Mbali za kufesa parsley m'nyengo yozizira

Parsley - chomera cha biennial cha mtundu wa Parsley kuchokera ku banja la Umbrella lomwe lili ndi nthambi zowonongeka ndi zonyezimira, zobiriwira zakuda, masamba a pinnate. Lili ndi ascorbic acid, vitamini B, retinol, riboflavin, chitsulo, potassium, magnesium, pectin ndi phytoncides.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zakudya zowonjezera komanso zowonongeka pophika kuphika komanso kusungirako zakudya, amawonjezeranso zakudya kuchokera ku masamba, nyama, nsomba yophika komanso masewera.

Mukudziwa? Makamaka otchuka ku Roma. Pliny analemba kuti kutumikira saladi ndi sauces popanda parsley ndi chizindikiro cha kulakwa koipa, ndipo adawonanso kuti magulu onse a anthu amamukonda.

Chifukwa chiyani timabzala parsley mu kugwa

Zomera za dzinja zimagonjetsedwa kwambiri kutentha kutentha, chisanu ndi matenda osiyanasiyana, ndipo zimapsa mofulumira kwambiri kuposa zachizolowezi. Kawirikawiri, kubzala parsley pansi pa nyengo yozizira kumachepetsanso kukula kwa milungu ingapo kapena mwezi. Komabe, ziyenera kukumbukira kuti ndiwo zamasamba zomwe zimapezeka sizingasungidwe, koma ziyenera kudyedwa mwamsanga.

Ndikofunikira! Tsamba la masamba la parsley limatengedwa kuti ndilo mitundu yambiri yopanda chisanu.

Nthawi yabwino kubzala parsley isanafike nyengo yozizira

Anthu a ku chilimwe nthawi zambiri amadabwa ngati n'zotheka kufesa parsley isanafike nyengo yozizira, ndipo amalandira yankho lovomerezeka. Muyenera kusankha nthawi yoletsa mbeu kumera mu kugwa, kungokupweteka, kuzifesa mofulumira, kawirikawiri mu October kapena November.

Kufesa parsley pansi pa nyengo yozizira kuli ndi nthawi isanafike chisanu choyamba, pamene dziko lapansi liri ndi chipale chofewa, madzi ozizira nthawi zonse ndi -2-3 ° C. Njira yabwino ndiyo kufesa nyengo ya chisanu. Ngati nyengo imakhala yotentha mpaka December, nthawi yobwera idzachedwa. Musaiwale kuti yophukira ndi yayitali komanso imvula.

Momwe mungasankhire malo oyenera a autumn kubzala parsley

Chifukwa chodzala m'dzinja ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito minda, yomwe poyamba idakula nkhaka, kabichi, mbatata ndi mbewu zina zoyamba kucha. Chinthu chinanso posankha malo ndikulumikizana kwakukulu kwa chisanu m'nyengo yozizira pa malo enaake. Mabedi ayenera kutetezedwa ku mphepo yowonjezereka, ndi kuunikira bwino komanso m'malo osasuntha, ayenera kukonzekera kumapeto kwa chilimwe.

Kukonzekera kwa kubzala

Musanabzala parsley isanafike nyengo yozizira, m'pofunikira kumasula nthaka, kuigwiritsa ntchito ndi zinthu zakuthupi, kusankha maluwa omwe amamera ndi omwe amamera. Mutatha kukolola mbewu zomwe zisanafike parsley, manyowa ndi superphosphate granulated ndi potaziyamu (15-20 g pa 1 sq. M). Kenaka yonjezerani feteleza zamchere (20 g pa 1 sq. M).

Ndikofunikira kuthetsa dziko lapansi mwa kusakaniza kapamwamba pamwamba pa peat kapena mchenga, koma musadye. Sikoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito manyowa monga feteleza, ndi bwino kumvetsera kompositi kapena biohumus.

Zomera za dzinja ndizofunikira makamaka m'madera omwe, pamene dothi likutha, nthaka imakhala ndi chinyezi kwa nthawi yaitali. Ndiye mumayenera kuphimba mbewu ndi filimu, kupanga mawonekedwe a ang'onoang'ono wowonjezera kutentha. Kuphimba mafilimu kudzawonjezera kukolola kwa mbeu, zidzatheka kuti mupeze zokolola ziwiri pa chaka.

Mbewu yokonzekera kubzala poyera

Parsley yakonzekera kubzala m'nyengo yozizira motere. Choyamba muyenera kuyesa mbewuzo posankha zitsanzo zabwino, kukana khalidwe losauka komanso lomwe likukhudzidwa. Pambuyo pozowonjezera kuthamanga kwa mphukira mu njira iliyonse yothetsera mavitamini, potassium permanganate, yankho la boric acid kapena mkuwa wa sulphate.

Adzakhala ogwira mtima kuphulika - kuthamanga m'madzi kutentha kwa 20 ° C ndi jekeseni wa oksijeni kapena mpweya mmenemo pogwiritsa ntchito compressor, zomwe zimathandizanso kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Zomera za dzinja zimafuna mbewu zambiri kuposa masika. Njira zina ndizo jarovisation (kutsanulira nyembazo mu chidebe cha matabwa ndi kuyima pa ayezi, oyambitsa nthawi zina), drazhirovanie (Kuphimba mbewu ndi chisakanizo cha peat, humus ndi feteleza zamchere zomwe zili ndi zitsulo). Izi zionetsetsa kuti yunifolomu imera, imathandizira kumera mphamvu, kuonjezera kukana. Mbeu zowonongeka zimapereka nthawi yowuma.

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu za parsley

Funso loti ngati parsley afesedwa chisanu chisanachotsedwe, tsopano ndikofunikira kuti muzichita bwino. Chigawo chonsecho chiyenera kukhala 1 mamita, kuya kwa nthaka yofulidwa ndi pafupifupi masentimita 10.

Mupangitse grooves 5 cm kuya, kuwonjezera mchenga mpaka pansi pake, kenaka mudzaze ndi kompositi, mubzalani mbeu, mwachizolowezi, ndipo mudzaze nawo pansi pamwamba. Kenaka pangani dothi la mulching ndi humus kapena peat. Mtunda pakati pa grooves suyenera kukhala pansi pa masentimita 10, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kasamalidwe kake kasinthe.

Ndikofunikira! Parsley, itabzala isanafike yozizira, ili ndi zopindulitsa zambiri kuposa momwe zimakhalira. Choncho, zimathandiza kuperewera kwa kapangidwe kake, kumayambitsa matenda a mthupi, kumalimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi, kumayesedwa ndi mavuto a urinary system.

Malamulo oti azisamalira parsley panja

Pamene chivundikiro cha chipale chofewa chimakhazikitsidwa, mbewu, zomwe zimakhala mu nthaka kumapeto kwa mwezi wa Oktoba, zimakhala ndi chipale chofewa pamwamba. Parsley, yomwe imakula panja, siopa mantha ozizira -9 ° C. Nthawi yoyenera kufesa parsley isanafike nyengo yozizira, musanayambe kuimitsa mbeu mumadzi ndi kutentha kwa 22 ° C, kusintha madzi maola angapo, patatha masiku 2-3 mbeu zatsala mu njira yokonzera kukula kwa mpweya, ngati mpweya umapitsidwanso mumadzi, izi zidzathamangitsa njira yolavulira mbewu.

Parsley imakula masabata angapo malingana ndi mbeu. NthaƔi ndi nthawi ndikofunika kumasula nthaka pang'ono. Kuonjezera zokololazo kumathandiza malo osankhidwa bwino, omwe poyamba adakula mbatata, nkhaka, ndi kukula kwa muzu zidzawonjezera malo kuchokera pansi pa beets.

Udzu wouluka uyenera kuchotsedwa, udzu, udyetsedwa ndi wowonjezera, kuti nthaka isakhale yowonjezereka. Chipale chofewa chitasungunuka, feteleza zovuta za mbeu zimapezeka ndi kompositi, superphosphate, saltpeter ndi potaziyamu chloride. Kubzala parsley mu kugwa kumafuna kudya, koyenera, ndi kofunika kwa mullein kapena kompositi. Parsley, wobzalidwa ndi mbewu, sichidzasokoneza chakudya cha foliar, chimene chiyenera kukonzedwa kawiri pa nyengo.

Mukudziwa? Parsley ndi zomera zosasungunuka, koma posakhala ndi chinyezi chabwino masamba amawoneka okhwima ndi olimba, komabe, amawunikira mafuta odzola ndi ofunikira, mbali yaikulu ya apiol, kapena njira ina - parsley camphor, furokumarin bergapten ndi flavone glycoside apiin .

Kukolola

Kukolola kwa zamasamba kumachitika m'njira ziwiri: kuzizira ndi kuyanika. Zowonjezera zowonjezera zokometsera zowuma, masabata awiri asanatenge parsley amathiridwe pang'ono. Ngati kuli kofunikira kudya mwatsopano, kuthirira kumayenera kuwonetsedwa, kupereka 60-70% ya chinyezi.

Mphesa yosasinthasintha imakololedwa kumapeto kwa November panthawi imodzimodzi monga mbewu, mpaka chisanu chimayamba -10 ° C, ndipo m'munsi mwake mukhoza kutuluka m'nyengo yozizira, yokhala ndi udzu woti mutetezedwe, musanayambe kuyenda mosakanikirana ndi kusakanikirana.

Kufesa kozizira kwa parsley kudzapereka nyengo yabwino yokolola ku nyengo ya chilimwe ndi kukonda masamba achilendo awa, kotero musakayikire ngati akubzala parsley isanafike nyengo yozizira.