Kodi makungwa amtengo wanji amafunikira? Malangizo kwa kusankha ndi kukonza kwa gawo lapansi

Orchid imakula m'mapiri otentha a dziko lapansi. Zonsezi ndi zoyenera kwa iye kumeneko. Komabe, kunyumba, chomera chotero n'chovuta kwambiri.

Nthawi zina zimakhala zovuta kupereka malo okongola otentha ndi zinthu zoyenera. Chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika izi ndi kusankha kwa gawo labwino.

Ziyenera kukhala ndi makungwa. Nkhaniyi ikunena za kutumphuka: momwe mungasankhire molondola kapena kukonzekera nokha.

Ndi chiyani?

Makungwawa ndi dzina lodziwika la ziphuphu zomwe zili pamwamba pa cambium. Ziphuphuzi zimatha kupezeka pazitsamba komanso mizu. Makungwawo ali ndi nsalu zosiyana siyana.

Kodi amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji?

M'madera awo a orchid amakhala m'mapiri otentha. Kumeneko amakula pamitengo, pomwe amawakomera nawo mothandizidwa ndi mizu yamphamvu, yotukuka bwino. Njira yotereyi ndi yachilengedwe kwa ma orchids.

Mukamera maluwa okongola kunyumba, makungwa ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pobweretsa "moyo" pafupi ndi zachilengedwe. Kotero chomeracho chidzapeza zonse zomwe mukufunikira kuti zikule bwino ndikukula.

Kodi ntchitoyi ndi yotani?

Chigawo ichi chimapangitsa gawo lapansi kukhala ndi thanzi labwino.

Chifukwa cha Kuwonjezera kwa makungwa, nthaka kusanganikirana imakhala yotayirira kwambiriChoncho, ndi bwino kulola mpweya ndi madzi kudutsa. Ntchito imeneyi mosakayikira imalimbikitsa kukula ndi chitukuko cha orchid, komanso imatalikitsa nthawi ya maluwa ndi kuphulika kwake.

Ndi gawo lotani lomwe likufunikira ndi loyenera bwino kwa banja ili la zomera?

Ganizirani zomwe ziri bwino kubzala. OdziƔa bwino alimi amalangiza kuchokera kwa omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito kupatsa makungwa a paini ndi spruce. Koma pogwiritsa ntchito makungwa a cypress, thuja, ndi mkungudza ndibwino kukana, chifukwa ndizocheperachepera. Chinthu china chabwino chingakhale khungwa la mitengo yovuta. Komabe, zidzakhala zovuta kwambiri kuti zipeze, chifukwa mwachilengedwe sizingatheke kupeza mitengo yosalala yomwe ili ndi makungwa osalimba.

Musanayambe kukonza makungwa anu, ndikofunika kumvetsetsa momwe zinthu zimakhalira okha: palibe chifukwa choyenera kuti chivunda kapena zizindikiro za matenda. Kuwonjezera pa matenda Pali chiopsezo chotola tizilombo toononga kuti tiwononge msangamsanga orchid.

Polima orchid kunyumba, makungwa a kachigawo kakang'ono ndi abwino kwambiri.

Kuphika nokha kapena kugula m'sitolo?

Yankho lachidziwitso ku funso ili n'zosatheka. Popeza anthu ena amaganiza kuti ndi bwino kugula m'sitolo gawo lokonzeka kale, limene padzakhala zinthu zina zothandiza pambali pa makungwa. Makamaka mwa njira imeneyi mukhoza kusunga nthawi ndi khama.

Ndipo ena Florists inavomereza posankha makungwa. Izi zikufotokozedwa ndi mfundo yakuti mwini munda adzakhala ndi chidaliro chonse pa zotsatira za mankhwalawa. Ndipo iye ndi njira ina ali ndi ufulu kumoyo. Aliyense amasankha malinga ndi zosankha zawo.

Makungwa amapezeka paki pafupi ndi nyumba. Ngati sapezeka, mungathe kulankhulana ndi kugulitsa mitengo mumzindawu ndi kuwafunsa za kukhalapo kwa makungwa.

Ngati njira ziwirizi sizinathandize, ndiye kuti mukhoza kukonza ulendo wa dziko ndikusonkhanitsa makungwa m'nkhalango.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema za mtundu wanji wa makungwa ndi substrate omwe amaperekedwa m'masitolo ogulitsa orchid:

Mafotokozedwe a zovuta kuchokera kuzipangizo zambiri zotchuka

Ceramis

Saramis si khungwa chabe, koma gawo lonse lovuta., omwe ali ndi dongo, feteleza komanso ngakhale chinyezi cha dothi. Izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri m'madera omwe chiwerengero cha zomera ndi chachikulu kwambiri ndipo zimakhala zovuta kuti muzindikire zomwe zimachitika munthu aliyense.

Saramis ingagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa nthawi yayitali - pafupifupi zaka 10. Makungwawa safuna kubwezeretsa, kuchepetsa kapena feteleza. Zovuta pa nthawi sizikhala zotopetsa, ndipo zimakhalabe zosasamala, mosasamala kanthu za kuchuluka kwa madzi.

Chinthu chopindulitsa kwambiri cha makungwa ndi chakuti chimatenga chinyezi, ndiye chimadyetsa kwa orchid, chomwe chimapangitsa kuti madzi azikhala bwino.

Zotsatira zake

Wopanga mankhwalawa ndi mmodzi mwa anthu otchuka kwambiri m'maluwa a novice. Zosakaniza zokha za chilengedwe zimaphatikizidwa. Chofunika kwambiri - makungwa a Angara pine.

Mbande yapansi ndi yabwino kwa ma orchids, komanso kupuma.

Kukonzekera kwa pulasitiki ya pine khungu chifukwa chodzala ndi motere: zoyamba zofiira zouma ndi kusinthidwa pogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zapadera.

Zomwe zili mu dolomite zimatsimikizira kuti chiwerengero cha acidity chimasintha padziko lonse lapansi. Zotsatira za Bio zili ndi tizilombo ting'onoting'ono, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chomeracho chikhale cholimbana ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, chimawonjezera chitetezo chake.

Timapereka kukawonetsa kanema kanema pa khungwa Bio Zotsatira:

Royal Mix

Chifukwa cha kusakaniza kumeneku ndi khungwa, lomwe limaperekedwa kuchipatala choyambirira panthawi yopanga. Kuphatikiza pa khungwa, zovutazo zimaphatikizapo mchere wa kokonati, makala ndi peat yaikulu. Kuonjezerapo, mankhwalawa ali ndi magnesium, chitsulo komanso zinki.

Zonsezi mu zovuta zimapatsa chomera chokhala ndi thanzi labwino la microclimate.

Makungwawo ndi otayirira kwambiri, omwe amalepheretsa kusamba kwa madzi. Makala amathandiza kuteteza orchid ku matenda ndi tizirombo.

Njira yogwiritsira ntchito kupanga

Kugwiritsidwa ntchito kofunika kwambiri kwa khungwa ndikutsika, komwe kumachotsa mchenga ndi zigawo zina zosafunikira zimene zagwera pamakungwa panthawi yomwe alandira.

Kutulutsa makina pa makina OK-66M ndi OK63-1. Kuphulika kwa nthaka kumapangitsa kuti mankhwalawa akhale atsopano, oponderezedwa ndi apamwamba..

Momwe mungakonzekerere: malangizo ndi sitepe

Tiyeni tikambirane mwatsatanetsatane mmene mungaphike makungwa ndi manja anu kunyumba, pine kapena mitengo ina, yomwe imakhala yoyenera kumera.

Zida zofunika

Pofuna kukolola, khalani ndi zida zotsatirazi:

  • mpeni-jamb (omwe amalima maluwa akudziwitsidwa kuti atenge mipeni iwiri pamodzi nawo nthawi imodzi: imodzi yokhala ndi yaying'ono, yina ndi yayitali);
  • tsamba la matabwa ndi m'mphepete mwachinyengo;
  • chingwe chomanga khungwa.

Ndondomeko yosonkhanitsa zakuthupi ndi zina zotsimikizika pazochita zake

  • Makungwawo sayenera kukhala ndi malo amdima, komanso malo osungidwa.
  • Zokonda ziyenera kuperekedwa ku zinthu zowonongeka kwambiri.
  • Pofuna kuthyola makungwa pamtengo, muyenera kuyamba kuchita kuchokera pamwamba.
  • Musanapite kunyumba ndi zizindikirozi, muyenera kuziponya bwinobwino kuti muchotse tizilombo tonse omwe tiripo.

Palibe zidutswa za nkhuni zisungidwe mu makungwa.. Ayenera kuchotsedwa asanabzalidwe.

Zosakaniza tinthu

Kuwaza kwa particles wa makungwa ndilofunikira pokonzekera makungwa. Tiyeni tione kuti ndi khungu lanji la mtengo wa pine kapena mitengo ina yomwe ikufunika, komanso momwe mungayendetsere bwino polima ma orchids.
  1. Sambani bwinobwino mkati mwa workpiece.
  2. Dulani makungwa mu zidutswa pogwiritsa ntchito secator.
  3. Ndiye, pamene chingwe chapamwamba chimavuta kuchotsa, muyenera kuchichotsa. Muyeneranso kuyesa ntchito yopangirapo kuti ikhalepo yothira mafuta.
  4. Fufuzani khungwa ndikupeza malo okhudzidwa ndi tizilombo. Kuchokera kuzinthu zoterezi zimafunikanso kuchotsa.
  5. Apanso, sulani makungwa kuti zidutswa ndi mbali ziwiri zamentimenti zitheke. Ndipo ziribe kanthu momwe zinthu izi zidzakhalira bwino. Sichidzakhudza ubwino wa gawo lapansi.

Kudya

Mwachidule, akuwotcha kuti achotse zinthu zosayenera. Tiyeni tione momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito ndondomekoyi moyenera, komanso kuti ndi kotani kuwiritsa khungu la pini kapena mtengo wina. Kuti muchite ndondomekoyi, muyenera kukonzekera chidebe chokonzedweratu pasadakhale.

Malangizo:

  1. Ikani zopangira zopangira pansi pa thanki ndikutsanulira madzi pa izo.
  2. Mukamatentha kutsetsereka nthawi zonse mumatuluka. Izi siziyenera kukhala. Choncho, workpiece iyenera kugwedezeka ndi chinachake cholemera.
  3. Pambuyo pa madzi otentha, muyenera kuyembekezera ola limodzi.
  4. Pambuyo pa nthawi yeniyeni, pewani kutentha, mulole khungu liziziziritsa.
  5. Madzi amayenera kuthiridwa mu colander. Zipangizo zamakono ziyenera kukhalapo mpaka madzi onse atsekedwa.

Kusaka

  1. Izi ziyenera kuchitika kokha mwa chilengedwe.
  2. The billet yayikidwa pa youma pamwamba ndipo amatha kuuma kwa milungu 3-4.
  3. Patatha nthawi yeniyeni, sulani makungwawo ndipo muwone kuyanika kwake mkati. Ngati zonse zouma pamenepo, mulole zonyansazo zikhale maola 24.
Malo osungirako bwino kwambiri a khungwa ndi thumba la pulasitiki lomwe siliyenera kutseka mwamphamvu kuti pakhale mpweya wabwino.

Kupeza gawo lovuta

Kuti mupeze gawo lapansi mudzafunikira zigawo zotsatirazi:

  • sphagnum moss;
  • peat;
  • makala.

Zigawo zonse zimatengedwa mu magawo ofanana ndi osakaniza. Izi zimapangitsa kuti nthaka ikhale yabwino kwambiri. Musanaike nthaka mumphika musaiwale zazitsulo zosanjikiza.

Kodi mungabzala bwanji?

Poyamba siteji

Zida ndi zida zotsatirazi ziyenera kusamalidwa.:

  • Phika. Zimalangizidwa kuti apange zokonda kuonekera komanso zosavuta. Zidzakhala zabwino kupiritsa mankhwalawa asanayambe kubzala.
  • Mpeni wamaluwa, lakuthwa kwambiri.
  • Dothi lopukutira lopanda madzi
  • Anayambitsa mpweya kapena sinamoni.
  • Mankhwala osokoneza bongo.
  • Gawo lotsirizidwa (ndibwino kuti lizilise mankhwalawa - izi zikhoza kuchitika mufiriji, ndikuyika nthaka kumeneko kwa maola awiri).

Kusanthula kwa mizu

  1. Pambuyo pochotsa rhizomes mu thanki, ayenera kutsukidwa pansi pa mtsinje wa madzi oyera.
  2. Pambuyo pake, mizuyi yowuma bwino komanso kuyesedwa.
  3. Malo onse okhudzidwa, odwala ndi ovunda amachotsedwa ndi shears kapena lumo.
    Samalani ndi mfundo yakuti musanadula mizu ya orchid muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala.
  4. Madera odulidwa amachizidwa ndi mpweya wotsekedwa.
  5. Ngati mizu imapezeka kuti imakhala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tilowerere mu tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.
  6. Pambuyo pazinthu zonsezi, chomeracho chidzakhala chokonzeka chodzala.

Kubzala duwa mu mphika

Manyowa odzala mu mphika ndi awa:

  1. Mu mphika ndi drainage kutsanulira 1-2 masentimita a gawo lapansi.
  2. Kenaka muike chomera mu mphika, mizu yake iyenera kufalitsidwa mofanana mozungulira chidebecho.
  3. Nthawi yomweyo samalirani thandizo la maluwa.
  4. Kenaka mudzaze malo otsala a gawolo.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema momwe tingakwirire ma orchids mu makungwa:

Mavuto ndi mavuto pambuyo pa ndondomekoyi

Mukamabzala m'makungwa okonzeka a mavuto ndi njirayi sizimachitika.

Nthawi zambiri zimachitika mutabzala, mukukula. Vuto lofala kwambiri ndilozaza mizu, zomwe zimachitika chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa chinyezi mu mphika.

Pali mavuto ochuluka omwe amapezeka chifukwa cha kuthirira kosayenera.

Choncho, mfundo yofunikayi iyenera kuyang'anitsitsa. Vuto lina liri mu njira yolakwika..

Kawirikawiri, pofuna kuwapatsa orchid kuwala kokwanira, wolima amaika mphika ndi duwa dzuwa. Palibe chifukwa chake izi ziyenera kuchitika. Kuwala kuyenera kukhala, koma osati ngati kuwala kwa moto.

Makungwa ndi gawo lofunikira ndi lofunikira la gawo la orchid gawo lapansi.. Nthaka yotereyi imakhudza kwambiri kukula ndi kukula kwa mbewu. Choncho, ntchito ya wolimayo imakhala yabwino kusankha makungwa ochokera ku mtengo wa pine kapena mtengo wina, komanso kupeza kudziwa momwe angakonzekere ndikuwongolera mwaluso.