Gwero la fungo lokoma la mandimu mchere: kufotokoza, kusamalira kunyumba ndi chithunzi

Miyezi - Chomera chokongola ndi chodabwitsa chomwe chimakhala chovuta kuchilingalira m'mapiri otentha kapena otentha.

Koma mandimu a mchisitara amachokera pamenepo, mwa chilengedwe, iye limakula ku Australia, America, pa gombe la Black Sea.

Kwa nthawi yaitali mtengo wakhala ukukula ngati nyumba.

Maluwa odabwitsa, kununkhira kwa masamba, kukwanitsa kunyamula tsitsi, kukonzekera korona kumamupangitsa kukhala wamaluwa ambiri: nthano zambiri, amavomereza ndi kukhulupirira zikhulupiriro za mchisitori wakaleyo.

Kulongosola kwachidule

Lemu ya myrtle imatchedwa Backhousia citriodora F.Muell, mandimu ya mandimu. Mtengo wobiriwira womwe umakhala wonyezimira umakhala wautali masentimita 10 ndipo upakati wa masentimita asanu.

Amatulutsa maluwa okongola, kirimu kapena maluwa achikasu omwe amatha pachimake.

Maluwa sangathe kuyima chilimwe. Zipatso za mungu wobiriwira ndi yowutsa mudyo wonyezimira zipatso, zomwe nthawi zina amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zonunkhira. Ngati zimapsa, zimatha kubala mbewu.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji kunyumba?

Maimu a mandimu samafuna chisamaliro chapadera panyumba, koma pali zinthu zambiri zomwe ziyenera kuwonedwa. Muyenera kubzala mbewu mu thanki ndi madzi okwanira, wodzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi la hardwood humus, mchenga ndi peat.

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI! Musayambe kuwononga mtengo, mizu imaiika pamphika, ikani peat. Kuyambira kasupe mpaka autumn, chomeracho chiyenera kusungidwa ndi feteleza, koma m'nyengo yozizira siziyenera kuchitika, mchisitara sichikulira panthawi ino.

Kuunikira

Maimu a mandimu amakonda dzuwa, mwangwiro akulekerera mwachindunji dzuwa Choncho, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tikule pazenera kuchokera kumwera, kummawa, kumadzulo. Ndi kuyatsa bwino, chomera chazaka 3-5 chimayamba kuphuka.

Kutentha

M'chilimwe, zomera zimasowa kutentha. osati pansi pa madigiri 18. Koma myrtle amakonda kukonda, kotero madigiri 20-25 ndi okwanira kwa iye.

M'nyengo yozizira, n'zotheka kuchepetsa kutentha ngakhale madigiri 10 Celsius, mchisitere imalekerera zoterezi.

Mabatire angawononge izo. Kutentha kapena mphepo yamkuntho.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Kukula mwakhama kumafuna chinyezi chokwanira kwambiri, chomwe chiyenera kusungidwa ndi kupopera mbewu masamba.

Kuthirira

Myrtle amafunika kuthirira pafupifupi chaka chonse, palibe Musalole nthaka kuti iume. Ngakhale nthawi ina yonse, yomwe imakhala miyezi isanu ndi itatu, ndiyomwe muyenera kuyimitsa nthaka ndikusiya nthawi zonse.

Maluwa

Maluwa a mchisu mumaluwa ochepa omwe amapezeka mu inflorescences, omwe ali mu axils of the leaves.

Ngati chomera sichilandira kuwala kokwanira, ndiye maluwa simungakhoze kuyembekezera.

Pamene maluwa, ngakhale zolemba zazing'ono zimatulutsa kununkhira kuzungulira nyumba, yomwe mchisitarayo imatchedwa dzina lake.

Koma zowonekera mu mitundu phytoncides imathandizanso kuwononga majeremusi ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Feteleza

Mirth amayankha bwino pafupifupi zovala zonse, kokha laimu silimakonda. Choncho muyenera kuthirira manyowa osachepera 1 pa sabata, zabwino zomwe mungasankhe - pambuyo pa kuthirira 2.

Kukula

THANDIZANI! Ngati mchisungwana wanu wapeza mphamvu, simungathe kudandaula - zimakulira bwino. Mitengo ya fluffy imatha kutsitsa popanda kugwira mbali zazing'ono. Musanayambe kudula, sankhani mtundu womwe mumapatsa mtengo.

Myrth amasangalala kwambiri ndi anthu omwe amamera bonsai, chifukwa mchere umathandizira kuzindikira chinthu china chilichonse. Choncho pangani mtolo wotsika kapena korona wa mpweya wozungulira, kwa chaka chomwe mudzakwaniritsa, zotsatirazi zidzakulolani kuti musinthe.

Kuti mumvetsetse mankhwala a mandimu m'chithunzichi:

Kuwaza

Bwezerani mtengo monga mukufunikira. Mitengo yaying'ono kamodzi pachaka, ndipo akuluakulu - kamodzi zaka zingapo, pamene mphika umakhala wochepa kwa mizu.

Kuganizira kwanu ndi kanema kothandiza za kuikidwa kwa mchisiti kuphatikizapo mandimu:

Kuswana

Mitundu ya myrtle ndi mbewu ndi cuttings. Komabe, nyemba sizitanthauza kusungidwa kwa zinthu zosiyanasiyana, choncho ndi bwino kuyesa mchisanu kudulidwa.

Cuttings

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI! Phesi imayenera kuchotsedwa ku chomera cholimba komanso chokula bwino. Otvodok Half-refreshed, makamaka wamkulu mu chaka chatha, ndondomeko mizu ndi heteroauxin ndi malo mu chidebe chodzaza ndi zomwe mumakonda chisakanizo cha mchisiti: humus masamba, sod ndi mchenga.

Phesi imachokera ku chikhalidwe cha madigiri 45, kuphimba pansi pa masamba atatu. Kumanzere kupita mphamvu mu malo amdima ndi madzi a mchisitara, osalola nthaka kuti iume. Myrtle inakhazikika mu mwezi. Kenaka chomeracho chikhoza kuikidwa pamalo osatha.

Mbewu kuswana

Njira iyi si yonse yopambana. Komabe, muyenera kuyesera:

  • Nthanga za mabulosi a mandimu amafesedwa mumsanganizo wa mchenga, kuphimba mmera ndi galasi komanso nthawi ndi madzi ndi mpweya;
  • Kuthamanga kwa nthawi yayitali - miyezi isanu ndi itatu. Ndipo ngati iwo amapereka zipatso, inu munachita izo zonse;
  • mbande zimakula pamodzi ndi mofulumira;
  • akakhala ndi masamba awiri, akhoza kukhala pansi.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Whitefly, thrips, nthata ndi tizirombo tina zambiri za mchisu tikhoza kuwononga, ndiye kuti sizingathe kuwononga, ndiye kuvulaza mchisanu wanu.

Shchitovka, nyongolotsi, thrips ndi aphid Mudzagonjetsa Aktar, kuwaza kamodzi pamlungu kwa mwezi umodzi.

Mukhoza kuyesa Actellic, yomwe imapha tizirombo tikakumana naye.

Tizilombo tingathe kuonongeka ndi kupukuta mosamala chomeracho mpaka tsamba lomaliza cotton swab kapena brush wothira mu mowa tincture, tincture wa calendula.

Kupopera mankhwala pa masiku a dzuwa kumathandiza kuti mosavuta kuwononga kangaude, muyenera kungochita izi panthawiyi, kuteteza nkhuku ndi kufa kwa masamba.

Kugwa kwa Leaf

M'nyengo yozizira, masamba a chomera angayambe kuuma, ndiyeno nkugwa kwathunthu. Kotero myrtle inali yotentha kwambiri. Musaope, chomeracho sichinali chakufa. Ikani malo ozizira, koma ozizira, khalani ndi chinyezi, madzi.

Ndipo m'chakachi mitsuko idzakhala ndi moyo, ndikukondweretsani ndi mphukira zazing'ono ndi masamba okongola.
Masamba amatembenukira chikasu, akufota chifukwa chakuti madzi akutha panthaka. Mwinamwake mizu inayamba kufa. Pewani chomeracho ndipo musalole madzilogging, ngalande ingathandize zomera.

Komanso pa webusaiti yathu, werengani chifukwa chake zomera zowuma, zachikasu ndi zowonongeka m'mitengo yotsatila: Masamba, Chlorophytum, Stromanta, Lemon, Bamboo, Yucca, Kuthamanga, Euphorbia, Croton, Marant, Calathea, Katsitsumzukwa, Ivy, Cypress.

Kutsiliza

Ngati zovuta zapamwamba sizikuwopsyeza, onetsetsani kuti mupeze malo a mandimu a mchere pazenera zanu zowoneka bwino. Mukhoza kuwerenga za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mchisu ndi mitundu pano.

Ndipo myrtle, yomwe nthano zambiri ndi nthano zimapangidwa, sizidzakondweretsa inu ndi masamba ake okongola, korona wapadera ndi maluwa okongola, komanso adzathandiza polimbana ndi chimfine, nkhawa.