Dracaena marginata: kusamalira kunyumba

Dracaena okondedwa ndi wamaluwa ambiri chifukwa chabwino. Amagwirizana bwino mkati mwake, ndikupanga malo abwino otonthoza omwe amadzizungulira okha. Maluwa ambiri amagula makamaka maofesi. Mtsinje waung'ono umawoneka wokongola muzipinda zing'onozing'ono.

Dracaena marginata: kufotokoza za mbewu

Mitundu imeneyi imatha kukhala ndi mitundu yambiri yotchuka komanso yolimba ya draceni. Marginata amawoneka ngati duwa, tsinde lake lomwe liri nthambi, njoka yamoto yokhala ndi zovala zokha. Masamba ake opangidwa ndi mpweya amasonkhanitsidwa pamwamba. Iwo ndi streaks zooneka, zomwe zimakonzedwa mu arc. Chisa chilichonse cha chipatso cha dracaena chiri ndi mbewu imodzi. Maluwa a dracaena amavala zoyera kapena zobiriwira, zochepa.

Dracaena amalephera kutulutsa fungo lonunkhira, koma amatha kutulutsa fungo lakuda panthawi yamaluwa. Pa nthawi izi ndi bwino kumuwonetsa iye kuchoka kuchipinda. Koma m'mayeserowa, amodzi okha amapulumutsa - dracaena imamasula nthawi zambiri. Amatenga dracaena nthawi zambiri chifukwa cha masamba okongola a zomera. Maluwa amenewa amamveka bwino mkati mwake, akugogomezera thunthu lake lokoma ndi masamba okongola.

Ndikofunikira! Dracene ikhoza kusokonezeka ndi maluwa a mtundu wa Cordilina, omwe ali pa ubwenzi wapamtima ndi iye. Koma kusiyanitsa ndi kosavuta, chifukwa dracaena alibe rhizome. Mizu yake ndi lalanje, yolunjika ndi yosalala kukhudza. Mwa oimira za Cordilin, iwo ndi amtengo wapatali, oyera, ndipo rhizome imafalikira.

Mkhalidwe wa chikhalidwe cha kukula bwinoko kumakhala kovuta

Kusamalira wolemba malire panyumba sikukuvutitsani, chifukwa ichi ndi chodzichepetsa komanso chikukula mumthunzi. Zimakula bwino ngakhale zili kutali ndiwindo. "Amenya nkhondo" omwe ali ndi masamba obiriwira. M'nyengo yotentha, dracaena ikhoza kutulutsidwa mumsewu mwa kukonza kuti chitetezo chowonjezereka chikhale chitetezo cha dzuwa. M'nyengo yozizira, kuti chitukuko chikhale bwino, zimayenera kukonza kutentha mkati mwa 12-15 madigiri otentha, osati kuposa.

Mukudziwa? Malinga ndi Chinese Feng Shui, mapesi a dracaena ali ndi tanthauzo lophiphiritsira. Choncho, mapesi atatu amabweretsa chimwemwe; zisanu - kukopa mphamvu ndi chuma chabwino; zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri; asanu ndi atatu - chimwemwe ndi chisangalalo chabwino; Zowonjezera zimayambira makumi awiri zimatchedwa "nsanja ya chikondi."

Kutentha ndi chinyezi

Dracaena amamva bwino kutentha kutentha, komwe kuli mkati mwa 15+ +28 ° C. Marginata amalekerera mwakachetechete kutentha kutentha m'nyengo yozizira kufika pa12 ° C. Pokhapokha muzochitika zoterozo, nthawi zonse kuthirira madzi ayenera kuchepetsedwa ndi theka. Apo ayi, pali chiopsezo cha hypothermia, chomwe chingayambitse matenda komanso ngakhale imfa ya mizu. Kwa dracaena zidzakhala zabwino ngati chinyezi cha mlengalenga chimawonjezeka pang'ono.

Yesani kuwaza duwa kuchokera pa sprayer kawiri kapena katatu patsiku. Chizindikiro choyamba cha kutaya madzi okwanira sichidzakhala nsonga zouma za masamba. Bwalo kawiri pa chaka chomeracho chiyenera kutsukidwa pansi pa madzi osamba. Ndi chithandizo chake, fumbi lonse la masamba a dracaena limatsukidwa ndipo pores awo amatsegulidwa. Pambuyo pa moyo wotere, chomeracho chimakhala ndi moyo. Maonekedwe ake akusungidwa bwino.

Chiyenera kukhala kuunikira kotani

Kuwala kumene kachidakwa ka draina kamakula kumakhala kathanzi ndipo kumakula mofulumira kumafunika kukhala kowala komanso kufalikira. Sichiloleza kuwala kwa dzuwa. Pa mawindo a kum'mwera ndi kum'maŵa kummawa, chomeracho chiyenera kukhala makatani a pritenyat. Koma musati muwerenge izo mopanda kanthu.

Umboni woyamba kuti dracaena ndi yoperewera kuunikira, - Uwu ndi mawonekedwe a masamba. Amayamba kuunika, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti dracaenamu iyenera kubweretsedwa pafupi ndi zenera kapena kukonza mfundo ndi kuunikira kwake. Ndiponso, kusowa kwa kuwala kwa chilengedwe kudzatsogolera ku mfundo yakuti kukula kwa maluwa atsopano kudzafikira kwa magwero a kuwala.

Momwe mungabzalidwe ndondomeko yobzala

Musanadzalemo, mbewu za dracaena ziyenera kulowetsedwa mu njira yapadera yotulutsira tsiku limodzi kutentha kwa pafupifupi 30 ºC. Awapatseni kanyumba kakang'ono ndikusungira zakudya zowonongeka ndi nthaka ya mitengo ya kanjedza. Imwani nyembazo ndi kuziika pamalo otentha. Kuwaphimba ndi magalasi kapena pulasitiki kuti apange wowonjezera kutentha. Pakadutsa miyezi iŵiri, mphukira zoyambirira za dracaena ziwonekera. Pambuyo pake filimuyo ikhoza kuchotsedwa. Kusamaliranso kwina kumaphatikizapo kutsirira ndi nthawi imodzi feteleza ndi feteleza ovuta. M'tsogolomu, pamene mphukira ifika pamtunda wa masentimita 6, ikhoza kuikidwa.

Momwe mungasamalire bwino golidilo

Dracaena wakunja ndi wa banja la katsitsumzukwa, ndipo kusamalira izo sikovuta ngakhale oyamba kumene.

Kuthirira mbewu

Kuthirira dracaena kuyenera kukhala kochuluka. Ndikofunikira kuti muzitsatira pamene dothi la pamwamba la nthaka liwuma 3 masentimita mozama. Pa nthawi yomweyi, yesetsani kuti musawonjezere mizu ya mbewuyo, popeza dracaena amakhudzidwa kwambiri. Malo osanjikiza a dothi, omwe amadula mbeu, amafunika kumasulidwa kuti apange madzi okwanira. Madzi ayenela kutengedwa mvula yowonongeka kapena yokhazikika. M'chilimwe, chomeracho chiyenera kuthiriridwa kamodzi pa masiku angapo. Ngati masamba a dracaena ayamba kuuma, ndiye kuti kuthirira kumafunika kukhala kawirikawiri.

Onetsetsani kuti chinyezi cha mlengalenga, chomwe duwa chimafunikira. M'nyengo yozizira kudula masamba a chomera amafunikira madzi kutentha. M'nyengo yozizira, dracaena ikapumula, kuthirira kuchepetsedwa, makamaka pamene duwa lili kutali ndi mabatire. Koma ngati chowotcha chiri pafupi, nkofunika kuthira madzi ndi kupopera mobwerezabwereza, mwinamwake dracaena akuuma.

Kuvala zokopa marginata

Kupitiriza nkhani ya momwe angasamalire njoka panyumba, tiyeni tiyankhule za kudya kwake. Pano, chomeracho sichisiyanitsa ndi zokonda zapadera. Pa nthawi ya chilimwe ndi chilimwe, kawiri pa mwezi muyenera kuthira maluwawo ndi zokonzekera. Poyamba nyengo yozizira, kudyetsa kumakhala kochepa. Pali chipangizo chodabwitsa chotchedwa "Dr. Foley Starter", ndipo amathira masamba mbali ya zomera. Masamba atatha kukhala odzaza ndi owala. Chotero processing dracaena zabwino chifukwa pambuyo Thirani sagwiritsa ntchito zina mizu processing.

Mukudziwa? Madzi amchere a dracaena a ku Africa ofiira amachitcha "magazi a abale awiri" kapena "vermilion." Imodzi mwa mitundu ya dracaen ndipo imatchedwa ichi chofiira cha sinamoni.

Momwe mungakolole bwino zomera

Chinjoka cha marginate chitha kukula kufika mamita atatu, ndipo ngati mumaganizira mawonekedwe ake, ndiye thunthu lalitali, losabala la kukula uku ndi mtolo wa masamba omwe amaoneka ngati osangalatsa. Olima amaluso amalangiza kuti azidula zitsanzo zoterozo, potenga maluwa awiri kumapeto. Yoyamba idzapitiriza kukula kuchokera kwa ena onse, yachiwiri kuchokera pamwamba pa mizu. Mwa njira, njira iyi imathetsera vuto la kubalana ndi apical laying, yomwe idzafotokozedwa mtsogolo.

Ndiyeneranso kudziwa momwe mungapangire dothi lopangira kuti pamwamba pake likhale lowala komanso lowala. Sitiyenera kudula, ndi kudula masamba ndi mpeni. Izi ndizofunikira kuti phesi likhale loyenera kuti likhale ndi mizu yambiri komanso kukula kwachitsamba chachiwiri. Kudulira kwachitidwa ndi mpeni 5 masentimita kuchokera ku maluwa a apical. Musanayambe ndondomekoyi, mbiya iyenera kukhala yotetezedwa ndi tizilombo toledzera. Mdulidwe ukhoza kuchitidwa onse oblique ndi molunjika.

Watsopano "bala" ayenera kuwaza ndi makala opunduka kapena sulfure powder. Kudulidwa gawo liyenera kulowetsedwa m'madzi, ndipo malasha awonjezeredwa, kotero kuti chomera chamtsogolo chidzakhazikika. Maluwa a chiberekero a chiberekero ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamalo otentha. Pofuna kuti maluwawo amere, maluwawo ayenera kuwonetsedwa ndi filimu yoonekera kapena galasi lalikulu kuti apange wowonjezera kutentha. Kuthirira zomera kumafunika kuchepa, chifukwa chinyezi chochuluka chimachepetsa kukula kwa mphukira zatsopano, pambali pake, mizu ingayambe kuvunda.

Ambiri amalima maluwa ali ndi mavuto ndi momwe angapangire mtunda wa marginate wokongola. Pambuyo pa maonekedwe a achinyamata mphukira pambuyo 14-20 masiku filimuyi akhoza kuchotsedwa. Kuti kukula kwa mphukira zatsopano kumafunika kanthawi kochepa. Kenaka, atakula kukula, njira yodula pamwamba iyenera kubwerezedwa. Momwemonso pali mapangidwe a korona wandiweyani komanso wobiriwira.

Zitha kuchitika kuti mbali yomwe ikuwombera siimera kwa nthawi yaitali. Kulimbikitsa kukula kwawo kukakamizidwa, pogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa "Epin". Iye amadzutsa kwenikweni masamba a duwa. Zomwe zimachitika zimachitika - kukula kwa impso zambiri. Zambiri mwa mphukirazi zimachotsa bwino, kupititsa patsogolo kukula kwa ena onse. Pakubwera mphukira zatsopano, dracaena ikhoza kukonzedwanso kumalo okongola ndi kuyatsa bwino, pansi pa kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Utakula mbali ikuwombera dracaena kutambasula. Kuti mukhale ndi korona wochulukirapo ndi nthambi, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito pang'ono. Pakati pa mphukira yatsopano ndi thunthu, mukhoza kuyika mpira wa nsalu yowirira mu nsalu. Njirayi ikhoza kutenga tsinde kuti ikhale yosakanikirana ndi thunthu ndi kukula kwake kwa mpira kuti asinthe njira yofunira. Kenako mpira ukhoza kuchotsedwa.

Njira zophwekazi, zomwe dragata marginalata zimasanduka nyumba yopangira nyumba, zimapezeka ngakhale kwa amalima olima maluwa. Zokwanira kupanga pang'ono chabe kuti chinjoka cha m'magazi posachedwa chiyankhe ndi mawonekedwe okongola ndi okongola a korona wake.

Pamene mukusowa ndi momwe mungasinthire dragon dragon marringata (nsonga)

Musanayambe kuika dracaena yogula, muyenera kutenga mphika, nthaka, feteleza ndi zipangizo zina. Kuwombera kwanu kumapangidwa bwino kuyambira nthawi ya March mpaka April. M'dzinja, ndibwino kuti musasokoneze zomera zilizonse za mkati, pamene ayamba kukonzekera overwintering. Njirayi iyenera kuchitika zaka zitatu zilizonse, chifukwa chomera kamodzi kamodzi pachaka.

Nthaka yosakanikirana yokolola imagulitsidwa ku sitolo iliyonse yamaluwa. Kawirikawiri imakhala ndi masamba ndi sod malo, peat, humus, othandizira tizilombo ndi zinthu zambiri. Zonsezi zikuyimira kukula kwa dracaena. Kenaka mphika wokhala wolemera kwambiri kuposa masentimita 4 ndi chomera umasankhidwa. Sitiyenera kukulira mukuphwanya, ndipo sipadzakhalanso malo ambiri omasuka. Mphuno ingayambe kuvunda kuchokera ku overwetting ndi kudya ndi zakudya. Choncho, mphika umasankhidwa, tsopano ndi koyenera kudzaza dothi lakulira pansi. Ikhozanso kugulitsidwa m'masitolo apadera. Tsopano ife tikufika pa mfundo yakuti kukwera kwa marginate, kukwezedwa komwe kuyenera kuchitidwa posangotha ​​kumene kugula, kuli okonzeka kuti izi zitheke. Muyenera kutenga chomeracho ndi thunthu, mutenge chidebe chomwe chinagulidwa, ndikuchikoka pamodzi ndi dziko lapansi.

Mizu yowuma ndi yovunda iyenera kuchotsedwa. Kugwedeza pansi kuchokera ku mizu sizingatheke chifukwa chakuti zitha kuonongeka. Tsopano chomeracho chikhoza kuikidwa mu mphika wokonzedwa ndi wokutidwa ndi nthaka. Pothirira madzi akufunika kuchoka pa malo owonjezera.

Mukudziwa? M'makampani, dracaena imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchotsa utomoni, umene umatchedwa "magazi a dragon" chifukwa cha mtundu wake.

Kuswana dragonna marginata

Njira zotchuka zobereketsera zimatsatira: mothandizidwa ndi apical cuttings ndi cuttings pambuyo pa kukula kwake kwakukulu.

Kubalanso poyika

Kuswana kwa maluwa okongola a marginate ndi aproducts si njira yophweka. Chinthu chachikulu ndikutsatira malingaliro onse, ndipo zotsatira zabwino zidzakwaniritsidwa. Choyamba ndicho kudziwa kutalika kwa maluwa ndi kusankha tsinde la kutalika kwake. Pangani chizindikiro pamtunda wina ndikudula. Ikani thupi lachilendo lopangidwa ndi ngongole kumeneko.

Choncho odulidwa sangathe kukula palimodzi. Kenaka, pozungulira incision muyenera kulumikiza thumba ndi malo oikidwa pansi, omwe ayenera kugwirizana ndi thunthu. Ikhoza kumangirizidwa ndi waya kapena kapron ulusi. Nthaka imayenera kusungidwa nthawi zonse, kotero muyenera kuthirira ndi sering'i ndi singano. Mukatero mudzapitiriza kuona mmene mbewuyo imayambira mizu yatsopano. Pamene chiwerengero cha mizu chili chokwanira, mbali imodzi ya tsinde iyenera kudulidwa ndikuyikidwa mu chidebe chosiyana.

Chomera chomera

Kwa njira iyi muyenera kutenga phesi lachinyamata ndi lamphamvu. Iyenera kudulidwa ngakhale zidutswa za masentimita 5 kuti aliyense akhale ndi masamba awiri. Kumbali imodzi, dulani makungwa pa tsinde, tumizani podulidwa ndi malo atsopano m'malo ndi malo otentha. Phimbani ndi botolo la kapu kapena botolo la pulasitiki kuti mupange wowonjezera kutentha. Onetsetsani kuti chinyezi chikhale chophimba, pamene mphukira ikuwonekera, ayenera kupopedwa nthawi ndi madzi ofunda abwino.