Kukongola kokongola Dendrobium Orchid - chithunzi cha chomera, kuika malangizo kunyumba

Maluwa otchedwa Dendrobium orchid ndi chomera chosakanikirana ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri. Chomera ndi chosavuta kusintha kuti zikhale zovuta kumudzi.

Kusamalira orchid sikovuta. Maluwa otchedwa Dendrobium orchid ndi malo opangira nyumba, zoipa chifukwa cha kusintha kwafupipafupi. Momwe mungayendetsere njirayi molondola, popanda kuwononga chomera chosakhwima, mudzaphunzira m'nkhani yathu. Mukhozanso kuyang'ana kanema yothandiza pa mutu uwu.

Ndi liti pamene mukufunika kubwezeretsa duwa?

Kuwaza ndi gawo lofunika la kusamalira mbewu.. Zikuwoneka kuti malowa adakali oyenera kukula maluwa otchedwa dendrobium, koma mwina ataya kale zopindulitsa. Zili choncho, mpweya wofikira, acidity, mlingo wa salt. Nthawi zambiri zimachitika kuti chifukwa cha ulimi wothirira ndi fetereza nthawi zambiri, nthaka imakhala yochuluka. Choncho, mizu ya duwa imabwera nthawi zonse nthawi yochepa.

Pamene kuthirira ndi madzi apampopang'ono pang'onopang'ono kumawonjezera ph ya gawo lapansi, motero, dendrobium orchid amasiya kulandira zinthu zothandiza pa chilengedwe. Ndipo mizu yawonongeka kuchokera ku masango a potashi ndi phosphorous salt. Poganizira zovuta zonsezi, nkofunika kubzala mbeu 1 nthawi mu zaka 2-3, nthawi zina n'zotheka komanso nthawi zambiri.

Komanso, chomeracho chiyenera kuikidwa ngati mizu yayamba kwambiri ndipo ikutha kuchoka pansi pa mphika. Ndikofunikira kubwezeretsa duwa pamene zowola kapena tizirombo zikuwonekera.

Mutatha kugula dothi la orchid m'sitolo, muyenera kuyamba kuika pamapeto pake maluwa atatha.kapena chaka choyamba mutagula. Mbande yomwe mbewuyo ili m'sitolo si yoyenera kukula maluwa kunyumba. Nthaŵi yabwino yopempherera dendrobium yamaluwa ndi masika. Spring imatengedwa ngati kuyamba kwa kukula kwa zomera. Panthawi ino pali mphukira zatsopano ndi mizu.

Kodi zingakhale zovuta liti?

Kuwotchera ndi nkhawa kwa Dendrobium orchid. Sikoyenera kubwezeretsanso panthawi yopumula komanso panthawi yopuma.

Njira zazikulu

  • Kusintha. Oyenera kutero ngati mizu ya orchid ikukula kwambiri, mizu imakhala yosasunthika, maluwawo ali ndi thanzi, gawo loyenera kulima. Njira iyi imakulolani kuti musunge chipinda chadothi, komabe kuti kusintha kwa orchid kusamveke bwino.
  • Kuwaza. Njira iyi ikuphatikizapo kuyeretsa kwathunthu mizu kuchokera ku gawo lapansi.

Kodi mungasankhe bwanji mphika?

  • Maluwa otchedwa Dendrobium orchid ayenera kubzalidwa mwapadera, madengu a orchid kapena miphika.
  • Miphika ayenera kusankha ku dothi kapena pulasitiki. Miphika yowonjezera ndi yabwino chifukwa amatha kupereka chomeracho ndi kukana koyenera kuti asawonongeke.
  • Kukula kwa mphika kumalimbikitsidwa kusankha malinga ndi kukula kwa mizu. Mizu iyenera kulowera mphika mofatsa.

Potsitsa mizu mu mphika, pafupifupi masentimita 2 a malo omasuka ayenera kusiya m'mphepete mwake.. Onetsetsani kuti mutsike pansi pazitsamba. Mitsuko ikhoza kukhala miyala, kupukutira dongo kapena thovu. Mzere wosanjikiza uyenera kukhala osachepera masentimita atatu.

Kusankhidwa kwa nthaka bwino

Chidziwitso cha orchid dendrobium sichikhala pansi, koma kukhalapo. Kuphatikizidwa ku mitengo ikuluikulu, mizu ndi nthambi za mitengo.

Njira yosavuta ndiyo kugula malo m'sitolo. Mutha kukonzekera nthaka. Kuti muchite izi, nkofunika kusuntha makungwa a mitengo ya coniferous, dongo lokongola kwambiri, dothi losweka, kokonati, makala ndi peat wabwino. Ngati gawolo likonzekera lokha, ndiye kuti liyenera kutetezedwa ndi motetezedwa. Kapena wiritsani pamoto kwa pafupi mphindi 3-4. Kapena kuthira madzi otentha kwa mphindi 10. Madzi pambuyo pake ayenera kuthiridwa. Ndipo uume nthaka.

Gawo ndi siteji kuti musamuke bwanji

  1. Chotsani mu mphika. Ngati mphika umapangidwa ndi pulasitiki. Musanachotse dothi la orchid mu mphika, onetsetsani kuti mukuphwanya pang'ono makoma ndi manja anu. Chifukwa cha gawo ili lidzakhala bwino kupereka. Chotsatira, muyenera kuchotsa maluwawo mowongoka. Poyambitsa ntchitoyi, mukhoza kuika duwa mu mphika mumadzi ndi madzi, omwe angathandize mizu kuti imame. Ngati simungathenso kuchoka, muyenera kuthyola kapena kudula mphika.
    Chenjerani: Muzu wa maluwa ukhoza kukula bwino, mizu imayimbana, izi zidzasokoneza ndondomeko yowunikira, chifukwa zidzakhala zovuta kuchotsa gawolo. Chomera chofooka chimakhala chosavuta kubzala, ndi kosavuta kuchoka mu mphika.
  2. Kusamba mizu ndikuchotsa gawo lowonjezera. Onetsetsani kuti muchotse makungwa kuchokera ku rhizome ya orchid dendrobium. Kuyeretsa n'kosavuta. Mu mbale ya madzi ofunda, muyenera kuika orchid kwa mphindi 15-20. Panthawiyi, gawo lapansi lidzasefukira. Pambuyo pake, n'zotheka kale kusonkhanitsa mizu ndi zala zanu. Njirayi imachitika m'madzi, kuti asawononge mizu. Madzi akuda ayenera kutsukidwa. Ngati kuli kovuta kufika malo, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito osamba. Palibe chifukwa choyesera kuchotsa mizu yonse ya makungwa akale. Ngati magawo a makungwawo ali osiyana kwambiri ndi mizu, simungathe kuwakhudza.
  3. Kuyendera mizu ndi kuchotsa njira za matenda. Mazu oyeretsedwa ndi osavuta kuyesa. Ndikofunika kuchotsa mbali zonse zovunda ndi zouma. Ngati mizu yawononga malo, iyenera kukonzedwa. Kuti muchite izi, mungagwiritse ntchito mpeni kapena lumo. Onetsetsani kuti ayenera kutetezedwa ndi mowa ndi mowa kapena kuumitsa ndi moto kuti zomera zisadwale. Dera ladulidwa liyenera kuchitidwa ndi makala amoto kapena opangidwa ndi makala. Dothi la miyambo ya orchid ndi lolimba komanso losatha. Osakhala wopanda kanthu. Mtundu wa mizu ndi woyera kapena wobiriwira.
  4. Kuyanika zomera mutatha kutsuka. Mitengo yodulidwa yotchedwa dendrobium ya orchid imalimbikitsidwa kuti iumidwe kwa maola awiri kutentha. Njira yabwino ndiyo kutsuka madzulo, ndiye kuyanika kungatheke usiku wonse, ndipo m'mawa mungathe kubzala.
  5. Pitani ku tanka latsopano. Mu mphika pamzere wosanjikiza akulimbikitsidwa kutsanulira makapu a makungwa a pine. Maluwa otchedwa Dendrobium orchid ayenera kuikidwa mu mphika pakati. Kenaka, muyenera kuumitsa mizu ya chomera ndi makungwa, pseudobulbs ikhalebe pamwamba. Ngati chomeracho chikukula kale, mukhoza kuyikapo timitengo kuti tikhale bata. Ndikofunika kuchotsa mankhwala pokhapokha ngati chomera chimayamba.
  6. Kuthirira. Kuthirira koyamba kuyenera kuchitidwa ndi kukonzanso duwa kuti liwononge nthaka. Zindikirani kuti ngati gawo lapansi silinaume, kapena kuti lauma kwapitirira maola awiri, ndiye koyenera kuimwa pasanafike 2-4 mutatha. Madzi a ulimi wothirira ayenera kuyeretsedwa kutentha kutentha pang'ono. Ngati lamuloli silikugwirizana ndi mizu ikhoza kuvunda.

Tikukupemphani kuti tiwone vidiyoyi ponena za kulumikiza bwino dendrobium:

Kodi musachite chiyani panthawiyi?

  1. Mulimonsemo palibe zigawo zogwirira ntchito zopangira utoto wobiriwira. Mowa kapena ayodini. Zomwe zili mu njirazi, yambani kupyolera mu capillaries ndi kuuma minofu yathanzi.
  2. Inu simungakhoze kudula mapesi a maluwa. Chomera chokhacho chiyenera kuchotsa mbali zakufa.
  3. Pakuikapo ndikofunikira kuonetsetsa kuti mizu siyiyendetsedwa.

Chithunzi

Mu chithunzi chomwe chili pansipa mukhoza kuyamikira Dendrobium orchid.



Mavuto angakhalepo

Mizu ya dendrobium imakhala yofooka kwambiri, choncho n'zosavuta kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.. Mukamabzala, muyenera kufufuza mosamala mizu ya kupezeka kwa matenda ndi tizirombo.

NdikofunikiraA: Nthawi iliyonse panthawi yopatsa, ndikofunikira kutenga njira zonse zofunika kuti tipewe matenda a mizu yofooka. Gwiritsani zipangizo, mphika, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Ndi bwino kuyang'ana masamba a dendrobium ya orchid. Ngati masambawa ndi obiriwira, ndiye kuti zinthu zikukula bwino. Ngati "atsekedwa" - ndikofunika kuisunthira kumalo ena, mwinamwake kuwala kumakhala kowala kwambiri, kuyaka kumawonekera pamasamba. Ngati masambawo ali mdima kapena wachikasu - muyenera kuwonjezera kuunikira.

Aftercare

Pambuyo poika mazira a dendrobium, m'pofunika kupereka zinthu zabwino. Kuunikira sikuyenera kukhala kowala. Pogwiritsa ntchito kuwala kwa dzuwa, zomera zimatha kutenthedwa ndi kutentha.

Kutentha kwa mpweya makamaka pafupifupi madigiri 20 mpaka 22. Ndikofunika kuthirira madzi nthawi zambiri, koma musalole kuti madzi azikhala poto.

Kudyetsa kumachitika nthawi ya kukula kwachangu. Chinyezi mu chipinda chiyenera kukhala cha 60 mpaka 70%.

Timapereka kuti tiwone kanema yokhudza kusamalira maluwa:

Kutsiliza

Orchid ya Dendrobium imakhala ndi zinthu zabwino. Ngati mukutsatira malamulo onse osamalira mbewu, mutha kuyamikira maluwa okongola ndi onunkhira.