Mmene mungakulire euonymus kunyumba

Euonymus ndi imodzi mwa zomera zovuta kwambiri. Dziko la euonymus ndilo mayiko akumadera otentha komanso ozizira.

Choncho, chomerachi chimapezeka m'deralo Japan, Madagascar, mayiko ena a ku America ndi ku Ulaya.

Euonymus mwachilengedwe akhoza kufika kutalika kwa mamita 7Komabe, pofuna kuswana zomera mumalo am'chipindamo amagwiritsa ntchito mitundu yochepa ya spruce ya ku Japan.

Chomera chobiriwira chotchedwa green shrub nthawi zambiri chimakula kuposa mamita 1 mu msinkhu.

Kunja, mu mphika wa euonymus ndi wamtali wopitirira 30 masentimita. Masambawa ndi mawonekedwe otalika ndi masentimita 4. Mbali za tsambali zimangokhala pansi ndipo m'mphepete mwake zimatchulidwa.

Mbali ya pamwamba ya pepalayo ndi yobiriwira, koma m'munsiyi ndi imthunzi. Maluwawo ndi aang'ono, ofiira a mthunzi wofiira. Nthaŵi zina, maluwa amatha kusonkhanitsidwa m'madzi ochepa a 2 cm m'litali, ndi maluwa 2-3 aliyense.

Ndikofunikira! Muyenera kudziwa zimenezo zipatso euonymus ndi owopsa kwa anthu! M'chilimwe, zipatso (mu mawonekedwe a bokosi) zimakhala ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira, koma ndi kugwa amayamba kufiira mpaka atembenuza burgundy mthunzi.

Wokongola kwambiri, koma woopsa. Ngati pali ana ang'onoang'ono mnyumba, ndi bwino kusankha zipatso kuchokera ku chitsamba pasadakhale.

Mitundu

Talingalirani mitundu yaikulu ya euonymus:

  • mapiko apadera;
  • wokongola;
  • wochita manyazi;
  • Chijapani

Chithunzi

Mukhoza kuwonetsa maonekedwe a euonymus omwe akugwiritsa ntchito zithunzi zathu:

Kusamalira Zomera

Ngakhale kuti pali mitundu yambiri ya mitundu yonyansa, inali yotchedwa Japanese euonymus yomwe inkakhala yotchuka pakati pa wamaluwa. Chowonadi ndi chakuti chomera amapanga zofunikira kwambiri kuunikira ndi chinyezi.

Mpweya mu chipinda ukhoza kukhala wouma, ndipo mphika ndi chomera chikhoza kukhala mthunzi wamba. Komabe, m'nyengo yozizira, euphmus yachinyontho iyenera kutulutsidwa nthawi ndi nthawi mpweya wabwino ndi kutulutsa.

Ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti euonymus sakonda kuwala kwa dzuwa. Ngati kuwala kwa dzuwa kumadalira masamba a chomeracho, pamapeto pake amayamba kutembenukira chikasu kapena kuzungulira mawanga.

Kwa kulima kwa euonymus optimum kutentha + 18-20 madigiri. Koma kuchepetsa kapena kutulutsa kutentha kwa mbewu kumalolera mosavuta.

M'nyengo yotenthapamene mpweya kutentha kwambiri, euonymus Amayenera kuthiriridwa ndi kuthiridwa ndi madzi oyera.

Muyenera kudziwa! Ngati m'nyengo yozizira, shrub ili pafupi ndi magetsi, ndiye kuti kutaya tsamba kumakhala kotsika kwambiri. Pofuna kuteteza izi kuti zisakwaniritsidwe, euonymus yachinyontho imatulutsidwa kapena kutsukidwa ndi masamba.

Ngati chomeracho chibzalidwa pansi, ndiye kuti chimatetezedwa m'nyengo yozizira, chophimba ndi nthambi iliyonse ya mitengo ya coniferous.

Kuthirira

Mu chilimwe, euonymus ayenera kukhala madzi ambiri. Koma musadzaze!

Ndikofunika kukonza ngalande yabwino pamalo odzala shrub mu mphika kuti madzi asapitirire mizu yake.

Kutsika kwa mpweya kutentha, madzi ochepa amafunika.

M'nyengo yozizira, kuthirira kumakhala koyenera. Koma nthaka kuzungulira chomeracho ziyenera kukhala zowonongeka nthawi zonse!

Kwa ulimi wothirira, gwiritsani madzi okha opatulidwa. Kuteteza madzi ayenera kukhala osachepera tsiku.

Ngakhale kuti chomera sichikukhudzana ndi chinyezi, nthenda yaikulu euonymus iyenera kukhala nthawi zonse sprayed. Zidzakhala zovuta kwambiri, ndipo tizirombo timachotsedwa bwino kwambiri ndi chithandizo cha chitsamba.

Kupaka pamwamba

Momwemonso, kudyetsa kwina kwa euonymus sizinayesedwe. Komabe, sizingakhale zodabwitsa kudyetsa chomera ndi mchere wambiri feteleza feteleza m'nyengo yamasika ndi chilimwe. Kamodzi pa mwezi sikofunika.

Ndi mtundu wanji wa feteleza womwe uyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kumadalira ntchito ya chomera. Iwo amadziwika kuti chidole cha Japanese euonymus mafunde awiri akukula. Mfundo yakuti nthawi ya kukula yayandikira, akunena maonekedwe a maluwa (pamwamba) pa mphukira iliyonse.

Mosiyana ndi zimenezi, pamene masambawa ayamba kutsegulidwa komanso masamba atsopano amawoneka, akuyembekezeranso kukula kwa shrub kukula.

Choncho, panthawi yomwe ntchitoyi ikuyamba, muyenera kudyetsa chomera ndi nitrogen feteleza. Pakati pa nthawi, mungagwiritse ntchito zovuta feteleza, ndipo panthawi imeneyo, impso zikupangidwa - phosphate potaziyamu.

Kuswana

Nthawi zambiri, Euonymus amabala zomera.

NTCHITO! Shrub ikhoza kufalitsidwa ndi kugawa chitsamba, mizu suckers, mbewu ndi zobiriwira cuttings.

Cuttings

Njira yosavuta yobereka ndi kubzala ndi masamba obiriwira.

Chifukwa cha ichi, mwezi wa June-Julayi, zidutswa zachitsulo zamphamvu zimasankhidwa kuchokera kutalika kwa masentimita 5 mpaka 6, ndipo zimabzalidwa pansi pa filimuyi mu gawo lachonde.

Kenaka wowonjezera kutentha kumakhala ndi mchenga pamtunda wa masentimita asanu, ndipo akuyembekezeredwa kuti apeze rooting.

Monga lamulo Kuwomba mizu kumachitika tsiku la makumi atatu.

Mbewu

Mbewu ya mpheta imamera kawirikawiri. Izi zimachitika chifukwa cha zovuta zina komanso nthawi yayitali. Ngati mbeu isanayambe kubzala, idzaphuka osati kale kuposa chaka chimodzi. Pambuyo pokonzekera mbewu, kumera kumachitika mofulumira kwambiri.

Bzalani mbewu zokonzedwa pansi, zomwe zimapangidwa ndi:

  • nthaka ya masamba - magawo 4;
  • humus - magawo awiri;
  • Dziko la sod - gawo 1;
  • mchenga - gawo limodzi.

Mphukira zoyamba zimawonekera tsiku la 15. Masika kapena autumn, zomera zimagona ndi mulch. M'chilimwe iwo amathira manyowa pogwiritsa ntchito mullein. M'nyengo yozizira, bedi liri ndi masamba a spruce kuteteza kuzizira. Kusindikizidwa kwa zomera zazikulu pa tsamba lopangidwa ndikupangidwa m'chaka chachitatu.

PEZANI ZOKHUDZA! Ngati mukufuna euonymus, ndiye kuti mudzakhala ndi chidwi ndi zitsamba zosangalatsa zokongola, monga: Tsache, Skimmy ndi Leptospermum.

Stratification

Pakuti stratification kutenga calcined coarse mchenga.

Tengani nyemba ndi mchenga mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 2 ndi kusakaniza bwino.

Mbewu mumchenga amasungidwa kutentha kwa madigiri 10 pa miyezi itatu.

Kenaka, chipolopolocho chikamera pambewu, amasungidwa kwa miyezi 4-5, koma kutentha kumakhala kotsika - pafupifupi madigiri 2-3.

Pofuna kupewa mbeu kufa, ziyenera kutero njira yothetsera potassium permanganate.

Kuwaza

Young shrub zaka zisanu zoyamba kuikidwa chaka chilichonse m'phika lalikulu. Pambuyo pa zaka 5, chomeracho chikhoza kuikidwa mobwerezabwereza - pafupifupi 1 nthawi muzaka zitatu.

Ndikofunikira! Musamaphatikizepo kuziyika ndi zomera zowononga kudulira. Pambuyo poyesa chomeracho, chimafooka kwambiri, ndipo sichikhoza kuikidwa.

Shrub kudulira

Kudula mitengo yokalamba kumachitidwa ngati mphukira zouma chaka chonse. Koma ndi bwino kutchera kapena kutsitsa mphukira. kumapeto. Ku korona unali wakuda ndi wokongola.

Kudula mitengo panthaŵi yake ndi yolondola kumapangitsa kupanga chitsamba kapena mtengo wozengereza. Inde, atatha kudulira, masamba oyamba amayamba kukula, kumene mphukira zazing'ono zimayambira.

Nthambi ndi Euonymus amadziwika ndi kusintha ndi ductilityndipo ndi zinachitikira ndi kupirira Angapangidwe monga ma bonsa.

Matenda

Ngati masamba a shrub ayamba kumira, m'mphepete mwawo amatha kupindika, ndipo nsongazo zimafota, ndiye zikutanthauza kuti chomeracho chimafota dzuwa kwambiri. Ndipo kumeta kumafunika.

Ngati mphunoyi ikuyamba kukhetsa masamba, ndiye kuti izi zikuwonetsa Kutsika kwa chinyezi mu chipinda kapena kutentha kwakukulu.

Muyenera kusuntha shrub kupita ku chipinda choziziritsa ndi kuthira masamba ndi madzi oyera.

Ngati kukula kwa chitsamba kwaima, ndipo masamba apansi mwamsanga amatembenukira chikasu ndikugwa, ndiye, mwinamwake, iwe basi anatsanulira chomera. Nthawi yoopsa kwambiri! Ngati zimadza kuvunda mizu, chiwonongeko chimatha kufa.

Tizilombo

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timene timakhudzidwa ndi euonymus mitsuko yakuda yofiira, akangaude ndi scarab.

Ngati mabala a bulauni amaoneka pamwamba pa tsinde ndi masamba, izi ndizo amalankhula za maonekedwe a chishango tizilombo. M'tsogolo, masamba amasanduka chikasu, ataya mtundu wawo ndipo pamapeto pake amatha. Njira yothetsera vutoli: tizilombo spray katatu pa sabata ndondomeko khumi ndi iwiri ya atellik.

Akangaude amapezeka pamayendedwe a internodes, ndipo masamba amafota ndipo potsiriza amagwa - chomeracho chinapha mkangaude. Ngati tizilombo sizinali zambiri, ndiye kuti zikwanira Sambani kachidutswa pansi pamadzi otentha kapena kupukuta masamba ndi chinkhupule choviikidwa mu madzi sopo.

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI! Ngati kugonjetsedwa kwa chitsamba kuli champhamvu, ndiye kuti ayenera kuchiritsidwa ndi atellik, monga pamene akumenyana ndi chishango.

Ngati madontho owala atulukira pamasamba, ndipo tsambalo liri lopunduka, limatanthauza chomera anagwidwa ndi ofiira wofiira nkhuku. Makamaka tizilombo amakonda achinyamata mphukira. Kulimbana ndi nkhuku ziyenera kukhala motere: Masamba owonongeka ayenera kuchotsedwa, ndipo chomeracho chimaphatikizidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Euonymus amaoneka wokongola kwambiri! Ngakhale m'munda, ngakhale pawindo pa mphika. Inde, shrub iyi imafuna kusamalidwa ndikupanga malo abwino. Koma ku mbali ina, iye azikongoletsa chipinda chirichonse popanda vuto mwa kubweretsa chidutswa cha Japan mmenemo.