Mmene mungagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba woyera pazitsamba za m'munda ndi m'munda? Kugwiritsa ntchito njira ndi chonyansa chithunzi

Aphid - tizilombo tizilombo tomwe tili ndi thupi lotetezeka, mimba yochuluka kwambiri ndi miyendo yaitali. Nthawi zambiri nyumba zimakhala ndi nsabwe za m'masamba, koma pali mitundu yambiri ya mapiko, mapiko ndi mapiko.

Aphid yoyera ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono komanso towononga tizilombo tokongoletsera. Mzimayi wina nthawi zina angakumane ndi vuto lofanana, chifukwa aphid amalowa m'nyumba kapena chiwembu. Ndikofunikira kuti nthawi yomweyo tizindikire tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndikuchita molondola. Tiyeni tiyankhule za izi m'nkhani yathu.

Ndi mtundu wanji wa tizilombo ndipo n'chifukwa chiyani ndi owopsa?

Nsabwe za m'masamba ndi tizilombo tating'ono tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tomwe timakhala tambirimbiri. Zimakhala za mapiko komanso zopanda mapiko.

Nsabwe za m'masamba zamasamba zimatha kupita ku zomera zina.. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timachuluka kwambiri. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimadula masamba ndikuyamwitsa timadzi timene timapatsa moyo, kutenga zakudya kuchokera ku chomera ndikupanga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda (mungathe kudziwa zambiri za nsabwe za m'masamba).

Kodi zomera zimachokera kuti komanso zomera zotani?

Kawirikawiri nsabwe za m'masamba zimalowa m'chipindacho pa zomera zina. Zingakhale maluwa a maluwa odulidwa kapena maluwa omwe adagulidwa. Nthawi zina tizilombo timatha kulowa mu chipinda pamene tikuuluka.

Kuti apeze nsabwe za m'masamba, masamba ndi tsinde ayenera kuyang'anitsitsa kuchokera mkati, kumene akazi amaika mazira. Mphutsi zimawoneka ngati zing'onozing'ono zoyera.

White aphid infects dicotyledonous zomera, nyemba zimakhala zoopsa kwambiri. Nsabwe zapamwamba za nsabwe za m'masamba pa mitengo ya pistachio.

Zinthu zabwino zokonzanso tizirombo ndi nthaka youma ndi kutentha kwakukulu.

Chithunzi

Onani mmene tizilombo timayang'ana pa chithunzichi:




Kodi kuchotsa tizirombo pa maluwa amkati?

Kulimbana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba pazitsamba zamkati zimagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ndi mafakitale ambiri.

Mankhwala

Fitoderm

Kutetezeka kwathunthu kwa anthu mankhwala opangidwa kuchokera ku zinyalala za tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Fitoverm safuna kuchotsa zomera kuchokera kumalo.

Ndikofunika kuthetsa 2 ml ya mankhwala mu 200 ml ya madzi kutentha. Thirani yankho mu sprayer ndi mosamala kutsitsa maluwa.

Zakudya zachilengedwe zimakhudza kwambiri tizirombo, koma sizimaphatikizapo minofu ya mbewu. Zimagwirana ntchito pokhapokha zitapopera pamwamba pa thupi la tizilombo, ndipo zimatulutsidwa kudzera m'matumbo pamene tikudya zomera.

Pambuyo maola 10-15, nsabwe za m'masamba zimasowa kuthetsa. Kuti mukonze zotsatira, ndi bwino kuti mubwereze ndondomekoyi masiku asanu ndi awiri. Fitoverm imagwira bwino kwambiri mu chipinda chofunda komanso chouma..

Aktara

Ndi wothandizira kwambiri kwa munthu; magolovesi amayenera kuvala pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa.

Kukonzekera yankho, sakanizani 8 g wa mankhwala yogwira ntchito ndi lita imodzi ya madzi. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito maluwa, tulutsani maluwa pa khonde kapena pamsewu.

Aktar ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa kuthirira kapena kupopera mbewu mankhwala. Mankhwala amalowa m'thupi la tizilombo, kuchititsa ziwalo ndi imfa. Pambuyo masabata atatu muyenera kuyambiranso maluwa kuti muteteze zotsatirazo.

Aktara akuledzera, ayenera kusintha mankhwala ndi tizilombo tina tizilombo.

Tikupereka kuwonera kanema momwe aktar amagwiritsira ntchito kuthetsa nsabwe za m'masamba:

Actellic

Njira yothetsera, imayamba kuchita pamene ikupopera mankhwala. Actellic amapha nsabwe za m'masamba pogwiritsa ntchito limodzi..

Actellic ndi mankhwala osagwiritsa ntchito njira zomwe zimangogwirizana ndi tizilombo ndipo sichilowetsa minofu. Mphamvu za njira zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zotentha komanso zimakhala zowonjezereka.

Kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa Actellic kuchepetsedwa mwa magawo 2 ml pa lita imodzi ya madzi. Aktellik ndi poizoni, ndizosatheka kupopera pamaso pa nyama ndi ana. Muyenera kuvala magolovesi ndi maski, mankhwalawa ayenera kuchitika pa khonde kapena mumsewu ndipo musamayang'ane ndi khungu.

Njira, yophikidwa pakhomo

  • Tsabola wofiira.

    1. 20 g ya zonunkhira kutsanulira 250 ml ya madzi owiritsa.
    2. Limbikirani maola 24 ndikuwiritsani.
    3. Zosangalatsa, zovuta ndi kuwonjezera sopo.
  • Soda ndi mchere.

    1. Pa lita imodzi ya madzi mukusowa supuni imodzi ya ndalama.
    2. Sakanizani osakaniza ndi kuthira mbewu.
  • Amoniya.

    1. Mu lita imodzi ya madzi sungunulani 5 ml wa ammonia, oyambitsa, kuwonjezera sopo.
    2. Dulani maluwa, gwirani kwa theka la ora ndi kutsuka ndi madzi kuti mupewe kuyaka.
  • Wood phulusa. Galasi imodzi yothandizira imathira 5 malita a madzi, kuwonjezera 25 g sopo ndikupatsani yankho tsiku.
  • Saminoni. Sinamoni ya supuni imadzipangidwira mu lita imodzi ya madzi ndikupanga mbewuyi kawiri pa tsiku.

Phunzirani zambiri zokhudza njira zamakono zogwirira nsabwe za m'masamba pano.

Kuteteza tizirombo pa orchids

Aphid ndi owopsa kwa orchids, imafalikira pazitsamba zonse za zomera kuchokera mu tsinde mpaka maluwa omwe akufalikira.

Tizilombo timapenya mosavuta pa patina yoyera.. Ndikofunika kufufuza malo obisika - m'munsi mwa mphukira, masamba, kutsogolo kwa masamba.

KaƔirikaƔiri aphid pa orchid imapezeka m'chipinda chosasokonezeka. Chinyezi chiyenera kusungidwa pamwamba pa 60%.

  1. Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse muzitha kutsuka masamba ndi kutsitsa madzi ozizira, kupewa kupezeka kwa madzi maluwa, ndipo panthawi yake muzitsamba zomera.
  2. Mankhwala a orchid ayenera kutayika nthawi yomweyo kuchokera ku zinyumba zina, monga momwe aphid imakhazikitsira mwamsanga.
  3. Njira yosavuta yolimbana ndikusamba maluwa ndi kuchotsa zowonongeka.
  4. Antiseptic kwa chomera ndi chovulaza tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndizochitidwa ndi sopo yankho.
  5. Kufalikira kwa nsabwe za m'masamba kumathandizanso kumenyana ndi kulowetsa. Kuti mupange, mukufunikira 100 g ya peel, mapeyala kapena tangerines ophatikiza ndi lita imodzi ya madzi otentha ndikukhalapo kwa masiku atatu. Kuti muthe kwambiri, mungathe kuika pansi makoswe okhwima.
  6. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimakhala zovuta kwambiri ku mafuta ofunikira. Choyenera kuchiza ma orchid ndi mtengo wa tiyi, peppermint ndi mafuta a Neem. Madontho 30 a mafuta ayenera kusungunuka mu 500 ml ya madzi ndikugwiritsira ntchito siponji pa zomera.

Ngati njirazi sizigwira ntchito, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala. Pakuti ma orchid, Aktara, Fitoverm, Neoron, Fosfomit kapena Aktellik ndi abwino.

Musagwiritse ntchito mankhwala opitirira atatu ndi mankhwala omwewo.

Zambiri za momwe mungagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba pa orchids zingapezeke m'nkhani yathu.

Kodi mungamenyane bwanji m'munda?

M'munda, nsabwe za m'masamba zimakhudza kwambiri mphukira ndi masamba.. Masamba ndi zimayambira zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi nsabwe za m'masamba zimakhala zowonongeka, chifukwa tizilombo timatulutsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda - pedi yomwe imakopa nyerere.

  • Njira imodzi yothetsera nsabwe za m'masamba m'munda ndi kupanga. Kwa ichi ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito payipi la madzi. Mothandizidwa ndi kukakamizidwa kwakukulu mungathe kuchotsa nsabwe za m'masamba ndi mphutsi, kutsuka mosamala masamba. Manja ayenera kuchotsedwa ndi majeremusi mu magolovesi okha.
  • Njira yokhayokha ndiyo njira yabwino yophera nsabwe za m'masamba. Nkhondo yabwino kwambiri pakati pa tizilombo timayesedwa ngati tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ndi maso a golidi, mukhoza kugula anthu ochepa m'masitolo apadera (zomwe tizilombo tina timadya nsabwe za m'masamba, tawerengani apa, ndipo mu nkhani ino tafotokoza momwe mbalamezi zimathandizira kumenyana ndi nsabwe za m'masamba). Mukhozanso kukopa mbalame kumunda pogwiritsa ntchito feeders. Matenda, Linnet ndi Sparrow amadziwa momwe angagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba.
  • Kudyetsa bwino kumathandiza kuteteza nsabwe za nsabwe za m'masamba - tizilombo timayambitsidwa ndi anyezi ndi adyo, komanso Dalmatian chamomile.

Timapereka kuwonera kanema momwe tingagwirire ndi nsabwe za m'masamba m'munda:

Njira zothandizira

Kwa zomera zapanyumba:

  1. Maluwa ofooka amayamba kutengeka ndi ziphuphu.
  2. Ndikofunika kuchotsa msanga masamba ndi yellowed zimayambira.
  3. Maluwa atsopano ayenera kutumizidwa kuti asungidwe.
  4. Musapitirire kuwonjezera zomera.
  5. Onetsetsani kuti mutha kuchotsa nyerere ndikusankha malo otsetsereka ndi kuwala.
  6. Musanabzala mumphika watsopano, duwa liyenera kuyendetsedwa.
  7. Kawiri pa mlungu kuti mufufuze zomera zonse m'nyumbamo, muzimutsuka nthawi zonse ndi madzi.

Pakuti maluwa amaluwa:

  • Sulani bwinobwino namsongole.
  • M'nyengo yotentha, zitha kuwonongeka. Izi ziyenera kuchitidwa, monga nyerere zimateteza nsabwe za m'masamba ndipo zimadzitengera kumunda. (Werengani zambiri zokhudza symbiosis ya tizilombo apa).
  • M'chaka kuti aziyenda mwaukhondo kudulira zomera zonse.
  • Musanayambe kuphuka, phulani mitengo ya zipatso ndi maluwa zimayambira ndi tizilombo tomwe timataya.
  • Musapitirire ndi nayitrogeni.
  • Sambani zomera ndi payipi.

Kutsiliza

Zomera zam'munda ndi m'munda zimasowa nthawi zonse ndikuzisamalira. Pakapita nthawi kuti muteteze ndi kuwonetsa thanzi labwino, mutha kupewa zoipa zambiri zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Ngati nthawi ya nsabwe za m'masamba idawoneka, mwadzidzidzi pali njira zambiri zamakono zomwe zimathandizira polimbana ndi majeremusi.