Kodi mungasamalire bwanji chipinda cha hydrangea maluwa?

Hortensia (aka hydrangea) chipinda - chimodzi mwa maluwa ochepa omwe angasinthe mtundu wa maluwa awo. Koma ichi sichoncho chokha.

Zakale ndi zochititsa chidwi maluwa, kudzichepetsa, kumasuka kwa kubereka - uwu ndi mndandanda wosakwanira wa zoyenera zake. Pezani zambiri za maluwa odabwitsa mu nkhani yathu.

Kukula mu mphika kunyumba

Kubzala ndi kuziika

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji hydrangea kunyumba? Chipinda chodzala hydrangea chiyenera kukhala mu nthaka yosavuta ndi pH mlingo wa 5.5. Kusakaniza kungaphatikizepo peat, coniferous nthaka, humus ndi mchenga. Mphika umakhala waukulu komanso wambiri, chifukwa cha kukula kwa mizu. Muzu wa mizu susowa kugona, iyenera kukhala ikuda ndi nthaka. Peat mulching ikulimbikitsidwa mukadzala.

Hydrangea kubwezeretsanso zaka 2-3. Poto iliyonse yatsopano iyenera kukhala 1.5 nthawi yaikulu yomwe idakonzedweratu.

Kuunikira

M'nyengo yotentha, hydrangea imakonda dzuwa lopitirira, likhoza kuzindikira penumbra mu chipinda chabwino. Ndi bwino kuteteza duwa kuchokera ku dzuwa nthawi yomweyo. M'nyengo yozizira, ngakhale zipinda zakuda zimaloledwa - panthawi yonseyi kuunikira sikugwira ntchito yaikulu.

Koma kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira, zomera zidzakhala zokondwa kukhala ndi zenera zowonongeka bwino, chifukwa zimafuna kuwala kwambiri kuti zikhale ndi masamba.

Kuthirira

Mu chiwembu cha kuthirira hydrangea si kanthu kopambana. Anakumana ndi florists Ndikoyenera kuti tisamangidwe ndi dothi ladothi mumphika, komanso kuti musamapitirize. Kutha kwa madzi okwanira kumakhala kofunika ngati chimbudzi chimauma.

Thandizo! Chodabwitsa n'chakuti hydrangea wokonda chinyezi sakhala ndi mantha owonjezera, ndipo nthawi zonse amakhala ndi mwayi "wochotsa" zomera zouma.

Madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala ofewa, okonzedwa ndi kufika kutentha. Ena amakonda kumwa madzi awo a hydrangeas ndi mvula kapena madzi owiritsa. Kutha, kuthirira kuchepetsedwa, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira amasiya palimodzi - mpaka kuoneka kwa masamba.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Ozoloŵera ku nyanja, hydrangea adzalandira kuyamikira kupopera mbewu nthawi zonse, chifukwa amakonda chinyezi. Kawirikawiri maluwawo amafunika kukhala ndi maluwa ambiri, ngati ali pafupi ndi kutentha, kutulutsa mpweya (mwa njira, hydrangea ndi yovuta kwambiri).

Musapweteke hydrangeas ndi kusambira: Mphika wa maluwa umalowetsedwa m'madzi kwa kanthawi kenako umaloledwa kuchotsedwa.

Mavuto otentha

Mu nthawi yogwira ntchito, hydrangea imakhala ndi kutentha kwa 18-20 madigiri Celsius. M'nyengo ya chilimwe ikhoza kutengedwa panjira. Panthawi yopuma, chipindacho sichiyenera kutentha kuposa madigiri 8. Choncho, m'nyengo yozizira, ndikuwonetsetsa duwa pawindo, yesetsani kuteteza kutentha kwa mabatire.

Feteleza

Hydrangea imadyetsedwa pamaluwa ake kamodzi pa sabata. Ndiponso Kudyetsa kumachitika m'nyengo yozizira - kukonzekera kukula. Pachifukwa ichi, zonse zovuta mchere ndi feteleza ndizoyenera. Ammonium nitrate kapena superphosphate amathandiza maluwa kukula.

Maluwa

Ma Hydrangea inflorescences ali ndi mawonekedwe okongola kwambiri, omwe amafanana ndi ambulera mpaka masentimita 20. Pafupifupi, chomera chimodzi chikhoza kukhala zidutswa zisanu ndi chimodzi. Iwo amasangalala ndi diso la florists kuyambira April mpaka November. Maluwa okongola kwambiri amawonekera ku hydrangea kumayambiriro kwa maluwa. Pakapita nthawi, amachepetsa ndipo amatha kupindika chifukwa cha mphukira.

Malangizo! N'chifukwa chiyani chipinda chosungunuka cha hydrangea? Kuti ma inflorescences apange monga momwe ayenera, muyenera nthawi zonse kubwezeretsanso mbeu - ndiko, kubzala mbeu.

Kodi ndikufunika kuchepetsa?

Pambuyo maluwa, mphukira ya hydrangea imadulidwa pafupifupi theka, kusiya ena amphamvu kwambiri. Izi zidzathandiza maluwa kupanga bwino komanso mogwirizana. Komanso, kudulira pang'onopang'ono kumachitika kumapeto kwa nyengo - yofooka komanso kutambasula kwambiri mphukira kumachotsedwa.

Njira zoberekera

Manyowa a hydrangea amafalitsidwa ndi zipatso - monga lamulo, izi zimamera kuti korona ikhale yochuluka. Nthawi yoyenera yotsatila njirayi ndi July. Zimamera 7-10 cm kutalika ndi 2-3 internodes kudula pambali (3-4 mamita pansipa mfundo).

Masamba amadulidwa pakati, kenako amamera mumchenga wa mchenga kapena nthaka yochepetsetsa kwambiri, akuwonjezeka ndi 1.5-2 masentimita. Iwo amatha kuphimba ndi peyala kapena polyethylene, kapena atseguka, koma amatsuka nthawi zonse.

Kutentha kofunikira ndi 22-25 madigiri Celsius. Ndikofunika kusunga cuttings pansi pazifukwa mpaka oyambirira masamba kuonekera - monga lamulo, m'pofunika kuyembekezera kwa miyezi limodzi ndi theka.

Panthawi imeneyi, achinyamata a hydrangeas akhoza kukhala miphika yosiyana, patapita masabata angapo, amameta pamwamba ndipo pang'onopang'ono amawazoloŵera.

Onerani kanema pa kuswana chipinda hydrangea:

Lifespan

Malo a hydrangea amakhala zaka 3-4, kenako amalowetsedwa ndi mbewu yatsopano.

Kukula pachaka

Kukula kwa chipinda cha hydrangea kumadalira chisamaliro chake. Malo okwera kwambiri omwe chipinda cha hydrangea chingakhoze kufika ndi 1 mita.

Kodi ndingasinthe mtundu?

Kusintha mtundu wa makina otchedwa hydrangeas ndi nkhani yosiyana yochititsa chidwi. Nthaŵi zina, mtundu wa pambali umadalira mtundu wa dothi, kotero ngati mukufuna kupanga maluwa a buluu, mukhoza kulemeretsa dziko lapansi ndi mchere wachitsulo (kungowonjezera zitsulo kapena misomali pamphika ndi nthaka).

Samalani! Njira ina ndiyo kupopera hydrangea ndi potassium alum: 7-8 g pa madzi okwanira 1 litre. Izi ziyenera kuchitika kawiri pa sabata. Kenaka maluwa okongokawo adzasanduka buluu, mdima wonyezimira udzakhala wofiirira-buluu, ndi zofiira - zonyezimira.

Chithunzi

Kenaka mukhoza kuona chithunzi cha zomera za hydrangea:




Kodi ndi mavuto ati omwe angabwere?

Masamba owuma - choti achite?

Nchifukwa chiyani mumasiya kuwuma? Chifukwa chofala kwambiri cha vuto ili ndi chilala wamba, mwa kuyankhula kwina, kusakwanila okwanira. Kuthetsa vuto ndi losavuta: kusintha kachitidwe ka ulimi wothirira: m'pofunika kudula nthaka nthawi zambiri kapena pang'ono mochuluka. Chifukwa cha kuuma kwa nsonga kungakhale kuuma kwa mpweya m'chipinda.

Koma masamba achikasu amasonyeza kuti n'zotheka kuchepa mu nthaka acidity. Ngati kutsimikiziridwa kukutsimikizira izi, madzi a mandimu akhoza kuthetsa vutoli: madontho pang'ono a mandimu ayenera kuchepetsedwa mu madzi okwanira 1 litre.

Chithandizo cha matenda

Powdery mildew ingawonekere pa masamba ndi tsinde la hydrangea: zikuwoneka ngati mawanga a mafuta, omwe amatsirizira. Chifukwa chake chingakhale kutentha, kuphatikizapo kutentha kwapamwamba. Ma hydrangeas omwe amakhudzidwa amatha kukhala ndi mapulogalamu 150 ogwiritsa ntchito sopo wobiriwira komanso 15 g zamkuwa sulphate.

Gowola zowonongeka zimadziwika ndi madontho amtundu wambiri komanso pachimake cha mtundu womwewo, zikhoza kuwoneka pa mbali iliyonse ya duwa. Bordeaux madzi amathandiza kuchiza matendawa, koma masamba onse owonongeka ayenera kuchotsedwa.

Thandizo!Koma kugwa kwa masamba sikuyenera kuopseza eni hydrangeas. Maluwa amenewa ndi ovuta kwambiri, motero, monga oimira ambiri a zomera, kotero zimakonzekera nyengo yozizira. Pakatikati mwa kasupe, masamba amazokongoletsa chipinda chamatabwa kachiwiri.

Tizilombo ndi kulamulira kwa iwo

Chimodzi mwa zowonongeka kwambiri maluwa omwe ndi maluwa ndi kangaude. Koma ngati mutasamalira maluwa bwino, simungachite mantha ndi zowawa zake. Komanso, majeremusi a hydrangea, nsabwe za m'masamba ndi thrips, zomwe ndizozomera zomera, zimatha kugonjetsa chipinda cha hydrangea. Mungathe kuwachotsa mothandizidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kutsiliza

Maambulera owala a chipinda cha hydrangea amachitiranso zokongoletsera zapakati ndi zamtundu uliwonse. Maluwa awo amakondwera kwa nthawi yaitali, ndipo nthawi yomweyo samayambitsa vuto lililonse kwa eni ake.