Kukongoletsera Hippeastrum: Kukula ndi kubalana kuchokera kumbewu kunyumba

Hippeastrum - chomera cha bulbous.

Ndilo banja Amaryllidaceae. Ali chigoba chopanda pake, amapanga inflorescences oposa 10.

Akukula pa kutentha kozizira kwa 22-26 ° C. Zimafalikira ndi mbewu ndi zomera.

Kubalana ndi mbewu ndi zithunzi

Kufalitsa mbewu za hippeastrum ndi mbewu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poyeretsa mitundu yatsopano ya zomera. Ndi njira iyi yobalera, kufanana ndi mawonekedwe a amayi ndizomwe n'zosatheka. Kuswana zimachitika pogwiritsa ntchito mapulumulo. Choncho zowonjezera kupeza masamba ofanana 100% a chomera - ayi. Pa nthawi yomweyo kubalana ndi mbewu akuganiziridwa kwambiri zovuta ndi njira yayitali.

Pakuti pollination ndizofunikira sankhani zazikulu zazikulu mababu. Maluwa oyambirira mutabzala amapezeka pa 5 kapena 6 chaka.

Olima amaluwa amaluwa amawombera pistil ya maluwa ndi mungu watsopano kuchokera ku subspecies. Kuwongolera Angapangidwe kangapo mpaka nthawi yomwe masamba a chisokonezo cha pistil sakuyambira. On kucha Mbeu iyenera kutenga miyezi iwiri.

Kusonkhanitsa Mbewu kumayambira mutatha kukwanira kwa bokosi la mbewu. Bokosi limakula pamene limayamba kuphulika. Kwa chodzala zakuthupi sankhani mbewu zazikulu kwambiri, zazikulu komanso zowola.

Ndikofunikira! Musanabzala, mbeu zonse ziyenera kusankhidwa mosamala, chifukwa nthawi zambiri pali mbewu zopanda kanthu mkati mwake.

M'munsimu muli zithunzi za mbewu za Hippeastrum:

Phunzirani zambiri za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya hippeastrum, komanso chitetezo chake ku matenda ndi tizirombo.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Mmene mungakulire hippeastrum ku mbewu popanda mavuto? Pokula hippeastrum kunyumba pasadakhale konzekerani zida zazing'ono.

Angagwiritse ntchito kugula miphika ya peat. Iwo ali ndi gawo lotayirira la breathable substrate. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito nthaka yakuda, nkhuni ndi masamba. Nthaŵi zina humus, mchenga wamchere wokhala ndi mchere ndi makala amawonjezeredwa.

Mbewu imayikidwa 3-4 masentimita popanda malo okhalamo. Kapena 7-10 masentimita ndi kukula kwathunthu ndi kulimbitsa mizu. Kuyala zakuthupi ndizozaza ndi nthaka.

Simungathe kuziika mozama kwambiri, chifukwa sangathe kukwera ndi kuvunda m'nthaka. Mutabzala, amamwetsa kuchokera ku sprayer.

Zaletsedwa Gwiritsani ntchito madzi kuchokera madzi okwanira, m'mphepete kapena botolo, pamene mbewu zikhoza kutsukidwa.
Madzi amalangiza onjezani makala.

Pamwamba pamtunda chivundikiro chawo chawo wowonjezera kutentha mini-wowonjezera kutentha. Ndikofunikirakotero kuti mapangidwe amatha kuwala. Angagwiritse ntchito kapu ya galasi, thumba la pulasitiki, pulasitiki, botolo la pulasitiki. Komanso, mukhoza kungoyang'ana galasi. Nthaŵi ndi nthawi mbewu za mpweya zimapewa kuvunda.

Pansi pali vidiyo ya kukula kwa Hippeastrum kuchokera ku mbewu:

Nthaka ya nthaka iyenera kukhala nthawi yowirira. Kuthirira kumatha kupangidwa pogwiritsira ntchito utsi kapena pulojekiti yowonjezera. Kutentha kwakukulu kuyenera kukhala pakati pa 19-24 ° C.

Musalole mphepo yozizira, mpweya wouma ndi kuyanika kunja kwa nthaka.

Mbewu ndi kuunika kofunika. Amafunikakotero kuti dzuwa limagwa pa wowonjezera kutentha.

Atatha ayenera Mphunzi yoyera ya chipale chofewa idzawonekera.

Awo kuikidwa msana kapena pang'ono owazidwa ndi nthaka, kulola kuti chomeracho chizuke kwathunthu.

Pa mizu, mukhoza kuyamba kupanga chakudya. Zabwino kwambiri kuti mugwiritse ntchito feteleza zamadzimadzi. Anamwetsa zomera ndi madzi. Pambuyo pake Hippeastrum 4-5 masamba adzawonekera, ndiye akhoza kuikidwa mu chidebe cha kukula kosatha.

Ndikofunikira! Ndi bwino kupanga njira yobzala mbeu masika.

Mbeu zoterezi zimakhala zamphamvu kwambiri kuposa zowonongeka, kuyambira chilimwe kutentha kuli kolimba komanso kofunda. Ndipo kuwala kwa dzuwa kumapangidwe kawirikawiri. Pamene tikufika m'dzinja Mbeu ikhoza kukhala yozizira, pangakhale phokoso la mphepo ndi ma drafts. Ndiponso mu nthawi yachisanu Kufika kumalo kudzayenera kumveka bwino.

Hippeastrum - maluwa yokongola chomera. Amakonda kusamala, kuthirira mwatsatanetsatane, kuwala kwa dzuwa. Mbewu Mbeu mwa kubzala ndi kulumidwa. Iyamba kuphuka kwa zaka 5-6. Kutanthauza osatha maluwa. Ikhoza kukula zaka zoposa 10. Wakulira kuchokera ku mbewu - zaka zoposa 15.