Kufotokozera za maluwa akukula kunyumba

Kukula maluwa kunyumba ndi chinthu chophweka komanso chosangalatsa chimene sichimayambitsa mavuto.

Chinthu chachikulu ndikutchera khutu kwambiri mkhalidwe wa dothi: osati kulipweteka, koma kuti usamangowonjezera.

Tidzakuuzani zonse za momwe mungamerekere kakombo kunyumba mwamsanga komanso mofulumira!

Chithunzi: mbewu, mababu ndi tubers

Tikukupatsani chithunzi cha mababu a lily:

Nthanga za Lily zimawoneka ngati - chithunzi:

Ndipo zithunzi izi ziwonetsa momwe tubers wa maluwa akuwoneka ngati:

Momwe mungakulire kuchokera ku mbewu?

Kukula maluwa ku mbewu kunyumba si ntchito yovuta. Mukhoza kugula mbewu wapadera sungani kapena musanakhalepo nokha. Njirayi ndi yopweteka, koma yothandiza. Iwo amalingaliridwa kwambiri otetezeka - chiwopsezo cha matenda chacheperachepera.

Kukonzekera

Kusonkhanitsa kumapangidwa pokhapokha Mitengo yokhayokha - mabokosi a bulauni omwe amasankhidwa omwe sanawululidwe. Mmodzi ali ndi zidutswa zokwana 200. Mbewu zomwe zatsala kale, zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe a ovundala, mtundu wofiirira, ochepa pang'ono. Kutalika kwake ndi 5 mm, ndi makulidwe - 1 mm.

Kubzala ndi kotheka mwamsanga mutatha kusonkhanitsa, koma kuzizira kozizira ndi kofunika - kutentha kwa masentimita awiri mpaka masabata angapo.

Zimalimbikitsanso kuti mbeu izikhala ndi 1-2% ya hydrogen peroxide kapena 0.04% ya zulu sulfate.

Izi zidzabweretsa nthawi yomwe imamera ndikuchepetsa chiopsezo cha bakiteriya.

Kodi kufesa kuli bwanji?

Nthaŵi yabwino kwa iye ndi kutha kwa maulendo. Chimake kakombo pa kutha 1.5-2 zaka pambuyo poyamba kumera.

Momwe mungabzalidwe?

Ndondomeko yeniyeni ya momwe mungamerekere maluwa kuchokera ku mbewu:

  • Kusakaniza nthaka kumakonzedwa - mchenga wambiri, masamba ndi sod mu magawo ofanana ndi malasha;
  • mtsinje umayikidwa pansi pa bokosilo, nthaka imathiridwa pamwamba;
  • Mbeu imafesedwa ndi nthawi ya masentimita 1-1.5 ndikuphwanyika ndi mchenga;
  • kuthirira bwino kumachitika;
  • bokosili liri ndi galasi kapena filimu.
Pa nthawi yomweyo, ulamuliro wa kutentha umasungidwa pa madigiri 20-25 ndipo mdima umasankhidwa kuti umere.

Kukula kuchokera mababu

Pogula mapepala oyambirira tcherani panjira yomwe amawoneka.

Anyezi okongola popanda kuwonongeka, ndi ubwino wabwino ndi kuuma.

Mizu yawo iyenera kukhala yamoyo, ndi kukula kwake - kuchokera 4 cm.

Mababu oyambirira amayikidwa mufiriji kwa miyezi 1-2 kuti ayambe kuphuka.

Kenaka, pansi pa thankiyi ili ndi ndondomeko ya madzi masentimita 5 - dothi lowonjezera, miyala yamtengo wapatali kapena njerwa zosweka. Chotsatira chotsatira ndichosakaniza, mpaka masentimita 10. Mababu a anyezi amalembedwa pamwamba ndikusakanikirana ndi nthaka yosanjikiza ya 18-20 masentimita Nthaka imakhuta ndi madzi ofunda. Kuyambira pambali pa mtunda wa msinkhu uyenera kukhala pafupi masentimita 7-8, kuti muthe kudzaza nthaka mutatha kumera.

Nyengo ya chaka chodzala choyenera.

Maluwa adzapezeka patadutsa miyezi 2-3 ndikuunikira bwino. Sankhani malo otentha ndi ofunda, kuthirira kumalimbikitsidwa pakapita masiku 4.

Onetsetsani kuona momwe mungamere maluwa kuchokera ku mababu, mukhoza kukhala pa kanema pansipa:

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Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mudziwe bwino malamulo odzala ndi kubzala maluwa, kubzala kwake, zozizwitsa za kulima kumalo otseguka, maluwa, matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, komanso chisamaliro chapadera m'chaka.

Kodi kukula kuchokera tubers?

Choyamba, amachizidwa ndi njira yothetsera potassium permanganate ndi zouma. Malo amodzi amasankhidwa - ayenera kukhala mthunzi wa theka. Pansi pa thankiyo amalembedwa ndi miyala yamtengo wapatali kapena njerwa, kuti mchere wambiri usapitirire. Mzu sayenera kudula. Tubers amabzalidwa mabowo ang'onoang'ono ndi owazidwa ndi peat ndi okonzedwa nthaka.

Kuzama mozama mofanana ndi babu - mtunda kuchokera pamwamba wosanjikiza katatu msinkhu wake. Pakati pa mitundu yochepa imakhala pafupifupi 12 masentimita, pakati - mpaka 15, ndipo pamwamba - mkati mwa 21 kuganizira kukula kwa acidity m'nthaka.

Kuthirira amafunikira zolimbitsa thupi. Ndondomekoyi iyenera kuchitika pa kutentha kwa madigiri 5-10. Kuyambira nthawi yobzala mpaka kumayambiriro kwa maluwa idzatenga 3-4 miyezi Pamene mphukira imatha kutalika kwa masentimita 10, nthaka imadzaza mu thanki, imasiyidwa m'mphepete mwa 1-2 masentimita. Iyo imayenera kumasulidwa - chapamwamba chapamwamba ndi 3-4 masentimita kuti nthawi zonse azidya.

Mukhoza kusankha mitundu yambiri ya maluwa monga momwe mukukondera: Tiger, Tubular, Amazonian, Asia, White, Water, Eastern, Tacca Chantrieux, Marlene ndi Henry.

Kukula mu mphika

Maluŵa amakula mpaka mamita 1.5 kapena amawoneka ngati chitsamba chosakanikirana. Ganizirani momwe mungamere maluwa m'mphika.

Kuswana kunyumba

Musanayambe kulira maluwa m'miphika, nkofunika kuchita masitepe angapo:

  • Chodzala ndi chosankhidwa - anyezi amatengedwa amphamvu, akulemera magalamu 40;
  • kalasi ya maluwa imasankhidwa;
  • Kukonzekera kumachitika pa kutentha kwa madigiri +5 kwa masabata awiri;
  • Chomera chimayikidwa mu potaziyamu permanganate kwa maola angapo komanso kwa maola 12 mu feteleza.
Phika amagwiritsidwa ntchito malinga ndi zikhalidwe za agrotechnical.

Kukula kwake kwa maluwa, kuthekera kwambiri kokwera. Ndi kukula kwa maluwa 1.5 mamita khoma la mphika ayenera kukhala osachepera 35-40 cm wamtali. Mpando umodzi umatenga pafupifupi 15 sqm Cm. Kwa mphika wokhala ndi masentimita 20, chiwerengero chachikulu cha tubers ndi zidutswa 4.

Kudyetsa limodzi sikulimbikitsidwa, mwinamwake padzakhala ana ambiri, ndipo maluwa adzachedwa.

Musanabzala mu mphika wasankhidwa Zomwe nthaka ikufunika ndi nthaka yofiira ndi humus mofanana. Pansi pa ngalandeyi yaikidwa, ndipo pamwamba - nthaka yokonzedwa. Kenaka, thankiyo imatetezedwa mwachitsulo pogwiritsa ntchito madzi otentha ndi fungicides ndi potaziyamu permanganate. Kuyala zinthu kumakula mukusakanikirana kwa nthaka ndipo ndi madzi okwanira. Mukaphuka kufika msinkhu wa masentimita 10, mukhoza kuwathandiza.

Yambani maluwa a maluwa, ndipo adzasangalala kwa nthawi yaitali ndi maluwa okongola komanso okoma.