Mbewu ya Capricious: Bwanji gardenias akutembenuza masamba akuda, achikasu ndi akugwa?

Gardenia ndi chomera chopanda nzeru. Izi ziyenera kukumbukiridwa ndi onse omwe akufuna kuti apeze.

Kawirikawiri duwa liri ndi mavuto: masamba owuma, kufota, kutembenukira chikasu, masamba amatha. Kodi nchiyani chomwe chimayambitsa matenda a masamba a maluwa awa?

Taganizirani izi m'nkhaniyi zomwe zimayambitsa mavuto a masamba mu gardenenia, komanso momwe mungapewe maonekedwe awo.

Ndi chiyani?

Gardenia amachokera ku banja marenovyh. Mtundu uwu umaphatikizapo mitundu 250, koma Maluwa otchuka kwambiri ku nyumba ndi Gardenia Jasmine. Amakhala ndi maluwa oyera ndi sera ndi jasmine. Mitundu yonse imakhala yobiriwira nthawi zonse, pamene imafalikira kwa miyezi yambiri.

Tinakambirana zambiri za mitundu ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya gardenenia m'nkhaniyi.

Kufotokozera

Masamba a chomera ali ophwanyika, mosiyana, kawirikawiri amakhala atatu. Khalani ndi timapepala ta mawonekedwe a katatu. Kuphatikiza apo, ali ndi malo odyera a peristophobia, makonzedwe a masamba otsutsana-mosiyana. Ngakhale popanda maluwa, chitsamba chimawoneka chokongoletsera chifukwa cha masamba obiriwira, okongoletsera a mtundu wobiriwira. Iwo ali ndi mawonekedwe a oval ndi malekezero ake. Kutalika kufika mpaka masentimita 10.

Nchiyani chinayambitsa maonekedwe a chikasu?

Ichi ndi vuto lodzala kwambiri la zomera. Masamba amatembenuka, amakhala achikasu, nthawi zina pakati pa mitsempha. Zonsezi zikuwonetsa zolakwika. Zifukwa zingakhale zambiri.

Kuthirira kolakwika

Kawirikawiri, gardenenia imapeza masamba a chikasu chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa nthaka. kapena chifukwa cha kuyanika kwake mwamphamvu. Kuthirira kumafunika pokhapokha atayanika pamwamba pa nthaka 1-2 phalanxes. Musamayembekezere mpaka mtedza wa padziko lapansi uli wouma.

Madzi amathandizanso kwambiri. Chomeracho chimasowa madzi opatulidwa okha, ndipo makamaka kupyolera mu fyuluta kapena chithupsa. Ndipo ziyenera kutentha. Madzi ozizira ndi ozizira sangagwire ntchito. Pofuna kuthetsa vutoli, muyenera kusintha madzi okwanira, kuyang'ana kuyanika kwa pamwamba, kukonzekera bwino madzi.

Malo osungirako osayenera

Gardenia imakula bwino mu dothi losavuta, mwa ena imamva bwino. Mu dothi la alkali ndi pH ndale, mizu siimaphatikizapo zinthu zofunika.

Malo osungirako malonda ndi pH ya 4-5 mu sitolo yapadera, amatchedwa "Gardenia" kapena "Azalea".

Mukamaliza kusakaniza, mukhoza kupanga masingano a conifers kuti acidify. Koma ngakhale nthaka ya acidic imakhala yofanana chifukwa cha chikhalidwe cha madzi. Pofuna kupewa izi, nkofunika kuthirira madzi ndi acidification madzi masiku khumi.

Kwa izi:

  1. sungunulani 2-3 citric acid makristasi mu madzi okwanira 1 litre;
  2. asidi ya sorelo kuchuluka kwa 1/3 tsp. 3 malita a madzi amaumirira masiku 3-4;
  3. Sakanizani mandimu ndi 1 l (mukusowa madontho 2-3);
  4. Sakanizani 200 g wa peat ndi malita atatu a madzi kwa tsiku limodzi.

Pafupi ndi chofunika chotani kuti mupeze gardenenia, werengani apa.

Chlorosis

Vutoli likuwonetseredwa ndi chikasu chosagwirizana. Zimazikhalabe zobiriwira, ndipo chiyambi chimatembenuka chikasu. Chifukwa cha chlorosis ndi kusowa kwa chitsulo m'nthaka. Kuteteza matendawa kumafunika nthawi zonse, chifukwa ndizovuta ku gardenenia. Matenda amawoneka pamene nthaka yaying'ono; chotero, pofuna kupewa, mbewuyo imathiriridwa ndi madzi acidified.

Ngati pali zizindikiro zooneka bwino, zotsatirazi ndizo:

  1. kupopera mbewu ndi kuthirira ndi kukonzekera ndi chitsulo;
  2. kudzikonzekera kwa chelate yachitsulo;
  3. Monga chitsimikizo china, misomali yonyamulira ikhoza kuikidwa m'manda.

Tsatanetsatane wa matenda omwe amadwala kwambiri a gardenenia ndi kubzala njira zothandizira angapezeke pano.

Kupanda kuunikira

Masamba amatembenukira chikasu chifukwa cha kuwala kosakwanira. Momwemonso, masamba amatha kuwonongeka mofanana pa nthambi zonse. Kuti athetse vutoli, kuunikira kwina ndi nyali za phytolamps kapena nyali za fulorosenti ziyenera kuperekedwa.

Kusadya zakudya m'thupi

Mofanana ndi zomera zina, gardenenia pakukula ndi maluwa imafuna feteleza (chifukwa chake gardenia siili pachimake ndi zomwe ziyenera kuchitika, werengani apa). Chifukwa chaichi, feteleza yapadera ndi magnesiamu ndi chitsulo (complex) ndi yoyenera. Gardenia ali ndi chosowa chapadera cha zinthu izi. Kuwonjezera kokwanira kwa magnesium, monga chitsulo, zimayambitsa kufotokoza masamba.

Chotsani vutoli pogwiritsa ntchito magnesium sulphateamene ali woyenera kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa mu chiwerengero cha 20 g pa 10 malita a madzi.

Bwanji ngati chomera chitembenukira chakuda?

Vuto lalikulu ndi kuyanika kwa masamba. Ngati izi zimachitika pang'onopang'ono, ndiye kuti palibe chifukwa chodera nkhawa. Nkhawa iyenera kumveka ngati mdima wandiweyani. Zifukwazi ndizosiyana kwambiri.

Kuthira mopitirira malire

Pochotseratu vutoli, youkani dothi ndikukonza ndondomeko yothirira madzi. Musapange "mathithi" mu mphika.

Maenje ofulumira akuyenera kupangidwa ngati akusowa.

Zokonzera ndi frostbite

Gardenia ndi chomera chosakhwima kwambiri, chifukwa chaichi, kutentha kwakukulu kumalumphira kuti chichepetse kungayambitse masamba. Mafelemu abwino otentha amakhala kuchokera ku +18 mpaka +24 digiri. Kuti tithetse vutoli tiyenera kupereka maluwa oterewa.

Tizilombo

Nkhumba za kangaude zimakhala "alendo" kawirikawiri pammera. Zingayambitse kupweteka pang'ono kwa masamba chifukwa cha kutambasula kwa madzi. Kuti athetse vutoli, m'pofunikira kupereka mlingo woyenera wa chinyezi, kuyambira kangaude amaoneka chifukwa cha mpweya wouma.

Dzuwa

Ngati chomeracho chikupulidwa, ndiye kuti muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti dzuwa silikugwa pakangotha ​​izi. Amayambitsa kutentha kwa matenthedwe ndi tsamba lakuda. Zomera zimagwirizana ndi kuwala.

N'chifukwa chiyani amasiya kugwa?

Vuto lina la timapepala ndi kugwa kwawo. Vuto limeneli nthawi zambiri limagwirizanitsidwa ndi mavuto a mbeu, zomwe zimayambitsa :.

  1. Kuthirira okwanira. Ngati chomera chikutha msanga, zimakhala zonyezimira ndipo zimagwa kapena zimakhala zobiriwira, ndiye izi zimasonyeza kuyanika. Ndikofunika kusintha madzi okwanira, ndikuchotsa nkhawa pogwiritsa ntchito stimulant epin. Kubwezeretsedwa kumakhala kofunika - kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi epin ndikuphimba chomera tsiku limodzi ndi polyethylene.
  2. Zojambulajambula. Tsamba lakugwa limayambitsidwa ndi kuwomba duwa. Musaike pawindo lotseguka.

Pakati pa tizilombo tifunika kuwona kansabwe kena ka aphid, mealybug ndi flail. Zonsezi zimachotsedwa ndi kuchiza chomera ndi tizilombo ndikuwonjezera chinyezi muyeso.

Tikukulimbikitsani kuti tiwerenge nkhani zina zokhudzana ndi malamulo a kumunda kunyumba, omwe ndi:

  • Kodi mungasinthe bwanji duwa?
  • Kodi mavuto ndi zobisika zotani?
  • Momwe mungakulire kuchokera ku mbewu?

Kutsiliza

Pofuna kupeŵa mavuto ndi masamba a gardenenia, amafunikira kusamalira bwino mbewu:

  1. duwa liyenera kuchoka pamalo okongola, koma popanda kuwala kwa dzuwa;
  2. madzi ogwiritsira ntchito ulimi wothirira owiritsa ndi olekanitsidwa;
  3. mphika ayenera kuikidwa mu poto ndi madzi kuti adye;
  4. kudyetsa nthawi;
  5. chithandizo chokonzekera zitsulo;
  6. chitetezo ku hypothermia ndi drafts.

Kutsata malingaliro osavuta kumathandiza kupeŵa chikasu ndi mdima wa masamba a zomera.