Malangizo othandiza pa kukula kwa nightshade m'nyumba

Nightshade ndi chomera chosangalatsa kwambiri. Pakati pa fruiting, chitsamba chimadzaza ndi mipira yaing'ono yonyezimira ya zipatso, ndipo chifukwa cha kuphulika kosagwirizana kwa chipatsocho, imakhala ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana: kuchokera ku chikasu mpaka kufiira.

Pangani zinthu zabwino kuti mukhale nightshade m'nyumba

Mkhalidwe wabwino kwa nightshade ndi kuwala, chinyezi, nthaka ndi kutentha. Nthawi yotentha, onetsetsani kuti masamba sakuwotchedwa dzuwa. Pa nthawiyi, ndi bwino kuti musasunge chomeracho.

Malo ndi kuunikira

Malo okonzeka kwambiri a zomera adzakhala kumadzulo kumwera chakumadzulo kapena kumadzulo kumadzulo. Kuunikira kwa nightshade kuyenera kusokonezedwa koma kowala. Pamwamba mawindo a nightshade amatha kuwotchedwa, mawindo a kumpoto sadzakhala pachimake, ndipo kukula ndi chitukuko zidzakhala pang'onopang'ono komanso zopusa. Kulimbitsa nyumba ya nightshade osati konse.

Mavuto otentha

M'chaka ndi chilimwe, nightshade amafunikira kutentha kwa +15 - + 25˚C, m'nyengo yozizira, zomera zimakhala ndi mpumulo, kutentha kumayenera kutsika mpaka madigiri 12. M'chilimwe, nightshade iyenera kukonzedwa kumalo okhwima.

Ndikofunikira! Musati muike chomera pansi pa dzuŵa lachindunji la dzuwa, pewani ma drafts.

Kusamalira Nightshade mwanzeru komanso mozindikira

Nightshade amakonda kumwa madzi okwanira, koma salolera mpweya wouma. Taganizirani kuti nthawi ya chilimwe ndi nthawi yopuma kwa nightshade pamene mukukula mosiyana ndi nyumba.

Mukudziwa? Mandrake ndi ya banja la zomera zowonongeka. Pa nthawi ya matsenga a zaka zapakati pazaka zapakati pazaka zam'mbuyero, ankaganiza kuti chomeracho chinali chomera. Mzu wa mandrake ndi ofanana ndi ndondomeko ya chifaniziro cha umunthu, chomwe chimakhala chifukwa chake nthawi zambiri chimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu matsenga achikondi.

Momwe mungamwetse nightshade nyumba

Pa nthawi ya kukula ndi chitukuko, mbeuyo imathiridwa ngati dothi lakuda kwambiri. Kenaka pang'onopang'ono kuchepetsa kuthirira, kuchepetsa nthawi yambiri (October - February). Chakumapeto kwa February, kuthirira kumatulukanso pang'onopang'ono ndipo kupopera mbewu kumayambira.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Wodwala panyumba amafunika chinyezi cha 60%. Pamene kutentha ndi kouma m'nyumba, sankanizani m'mawa m'mawa ndi madzulo. Pakadutsa masiku asanu ndi awiriwo, zomera zimatha kuikidwa mu khola lokhala ndi mitsinje yamadzi.

Zosangalatsa Kuchokera ku dzina lachilatini la nightshade dulcamára anamutcha dzina lake dokotala-charlatan Dulcamara - mmodzi mwa magulu opambana a opera Gaetano Donizetti "Chikondi potion".

Dyetsani nightshade

Pa nthawi ya kukula, nightshade safuna feteleza, feteleza amafunika kumapeto kwa kasupe, chilimwe ndi yophukira. Monga feteleza nyimbo zoyenera kwa maluwa, feteleza a tomato. Mukamapanga mavalidwe, tsatirani malangizo omwe mwalangizidwa kuti mukonzekere.

Mmene mungakololere

Pogwiritsa ntchito chitsamba chokongola, nightshade ayenera kukonzedwa. Mu kasupe, mphukira zadothi zimadulidwa ku gawo limodzi lachitatu, choncho thunthu lapakati (pansi pa chitsamba) limapeza zakudya zambiri. Njirayi ikuchitika pambuyo pa maonekedwe a zipatso. Mu autumn, nightshade amafunika kudulira mitengo yobiriwira, amawombera omwe samanyamula masamba, kutsitsa.

Kuwaza ndi nthaka ya nightshade

Nightshade akuwongolera pachaka kwa tchire tating'onoting'ono, zomera zazikulu zimaikidwa patatha zaka zitatu zilizonse. Musanayambe kusamba mbewuyo imadulidwa. Gawo lopatsa thanzi lakonzekera kwa nightshade; njira ziwiri ndizotheka:

  • Peat, turf ndi tsamba la masamba mofanana;
  • Peat, humus, mchenga ndi nthaka ya sod (2: 2: 1: 2).
Mphika wa mphesa woukira ayenera kukhala wochuluka kwa mizu ya mbewu. Pansi pansi madzi oyala (owonjezera dongo, miyala yozungulira). Mutabzala mbeuyo amathirira madzi, ndizotheka kumera masabata awiri.

Kuopsa kwa nightshade

Nightshade ya mabulosi wobiriwira ali ndi steroid glycosides - mankhwala owopsa kwa thupi la munthu. Pamene ikukwera, malinga ndi asayansi, mabulosiwa ndi ochepa kwambiri, koma pali poizoni ndi zotsatira zake zowononga. Choncho maluwa okongola kwambiri omwe ali ndi zipatso zofiira amakhala oopsa.

Chenjerani! Onetsetsani kuti nightshade ikhale yotheka kwa ana ndi ziweto. Onsewo ndi ofunika, ndipo zipatso zofiira ndi zokongola, kotero ndikuyesa kuyesa.

Kugwiritsira ntchito nightshade kungayambitse poizoni. Ma poizoni omwe ali mkati mwake amakwiyitsa chapamimba mucosa ndipo amalowetsedwa m'magazi. Zizindikiro za poizoni:

  • Kuthamanga kwa mtima ndi kulephera kwa kupuma;
  • Kupweteka kwachisankho ndi kutaya kwa kumva;
  • Kusuntha kwa ophunzira;
  • Kuthamanga ndi kupweteka m'matumbo.
Zonsezi zimasonyeza kuti nightshade ndi owopsa. Pachizindikiro choyamba chofunikira kusamba m'mimba ndi mphamvu yochepa ya potaziyamu permanganate ndi kuwonjezera kwa yowonjezera mpweya. Ngakhale atatsuka bwino, wodwalayo ayenera kuwonetsedwa kwa dokotala.

Kubereka nightshade kunyumba

Kunyumba, nightshade imafalitsidwa ndi njira ziwiri: mbewu ndi kumtumikizanitsa. Kusamalira mbande zazing'ono ndi mbande sizosiyana ndi kusamalira mbewu yaikulu.

Kubalana ndi cuttings

Kwa chipinda cha nightshade, ndondomeko ya kufalitsa kwa cuttings ikuchitika mutatha kudulira masika. Pambuyo pa ndondomekoyi, zimayambira sizimatayidwa, zimatenga mphukira zamphamvu ndikuzibzala kuti zikhale mumtambo wouma kapena mchenga. Pamene cuttings mizu, amaikidwa mu mphika wokonzedwa bwino. Nthaka imakonzedwa kuchokera ku mchenga, malo a humus ndi sod (1: 2: 1). Pambuyo pa kusakanikirana, zimayambira zimapangidwira kukula kwa chitsamba.

Nightshade

Ngati imafalitsidwa ndi njere, yapotulidwa tsamba lapansi imatsanulira mu chidebe kapena bokosi. Mbewu imafesedwa pamwamba, kenako imakhala ndi mchenga (1 masentimita), yothira (imatha kupopedwa kuti isasokoneze kapangidwe), yokutidwa ndi galasi. Kutentha kwa chipinda ayenera kukhala mkati mwa 22 ° C. Mu masabata awiri, ziphuphu zidzamera, zomwe zimamera kawiri pamene zikukula. Nightshade okalamba amafesedwa miphika yosiyana.

Zingatheke ndi kukula kwa nightshade

Ponena za mavuto omwe akusamalidwa ndi mbeuyo adzalankhula maonekedwe awo. Ngati masamba apiringa, zimatanthauza kuti nightshade ndi kuwala kwakukulu kwambiri ndi dzuwa. N'zosatheka kuti nightshade azikhala ndi dzuwa, dzuwa limatenthedwa ndi miyendo yoopsa ya ultraviolet. Ikani chomera pamalo ndi kuwala kozungulira. Zingakhale padzuwa m'mawa kapena madzulo. Ngati chomera chimasamba masamba, pali kuwala pang'ono, mwina, mwakhala mukuwombera nightshade kwambiri. Pamene mabala ofiira amaoneka pamasamba, izi ndi umboni wosowa kwa magnesium. Kumbukirani izi posankha maonekedwe a maluwa. Popanda kuvala, masamba akhoza kutayika.

Nightshade sabala chipatso - izi zikutanthauza kuti zimasowa pollination. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito burashi yofewa kuti mutenge mungu kuchokera ku maluwa mpaka maluwa. Ngati simungakwanitse kutentha, nightshade imamasuka bwino, ndipo sichimabala zipatso, zipatso zake sizowoneka bwino komanso sizimveka bwino. Kuchokera kusowa kwa chinyontho glossy zipatso akufalikira, kuonjezera kutsirira kusintha chomera. Nthaka ndi mpweya zimakhala zowonjezereka, nightshade idzaleka zonse zipatso ndi masamba. Makhalidwe omwewo amachitika pa kutentha kwambiri kwa zomwe zili.

Masamba ndi zimbudzi za nightshade zouma ndi kutembenukira chikasu - chifukwa chake zimakhala mu mpweya wouma. Mphepo yowuma kwambiri mu chipinda imadzala ndi mawonekedwe a tizilombo: nsabwe za m'masamba, whiteflies ndi akangaude. Mukhoza kumenyana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda (Actellic, Decis, Fitoverm).

Kukula zokongola zomera nthawi zonse kumafuna chidwi. Mu chisamaliro ndizofunika golidi kutanthauza, mwinamwake kusowa kapena kupitirira kwa chimodzi kapena chigawo chimodzi kumatsogolera ku matenda a chiweto. Komatu kukwaniritsa malamulowa kuli koyenera kotero kuti chomera chimasangalalira ndi maluwa, fruiting, masamba obiriwira.