Ndi matenda otani omwe ali ndi nkhuku zowononga nkhuku?

Mlimi aliyense wa nkhuku, kuphatikizapo malamulo oti asamalire nkhuku, ayenera kudziwa zomwe mbalamezo zikudwala ndikudziwidziwa bwino ndi matenda akuluakulu, zizindikiro ndi mankhwala.

Kawirikawiri ngozi ya matenda imakhala chifukwa chakuti ngati matendawa ali ndi nkhuku imodzi, pamapeto pake gulu lonse likhoza kufa. Werengani zambiri m'nkhani zathu.

Zomwe zimayambitsa matenda

Zomwe zimayambitsa matenda pa kuika nkhuku:

  • mbalame yosayenera;
  • chakudya chochepa;
  • kuyeretsa kosayenera kwa nkhumba, zinthu zosagwirizana;
  • kusowa njira zothandizira.

Matenda opatsirana

ZOFUNIKA. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti nthawi yeniyeni yipewe matenda a matenda opatsirana pofuna kuteteza mliriwu. Apo ayi, zotsatira zake zingakhale zowawa kwambiri.

Matendawa omwe amafala kwambiri ndi omwe amasiyana ndi nkhuku.

Pulloz (kapena typhoid)

Iyo ikhoza kukantha mbalame wamkulu ndi nkhuku. Kuphatikizidwa ndi kuphwanya kwa kapangidwe ka zakudya. Njira yaikulu yopatsirana ndiyoyendera.

Kuyala nkhuku ndi pullorosis kumatulutsa mazira, omwe nkhuku zimayambira.

Zizindikiro:

  • Nkhuku imakhala yochuluka.
  • Anasiya kudya kwanu.
  • Pali kutsekula m'mimba komanso ludzu nthawi zonse. Zingwezi zimakhala ndi madzi osasinthasintha komanso mtundu wachikasu.
  • Kupuma mwamsanga.
  • Zofooka m'thupi lonse, kutopa.
  • Mu munthu wamkulu akugona nkhuku chisa ndi ndolo zimayera.

Chithandizo

Chofunika kwambiri ndi kuyamba koyenera kwa chithandizo cha typhoid. Pambuyo pa zizindikiro zoyamba za matendawa, nkhuku zowonongeka ziyenera kuikidwa pamalo osiyana.

Chofunika kwambiri ndi kudziwa momwe angachitire ndi anthu odwala. Odwala ayenera kupatsidwa mankhwala oletsa antibiotics (Biomitsin kapena Neomycin). Mukhoza kugula mankhwalawa ku mankhwala osungirako ziweto, komwe angakuuzeni mwatsatanetsatane momwe mungawagwiritsire ntchito molondola.

Zakudya ndi zathanzi ndi mbalame zodwala ziyenera kuwonjezera Furazolidone.

ZOCHITIKA! Pulloz imaperekedwanso kwa anthu, kotero, zonsezi ziyenera kutengedwa.

Pasteurellosis (kolera ya avian)

Ndiwowopsa kwambiri pakati pa mbalame zakutchire ndi zoweta. Mukhale ndi mawonekedwe ovuta komanso osapitirira.

Ndikofunika kudziwa kuti Pasteurella (wothandizira khansa ya avian) amakhala wokhuthala kwambiri, ndipo akhoza kukhala ndi moyo kwa nthawi yayitali m'matumbo, nyansi, madzi, komanso chakudya.

Otsatira a matendawa ndi odwala kapena mbalame zatsopano, komanso makoswe.

Zizindikiro:

  • nyenyezi zowoneka bwino;
  • malungo;
  • maonekedwe a madzi otsekula m'madzi otumbululuka. Nthawi zina magazi amatha kuwonedwa;
  • msuzi mu mphuno yamphongo;
  • kupuma kolemetsa, kuwomba;
  • mwa munthu wamkulu akugona nkhuku, chiguduli ndi catkins ndi buluu;
  • miyendo ikulumphira ndi kupindika.

Thandizo

Pofuna kulandira kolera kwa nkhuku, nkhuku ziyenera kupatsidwa sulfamethazine.. Kuchuluka kwa mankhwalawa ndi 0.1% ya madzi ndi 0,5% ya kuchuluka kwa chakudya.

Mbalame zonse zathanzi ndi odwala ziyenera kupatsidwa nthawi zonse masamba, komanso mavitamini A, B, D, E. E. Khola liyenera kutsukidwa bwino ndi kutetezedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Matenda opatsiranawa amapitsidwanso kwa anthu, ndipo amawoneka mwa maonekedwe ovuta.

Matenda a Marek (matenda opatsirana)

Zimakhudza dongosolo lamanjenje la mbalame, maso, lingayambitse matenda.

Zizindikiro:

  • kusowa kudya, kutopa;
  • kupondereza kwa wophunzira, khungu lingathe kuchitika;
  • zokopa ndi mphete ziri zopanda mtundu;
  • goiter ziwalo;
  • Nkhuku sizikusunthira bwino, opusa amadziwika.

Kodi mungatani kuti mupirire matendawa?

Matendawa si othandizira kuchipatala. Ntchito yaikulu ya mlimi wa nkhuku ndi kuzindikira kuti matenda a Marek amayamba mwamsanga ndikupha nkhuku yodwala.

Kodi mungamvetse bwanji kuti mbalame zili ndi ziphuphu?

Zopweteka kwambiri kuposa matenda opatsirana ndi matenda a parasitic a kuika nkhuku, zomwe, popanda kusankhidwa bwino ndi panthaƔi yake, chingavulaze kwambiri ana onse a mbalame.

Matenda a parasitic nkhuku akhoza kugawa m'magulu awiri akuluakulu.

Kunja

Amakhala pa thupi la nkhuku komanso nthenga zake.

Izi zikuphatikizapo:

  1. Osauka ndi odzitukumula odya - tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, zomwe zingathe kuwonedwa pa kuyang'anitsitsa kwa mbalameyi.

    Zizindikiro:

    • mbalame zimasokonezeka;
    • maonekedwe a kuyabwa;
    • timabowo ting'onoting'ono ta nthenga.

    Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala monga Insectol ndi Arpalit. Ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ku nthenga, kusunga mtunda wa masentimita 15-20 kwa masekondi 1-2. Ndikofunika kuchotsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo pamlingo wa mbalame ndi maso. Kholayo iyenera kuyeretsedwa bwino.

  2. Nthenga za nthenga - tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe timakhala pansi pa chivundikiro cha nthenga za nkhuku, ndipo timathetsa nthenga zonse. Chizindikiro chachikulu ndichapafupi kapena kumaliza.

    Tsoka ilo, lero palibe mankhwala othandiza kulimbana ndi mliriwu, kotero zingakhale zabwino kwambiri kuchotsa nkhuku ndi nthenga ya nthenga.

  3. Utitiri - khalani pa thupi la nkhuku. Nkhawa, ndipo amachititsa kutopa poika nkhuku. Mu vuto lapamwamba kwambiri, nkhuku zimatha kupereka mazira.

    TIP. Nkhumba ndizosavuta kuchiza. Nkhumba zodwala ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi mankhwala pogwiritsa ntchito pyrethroids yokonza (mwachitsanzo, Bars, Advantage, Dana, etc.).

    Ndikofunika kuti tsiku ndi tsiku musinthe zinyalala m'nyumba ya nkhuku ndipo muzisamalira mosamala nyumba ya nkhuku ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Zamkati

Mitundu yomwe imakhala mkati mwa nkhuku. Izi zikuphatikizapo mphutsi zosiyanasiyana, njoka zam'mimba.

Zizindikiro:

  • kusowa kwa njala;
  • kupweteka;
  • zovuta;
  • Kuphwanya tsamba la m'mimba.

Kodi mungachotse bwanji?

Ngati pakupezeka mphutsi, m'pofunikira kuti mutenge zinyama zonse. Kuti tichite izi, pothandizidwa ndi veterinarian, nkofunika kupereka mankhwala osakanikirana ndi nkhuku (monga Niclosamide, Praziver, Bitionol, etc.).

Chithunzi

Chithunzichi chili pansipa chikusonyeza zizindikiro za matendawa.





Maonekedwe osapatsirana

Kuika nkhuku kumatulukiranso matenda omwe sali otheka, koma ikhoza kuvulaza mbalameyi. Kawirikawiri Matenda oterewa amapezeka chifukwa chosamalira mbalame, zakudya zoperewera, zosokoneza panthawi yodyetsa, komanso chifukwa cha kuvulala ndi kuwonongeka kosiyanasiyana. Choncho, pakati pa matenda omwe siwowonjezereka amatha kudziwika.

Beriberi

Zimakhudzana ndi kusowa mavitamini ena mu thupi la nkhuku (A, B1, B6, B12, C, D, etc.). Ndikofunika kumvetsetsa kuti zigawo izi zimatsimikizira kuti ntchito yabwino ya mtima, chiwindi, mchitidwe wamanjenje, komanso zimakhudzidwa ndi momwe dzira limakhalira.

Zizindikiro:

  • kupweteka;
  • chisa ndi ndolo zimakhala zoyera;
  • kulephera;
  • kukonza mazira;
  • Matenda a m'mimba;
  • khungu limatuluka.

Kodi mungathandize bwanji panyumba?

Avitaminosis mankhwala ndi osavuta. Kwa izi, nkhuku pamodzi ndi chakudya ziyenera kupatsidwa mavitamini omwe akusowapo. Kuti musankhe bwino mavitaminiwa kapena mavitamini ena, ndibwino kuti muyankhule ndi veterinarian.

Mimba yam'mimba

Amadziwika ndi maonekedwe a nkhuku zambirimbiri za serous m'madzi m'mimba. Dropsy ndi zotsatira za chiwindi kapena kuchepa kwapachipata, kutsekeka m'mimba, ndi zina zotero. Chifukwa chachikulu cha zochitikazo ndi zakudya zolakwika.

Zizindikiro:

  • kuphulika, kusintha mawonekedwe ake;
  • zofooka, zamatsenga.

Chochita

Choyamba, ngati n'kotheka, m'pofunika kudziwa chifukwa choyambitsa matendawa. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zovuta kwambiri. Ngati madonthowa ali ndi mawonekedwe ochepa, akhoza kuchiritsidwa mwa kutulutsa madzi ndi sitiroko. Komanso, nkhuku iyenera kutchedwa otpaivat diuretic zitsamba (mwachitsanzo, mahatchi, wort St. John, etc.).

TIP. Ndili ndi vuto loopsa kwambiri, ndibwino kuti nyundo ikhale yonyansa.

Kugonana (nyimbo)

Wodziwika ndi khalidwe ili la nkhuku, pamene ayamba kukondana, akubudula nthenga. Nthawi zina nkhuku zingayambe kudzidwalitsa okha kapena mazira. Zifukwa zazikulu zowonongeka ndizo kudyetsa nkhuku, kusunga, komanso zizindikiro za nkhuku.

Zizindikiro:

  • maonekedwe a mabala;
  • kuchepetsa chiwerengero cha mazira.

Kodi mungamenyane bwanji?

Mu chakudya, muyenera kulowa puloteni. Pazifukwa zovuta kwambiri, nkhuku zimayenera kudula nsonga za mulomo - kumangogwedeza. Njira iyi ili ndi zotsatira zooneka bwino.

Njira zothandizira

Pofuna kupewa matenda pogwiritsa ntchito nkhuku Njira zothandizira izi ziyenera kuchitika panthaƔi yake:

  1. kuyeretsa nthawi zonse ndi kuteteza nkhuku nkhuku;
  2. chakudya chiyenera kukhala cholemera mu mavitamini onse oyenera ndi kufufuza zinthu;
  3. Chotsani nthawi yake kuchokera ku gulu la mbalame zodwala;
  4. dulani nkhuku nkhu nthawi zonse;
  5. kulepheretsani kupeza nkhuku nkhuku ndi makoswe, ndi zina zotero.

Choncho, kuika nkhuku kumakhala ndi matenda ambirimbiri, omwe amafunika kuyang'anitsitsa zochitika za nyumba zawo, komanso kusintha pang'ono kwa khalidwe la mbalame. Pankhani ya nkhuku imodzi, njira zoyenera ziyenera kutengedwa mwamsanga.