Kukongola kwa orchid mu chilengedwe - moyo wa phalaenopsis mu nyengo zakutchire komanso kusiyana kwa maluwa a panyumba

Phalaenopsis - chomera chabwino kwa osamalira wamaluwa. Maluwawo ndi odzichepetsa mosamala. Icho chimasiyanitsidwa ndi kukongola kwake ndi kuwala kwake.

Pankhani ya orchids, anthu ambiri amalingalira kuti phalaenopsis yotentha yotchedwa inflorescence ndi yoopsa kwambiri. Zokhudza moyo wa ma orchids osiyanasiyana kumtchire ndipo tidzakambilana pambuyo pake m'nkhaniyi. Kuti tifotokoze momveka bwino, tidzakudziwitsani zithunzi za zitsanzo za kukula kwa phalaenopsis m'chilengedwe.

Ndi mbali ziti za dziko zomwe zimafalikira?

Phalaenopsis amakhala kumwera kwakumwera kwa Asia. Mitundu yambiri ya zomera zimakula ku Philippines ndi kumpoto cha kum'maŵa kwa Australia. Amakhulupirira kuti mtunduwu unayambira kum'mwera kwa China, ndiyeno umafalitsidwa kumadera ena a dziko lapansi.

Thandizo! Woyamba kupeza maluwa anali Wachilengedwe wa ku Germany Georg Rumph, pachilumba chotchedwa Ambon, chomwe chili ku Indonesia.

Kumverera kwa chomera ichi kunali kokha pambuyo pofika kwa wasayansi wotchuka Carl Lynne. Ndiye yemwe adalongosola maluwa awa mu ntchito yake "The Species of Plants", ndipo adautcha "wokondeka wokongola", omwe amatanthawuza kuti "kukhala pamtengo."

Kodi ndikuti zingakulire kuti?

Mtundu wa Phalaenopsis umaphatikizapo mitundu yoposa 70. Ambiri mwawo ndi epiphyte - maluwa omwe sazukula m'nthaka ndikukhala pa zomera zina, kuwagwiritsa ntchito monga "zothandizira" kapena zothandizira. Zopindulitsa zinthu maluwa amachokera ku masamba akugwa, makungwa, moss.

Mvula imapezeka mlengalenga, chifukwa mumvula yamvula mumagwa mvula yambiri, ndipo m'mawa pali nkhungu zakuda. Ngakhale phalaenopsis ndi epiphyte, koma samakwera pamwamba, koma amakonda kukula m'munsi mwa nkhalango. Malo okonda - malo othuthuka mumtsinje kapena pafupi ndi mitsinje ndi nyanja. Pali mitundu yomwe imakhala pa miyala yokha.

Moyo

Pansi pa chilengedwe, zomera zimamasula kangapo pachaka.. Phalaenopsis sakhala ndi nthawi yopumula, ngakhale kuti ena amaimira ma orchids. Nthaŵi imene duwa limakula, silimasintha. Palibe kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha kapena kuzizira, ndipo izi zimapangitsa kukula kwanthawi zonse.

Pali lingaliro la kupuma kwachilengedwe ndi kukakamizidwa. Pambuyo mphukira yatsopano ikukula, duwa limachoka. Izi zimachitika pa nyengo yabwino.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati kutentha, chinyezi kapena zinthu zina sizili zoyenera kwa iye, ndiye phalaenopsis imalowa mu gawo la kupuma mokakamizika ndikudikirira kuti mphindi yoyenera idzutse.

Kodi maluwa achilengedwe amawoneka bwanji, chithunzi

Phalaenopsis - maluwa okongola omwe amakula pang'ono. Pafupi ndi nthaka pali malo okhala ndi masamba obiriwira, omwe amathandiza chinyezi ndi zakudya. M'kupita kwa nthawi, masambawa amatha kufika pamasentimita 6 mpaka 30, chirichonse chimadalira zosiyanasiyana. Nthawi zina pamakhala masamba owala omwe amawoneka bwino.

Mbalameyi imakhala yayitali komanso yayitali, maluŵa akuluakulu akuphulika omwe amawoneka ngati gulugufegu. Ukulu ukuchokera pa 3 mpaka 30 sentimenti. Pa maluwa pa phesi limodzi la maluwa limapezeka maluwa 5 mpaka 40, zimadalira momwe wathanzi phalaenopsis alili. Kumtchire, kuchuluka kumatha kufika mazana.

Mtundu wa mtundu ndi wosiyana kwambiri. Chomeracho ndi chosiyana kwambiri: choyera, buluu, chowala komanso chowala, chakuda. Nkhuta zimakhala ndi zachilendo.

Mizu ndi yamlengalenga, yobiriwira. Amagwira ntchito yogwiritsa ntchito photosynthesis pamodzi ndi masamba.





Timakupatsanso inu kuti muwone kanema pa zomwe orchid zikuwoneka ngati kuthengo:

Kuyerekezera zomera zakutchire ndi zoweta

Phalaenopsis adakondana ndi alimi olima maluwa, komanso obereketsa mbewu, omwe anabala mitundu yoposa 5,000.

Chenjerani! Koma maluwa ofanana alibe chochita ndi zilombo zakutchire.
  • Zomera zokhala ndi udzu siziyenera kudalira chirichonse, monga maluwa okongola amachita. Popanda izo, amakula bwino, ndipo samangokhala pansi pa mitengo ikuluikulu ya mitengo.
  • Maluwa a zinyama ndi aakulu kwambiri, koma nambala yawo ndi yochepa kangapo kuposa ya phalaenopsis yomwe imakula m'nkhalango zam'derali.
  • Mu chilengedwe, orchid ikhoza kukhala moyo kwa zaka 100, koma kumalo okhalamo, moyo uli wochepa.
  • Koma zonsezi zimakhala zofunda komanso zakutchire, maluwa amafunika kutentha komanso kutentha kwambiri.

N'chifukwa chiyani amatchedwa chozizwitsa cha chilengedwe?

Mtundu wa maluwawo ndi wapachiyambi komanso wochititsa chidwi kuti ku Ulaya anayamba kutchedwa "chozizwitsa cha chirengedwe". Komanso, dzinali ndilo chifukwa chakuti mitundu ina ikuluikulu imakula pansi, ndiko kuti, imakhala pamtengo, ndipo izi ndizovuta kwambiri.

Chochititsa chidwi

Dzina lodziŵika kwa anthu linawonekera maluwa awa mu 1825. Mkulu wa Leiden Botanical Garden, Karl Blume, adadutsa ku Malay Archipelago ndipo adapeza maluŵa oyera oyera mumphepete mwa mvula yamkuntho. Iye anawatenga iwo usiku wa moths. Zinali kulakwitsa zomwe zinawululidwa mwamsanga, koma Blume anaganiza kutchula maluwa awa falenopsis - kuchokera ku mawu achigriki phalania - "moth" ndi opsis - "kufanana".

Kutsiliza

Zozizwitsa za orchid zozizwitsa Phalaenopsis - chozizwitsa chenicheni cha chirengedwe, chomwe maluwa amatha kukhala mosavuta m'nyumba zawo. Maluwa sakhala ndi mavuto ambiri, ndipo nthawi zonse amasangalatsa diso ndi maluwa.