Maluwa okongola kwambiri Reo: amawasamalira kunyumba

Rook Mose kapena Reo - Ichi ndi chomera chotentha. Dziko lakwawo limaonedwa kuti ndilo Pakati ndi South America, kumene amatha kuwona m'nkhalango yam'mapiri, m'mphepete mwa mtsinje, m'nyanja kapena m'mapiri.

M'nkhaniyi, muphunzira momwe mungasamalire maluwa a Reo chipinda.

Kulongosola kwakukulu kwa zomera

Choyamba, alimi amayamikira Reo chifukwa cha kukongoletsa kwa masamba, omwe si monophonic okha (wobiriwira kapena wofiirira), komanso amakhala ndi mikwingwirima yosiyanasiyana: yoyera, pinki kapena chikasu. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, maluwa ake osasunthika m'ngalawamo zimakhala zokongola komanso zokongola.

Chithunzi

Onani m'munsimu: m'nyumba chomera Reo

TAYESANIkuti mtundu wa Reo uli ndi mtundu umodzi wokha wa zomera - Reo Motley.

Kusamala mutagula

Flower Reo chisamaliro pakhomo pamafunika wapadera. Atagula chomera, palibe chifukwa chochimitsira icho mwamsanga. Iyenera kuikidwa kwa milungu ingapo mosiyana ndi mitundu ina. Izi zidzamuthandiza kuchoka pa zovuta zomwe zimakhudzana ndi kusamuka, komanso kupereka mwayi wozindikira tizilombo, ngati zilipo.

Pambuyo pazimenezi, Reo ayenera kuikidwa mu gawo labwino, popeza zomera zimapezeka m'masitolo a maluwa nthawi zambiri potumiza nthaka yomwe ilibe zakudya zina. Ndiye amatsatiridwa ndi chisamaliro chachizolowezi, chimene sichimayambitsa mavuto apadera, popeza Reo sali wovuta kwambiri komanso wokhudzana ndi zifukwa zokhudzana ndi ndende.

Kuunikira

Malo Reo amakonda kuwala kowala koma kosiyana. Pankhaniyi, adzamva bwino kumbali yakummawa kapena kumadzulo kwa chipindacho. Ngati chomeracho chiri pawindo lazenera lazenera, liyenera kulenga zowonjezera kuteteza dzuwa kuti lipewe dzuwa.

Ndikofunikira! Kuwala kokwanira kungapangitse kuti mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Reo iwononge mtundu wawo woyambirira ndipo idzawongolera mwamsanga, kutayika konse kukongoletsa kwawo.

Kutentha kwa mpweya ndi chinyezi

M'chaka ndi chilimwe, kutentha kwa mpweya mu chipinda chomwe Reo ilipo chiyenera kusungidwa kuyambira madigiri makumi awiri mphambu makumi awiri ndi awiri. M'nyengo yozizira, yafupika kufika madigiri khumi ndi asanu.

Pa nthawi yomweyo muyenera kudziwa zimenezo Cholembera chimatsutsana ndi chomera, komanso kusintha kwakukulu kwa kutentha.

Popeza Reo ndi zomera zazitentha, kwa iye malo ofunika kwambiri a chinyezi.

Choncho, chomera cha Reo chiyenera kupopedwa tsiku ndi tsiku, ndipo mu poto mungathe kuika moss kapena kudula dothi, lomwe liyenera kukhala losakanizidwa nthawi zonse.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa

Mu kasupe ndi chilimwe, chomera chimafuna nthawi zambiri madzi okwanira. M'dzinja ndi m'nyengo yozizira, imamwetsa mobwerezabwereza, pokhapokha ngati pakufunika.

Dyetsani Momwe mungayambire kuyambira April ndipo mupitirire mpaka kumayambiriro kwa September. Izi zimachitika kawiri pamwezi ndikugwiritsa ntchito feteleza feteleza.

Nthaka

Reo imafuna nthaka yosalala ndi yonyansa. Kuchokera kumagulu opangidwa ndi okonzeka, mungagwiritse ntchito nthaka yokonzekera zomera zokongoletsera. Ngati nthaka yosakaniza ikukonzekera, ndiye mutha kutenga zigawo zotsatirazi:

Mtunda - magawo awiri, tsamba lapansi - gawo limodzi, peat - gawo limodzi, mchenga - gawo limodzi;
Moss-sphagnum, peat, perlite ndi vermiculite mu ndalama zofanana (kusakaniza kopanda nthaka).
Musanadzalemo ndikofunikira kukhetsa kukonzekera kusakaniza ndi yankho la potaziyamu permanganate kapena calcined mu uvuni kwa disinfection.
Kujambula ndi kudulira

M'zaka zoyambirira za kukula, Reo amaikidwa chaka chilichonse, zomera zowonjezereka zimabzalidwa kamodzi pakatha zaka zitatu.

Chophimba chokhalira chomera chiyenera kusankhidwa masentimita angapo yaitali komanso chofupika kuposa chikale. Pansi pake ayenera kukhala mabowo.

Maluwawo ayenera kuchotsedwa mu chidebe popanda kuphwanya chipinda chadothi ndikusuntha mosamalitsa ku mphika watsopano wokhala ndi madzi abwino komanso nthaka yatsopano.

Special pruning Reo sikuti, basi ayenera kuchita nthawi zonse kuchotsa masamba zouma. Ngati chomeracho chimakula ngati chosakwatiwa, ndiye kofunikira kudula ofananira nawo mphukira pa nthawi yake.

Kubereka kunyumba

Kubwezeretsanso kachiwiri kumachitidwa ndi cuttings (apical ndi ofalumikiza mphukira) ndi kufesa mbewu.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Kufalitsa mbewu kumachitika bwino m'chaka. Pochita izi, konzekerani chidebe ndi chisakanizo cha peat ndi mchenga. Mbewu imagawidwa mofanana pamtunda, molimbika kwambiri, osakanizidwa ndi botolo la kutsitsi, filimu ya pulasitiki imachotsedwa kuchokera pamwamba. Icho chiyenera kuchotsedwa tsiku ndi tsiku kuti chiwoneke ndikusunthira kukwera kwake. Pokumbukira zofunikira zonse, mphukira imawoneka mwamsanga. Masamba atatu kapena anayi atapangidwa pa mbande, mukhoza kuwasandutsa m'mitsuko.

Ndikofunikira! Mbewu imalimbikitsidwa kufalitsa mitundu yokha ya Reo ndi masamba a mtundu wobiriwira. Mu mitundu yosiyanasiyana, monga lamulo, zizindikiro za amayi sizisungidwa.

Kubalana ndi cuttings

Njira yobereketsera mbeu, Reo ayenera kusankha zipatso zabwino kwambiri, kumapeto kwa kasupe ndi kuwadula mosamala ndi mpeni woyera.

Magawo ayenera kuchitidwa ndi mpweya wotsekemera, ndipo m'munsi mwa cuttings ndi kukula stimulant. Mbalame iliyonse ya delenka imabzalidwa mu mphika wosiyana ndi mchenga ndi mchenga ndipo imayikidwa mu chipinda chozizira komanso chotentha cha rooting.

Mungagwiritse ntchito njira ina, chifukwa cha izi, zidutswazo zimayikidwa mu chidebe ndi madzi, zomwe zing'onozing'ono zowonongeka zowonongeka mpweya ndizoonjezeredwa kuti zidutswa zisasinthe. Pamene mizu yakula kukula mpaka masentimita anayi m'litali, mukhoza kudzala mphukira m'magawo osiyana.

Ndikofunikira! Onse amagwira ntchito ndi Reo akufunika kupitilizidwa ndi magolovesi, popeza kutenga juzi pa khungu la manja kungayambitse kupsa mtima kwakukulu komanso ngakhale kutentha pang'ono.

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

Ngakhale kuti mankhwalawa sanagwiritsidwe bwino, m'mayiko akumeneko amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi asing'anga kuti athetse matenda ambiri. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupanga febrifugal, machiritso a machiritso ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Nsalu zopangidwa kuchokera ku maluwa, masamba ndi mizu ya Reo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochizira matenda a mmimba, chimfine ndi chifuwa chachikulu.

Koma, ngakhale kuti chomera chiri chotheka ndipo chiri ndi machiritso, simuyenera kudzipangira mankhwala popanda kufunsa katswiri. Kuwonjezera apo Reo ndi owopsa, choncho kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kosayenera kungabweretse mavuto aakulu.
Reo ili ndi makhalidwe angapo othandiza. Zimathandizira kuthetsa mphamvu zoipa, mkhalidwe wamantha ndi kupsinjika m'chipinda. Nyumbayi imabwezeretsedwa kukhala mwamtendere, mwamtendere komanso momasuka, ndi mgwirizano ndi ubale pakati pa alimi. Zindikirani kuti mwa anthu omwe amalima chomera ichi, chikhalidwe cha ziwiyachi chimakula.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Ngakhale maluwa amkati Reo ndi chomera chosagonjetsedwa, koma ngati simutsatira malamulo a chisamaliro, zingakhudzidwe ndi chishango ndi kangaude.

Tizilombo tomwe timayang'anitsitsa tiyenera kuchotsedwa mmunda ndi njira yothetsera banja kapena sopo wobiriwira. Pambuyo pake, m'pofunikira kupopera woyera maluwa ndi tizilombo njira.

Pa matenda a Reo, imvi yovunda ndi powdery mildew ndi owopsa kwambiri.zomwe mwamsanga zimakhala pansi pa zofunikira zowonjezera chinyezi. Pochita chithandizo chomera chomera, zonse zomwe zowonongeka zimachotsedwa, ndiyeno mankhwala odzaza ndi fungicides, kuphatikizapo dothi, amachitika. Chithandizo chiyenera kuyamba pa zizindikiro zoyambirira za matendawa, mwinamwake chomera sichidzapulumutsa.

Zingakhale zovuta kukula

Kawirikawiri amalima oyamba kumabereka Reo akukumana ndi mavuto angapo ndipo samadziwa kuthetsa. Taganizirani zofala kwambiri:

  • Masamba a chomera ndi opunduka ndi owuma. Chifukwa cha kuthirira kawirikawiri, zimatha kupezeka pogwiritsa ntchito madzi ozizira kwambiri;
  • Masamba amawombera Chifukwa cha kusowa kowala kapena kusowa kwa zakudya m'nthaka;
  • Ndi kutentha kwa dzuwa masamba ali ndi mawanga achikasu;
  • Madzi amaletsa kukula kwa Reo ndikukwiyitsa tsamba limagwa m'munsi mwa mbeu
  • Ngati chomeracho chimachotsedwa ndipo chimatayika kuwala kwa mtunduzikutanthauza kuti iye alibe kuwala;
  • Zosowa zouma bulauni iwo amalankhula za mpweya wouma kwambiri;
  • Zosamba zowonjezera amasonyeza kuti kutentha kwa firimu ndi kotsika kwambiri.

Ngati mavutowa akubuka pamene mukukula Reo, m'pofunikira kuyang'ananso momwe zinthu zilili ndikusintha mogwirizana ndi zofunikira zonse.

Monga tikuonera kuchokera pamwambapa, Reo si okhwima komanso okhwima.Choncho, pokhala ndi nthawi yochepa komanso khama, mukhoza kukula ndi chomera chokongola kwambiri chomwe chidzatonthoza kwambiri chipinda chilichonse.