Mmene mungakulireko chisa m'nyumba: chisamaliro ndi chithunzi. Mukhoza kusangalala maluwa chaka chonse.

Pakati pa oimira zomera, pali zitsanzo zambiri zomwe zimatha kudzitama ndi mawonekedwe odabwitsa ndi owala.

Maluwa okongola a akalif amachititsa mgwirizano ndi mchira wa mkuntho chifukwa chapadera ndi zosangalatsa za mawonekedwe a inflorescences. Tiyeni tiphunzire zonse zomwe zimachitika pakukula chomera chachilendo ndi chokongola kunyumba.

Kodi chomerachi ndi chiyani?

Akalifa ndi zomera zosatha, zomwe zimatchedwa dzina loti "Fox mchira".

Koma Dzina ili limagwira ntchito kokha kwa A. bristled (zovuta). Mapuloteni ake a mtundu wofiira wamitundu yosiyanasiyana amakhala ofanana ndi miyeso yamoto ya nkhandwe.

Mitundu imeneyi imakonda kwambiri kukula kwa nyumba.

Nyumba ina yowoneka bwino ndi Akalif Wilkesa kapena Wilks. Pali mitundu yambiri ya iwo. Maluwa a zomera izi sizodabwitsa, koma masamba ndi osangalatsa kwambiri. Amasangalala ndi diso lalanje kapena lofiira pamtundu wobiriwira.

Akalifa amachita ngati nthumwi ya banja lodziwika bwino la Molochayny. Ngakhale izi, mwachilengedwe shrub ingapezeke m'mayiko otentha: ku Australia, Polynesia, Latin America. Monga chomera ndi gawo la kumwera chakumwera cha Asia.

Zambiri zokhudzana ndi mitundu ya m'nyumba zamkati zingapezeke pano.

Chithunzi

M'munsimu mungathe kuona mmene mbewu zikuwonekera:





Zizindikiro za kukula

Chomeracho sichitha masamba ndipo sichimasintha mthunzi wawo - ndi woimira chipatso chamaluwa. Kukula kwachilengedwe akalife kumafuna kulima kumadzulo ndi kumadzulo kwawindo, chifukwa Chomeracho chimakonda kuwala, koma osati kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Akalifa ndi thermophilic, kotero kuchepa kwachepera kwa kukula kwake ndi madigiri 17 ndi kutentha kwapamwamba.

Maluwa amakula mofulumira, choncho mudzafunika kudula ndi kukonza kuti mupange ndi kukonzanso.

Kusamalira kwanu

Mavuto otentha

Monga tafotokozera kale chomera chimakonda kwambiri kutentha, koyipa kokhudzana ndi drafts. Ngati mukufuna kukonza mu chilimwe pa khonde kapena veranda, ndiye kuti mumayenera kutetezedwa ku mphepo. Ikhoza kuwononga duwa. Kutentha kovomerezeka kwa chilimwe ndi 20-25 madigiri Celsius. M'nyengo yozizira, 18.

Chenjerani! Malo abwino otentha ndi kutentha kwa mkati.

Akalife amafunikira kuwala kochepa, koma kumeta mdima. Popanda kuunikira, chomera chimatulutsidwa, tsamba limatuluka.

Kuthirira

Akalifa amakonda chinyezi. M'chilimwe, kutentha kwa madigiri oposa 202, muyenera kuthirira maluwa mochuluka komanso nthawi zambiri. M'nyengo yozizira, madzi okwanira ayenera kuchepetsedwa, koma sayenera kuloledwa kuti awume panthaka mumphika.

Popeza chomera chili ndi chiyambi cha kutentha, chidzafuna mvula yambiri. Ngati chilimwe chiri kutentha, ndiye kuti akalifa ayenera kupopedwa nthawi zambiri ndi madzi olekanitsidwa. kapena kuika mphika mu thireyi ndi miyala yonyowa kapena peat.

Posankha gawo lodzala, muyenera kukumbukira kuti chomeracho chimafuna nthaka yodzikongoletsa komanso yokoma kwambiri. Zinthu zimenezi zimakhutidwa ndi kusakaniza kwasanu, mchenga, peat ndi humus mu chiƔerengero cha 1: 1. Phika amafunikira kwambiri, chifukwa mizu imakula mofulumira.

Kudulira

Ngati chomeracho ndi wamkulu, ndiye kuti posachedwa nthawi idzafika pamene idzaphuka kwambiri, mudzafunika kudulira.

Ngati akalifa akakalamba kale, koma palibe chilakolako chokula mbewu, ndiye kuti ndibwino kudula chomeracho ndi masentimita 20. Ichi ndi nkhanza koma kofunikira.

Zonsezi zimakhala zoopsa., chifukwa podulira, kudula kusamala kumavala magolovesi.

Kenaka chitsa chiyenera kupangidwa ndi pulasitiki, kutumiza kapu ya galasi. Zitsanzo zotere zimathandiza chomeracho kuti chikhale ndi mphukira zatsopano ndikupulumuka ku ntchito yodulira. Pambuyo pokonza, mababu ayenera kupopedwa ndi madzi nthawi zambiri, nthawi zonse kuchotsa kapangidwe ka mpweya wabwino.

Zotsatira zabwino kwambiri zogwiritsira ntchito zimaperekedwa mwa kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi mankhwala amadzimadzi a zircon peresenti ya madontho awiri pa madzi okwanira 1 litre.

Kuswana

Pofuna kuchulukitsa duwa safuna luso lapadera. Izi zimachitika ndi mbewu kapena kudula.. Mbeu zoyenera kusakaniza pepala nthaka ndi mchenga 1: 1. Bzalani iwo m'chaka. Nthawi zonse kutentha kwa madigiri 20+ n'kofunika.

Kufalitsa mitengo ya cuttings ndi yosavuta. Kuzukula kumafuna chisakanizo cha peat ndi mchenga (1: 1).

Cuttings amasankhidwa kuchokera ku mtengo mphukira kuchokera pamwamba. Kuzukula kumapezeka nthawi iliyonse ya chaka. Musanabzala, sprig iyenera kulowetsedwa mu kukula kwa stimulator, kenaka imalowetsedwa mu nthaka ndi filimuyo. Lembani mu miyezi iwiri kuti musamangidwe.

Zovala zapamwamba ndi feteleza

Pakati pa kukula kwakukulu m'mwezi wa March-September, chomera chimafuna feteleza ndi kuwonjezera kwa mchere feteleza. Zimapangidwa kawiri pamwezi. Pa ntchito ya feteleza yoyenera feteleza, nayenso.

Zigwiritsidwe ntchito za zomera zokongola ndi maluwa. Zomwezo zimapezeka pazizindikiro "Flower chimwemwe", "Pokon", komanso "Fasco".

Matenda ndi tizirombo

  1. Ngati masambawo akuoneka kuti ndi ofunda kwambiri, ndiye chifukwa cha tsamba la tsambali.
  2. Ngati masamba afota, chifukwa chake n'chakuti nthaka imakhala yonyowa kwambiri kapena yowuma kwambiri. Nkofunika kusintha madzi okwanira. Chifukwa china ndi gawo lolemera kwambiri. Ndiyenera kupititsa patsogolo.
  3. Masamba akamataya mtundu, amatha kutumbululuka, izi zimasonyeza kusowa kwauni. ngati tsoka lakhala litadulidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, ndiye kuti pang'onopang'ono liyenera kuphunzitsidwa kuti likhale lowala kwambiri. M'nyengo yozizira, zomera zimasowa kuwala ndi nyali za fulorosenti.
  4. Nsonga za masamba zakhala zowuma ndi zofiirira - zotsika kwambiri mthunzi mu chipinda kapena osakwanirira okwanira.
  5. Mawanga a mdima aonekera - chifukwa chake chimayambira ndi hypothermia.
Chizindikiro! Poizoni wa chomera ndizofunika kulingalira pamene pali ana ndi ziweto zinyumba m'nyumba.

Zina mwa tizirombo ta akalifa ngozi: aphid, kangaude mite, whitefly, mealybug. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi tizilombo (kupopera mbewu ndi kuthirira), mwachitsanzo, Aktar.

Kutsiliza

Pali mitundu yambiri ya chomera ichi, chifukwa kupeza imodzi yomwe ingakhale yosavuta. Ndipo njira yolondola yopangira duwa idzakuthandizani kupeza maluwa okongola alkalife chaka chonse.

Zokwanira kutsatira ndondomeko yosavuta ndi kuyang'anira thanzi la zomera, pakapita nthawi kuchotsa tizirombo.