Kuukira koopsa: chishango pa orchid. Njira zothandizira komanso njira zothandizira

Kwa wolima aliyense, matenda kapena kuukira kwa tizilombo toyambitsa zomera ndizoopsa. Panthawi imeneyi, mwiniwakeyo ayenera kukhala wamanjenje ndikugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kuti asunge maluwa wokondedwayo imfa. Izi ndizofunikira makamaka kwa eni orchid.

Sizongoganizira chabe, komanso zimadwala matenda osiyanasiyana. Chimodzi mwa tizirombo zoopsa kwambiri ndizo chishango ndi alonda wonyenga, popeza kulamulira kosadziwika kwa iwo kungasanduke zotsatira zomvetsa chisoni za orchid. Pamene mawu akuti: "Sungani anzanu, ndipo adani anu ayandikira kwambiri."

Tanthauzo

Popeza kumenyana mwakhungu ndizopusa komanso zopanda nzeru, ndikofunikira kudziwa mdani wanu mwa kuwona. Kodi chithunzithunzi ndi chishango chonyenga ndi chiyani?

Mtundu wachikale

Shchitovka ndi tizilombo tochokera ku banja la nthenda yotchedwa "coleoptera" kuchokera kuzipatso za tizilombo. Banja liri ndi mitundu yoposa 2,400. Zimachulukana mofulumira kwambiri, chifukwa chake ndizoopsa kwambiri. Zowonongeka ndi mphutsi ndi akazi a tizilombo. Nthawi zambiri amamatira pamtunda waukulu. Pakapita nthawi, chifukwa cha chakudya chokhazikika komanso chosasunthika, ziwalo ndi miyendo ya thupi imatayika.

Amayamba kukula ndikuphimba chishango chakuda cha ulusi wa sera. Nsonga yaikulu imatha kufika 2-3 mm m'mimba mwake. Mwazimayi, ndizowonjezereka komanso zazikulu kuposa amuna. Amuna ali ndi chitetezo cha oblong. Pambuyo pokwatira, amuna amamwalira. Zilombozi zimakhala ndi mazira pafupifupi 1,100 pansi pa zowopsya. Kapena kufa pambuyo pa kubadwa kwa mphutsi.

Bespantsirna

Chomwe chimatchedwa chishango chonyenga chimakhala chofanana kwambiri ndi mtundu wa tizilombo, koma kusiyana kungathe kuoneka ndi maso. Mfundo ndizo Mlonda wabodza alibe chipolopolo cha sera, ndipo gawo lake likuchitidwa ndi khungu lazimayi lakufa panthawi yopuma. Choncho, zomera zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi tizilomboti ndizomwe zimakhala zosavuta, osati zotchuka.

Ndi mitundu yanji yomwe ilipo?

Pali mitundu yambiri ya chishango ndi chishango chonyenga. Ndi bwino kuganizira mitundu yambiri ya chishango chomwe chimapezeka pa zomera:

Orange

Ali ndi mawonekedwe a dontho. Zowopsa kwa zomera za citrus ndi citrus.

Matenda owoneka ngati mapeyala a ku Ulaya

Imavulaza mbewu za zipatso ndi miyala ya miyala, kukhudza mitengo ikuluikulu ndi nthambi.

Pine Fusiform

Kuvulaza mapiritsi, kuwononga mapiko awo a paini. Chotsatira cha "ntchito" yake ndi chikasu ndi kugwa kwa singano kuchokera ku chomera.

Wonyenga California

Ndizoopsa kwa zomera za citrus.

Orange

Amatchedwanso kachilombo ka Red Orange, chifukwa cha mapangidwe a mtundu wofiirira. Kuwonongeka kwazomera zomera ndi citrus.

Californian majeremusi

Amakonda kukhala pa maapulo. Komanso malo okhala ndi mbewu zina. Lekani mawanga ofiira.

Peyala wofiira

Zowopsa kwambiri kwa cornels, mtedza, nthiti ya mahatchi, zipatso zamtengo ndi zomera za pome.

Tsabola Yamtengo Wapatali

Zizindikiro za maonekedwe ndi malo ofiira pa zipatso za pome.

Ndiponso zochepa zosiyana zonyenga:

Pulogalamu

Amakonda madzi a Rosaceae ndi zomera zamtengo wapatali.

Spruce

Zowopsa kwa conifers.

Acacia

Wokongola zoopsa kwa apulo, chitumbuwa, pichesi, jamu, maula, currant ndi zomera zina zambiri.

Zofewa

Zoopsa kwa orchid, palmu, mapiritsi ndi zomera za aroid. Ikhoza kudziwika ndi kutuluka kwa masamba pamtunda kapena kumangirira pa galasi.

Kodi zimawoneka bwanji?

Mapangidwe a mitundu yosiyana ya tizilombo ndi ofanana.

Akazi:

  • KhalaniSiki, mapiko, maso ndi miyendo akusowa. Koma mmalo mwa zonsezi, pali chingwe chokamwa chokamwa.
  • Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakhala otetezeka ndipo timatha kusuntha, titatha kusasitsa zishango, chikazi sichitha kuyenda.
  • 1.5 - 2 mm - kutalika kwa thupi lachikazi. Maonekedwewo ndi ozungulira kapena ovalo.
  • Pansi pa chishango, thupi lanu ndi lofiira kapena loyera.
  • Anthu okhwima ali ndi chishango chomwe chimakwirira thupi lawo lonse. Zogwiritsa ntchito zikopa zachabechabe ndi gawo lachinsinsi.
  • Chishango chili ndi bulauni chakuda kapena chikasu. Mtundu umasintha pamene mphutsi imakula.

Amuna:

  • Mosiyana ndi akazi, amuna samakhala ndi pakamwa, koma amakhala ndi mapiko, maso, ndi miyendo.
  • Thupi - gawo, chifuwa, mimba.
  • Khalani ndi chophimba chaching'ono.
  • Mtunduwu umakhala woyera, koma palinso wofiira, wofiira ndi wowala lalanje.

Iwo ndi osiyana pang'ono ndi mbale zowonongeka. Kusiyanitsa ndiko kuti kukula kwake kumawonekera ngati theka la peyala, kumaphatikizapo kwambiri, kufika pafupifupi 7 mm kukula.

Thandizo! Nkhuku zazing'ono zomwe zimateteza tizilombo ndizo zokha zomwe zasintha ku moyo wosasunthika pakati pa zinyama zonse.

Kodi ndi mbali ziti za maluwa zomwe zingagwidwe?

Malingana ndi mfundo yakuti gwero lalikulu la chakudya cha salvage ndilopsa, timatha kunena kuti tizilombo timene timayambira kumbuyo kwa tsamba. Komanso, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amawoneka pazu ndi tsinde, ndipo patatha pafupifupi inflorescences. Shchitovka akuukira onse akulu ndi achinyamata. Chofunika kwambiri pa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi Phalaenopsis orchid.

Kodi tizilombo timayambitsa ngozi yotani?

Chishango chaching'ono chimayambitsa chitukuko chakuda, chomwe ndi choopsa kwambiri kwa ma orchids.. Zotsatirazi zikuchitika:

  1. Choyamba, madzi otulutsa madzi amamasulidwa, omwe ndi abwino kwa maonekedwe a bowa.
  2. Pali kuphwanya kwa njira ya photosynthesis chifukwa chotsatira zowonjezera.
  3. Mbalameyi imatulutsanso poizoni, chifukwa masamba a maluwawo amakhala ndi mawanga.
  4. Tsamba limamwalira pamene malo amakula.

Zitsanzo za zomera zodwala mu chithunzi

Maonekedwe a orchid akawonongedwa ndi chishango amadzimva okha. Msuzi wachikasu umawoneka pamphepete mwa masamba, amayamba kutaya kusungunuka ndi kusungunuka, pamene akupotoza. Pa mbali ya tsambali timapepala tating'onoting'ono tawoneka, timathandizidwa ndi ziphuphu ndi zovuta.

Zizindikiro za matenda ndi ululu wabodza ndi chishango ndi zofanana kwa wina ndi mzake.. Kuyambira pamene shityovki ili pamunsi pa pepala, pamene akutsogolera moyo wonyansa, alimi ena nthawi zambiri amawatenga.



Mmene mungamenyere: malangizo ndi sitepe

Chotsani shitovki vuto lalikulu, koma musataye mtima. Choyamba, ngati atulukira kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tifunika kuyendera zomera zina pa nkhani ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Dziwani mlingo wa matenda. Njira zowonongeka kutengedwako mwamsanga mutatha kupezeka tizilombo:

  1. Nyamakazi wodwala amafunika kukhala paokha ndi maluwa abwino.
  2. Sungunulani masamba ndi madzi ofunda.
  3. Ndi madzi a sopo ndi nyumba kapena phula sopo muyenera kusamba masamba.
  4. Kuti apange chinyezi chowonjezeka, zomwe ziphuphu sizingalekerere, povala thumba la pulasitiki, potero amapanga wowonjezera kutentha. Pa nthawi yomweyi muyenera kuyendetsa chomera tsiku lililonse kwa mphindi 30.
  5. N'zotheka kukhalabe chinyezi mwa kupopera masamba nthawi zonse.
  6. Dulani dothi ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Pali njira zitatu zochizira chomera.: zachilengedwe, anthu komanso mankhwala.

Kodi angachiritse bwanji njira?

  • Mankhwalawa "Fitoverm". Kusintha zomera ndi mankhwalawa kumaloledwa m'nyumba. Mlingo - 5 ml pa madzi okwanira 1 litre. Ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa kawiri ndi nthawi ya masiku asanu. Mankhwalawa ndi otetezeka kwa anthu ndi zinyama.
  • Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timateteza tizilombo (mavupulu, timabulu, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda). Musanagwiritse ntchito, muyenera kufufuza mtundu wa tizilombo mwa kuonana ndi katswiri.

Kodi mungachotse bwanji njira zamtunduwu?

  1. Olive mafuta emulsion. Pokonzekera, onjezerani supuni 2 ya mafuta madzi okwanira 1 litre, kenaka kusakaniza ndikugwiritsanso ntchito kwa orchid. Njirayi imabwerezedwa pambuyo pa masiku 7-10.
  2. A clove a adyo, kudula pamodzi, pukuta malo omwe athandizidwa ndi chishango. Mukhozanso kupanga phala kuchokera ku adyo ndikupangitsani kuti muzilombo.
  3. Tincture a peels a orange kapena mandarin. 200 magalamu a crusts ophwanyika amaphatikizidwira kwa madzi okwanira 1 litre. Chosakanizacho chiyenera kusankhidwa kwa masiku asanu m'malo amdima. Pambuyo 2 malita a madzi onjezerani theka la kapu ya kulowetsedwa, mukhoza kuwonjezera supuni ya sopo yotsuka. Kusakaniza uku ndikofunikira kuti tipeze chomera kamodzi pa sabata kwa miyezi 1-1.5.
  4. Kusintha kwa fern. Pokonzekera msuzi ndi losavuta. 10 magalamu a fern wouma ayenera kudzazidwa ndi madzi ndipo anasiya tsiku limodzi, ndiye wiritsani kwa mphindi 30, ozizira ndi zovuta. Kuthira kwa sabata. Choyamba ndi kofunika kuyesa kutsimikiza kwa chomera kwa wothandizira.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito bwanji mankhwala osakaniza?

  1. Kukonzekera kothandizira "Spruzit-AF" ndi "Permethrin". Lowani thupi la tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, zomwe zimayambitsa ziwalo. Patapita nthawi, tizirombo timamwalira. Mankhwalawa ndi othandiza kwambiri ndipo m'kanthawi kochepa amachotsa orchid ya shchitovok.
  2. "Arrivo", "Aktellik", "Aktara" ali ndi matumbo opangira. Ntchito yawo imayamba pokhapokha atadyetsedwa ndi tizilombo. Muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi zosachepera 2 ndi mphindi iliyonse.
  3. "Methylmercapthos", "Phosphamide", "Bi 58" - mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popopera mbewu zomera zomwe zimayambitsa matendawa. Zosakaniza zothandizira mankhwala zimalowa mu zomera, kupanga madzi awo owopsa poizula. Kenaka, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timamwa madzi owopsa ndipo timamwalira.

Njira zonsezi zapambano ndizoyeneranso chishango chonyenga, popeza ndizofanana ndi chishango.

Chimene sichiyenera kuchita?

Zikuonekeratu kuti mu nkhondo njira zonse ndi zabwino, koma pankhani ya zomera pali zosiyana. Kugwiritsira ntchito zinthu zomwe zili ndi nayitrogeni, kukula kwa kayendedwe ka mankhwala kapena zopatsa mphamvu siletsedwa. Zokonzekera "Epin" ndi "Zircon" sizili zoyenera, chifukwa zimangowonjezera kubereka kwa mlingo wachinyengo. Gwiritsani ntchito masankhu apamwamba pamanja osakonzedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamasonkhanitsa zizindikiro, kukhulupirika kwa chipolopolo chaphwanyidwa, potero kutsegula njira kwa achinyamata atsopano omwe amakhala pansi pa chipolopolocho.

Kuteteza kachilombo ka HIV

Pofuna kuthetsa vutoli, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito njira zotsatirazi:

  • Chinyezi chiyenera kukhala chapamwamba. Kuunikira - kokwanira.
  • The orchid ayenera kukhala pawindo lakumwera.
  • Chomera chatsopano chiyenera kufufuzidwa mwamsanga mutagula kupezeka kwa matenda, pamene mukuchiika kwaokha kwa milungu ingapo. Izi zili choncho chifukwa kumayambiriro kwa chitukuko, tizilombo ta tizilombo tomwe sitingawoneke.
  • Ndikofunika kuyang'ana masamba, maluwa mapesi ndi maluwa.
  • Pofuna kupewa, ndibwino kuti muzitsatira masamba a zomera. Chida ichi chikugwira ntchito ngakhale ndi anthu ang'onoang'ono - mpaka zidutswa zisanu.

Shchitovka ndi chishango chonyenga ndi zoopsa kwambiri tizirombo zomwe sizili zovuta kumenyana. Choncho, nkhondoyo iyenera kuyamba mwamsanga atangotulukira. Pofuna kupewa kuipitsidwa kwa orchid ndi tizilombo toyipa kwambiri, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizitenga.