Tsabola wokoma "Ramiro": zizindikiro za chisamaliro ndi kulima, chithunzi

Pepper "Ramiro" wodzichepetsa.

Timakonda wamaluwa kuti azisangalala komanso azikoma.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pophika kuphika koyamba, maphunziro achiwiri ndi sauces.

Kulongosola kwakukulu kwa zomera

"Ramiro" - ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya tsabola wokoma, yomwe ili ndi masentimita 30 m'litali. Chiwerengero cha zidutswa pa chitsamba chimodzi 10-12. Kutalika 5-6 mm. Kulemera kwa tsabola umodzi kumasiyanasiyana ndi 90 mpaka 160 gr. Kukoma kwa tsabola ndi kokoma kwambiri. Mafuta okhala ndi fungo losangalatsa. Bweretsani pamaso pa mitundu yamba. Pepper amagwiritsidwa ntchito pophika. N'zosavuta kuphika. Anagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga supu zakuda ndi sauces. Mtoto wa tsabola: wachikasu, lalanje, wobiriwira, woyera.

Pakati pa mitundu yambiri ya mitundu ndi hybrids nthawi zina zimakhala zovuta kusankha zosangalatsa komanso kudzichepetsa. Pa webusaiti yathu yathu tinatiuza momwe tingasankhire mitundu yabwino, komanso momwe mungadziƔire ndi mafotokozedwe atsatanetsatane ndi malamulo othandizira kukula kwa tsabola: Bogatyr, Kakadu, Atlas, ndi mitundu 9 yokondweretsa ya tsabola.

Chithunzi

Chithunzicho chikuwonetsa tsabola ya Ramiro:





Kusamalira kwanu

Chomera chimafuna mulching.

Njirayi imateteza nthaka kuti iume ndi namsongole.

Pamene processing ikuwombera, mapesi a tsabola amangirizidwa, popeza Ramiro ali ndi phokoso losalimba lomwe lingaswe mosavuta.

Ndibwino kuti mupange mbewu zazikulu kuzungulira tchire. Amateteza tsabola ku ma drafts ndi mphepo zamphamvu.

Kubzala mbewu

Ngati palibe wowonjezera kutentha, njere za Ramiro zimabzalidwa mu February. Mbewu imasungidwa m'madzi kapena yankho la potassium permanganate mpaka kutupa kwathunthu. Kenaka amaikidwa pa nsalu kapena thonje kwa masiku 2-3.

Thandizo! Mbewu imayikidwa muzitsulo zing'onozing'ono za diameter zosapitirira 10-12 masentimita.

Kubzala mbewu yabwino yosasuntha kuwala. Nthaka ikhoza kugulidwa pa masitolo ogulitsa maluwa kapena kuphika nokha. Pa ichi tikusowa humus, mchenga ndi dziko lapansi. Kusakaniza kukuyambitsidwa mofanana. Pa makilogalamu atatu a osakaniza awa, muyenera kuwonjezera phulusa la phulusa.

Mbewu imabzalidwa ku kuya kwa masentimita 1-1.5. Kuwombera kumawonekera tsiku lotsatira mutabzala. Amamera mosamala ndi kuphimbidwa ndi galasi.

Kukula mbande

Zitsulo zokhala ndi mbande ziyenera kukhala pamalo abwino.

Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kukula ndi 22-23 ° C. Usiku, sayenera kugwa pansi pa 15 ° C.

Pambuyo pa kukula kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono tambirimbiri kuposa masentimita 5, kutentha kumayenera kuwonjezeka ndi 5-6 ° C ndipo ziyenera kukhala zosiyana pa 26-28 ° C. Imwani nyemba osati nthawi zambiri.

Kuthamanga mobwerezabwereza kumapangitsa muzu kuvunda. Koma nthaka sayenera kukhala yowuma. 2-3 nthawi mu masiku 7 mphamvu imakhala mpweya wokwanira. Njirayi idzapangitsa mbande kukula bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Nthaka ikauma, mbande ziume mwamsanga. Pamene waterlogging - mizu yavunda.

Kusindikiza pamalo otseguka

Pamunda chiwembu tsabola zotsatila ziyenera kukhala zukini, nkhaka, dzungu, kabichi. Simungathe kuika tsabola pamalo omwewo. Pachifukwa ichi, mbande zidzakhala zochepa komanso zopanda phindu. Mabedi ayenera kuchitidwa ndi kuwuka kwa 20-30 masentimita.

Pepper wa zosiyanasiyanazi akhoza kugawidwa ndi tomato wamtali. Nthaka ya kuikidwa iyenera kukhala yochepa. Mlungu umodzi usanatuluke, nthaka yawonongeka. Potsatira njirayi, mkuwa wa sulfate amatsitsidwa mu ndowa. Nthaka imatulutsidwa kuchokera ku sprayer.

Kujambula mbande zomwe zimapangidwa mu May kapena June. Ndondomeko yosamba: 45x45 masentimita. Ndikofunika kuyika mbande mu dzenje mozama mofanana ndi momwe zinaliri m'mabanki obzala.

Feteleza

Pa maluwa, mungagwiritse ntchito masamba a woodlice, nettle. Kukula kwa chomera cha coltsfoot. Mukhoza kupanga dandelion ndi plantain nsonga. Masambawa akusakanizidwa ndi makilogalamu 10 a manyowa. Mu osakaniza kuwonjezera 1 chikho cha phulusa.

Pakati pa fruiting, tsabola amadyetsedwa ndi kusakaniza kwa zitosi za mbalame zowonongeka mu 5 malita a madzi. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito ndowe zowonongeka m'madzi 10 malita.

Kuthirira

Kuthirira kumachitika ndi madzi ofunda. The optimum madzi kutentha ndi 25-28 ° C.

Musanayambe maluwa, mbewu imathirira 1 nthawi mu masiku asanu ndi awiri.

Kutentha - 2 nthawi mu masiku asanu ndi awiri. Norm: 10-12 malita pa 1 lalikulu. m

Pakati pa maluwa, kuwonjezera kuwonjezeka mpaka 3-4 nthawi mu masiku asanu ndi awiri. Mlingo wa nthawiyi: 14-16 malita pa 1 lalikulu. m

Kukolola

Malingana ndi derali, amakololedwa masiku 65-95 pambuyo pa chipatso. Pepper imalimbikitsidwa yosapsa. Izi zidzakuthandizani kugwiritsa ntchito tsabola, monga "Ramiro" ali ndi khalidwe lolephera kusunga. Sungani mbewuzo m'chipinda chozizira kapena firiji.

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

Pepper ili ndi antioxidants. Amatha kuonda thupi ndikubwezeretsa magazi. Zili ndi mphamvu yochepetsera dongosolo la mitsempha. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuvutika maganizo kwa nthawi yaitali komanso kuwonongeka kwamanjenje.

Thandizo! Ramiro amatha kuwonjezera hemoglobini m'magazi. Zipatso zili ndi zinthu zambiri zothandiza ndi mavitamini. Lili ndi: ayodini, zinki, zakudya, carotene, acids.

Musamazunze tsabola mu matenda a m'mimba, makamaka zilonda ndi gastritis. Kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwa "Ramiro" mochuluka kwambiri sikovomerezeka kwa amayi omwe ali ndi pakati komanso omwe akulera.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Pepper ikhoza kuvulaza stolbur. Zizindikiro za matenda: chikasu masamba, kulakalaka, zipatso za zosaoneka mawonekedwe.

Matendawa amatha kupatsira tizilombo zomwe zimadya zomera.

Pofuna kuteteza, m'pofunika kumasula nthaka mosamala ndipo nthawi yomweyo chotsani namsongole.

Pamene matendawa akuwonekera, chomeracho chimapulidwa ndi mankhwala ogula mankhwala.

Pepper "Ramiro" amafalitsidwa ndi mbewu. Amakonda nthaka yosasuntha, yochepa. Chikondi chaukhondo, sichilola kulemba. Angakhale wamkulu mu greenhouses. Kutentha, kuthirira kumachitika 3-4 nthawi mu masiku asanu ndi awiri. Kukolola kumachitika tsiku la 65-95. Zipatso zimagwira ntchito mochititsa mantha. Amapatsidwa mavitamini ochuluka ndi kufufuza zinthu.