Mbali za phwetekere phwetekere, kubzala ndi kusamalira tomato la letesi

Nyamayi ndi masamba obiriwira pakati pa mbewu zakulima. Chiwerengero chake n'chokwanira kwambiri: chatsopano, ndi maphunziro achiwiri ndi oyamba, kumalongeza. Mavuto a kulima, monga nyengo, amachititsa obereketsa kukhazikitsa atsopano, osagwirizana ndi nyengo zosiyanasiyana, komanso matenda osiyanasiyana.

Nthambi ya Batanyan: mafotokozedwe ndi maonekedwe osiyanasiyana

Taganizirani abambo a phwetekere, maonekedwe ake ndi kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana. Ndi koyambirira kofiira, wamtali komanso wopindulitsa kwambiri. Zitsamba za phwetekere zimakula mpaka mamita awiri, kuwomba mphepo yamphamvu kumathamanga. Zipatso ndi zazikulu, zoboola mtima, zofiira, zofiira. Khungu la chipatso ndilo lolimba, thupi ndi shuga, lofewa. Zipatso zimalemera 300 g. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yodzichepetsa ndipo imakhala yosasokonezeka ndi matenda. Zokwanira kudzala tchire zingapo pa chiwembu kuti tipeze mbewu zochititsa chidwi kwambiri. Kukhalitsa, komanso chitukuko, chimabwera mofulumira, ngati chomera chikusamalidwa bwino. Miyezi itatu mutabzala, mukhoza kusonkhanitsa zipatso zoyamba.

Kusankha malo okula tomato

Ngakhale kuti kulimbana ndi nyengo yozizira, sikuli koyenera kudzala phwetekere m'malo amphepo kapena mumthunzi wonse.

Kuunikira kwa tomato mitundu Batyana

Chomeracho chimakhala chabwino m'madera okwera otsegulidwa dzuwa. Chifukwa cha kutentha kwa dzuƔa, zipatso zimatsanulira ndi madzi, ndipo thupi limakhala lofewa ndi dzuwa.

Zofuna za nthaka zokolola zochuluka

Nthaka iyenera kukhala yathanzi, yowala komanso yothira. Kusungunuka kwa dothi ndiko kupeza kwa mpweya, madzi amatha kuteteza kusungunuka kwa chinyezi, adzapulumutsa ku mabakiteriya omwe amapita kumalo ozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Dothi lolemera lamtundu silingalole kuti mizu ya tomato ikhale bwino.

Kodi kubzala mbande batany

Tomato a bambo ali ndi makhalidwe abwino ndi alimi, koma kuti akwaniritse zotsatira zabwino zowalima, kubzala ndi nthaka yake ziyenera kukhala zokonzeka.

Kukonzekera kwa nthaka ndi mbewu za mbande

Udzu wa mbande ndi bwino kudziphika wekha. Kuti muchite izi, tengani peat, masamba, mchenga ndi humus mofanana. Mukasakaniza, onjezani 30 g wa superphosphate ndi potaziyamu sulphate. Nthaka ikhoza kutetezedwa mwachitsulo pogwiritsa ntchito njira yophweka: Konzani chisakanizo cha dothi mwezi umodzi musanafese ndikuzisiya kuzizira. Zidzakhala zotenthetsa usanayambe kubzala.

Nthanga za batana phwetekere isanayambe kukula ziyenera kufufuzidwa kuti zimere, kuti zisabzalidwe. Aperetseni m'madzi ofunda, omwe amagwera pansi ndi abwino, ziphuphu sizidzawoneka pamwamba. Mbeu zoyenerera zimafunika kuzifota mu njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbeu za phwetekere

Pambuyo pa ndondomeko ya disinfection, imbani mbewu mu stimulator "Fitosporin". Pakuti kubzala ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito bokosi. Pakuya masentimita imodzi kubzala mbewu, kuphimba ndi galasi ndikuyika kutentha. Batyana amaonedwa kuti ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yabwino ya phwetekere yobzala, mogwirizana ndi malamulo ofesa. Zimaonekera pakatha masabata awiri ndi theka. Masamba awiri kapena atatu atangoyamba, mbande zimalowa mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Mukudziwa? Kuyambira kale, phwetekere yakhala ndi mbiri yotchuka ya mwana woopsa. Colonel Johnson, powalingalira zopanda chilungamo, kutsogolo kwa khothi ku New Jersey anadya chidebe cha tomato kuti akhulupirire anthu osiyana. Patapita maola angapo, koloneli adakali moyo ndipo ali ndi thanzi labwino, anthu adasintha mkwiyo wawo.
Nthambi ya Batyana imakula bwino ndi kusamalira mbande. Mu wowonjezera kutentha mphukira ayenera nthawi zonse kuthirira, mpweya wabwino, mosamala kumasula. Mukasankha, ndi zofunika kuti muthe kuchotsa zofooka zochepa: sizikhala zothandiza.

Kujambula mbande pamalo otseguka

Mbeu zazikulu zimabzalidwa miyezi iwiri mutabzala. Zabwino, zoyenera kubzala mbande ziri ndizitsulo zamphamvu, zowirira, ndi masamba opangidwa. Matato a Batyana omwe sagwirizana ndi kuzizira, monga momwe tafotokozera mu kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Komabe, musanabzala pansi, mbande ziyenera kuumitsidwa. Kwa ichi, zitseko za wowonjezera kutentha zimatsegulidwa kwa maola angapo, pang'onopang'ono zikuwonjezereka kuchuluka kwa nthawi yovuta. Popeza zosiyanasiyana ndizitali, kupereka mphukira zambiri, ziyenera kubzalidwa kuti zidzakula. Mtunda pakati pa mizere ndi 130 masentimita, pakati pa mbande - mpaka mamita. Mbande mutabzala ndikuikidwa mmanda ku masamba osungunuka.

Mbali yosamalira mitundu ya phwetekere Batyana, kulima magetsi

Mukamabzala Tomato Batyana, mwinamwake chinthu chofunika kwambiri mu teknoloji yaulimi ndi kusankha koyenera kwa otsogolera. Chofunika pa nkhaniyi chikanakhala kabichi, nkhaka, anyezi, kaloti, nyemba kapena zitsamba zosatha. Sikoyenera kuti tizitsata tomato pafupi ndi mbatata.

Chenjerani! Simungakhoze kubzala pambuyo pa mankhwalawa: matenda ofanana ndi tomato ndi mbewu izi.

Momwe mungamwetsere chomera

Tomato amafunika kuthirira moyenera. Madzi mwabwino makamaka ndi madzi ofunda, okhazikika. Mitengo itatha kuthirira imasula ndi kumasula. Kupeta namsongole ndi kofunika kwambiri.

Pamwamba kuvala kwa tomato

Pakuti zokolola zazikulu, zinthu zakuthupi kuphatikizapo mchere wambiri ndi zofunika. Kutsekemera kwa mullein kumayenerera bwino (malita asanu) ndi kuwonjezera kwa nitrophoska (15 g pa chidebe cha madzi). Kusakaniza uku kumamera pansi pa chitsamba. Chovala chachiwiri chimakhala ndi mchere wambiri pamene zomera zimamasula.

Matenda aakulu ndi matenda omera

Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Batana ndi matenda osamalidwa ndi phwetekere, makamaka phytophthora, obereketsa amapereka chonchi. Ndipotu, tomato ndi oyambirira kucha ndipo samakhala ndi nthawi yokwanira kuti apeze phytosporosis, chifukwa chiwerengero cha kukula kwa mabakiteriya chimakhala chotentha komanso chinyezi mu July ndi August. Ngakhale alimi ambiri amalankhula za Batyana ngati kalasi yopanda mavuto.

Pa mbande zingakhale zovuta ngati mawonekedwe achikasu. Chifukwa chake ndi kusowa kwa nayitrogeni, zinc, chitsulo kapena potaziyamu. Ganizirani za mtundu wanji wa feteleza womwe mwaphonya, mudzaze phokosoli. Kuwonjezera apo sapling idzayang'anizana ndi vuto lomwelo. Pofuna kufooketsa tizirombo kuchokera ku tomato, tigwiritseni ntchito njira zamakono: kulowetsedwa kwa marigolds kapena dandelions, phulusa, kulowetsedwa kwa adyo.

Kukolola Batany

Chokolola choyamba chikutheka miyezi itatu mutabzala. Mukhoza kusonkhanitsa zipatso zokhala ndi saladi ndikuchotsanso opunduka panthawi yomweyo. Yesetsani kuphonya nthawi yosonkhanitsa, monga tomato wambiri adzaphulika ndipo sungasungidwe. Matenda osiyanasiyana a Batyana ali ndi zokolola zambiri: kuchokera pamtunda umodzi mita mukhoza kusonkhanitsa mpaka 17 makilogalamu a tomato. Matimati wokolola amanyamula bwino.

Zosangalatsa M'mayiko ena, phwetekere amafanizidwa ndi apulo. Anthu a ku Italy amaitcha chipatso cha apulo cha golidi, a Chifaransa ndiwo apulo wachikondi, ndipo a German ndi apulo wa paradaiso.

Matato a Batyana: ubwino ndi zowawa za zosiyanasiyana

Choncho, tomato Batyana - kaya kukula izi zosiyanasiyana. Poyang'ana ndemanga, mitunduyi ili ndi ubwino wambiri kuposa zovuta. Zimagonjetsedwa ndi chisanu, imakula ndipo imakula mofulumira, imakhala ndi zokolola zambiri, sizimawonekera kwa tizirombo ndi matenda. Tomato wa zosiyanasiyanazi sizimayenda panthawi yopitako, amakhala ndi zipatso zazikulu, makhalidwe abwino. Zipatso za kalasi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito konsekonse: saladi, sauces, mbale zotentha, salting ndi kuteteza, ngakhale kupanikizana.

Wotsatsa: apamwamba, amafunika kuthandizidwa nthawi zonse. Popeza chomera chikukula mofulumira, chithandizocho chiyenera kukhala m'malo mwa nthawi ndi pansi pambali. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana siingabzalidwe mwamphamvu kwambiri. Kuwombera kudzawonjezera chiopsezo cha matenda komanso kufalikira kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Tomato ndi zipatso za dzuwa, zimakondedwa ndi akulu ndi ana. Mankhwala ambiri ophika sangachite popanda kuwonjezera tomato kapena msuzi kuchokera kwa iwo, mu mbale zambiri ndizofunikira kwambiri. Komanso, tomato ali ndi calorie yochepa.