Kuyanika masamba - alamu. N'chifukwa chiyani cyclamen imafalikira ndi momwe angapulumutsire?

Cyclamen ndi chomera chosatha chosatha cha banja. Lili ndi inflorescences zovuta komanso zachilendo zomwe zimakongoletsa nyumba iliyonse. Komabe, nthawi zina florists akukumana ndi vuto lodziwika bwino - cyclamen sichita pachimake ndipo imatha. Chochita ndi momwe mungapulumutsire chomera ku imfa?

Kenaka, tidzakuuzani momwe mungapewere kudula maluwa ndi kuyanika kwa masamba ake. Mmene mungadziwire matendawa poyamba. Mmene mungasungire duwa.

Zizindikiro za kukula

Cyclamen ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira, ndipo mbali imeneyi ikukhudzidwa ndi nyengo yonse ya kukula kwake. M'nyengo yozizira, nthawi yotentha, cyclamen ili pumulo, yomwe maluwa awa amatchulidwa. M'dzinja, zomera zimabweranso, zimamanga masamba atsopano ndipo zimapanga masamba pamatumba akuluakulu osokonekera (chifukwa chiyani peduncles imauma?).

Nchifukwa chiyani vuto limabuka komanso momwe mungakonzekere?

Masamba owuma

Masamba a Cyclamen amauma chifukwa cha zifukwa zosiyanasiyana. Izi sizomwe zimayambitsa chisangalalo - muyenera kungoyang'ana maluwa bwinobwino. Ngati chomeracho chimawomba pang'onopang'ono n'kuyamba kutuluka chikasu, pang'onopang'ono kuchotsa masamba akale, ndiye nthawi yoti mupumule. Pankhani iyi, palibe mavuto a thanzi. Ngati nthambi za duwa zimakhala zosavuta muzinthu za masiku, ndiye kuti chomeracho chikudwala.

Chifukwa chotheka chingakhale matenda opweteka kapena osayenera. Pankhaniyi, musataye mtima. Ndikofunika kuyambitsa chithandizo cha panthaŵi yake, chomwe chidzapereka zotsatira zabwino.

Fade inflorescences

Ngati mutagula duwa, ndipo nthawi yogula idali bwino, Zimayambitsa zowola zingakhale zifukwa zingapo:

  • Chomeracho chimakhala ndi nkhawa chifukwa cha kusintha kwa kutentha ndi chinyezi.
  • Kutopa. Masitolo nthawi zambiri amamera maluwa ndi zolimbikitsa zowonjezera komanso kukonzekera mavitamini kuti awonjezere maluwa ndikufulumizitsa kukula.

Ngati mwaganiza kugula cyclamen, Pogula zomera mosamala amayang'ana maluwa. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yopanda nkhungu, yunifolomu komanso yopanda masamba ovunda. Muyeneranso kufufuza mbali zamkati za timapepala - ayenera kukhala opanda tizirombo komanso osapotoka.

Nthaŵi zambiri ankakonda maluwa kuika pamalo okongola kwambiri, pafupi ndi zenera. Kawirikawiri amatengeka ndi kuthirira madzi (momwe angapulumutsire njuga yamoto?). Izi zingayambitse masamba ndi maluwa.

Thandizo! Cyclamen amasangalala ndi nyengo ya Mediterranean, kutentha kwambiri ndi dzuwa.

Chifukwa china chokhazika masamba ndi maluwa ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Matenda

Matenda otheka a cyclamen akhoza kugawidwa mu mavitamini ndi osakhala parasitic. Pachiyambi choyamba, tikukamba za kuopsa kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, m'chiwiri - za kusamalidwa bwino kwa maluwa. Zomwe zimayambitsa matenda osasinthasintha ndizo:

  • nthaka yowonongeka kwambiri;
  • osati mpweya wambiri wam'madzi pamalo omwe zomerazo zimapezeka;
  • chisankho cholakwika cha nthaka;
  • mphika wosakwanira;
  • Chosankha cholakwika cha malo a chomera mnyumbamo.

Malinga ndi matenda a parasitic, ndiye kuti tiyenera kutchula tizirombo ngati aphid, cyclamen mite ndi thrips.

  1. Cyclamen mite ali ndi kukula kwakukulu, chifukwa chake zimakhala zovuta kuziwona pa duwa. Parasitic mkati mwa tsamba. Kuchokera kumbaliko kungaoneke kuti masambawo anali odzaza ndi fumbi. Mukayesa kugwedeza "fumbi" zoterozo muli mavuto, pomwe pamphepete mwa masamba amayamba kupota. Chotsani tizilombo toyambitsa matenda pogwiritsira ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo.
  2. Kupuma omwe amadziwika ndi ntchito yaikulu. Zili zowala kwambiri ndipo sizili zovuta kuzizindikira mwa kugwira kwa siliva. Izi zimakhudza kwambiri kukula kwa masamba a duwa. Zotsatira zake, zimatha kugwa. Pofuna kuthetsa zopweteka, mungagwiritse ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa tizilombo kapena tiyi.
  3. Aphid ndiwowopsa kwambiri. Maonekedwe ake amachititsa kusintha kwa masamba ndi zomera zokha, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti asatope komanso kuchotsa madzi onse. Zizindikiro za nsabwe za m'masamba ndi imvi, zakuda, zoyera, lalanje, kapena zobiriwira pamaluwa a duwa. Pochotsa nsabwe za m'masamba, perekani cyclamen ndi tizilombo, ndiyeno tsambani ndi madzi.

Mukhoza kuwerenga zambiri zokhudza matenda a cyclamen pano, ndipo talemba za tizirombo zomwe zingagonjetse mbewu yanu m'nkhaniyi.

Bwanji ngati chomera chikufa?

Ngati maluwa a cyclamen afota, ndiye choyamba chofunika kuti muzitsuka masamba obiriwira ndi zouma pamunsi, komanso maluwa owuma.

Chenjerani! Mpeni kapena lumo sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito. Izi zingachititse kuti matendawa apite patsogolo.

Maluwa sayenera kuyandikira Kutentha zipangizo zamakono., cyclamen iyenera kuchotsedwa kutali ndi iwo. Dzuŵa loyenera liyeneranso kupewa. M'chilimwe, cyclamen imakhala bwino kwambiri mu ngodya yamdima. Pa masiku otentha, mukhoza kuphimba tubers ndi maluwa.

Ngati zinachitika kuti mphepo yamkuntho imayima nthawi yayitali padzuwa, ndizotheka kuika mphika m'mbiya ndi madzi ozizira ozizira kwa maola 1-1.5. Momwemonso mbewu idzathe kutsitsimutsa.

Nthawi zina duwa limayamba kutembenuka chikasu ndi youma chifukwa cha matenda. Pochotseratu bowa la Fuzarium, ndi bwino kuthirira nthaka ndi 0,1% yothetsera foundationol kapena kupopera mbewuyo ndi njira ya 0,s% ya Topsin-M.

Zowola zowonongeka zingapangitsenso kuti muthe. Ndi mtundu uwu wamatope, chomeracho sichikondweretsa, chimakhala chokoma. Mabakiteriya amalowa kudzera ming'alu mu tubers. Kawirikawiri matenda amabwera kudzera m'magawo olekanitsa masamba. Nthawi zina madzi kapena dothi lopweteka limakhala chifukwa. Ngati mbewu yanu yakhala ikuwonekera ku bacterium iyi, sizingatheke kuti ipulumutse.

Gray kuvunda kapena Botrytis - amachititsa imvi pachimake, kenako masamba anayamba kutembenukira chikasu mofulumira. Malo okhudzidwawo ayenera kuchotsedwa ndi tsamba lakuthwa ndipo zomera zonse zimachitidwa ndi fungicide.

Werengani zambiri zokhudza zomwe zimayambitsa maluwa ndi kubwezeretsa kunyumba, werengani nkhaniyi.

Kodi mungapulumutse bwanji mukulephera?

Nthawi zina zimakhala kuti chomera chikuwoneka chowuma ndikufa. Pankhaniyi, mukhoza kuyesanso. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kupeza rhizome kuchokera pansi ndikuyang'ana mkhalidwe wake.

Ngakhale mizu yaing'ono ikafa, muyenera kufufuza kuti tuber - iyenera kukhala yotanuka, mwinamwake chomera sichingathandize. Ndikofunika kutsuka bwinobwino rhizome kuchokera pansi ndikuyipaka ndi fungicide.. Kenaka youma mobwerezabwereza mu nthaka yosawilitsidwa.

Njira zothandizira

Pofuna kusunga thanzi la cyclamen, muyenera kutsatira zotsatirazi zothandiza:

  • Ngati tsamba la cyclamen limasanduka chikasu, koma maluwawo amakhalabe athanzi, muyenera kuyang'ana kutentha m'chipinda. Ngati ili pamwamba pa madigiri 18, muyenera kuchepetsa. Pakati pa kutentha, muyenera kufufuza ngati nthaka yayuma.
  • Chomeracho chimafuna kawirikawiri, koma kuthirira moyenera kutentha kutentha.
    Palemba. Ndi kuthirira mochuluka, mizu imavunda ndikuukira nkhupakupa, osakwanira kuthirira masamba kutembenukira chikasu ndi kupiringa.
  • Pochepetsa kuchepa kwa nkhungu, kutentha kwakukulu kuyenera kupeŵedwa m'chipinda chapansi chotentha. Kuthetsa vutoli kumathandiza nthawi zambiri kuthamanga.
  • Pa nthawi ya maluwa ndiyeneranso kukulitsa nthaka, pafupifupi 2 pa mwezi. Cyclamen sakonda salt yochuluka yamchere mu nthaka, choncho izi ziyenera kuyang'aniridwa mosamala.

Kutsiliza

Cyclamen imakondweretsa eni akusamalira ndi kuyang'ana kukongoletsera ndi maluwa okhazikika. Okonda maluwa ambiri amakhulupirira molakwa kuti ndi kovuta kwambiri kusamalira chomera ichi. Mwachizoloŵezi, izi siziri choncho ngati mutatsata malingaliro onse kuti muwasamalire bwino.