Kusamalira mizu kwa maluwa owala: sankhani nthaka yoyenera ndi mphika kwa kuika kwa orchid

Mlimi aliyense posakhalitsa akuyang'anizana ndi kuika ziweto zawo kumalo atsopano. Nthaŵi zonse zimakhala zovuta kwa zomera, ndipo maluwa am'maluwa otchipa ndi osowa amafunika kuti azitha kulondola komanso kusamala pamene akubwezeretsanso.

Ngati chirichonse chikuchitidwa molondola, maluwawo adzamasuka pamalo atsopano ndipo sadzakhala ndi nkhawa pang'ono. Pambuyo pake, chomeracho chimafuna nthawi kuti chizolowezi. Choncho, m'pofunikira kumupatsa zinthu zabwino kwambiri.

Kodi muyenera kudziwa chiyani za zomera?

Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti chomera ngati orchid ndi epiphyte - chomera chikukula mogwirizana ndi mitengo.

Kuwombera mitsempha ya epiphytes sikukufunika - mizu yawo imakula kukhala makungwa a mitengo, pamene imalandira chinyezi pa mvula ndi mame.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Orchid, monga ena epiphytes, ali ndi chizolowezi chokula mofulumira, ndipo chifukwa chake - kutaya mofulumira kwa gawo lapansi la zakudya. Pakhomo, izi, makamaka, zimafuna kuti pakhale malo okwanira pa nthawi yake, kuti mbewuyo ipitirize kudyetsa.

Kodi ndilo liti kuti mutenge nthaka?

Ndi nthawi yokweza chomera ngati:

  • Mizu siikhalanso mu mphika, mizu ya "mpweya" imayamba kuonekera;
  • mawanga ambiri a chikasu anayamba kuonekera pa masamba;
  • Chomeracho sichinayambe kugwedezeka kwa miyezi itatu;
  • tizilombo (mphutsi, centipedes, nkhono) zinkaoneka mu mphika lapansi;
  • Yakhala nthawi yayitali kuchokera kugulidwa kwa orchid (zoposa chaka).

Nthawi yabwino yoika mmera ndi nthawi yomwe mbewu yayamba kale ndipo ikupumula.

Spring ndi nthawi yabwino yopiritsa.Komabe, chifukwa cha mphamvu yochepa ya orchid kudula mizu, izi sizili zovuta. Zikhoza kuthekeranso kusuntha maluwa omwe amayamba kufalikira, pomwe pamayenera kuyendetsa maluwawo pamtunda pafupifupi masentimita awiri.

Tikukupatsani inu kuti muwone kanema yowonjezera nthawi yowonjezera orchid:

Ndondomeko yokonzekera

Pokonzekera kuika ma orchids, choyamba ayenera kuuma - Izi zidzafulumizitsa ndondomeko yobwezeretsa kuwonongeka kwazomwe zimafalikira mizu ya mbewu. Kuyanika kumatenga maola asanu ndi awiri mpaka asanu ndi atatu, pamene chomera chiyenera kuikidwa pa nsalu youma.

Kuti pakhale ndondomeko yowunikira bwino, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti mphika watsopano wa chomera uyenera kukhala waukulu kuposa wam'mbuyo.

Zida ndi zipangizo zofunikira pakufesa mbewu za orchid:

  • chonchi;
  • mpeni wamphamvu;
  • mphika watsopano;
  • Makungwa atsopano a mtengo (kapena dothi lapadera ndi makungwa omwe amapangidwa);
  • ngalande

Ndiyenela kukhala ndi njira yodalirika yopangira makungwa opangira ma orchids. Mbalame yamtengo wapatali ndi pine makungwa ndi abwino kwambiri, makungwa ochokera ku mitengo yowonongeka ndi yabwino.

Musatenge makungwa kuchokera ku mitengo yovunda, chifukwa pali tizilombo tambiri m'makungwa otere!

Kodi makungwa amafunika chiyani?

Chomveka chogwiritsira ntchito podzaza mphika watsopano, sankhani maluwa. Inde zosavuta kwambiri komanso mofulumira kugula zinthu mu sitolo yapadera.

Zamakono zamakono zimapereka gawo lokonzeka kugwiritsira ntchito nthaka, yomwe ili ndi makungwa komanso zakudya zina. Komabe, ngati muli ndi chikhumbo chokhala ndi chidaliro chonse mu makungwa, ndiye kuti ndibwino kuti muzisonkhanitse nokha.

Kwa kuika ma orchids ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zakuthupi! Mukhoza kukonzanso ngalande zokha - zoyenera kuti izi ziwonjezeke dongo kapena chithovu mipira.

Tikukupatsani inu kuti muwone kanema momwe mungakonzekere makungwa anu a orchid:

Kusankhidwa kwapansi ndi Kusinthana kwa Madzi

Nthaka ya kuikiranso ikhoza kupezedwa m'njira ziwiri: kugula mu sitolo yapadera, kapena kudzipanga wekha.

M'madothi a nthaka ayenera kukhala ndi makungwa a mitengo - monga mchere waukulu wa orchids.

Komanso m'nthaka mumaphatikizapo chigawo chimodzi monga sphagnum moss (kapena peat). Mitsuko iyenera kuperekedwa ngati miyala, mchenga wa mtsinje kapena mipira ya dongo / thovu.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema za substrate yabwino kwa ma orchids:

Ganizirani kuunikira: ndi chiyani chomwe mungachike pakhomo?

Zina zofunika muyenera kuziwona posankha mphikakotero kuti zotsatira za kubzala sizikhala ndi zotsatira zowononga pa chomera.

Njira yabwino kwambiri ya poto ndi:

  • Kukula. Mphika watsopano uyenera kukhala wawukulu kuposa wam'mbuyomu ndi 2-5 masentimita.
  • Zinthu zakuthupintchito yopanga. Mphika wopangidwa ndi pulasitiki ndi mabowo atakulungidwa pansi ndi bwino - izi zidzalola chinyezi chochulukira kutuluka pambuyo kuthirira orchid. Kuwonjezera apo, ndizofunikira kusankha poto loonekera - izi zidzalola mizu ya mbeu kuti ilandire kuchuluka kwa dzuwa.

Tikukupatsani inu kuti muwone kanema momwe mungasankhire chophika cha orchid:

Ndondomeko ya ndondomeko ndi ndondomeko

  1. Chotsani chomeracho mosamala.
  2. Tulutsani mizu pansi (yambani, yambani ndi madzi kutentha).
  3. Chotsani zowonongeka zotheka ku mizu. Kuti muchite izi, lekani mizu ya orchid m'madzi. Mu ma ola ochepa tizirombo tifa. Mukhozanso kuthana ndi mizu ndi mankhwala apadera.
  4. Chotsani mizu yakufa ndi yovunda ya chomera mwa kuwadula ndi shears.
  5. Lembani mphika watsopano ndi madzi okwanira.
  6. Bzalani orchid mu mphika.
  7. Lembani mosamala nthaka yatsopano.

Mukabwezeretsanso gawo latsopano, pang'onopang'ono tekani mphika pamtunda. Izi zimachitidwa kugawidwa kwapadera kwa nthaka.

Choncho, orchid imaikidwa. Pambuyo pake, amafunikira kuyatsa bwino komanso kupopera mbewu tsiku lililonse. - chifukwa cha chinyezi chapamwamba.

Ngati zosavutazi zidafikiridwa panthaŵi yake, chomeracho chidzafulumizitsanso malo atsopano ndipo chidzakondwera ndi mwiniwakeyo ndi maluwa.