugwirizana nazo, ndipo ngati ziri zosayenera, ziyenera kuchitanji? Ngati epiphyte ilibe kuwala, ndondomeko ya ulimi wothirira siimasinthika, nyengo yabwino ya kutentha sichiwonetsedwanso, chomeracho chakhala chikufalikira kwa nthawi yayitali, ndiye kuti maluwawo sali pamtunduwu.

Ena amamaluwa amayamba kugwiritsa ntchito mapulani apadera, monga cytokinin paste. Ndi phytoharmon, cholinga chake chachikulu ndicho kudzutsa mphukira zakuda, mawonekedwe amawombera m'malo omwe amafunidwa, kufulumizitsa maluwawo. Mankhwala ena ndi succinic acid (mapiritsi 4 pa madzi okwanira 1 litre). Mphika wa orchid umayikidwa mu asidi yankho ndi madzi usiku wonse. Kuti maluwa aamaluwa ayambe kuphuka, kuchita chimodzi kamodzi sikukwanira - ndondomeko yofanana iyenera kuchitika kamodzi pa sabata.

Bwanji ngati palibe kuthawa kapena iye akudabwa?

Kuti mudziwe chifukwa chake muviwo sukula, choyamba muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti chomeracho chili ndi thanzi labwino. Mwina chifukwa chake chiri mu matenda alionse. Ndipo, ndithudi, ndi bwino kulingalira ngati zikhalidwe zonse zosamalira maluwa omwe amapanga maluwawo zimaperekedwa. Ngati sichoncho, ndiye kuti nkofunika kuchita zonse zomwe zingatheke kuti azilemekezedwa.

Kuti mzere wotulutsidwa uphuke, muyenera kutsatira zina zofunika:

  1. Kuunikira Orchid imakonda kuwala kosiyanasiyana. Tsiku lowala la dzanja lomasulidwa liyenera kukhala osachepera maola khumi ndi awiri, mwinamwake liri lodzaza ndi phokoso loponyedwa. Malo abwino kwambiri - mawindo akumwera chakum'maŵa kapena kum'mwera chakumadzulo.
  2. Kutentha Orchid ndi chomera chotentha chomwe chimakonda kutentha. Zimamva bwino pa 25C, koma kutentha kwa usiku kumakhala kochepa kwambiri: kusiyana pakati usana ndi usiku kutentha kumafunika pafupifupi 5 C.
  3. Kuthirira Lamulo la kuthirira ma orchid onse limagwiranso ntchito: nthaka ikauma.
  4. Chinyezi Sitiyenera kuiwala za kupopera mbewu moyenera kwa zomera ndi madzi otentha, osayiwala za kuthirira. Komabe, kuthandizidwa kwachindunji kumalowo kungakhale koopsa, olima maluwa odziwa bwino kwambiri akulangizidwa kuti "agulire" orchid ndi fumbi la madzi: ikani epiphyte pakati pa magulu ena a zomera ndikuwapopera.
  5. Kupaka pamwamba. Zinthu zofunika pa maluwa panthawi ya mivi ya podypho ndi phosphorous ndi potaziyamu. Ndi bwino kudyetsa chomera ndi feteleza wapadera kwa ma orchid ogulitsidwa m'sitolo (Mwachitsanzo, Agricola) 1-2 nthawi pa mwezi isanayambe nthawi yambiri yamaluwa.

Bwanji ngati palibe masamba?

Ambiri okonda orchid amadandaula kuti zokongola zawo "zimakhala" m'malo mwake, zosangalatsa ndi maluwa awo kwa zaka zingapo. Kodi chiyenera kuchitidwa bwanji kuti chomera chiwombere? Poyamba - yesetsani kukonzanso maluwa kumalo atsopano. Ngati sikuthandiza, ndiye pali njira zingapo zowonjezereka zomwe zimalimbikitsidwa ndi odziwa bwino florists.

Kutentha kwa madontho

  1. Sungani duwa ndi mphika ku malo omwe pali kusiyana kwa kutentha kwa 5 ° C mpaka 7 ° C: ziyenera kukhala ozizira usiku ndi kutentha masana. Malo abwino kwambiri ndi khonde, veranda.
  2. Onetsetsani kuti muwone ngati pali zojambula zilizonse, monga chomera sichimalekerera ndi kufa.

Kupaka ndi kuchepetsa chinyezi

  1. Kukonzanso chidebecho ndi epiphyte m'malo amdima kwambiri kuposa omwe ankazoloŵera.
  2. Zonse zomwe zingatheke kuchepetsa ndi nthawi zina kuletsa kuthirira, ndikukonzekeretsa "chilala."
  3. Pambuyo masabata 1.5 -2.5 kuti azitha kuthirira moyenera.

Kuchuluka kwa madzi okwanira

  1. Pofuna kuchepetsa orchid kuthirira kawiri: Mwachitsanzo, ngati kuthirira kunkachitika 1 nthawi mu masiku asanu, ndiye kuti muyambe kuthirira chomera nthawi 1 mu masiku khumi.
  2. Pakati pa nthawi ya "chilala" akulimbikitsanso kutsirira ndi madzi otentha kutentha.
  3. Ndizosatheka panthawiyi kuti upulumule chomeracho, moisten gawo lapansi ndi utsi.

Sizolandiridwa kugwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo panthawi imodzimodzi, chifukwa izi zingachititse imfa ya duwa!

Kupeza zimayambira pakhomo

Chiwerengero cha peduncles pa orchid molunjika chimadalira maonekedwe a chibadwa mtundu umene unagulidwa. Udindo wofunikira umasewera ndi zinthu monga zaka za zomera, mphamvu ya mizu yake, kuchuluka kwa kuwala kwake, nthawi zonse kuthirira, ndi kusunga mphamvu yabwino ya kutentha.

Malinga ndi zofunika zonse za kusamalira ndi kusamalira ma orchids, mukhoza kuyesa kuchuluka kwa mapesi a maluwa motere:

  1. Pambuyo maluwa, kudula wakale maluwa mapesi (kuonetsetsa kuti zouma kwathunthu).
  2. Tsatirani masamba ndi gawo lapansi ndi fungicide.
  3. Dyetsani chomera ndi feteleza yapadera kwa ma orchids.

Kamvedwe ka orchid kamatala kumalo ake enieni, iyenera kudulidwa. Izi zidzafuna mkasi wakuthwa kapena shears, mpweya wotsekedwa. Chida choyera choyera chimachepetsa zowumitsa zowuma, osati kufika masentimita awiri pamwamba pa gawo lapansi. Mdulidwewu umakonzedwa ndi wopanikizidwa.

Ena amawongola florist: osadula mwendo wonse wa maluwa, koma mphuno yapamwamba kwambiri "yogona", popeza mtsinje ukhoza kuyamba kumera, ndipo mphukira yachiwiri ikhoza kuwonekera kuchokera ku tsamba axil. Choncho, zidzatheka kupeza chomera ndi mapesi awiri a maluwa.

Momwe mungatsogolere mivi ikukula?

  1. Dikirani mpaka muviwo ufike kutalika kwa masentimita 15 mpaka 20. Pamene uli wobiriwira, umasinthasintha kwambiri ndipo ukhoza kusintha mosavuta kukula kwake.
  2. Mphukira yowonjezera iyenera kukhazikitsidwa pang'onopang'ono mothandizidwa ndi chithandizo mu mphika ndi zovala zapadera (zovala zotsekemera, zofukiza tsitsi, etc.).
  3. Ngati pangakhale pangozi yovulazidwa ndi peduncle kapena kuphwanya kwake, ndiye kukonza kungatheke pang'onopang'ono. Pofuna kuyendetsa peduncle kuti athandizidwe, imamangirizidwa ndi bandeti, chingwe, tepi kapena bandage kwa mwiniwake, pang'onopang'ono kuchepetsa mtunda pakati pawo nthawi.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema momwe tingayang'anire bwino maluwa kuti ayambe kukula:

Kupewa vuto

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti ku chilengedwe - otentha - orchids amakula pamtengo, kumene awo maluwa mapesi apachika pansi pa kulemera kwa masamba ndi maluwa. Choncho, kukula kwa mivi sikutembenuka, koma kumapangidwe - chilengedwe cha chomera chopatsidwa, chokhazikitsidwa mwachibadwa. Njira yokhayo yothetsera vutoli panyumba ndikutembenuzira mphika wa orchid nthawi zonse pamene peduncle imachotsedwa kumbali. Adzafikira kuunika, potero adziwonetsa yekha.

Pankhani ya kukula kwa mphukira ya maluwa kapena kusakhutira kwa orchid pachimake, palinso ndemanga imodzi yokha: kutsatila mosamala zoyenera kukonza ndi kusamalira ma orchid.

Kusamalira Orchid ndi ntchito yovuta. Mavuto angakhoze kuchitika pa sitepe iliyonse. Kupirira kokha, kudzipatulira, mlimiyo amamuthandiza kukwaniritsa zolinga zake pakukula orchid - kuyamikira kwa nthawi yaitali kukongola kwa maluwa.