Zida ndi zothandiza katundu wa cyclamen tubers. Kulima ndi Kusamalira Nsonga

Cyclamen mizu ndi tuber kapena corm. Ngakhale mu nthawi zakale za Igupto, pali zolemba za izo. Kale kale, anthu sanangotchula kukongola kwa kunja kwa maluwa, komanso kufunika kwa tuber pakubereka kwa cyclamen komanso kumathandiza panthawiyo.

Kotero chomwe iye ali wabwino kwambiri ndi zomwe ziripo za kulima kwake ndi kugwiritsira ntchito - iwe udzaphunzira mopitirira. Komanso malangizo othandizira kubzala cyclamen pambuyo pake.

Kufotokozera Maonekedwe

Kukula kwake kwa corm ndi 4-5 masentimita, koma zitsanzo zimapezeka mpaka masentimita 15. Fomuyo ndi yozungulira, yokhala pansi. Zonsezi ndizomwe zimayambira, zomwe kenako zimakhala ndi masamba komanso mazithunzi. Zakudya zabwino zimakhala zolemera ndi turgor zabwino.

Malingana ndi mtundu wa mtundu wa cyclamen, kusintha kwa kusintha kwa tubers ndiko kotheka. Mwachitsanzo, ku European cyclamen, muzuwu umakhala wambiri komanso wosakanikirana, ndipo mosiyanasiyana, wotchedwa "ayezi wonyezimira", corm imapanga mwana wina wa tubers.

Chithunzi

Mudzawona chithunzi cha cyclamen tuber:




Zothandiza

Mzu wa zomera umakhala wotsutsa-zotupa ndi zamadzimadzi., yomwe imalola ntchito yake kuchiza matenda a sinusitis ndi matenda ena opweteka a sinus sinuses.

Gawo la madzi kuchokera ku tuber, cyclamine pamene ilo lilowa m'matumbo a pamimba, panthawi yothandizana ndi mucosa, imasandulika kukhala cyclamyrethin, yomwe imawononga tizilombo toyambitsa tizilombo m'matumbo.

Mu mankhwala amtundu wina, madzi a corm amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala am'deralo amtundu wa matenda osiyanasiyana a minofu, monga rheumatism, gout, kutupa kwa minofu ndi mafupa.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi kudzikonzekera nokha kwa mankhwala kuchokera ku chomera muyenera kukumbukira za poizoni wake. Ndibwino kuti muzichita zonsezi ndi magolovesi a mphira, ndipo mutatha kutsuka manja bwinobwino ndi sopo ndi madzi.

Zovuta Musati mulangize kugwiritsa ntchito madzi oyera chifukwa cha chiopsezo chotentha cha mucous membrane. Kuonjezera apo, mankhwala ake ndi oletsedwa kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito ndi amayi omwe ali ndi pakati komanso omwe ali ndi zaka zopitirira khumi.

Zikondweretseni kuti amuna ndi akazi azikhala ndi mahomoni. Kusamba kumasintha, potency imakula.

Pakati pa mavoti a mtima pamene mutenga kukonzekera cyclamen, mtima wamtima umakhala wovomerezeka.

Anagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza matenda a pakatikati, monga kuwonjezeka kwapadera kwa chiyambi chilichonse, neurasthenia, matenda osokonekera.

Mukhoza kupeza zambiri zokhudza chithandizo cha mankhwala a cyclamen, mankhwala omwe amapangidwa komanso ngati n'zotheka kusunga chomera pakhomo.

Tikufika

Cyclamen, ngati chomera chiri chonse, chiri ndi zizindikiro zake zokha posankha nthawi ndi kukonzekera.

Kukonzekera

Kudzala ndi kuziika mitengo yamaluwa ayenera kukhala nthawi ya mpumulo, nthawi yabwino mu May - June. Ngati chomera chimapezeka, ndiye kuti mudikire mpaka kutha kwa maluwa. Pankhani ya kubzala zosiyana ndi tuber ndikukhulupirira kuti ali pogona.

Nthaka ndi mphika

Ngati dothi lokonzekera likugwiritsidwa ntchito, ndiye mugulitse zamtengo wapatali pa zomera zimenezi, kapena dothi la saintpaulia. Komanso palinso nthaka yofanana ndi nthaka, tsamba lapansi, humus ndi mchenga. Muyenera kutulutsa nthaka ndi acidity ya 5.5 - 6.5.

Mtundu wina wosakaniza nthaka umasakanizidwa mu magawo ofanana:

  • peat;
  • tsamba lapansi;
  • mchenga;
  • agroperlite.

Kuti mudziwe tsatanetsatane wa momwe mungasankhire dothi la cyclamen ndikulikonzekera mosiyana, tafotokoza m'nkhaniyi.

Musanadzalemo, dothi limatenthedwa mu kapu kapena imathandizidwa ndi yankho la potaziyamu permanganate.

Palemba. Kukula kwa mphika kumadalira zaka ndi kukula kwa omwe anabzala tuber. Ndibwino kuti muyambe kuyimika pamphika, mtunda wa pakati pa makomawo ukhale pafupifupi masentimita atatu.

Ngati mtunda uli waukulu kwambiri, ndiye kuti pamapeto pake mavuto ndi maluwa amatha. Phika sayenera kukwera kwambiri; dothi sayenera kukhuta ndi chinyezi. Onetsetsani kuti muli ndi dzenje lakuya pafupifupi 1.5 masentimita awiri.

Musanadzalemo, m'pofunika kusankha pa mbali ya corm ndi masamba. Zikuwoneka ngati ziphuphu zazing'ono, zomwe zimayendayenda pamodzi - izi zimatchedwa kukula zone ndi cyclamen ndi imodzi.

Ngati izi ndi zovuta, ndiye kuti tuber idzalepheretsedwa ndi mitsitsi yamadzi ndipo masambawo adzamera. Pali zosankha zobzala kumbali, popanda kusankha pamwamba ndi pansi.

Khwerero ndi Gawo Malangizo

  1. Pansi pa mphika kutsanulira madzi (zowonjezera dongo, miyala, miyala yosweka).
  2. Malo ambiri okonzeka kubzala amadzazidwa ndi pang'ono. Kugwedeza nthaka sizingatheke chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa mlengalenga.
  3. Mbewuyi imayikidwa mu mphika ndipo dothi ladzaza mpaka litatsekedwa ndi magawo awiri mwa magawo atatu. Ngati kukula kwa masamba kumafulumira, ndiye kuti muzu uli m'tulo (pamwamba pa nthaka ayenera kukhala woonda).

    Olima amalonda amakonda kusiya gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a muzu wopanda dothi. Izi zimachepetsa chiopsezo chovulaza ku malo okula, ndipo zimapereka mwayi wopezeka mpweya ndi kuwala kwa tuber.

    Powonjezereka kwambiri, chiopsezo chimakula ndipo chiwerengero cha mapesi a maluwa ndi mphukira zimachepa. Ngati mulibe malo okwanira a nthaka, tuber idzakhala yowonongeka, imakula bwino ndikupanga masamba ochepa.

  4. Mutabzala kuthirira sizitha kuchitika, izi zidzakhala zofunikira pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa mphukira.

Kusamalanso kwina

Mwamsanga mutabzala, chomeracho chimayikidwa pamalo abwino, owala. Kupititsa patsogolo chitukuko chowonjezereka cha muzu, icho chikugwirizana ndi sphagnum. Kuthirira kumayamba mwamsanga pambuyo pa tsamba loyamba. Izi ziyenera kuchitidwa mosamala, madzi sayenera kugwera pazu ndi masamba.

N'zotheka kuti madzi adziwe poto. Madzi amathiridwa mu poto ndikudikirira pafupi ora mpaka nthaka ikudyetsedwa. Pambuyo pake, madzi owonjezera amachotsedwa poto. Pa kuthirira koyamba ndizotheka kuwonjezera fundozol, pa mlingo wa 2 magalamu pa lita imodzi.

Manyowa amagwiritsira ntchito feteleza, omwe amapezeka ndi nayitrogeni, phosphorous ndi potaziyamu. Kapena, potaziyamu ndi nayitrojeni amawonjezereka theka la gramu kwa theka la lita imodzi ya madzi pazovala zoyambirira, ndipo panthawi yopanga masamba amalowetsedwa ndi magalamu atatu a phosphorous.

Pambuyo pa 1 - 1.5 zaka zomera zokhala ndi tuber ziyenera kuikidwa pa nthawi yonse.

Cyclamen tuber ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yolimala kunyumba, komanso njira yabwino yosamutsira kubzala kwa ena wamaluwa, komanso kupezeka kwazinthu zopanga mankhwala omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'zipatala.

Choncho, alimi a maluwa omwe amalima cyclamen ndikutsatira malamulo onse a kusamalira maluwa panyumba, osati zokongola zokha, komanso chithandizo chothandizira mankhwala pawindo lawo.