Orchid mutatha kuika - makamaka chisamaliro cha maluwa okongola otentha

Orchid ndi maluwa okongola otentha, omwe amakonda okonda zomera. Posakhalitsa, aliyense wa iwo akufunikira kusuntha chomera ichi, chifukwa cha kukula kwabwino komanso kupweteka kwa epiphytes, amafunika kusintha gawo ndi mphamvu zonse zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu.

Nanga n'chifukwa chiyani mavuto amabwera ndipo zomera sizimafalikira kwa nthawi yaitali ndi kufota? Yankho la funso ili likhoza kupezeka mu nkhaniyi, limanena mozama zokhudzana ndi kukopera, ndipo limaperekanso kufunika kokhala ndi maluwa okongola pa nthawi ya kuchira.

Kodi chimachitika ndi maluwa ngati chimaikidwa?

Akatswiri amanena kuti kuika ma orchid kumakhala kovuta. Ndi zachilendo kuti chomeracho chidzadwala nthawi yoyamba, ndizotheka kuletsa kukula kwa mizu ndi masamba. Ndipo ntchito ya wolima ndikuthandizira nyengoyi kuti ikhale maluwa.

Ndikofunikira: Nthawi yabwino yopangira orchid ndi yochepetsetsa, chifukwa nthawi ya masika imakhala mizu ndi masamba a zomera zimayamba kupeza mphamvu ndikukula mwamphamvu.

Ndi nthawi ino ya chaka kuti maluwa adziwongolera ku mphika watsopano ndi gawo lapansi lidzapulumuka kwambiri. Koma wina sayenera kupanga maluwa ndi orchid panthawi ya maluwa: ikhoza kutaya maluwa onse ndi masamba. Mwazimenezi ziyenera kukhala zovuta kwambiri, pamene chomera chonse chiopsezedwa ndi imfa.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji zomera zomwe zakhala zikuchitika?

Orchid mu nkhawa imayenera kusamala, ndi zina - chisamaliro ndi chisamaliro. Koma wina sayenera kukhala wachangu kwambiri: maluwa opanda chidziwitso sangathe kumvetsa "hyper-cares". Pofuna kuti maluwa asamapitirire bwino, atatha kusinthitsa, chomeracho chiyenera kukhazikitsa mtendere, kotero kuti chikhoza kupulumuka ku zovuta zomwe zimakhalapo: orchid imayikidwa m'chipinda chosungunuka, osasunthika kuchoka kumalo ena kupita kumalo, kuthirira moyenera malinga ndi dongosolo linalake.

Kodi ndi mavuto ati omwe angabwere ndipo chifukwa chiyani?

Nthawi zina, chifukwa chosagwirizana ndi zofunikira zambiri zomwe zimayikidwa ndikukonzekera ndi kusungidwa kwa orchid, mavuto ena angabwereke. Masambawo amasanduka achikasu ndi olumala, pali mavuto ena ndi kukula kwa mizu, kwa nthawi yaitali sichikondweretsa maluwa, mavuto onse omwe atchulidwa, nkhaniyi idzapitirira.

Malangizo osamalira pang'onopang'ono

  1. Mankhwala a orchid atangomaliza kuziika ayenera kuikidwa mu chipinda chokhala ndi kuwala kwa masiku 7 mpaka 10. Mu chipinda sichingasunthidwe kuchoka ku malo kupita kumalo, ndipo muyenera kusankha malo okhazikika. Odziwa bwino florists amalangiza: ndi bwino ngati maluwa ali kumayang'ana chakummawa. Dzuŵa lokhazikika pa masamba a chomera liyenera kupeŵedwa, chifukwa ichi, zenera zingapachikike ndi filimu yotembenuka.
  2. Samalani ndi kutentha kwake: thermometer thermometer mu chipinda sayenera kukwera pamwamba pa zizindikiro + 20С + + 22С.
  3. Kuthirira koyamba mutatha kuziika kumachitika patatha masiku 4 - 5, lotsatira - osadutsa masiku 14. Kutentha kwa madzi kotsimikiziridwa ndi + 35С- + 40С.

Nthawiyi ndi yofunikira kuti duwa likhale ndi nthawi yoti athetse vuto limene maluwawo analandira pamene akusamukira ku chidebe china. Komanso kulandila komweko kudzakupatsani mpata wochepetsera chiopsezo cha mizu ya tizilombo toyambitsa matendazomwe zimayambitsa matenda opatsirana.

Kuthirira

Pali njira zingapo zowonjezera orchid. Odziŵa bwino alimi amalangiza oyamba kuthirira pambuyo pa kusindikizidwa kuti apange mothandizidwa ndi kusamba, potero amapanga chinthu chofanana ndi mvula yamvula. Kwa izi:

  1. Maluwa amaikidwa mu kusambira ndipo madzi amatha kutentha pang'ono kuposa madzi amkati omwe amatumizidwa.
  2. Pambuyo pake, chomeracho chikhalabe mu bafa kwa mphindi khumi ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi ziwiri (20 - 20 minutes) kukhetsa madzi owonjezera.
  3. Masamba ayenera kutsatila ndondomeko yotereyi, pukutani ndi chopukutira.

Mukhoza kuthirira orchid ndikuyika madzi mumphika mumadzi, kenako imalowa mu gawolo kudzera m'mabowo pansi ndi makoma a chidebecho. Njira inanso ndiyo kuthirira mtsinje wochepa kuchokera madzi okwanira mpaka madzi ayambe kutuluka mumabowo. Mkhalidwe wofunika - onetsetsani kuti mulole madzi onse owonjezera mu mphika!

Analangizidwa tsiku lonse kupopera mbewu za masamba ndi madzi ofunda otentha kuchokera ku botolo lazitsulo, zomwe zimathandizira kufulumizitsa machiritso omwe amalandira panthawi yopatsira. Pachifukwa ichi, onetsetsani kuti zitsime zamadzi sizikhalabe mu tsamba la axils. Kutalika kwa njirayi ndi mwezi umodzi. Nthawi yosankhidwa yopopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndikumayambiriro. Ngati nyengo ili yotentha, ndiye kuti nambala ya sprays pa tsiku ikhoza kuwonjezeka katatu.

Zambiri ponena za kuthirira. Kwa ma orchid, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ofewa kapena osavuta pH5. Kuwunikira kudziwa zizindikirozi kungapangitse maluwa okongola (ingoyang'anirani mzere wochuluka mu ketulo: ndipamenenso uliri, kukwera kuuma) ndi chiwonetsero cha zizindikiro. Kwa wotsirizira, ndi bwino kupita ku shopu yapadera ya maluwa, komweko mungagule oxalic acid, yomwe ili 1/8 tsp. 5 malita a madzi amathandizira kuthana ndi vutoli.

Tikukupemphani kuti tiwone vidiyoyi ponena za maluwa okongola atabzala:

Kupaka pamwamba

Popeza gawo latsopanoli liri ndi zakudya zowonjezera, amalima a maluwa ali ndi chidziwitso amalangiza kuti muyambe kudyetsa orchid pasanapite mwezi umodzi. Komanso, mizu yovulala panthawi yomwe imaikidwa m'magazi sitingathe kuyamwa zakudya zonse, zomwe zimadzaza ndi chilengedwe cha mavuto osokoneza bongo.

Pamwamba pa kuvala ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito zovuta kukonzekera zokha za orchid. ndipo adagula pa shopu la maluwa. Mwachitsanzo, "Kemira Lux" (1g pa madzi okwanira 1 litre) kapena "Bona Forte" (10 ml pa 1.5 lita imodzi).

Mulimonsemo, sizingakhale zodabwitsa kuti awerengenso malangizo a feteleza awa. Madziwo amathirira madzi a orchid mpaka nthawi yomwe madzi amadzaza gawo lapansi ndikuyamba kutsanulira mu poto. Kupaka zovala zapamwamba kumachitika panthawi ya kukula kwachitsamba, ndiko kuti, pamene tsamba latsopano limapangidwa.

Kodi mungatani ngati muli ndi mavuto?

Akufota

Zomwe zingayambitse:

  • Mankhwala amawononga mizu panthawi yopatsira.
  • Mizu yovunda kapena kuyanika kunja chifukwa cha kuthirira kosayenera.
  • Kulephera kwa mizu ya mpweya.
  • Dzuŵa lokhazikika pa masamba a chomera kapena mitsinje yotentha.
  • Kuwonjezera pa feteleza.
  • Maonekedwe a tizirombo.

Chochita:

  1. Ngati mizu yowonongeka, zimalimbikitsa kuchotsa chomeracho kwa mdima ochepa, kenaka muyiike mu chidebe madzi otentha otentha kwa ora limodzi, kenaka muikemo pamalo ake.
  2. Kuyanika mizu kumachotsedwa mosavuta ndi ulimi wothirira wa mbeu.
  3. Kuperewera kwa mpweya kumachotsedwa mwa kupanga mabowo ena m'kati mwa mphika mothandizidwa ndi misomali yotentha kapena singano zomangira.
  4. Ngati maluwawo amapeza kuwala kwa dzuwa ndi mpweya wotentha, chomeracho chiyenera kusunthira ku malo ena otetezeka.
  5. Zowola zowonongeka zimachotsedwa pokha pokhapokha. Koma musanalowetse orchid mu gawo lapansi latsopano, muyenera kufufuza mosamala mizu yonse yomwe inavunda (yakuda kapena yofiirira) iyenera kudula ndi lumo lakuthwa kapena mitsempha kuti ikhale ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, tizilumikiza magawo ndi sinamoni kapena opanikizidwa ndi kaboni, chomeracho chiyenera kuikidwa mu mphika wawung'ono .
  6. Ngati mwadziwidwa ndi tizirombo, muyenera kuyamba kuyamba kuchiza.

Tikukupemphani kuti tiwone vidiyo yokhudzana ndi zomwe zimachititsa orchid kuyanika ndi kuthamanga pambuyo pa kuika:

Masamba achikasu

Zomwe zingayambitse:

  • Zonse zosakwanira komanso zowonjezera zimatha kupaka chomera chikasu.
  • Kuwala kwa dzuwa pa chomera.
  • Kutentha kwa mpweya wotsika, kusungunuka nthawi zonse.

Chochita:

  1. Sinthani kutentha m'chipinda.
  2. Pofuna kupewa kutentha kuti usagwe pamasamba a dzuwa, m'pofunikira kukonzanso maluwa kumalo ena.
  3. Sinthani mawonekedwe a kuthirira. Izi zidzakuthandizira kuyang'anira mkhalidwe wa mizu (mizu ya zomera zowonongeka mu gawo lapansi lonyowa ali ndi zobiriwira zobiriwira, ndi nthaka youma - siliva-wobiriwira) ndi gawo lapansi. Komanso, ndikofunika kumvetsera osati kokha kumtunda kwake, komanso ku "zakuya" chimodzi. Musaiwale za kukhalapo kovomerezeka pansi pa mabowo a madzi.
Bungwe: Ngati chomeracho chibzalidwa mu chidebe cha galasi, ndiye kuti kuthirira kumatsirizidwa ndi kukhetsa madzi ochulukirapo, ndikugwira pansi ndi dzanja lanu.

Sili pachimake

Kudikira kuti orchid isuke pachimake potsatira njirayi, muyenera kukhala oleza mtima: pakati pa gawo la kukhazikitsa mizu yatsopano ndi maonekedwe a choyamba choyamba chingatengere nthawi yayitali (kawirikawiri kuchokera pa miyezi 6 mpaka 24 nthawi zina - zimadalira mitundu yambiri ya maluwa ndi zomwe zimapangidwa ndi izo).

Zomwe zingayambitse:

  • Mavuto olakwika otentha.
  • Kuchuluka ndi kusowa kwa kufalitsa.
  • Kuthira mopitirira malire.

Chochita:

  1. Kulimbikitsana kwa maluwa. Epin (wotsegula tsiku lililonse m'mawa kapena kuthirira kamodzi pa sabata ndi madontho 3-5 akukonzekera ndi madzi) ndi yankho la succinic acid (2 g pa madzi okwanira 1 -2 l).
  2. Kutentha kutentha. Pofuna kumasula mapesi a maluwa, nthawi zina chomera chimafunika kukonza kupanikizika: tenga usiku, mwachitsanzo, ku khonde (+ 18C), ndiyeno mubweretse kuchipinda chofunda.
  3. Kuletsedwa kwa kuthirira. Kukonzekera "chilala" ndi kophweka: madzi madzi 3 - 4 masiku mzere, kenako asiye kuthirira kwa masabata awiri.
  4. Sinthani kuunikira: orchid imakonda kuwala kosiyanasiyana.

Kutsiliza

Mosiyana ndi malingaliro ambiri onena za kapangidwe ka orchid, musaope kuika kwake! Ndikofunika kutsatila zofunikira zonse za njirayi ndi kupereka maluwa ndi zofunikira zochiritsidwa panthawi yomwe akuvutika. Ndiyeno maluwa ozizwitsa adzakondweretsa mwiniwakeyo ndi chiwombankhanga kwa zoposa chaka chimodzi.