Momwe mungamere sage oakwood m'munda

Salvia Dubravny, kapena Salvia, ndi shrub ya herbaceous yomwe ikhoza kukhala chomera chaka chilichonse kapena chosatha. M'madera akumidzi amakunja amapezeka nthawi zosatha zitsamba.

Mitundu yosiyana ya masewera imagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalo okongola, kupanga zolemba zodabwitsa. Amakhalanso wotchuka m'zipatala ndi kuphika. Pazinthu izi, kukolola masamba a chomera - anasonkhanitsidwa ndi owuma mu chipinda chakuda.

Mukudziwa? Pali lingaliro limene dzina la mbeu Salvia limachokera ku liwu lachilatini salvare, lomwe limatanthauza "kupulumutsa."
Salvia mitengo ya oak imakula m'minda komanso m'nyumba za chilimwe, kubzala ndi kusamalira mbewu sikovuta. Ndikofunika kutsatira ndondomeko za kulima, ndipo sipadzakhala zovuta.

Salvia oakwood: kufotokoza

Mbalame yamtengo wapatali kwambiri ndi zomera zokometsera za banja. Lili ndi tsinde la udzu, masamba osakanizika a lanceolate. Maluwa a maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa mumagulu a inflorescences ndipo amakhala ndi mtundu wa buluu kapena lalalac.

Tanthauzo la Sage oakwood:

  • kutalika - 35-90 cm;
  • m'munsi tsinde masamba - 3.5-10 masentimita yaitali ndipo 1.5-3 masentimita lonse;
  • inflorescences ndi ophweka, onetsetsani awiri awiri awiri a nthambi zomwe zimadutsa mzere wa inflorescence;
  • Maluwa amasonkhanitsidwa mu zidutswa 4-6 maluwa obodza, omwe ali pa tsinde pa mtunda wa masentimita 1.5;
  • chipatso cha msuzi
Chitsambachi chimakhala champhamvu kwambiri, pansi pamakhala tsinde, ndipo chimakhala chomera chomera pamwambapa. Choncho, m'nyengo yozizira, mbali yam'mwamba ya tsinde ikhoza kufota, koma imabweranso mwamsanga.

Malo abwino kwambiri odzala sage oakwood, malo osankhika a zomera

Salvia mitengo ya oak imamera m'chilengedwe m'mapiri, pamapiri. Koma ndi kotheka kukula ngati chomera cholimidwa. Kuti mudziwe momwe mungamere maluwa m'munda, chidziwitso n'chofunika pa malo omwe angakhale bwino. Ndikofunika kusankha malo abwino kwa zomera ndi nthaka.

Momwe mungasankhire malo a mzeru

Kuti mukule bwino, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungabzalitsire chomera ndi malo omwe mungachite. Sage oakwood amakonda kuwala, choncho malo ayenera kukhala bwino. Komanso, malowa ayenera kutenthedwa bwino.

Ngati mutasankha malo abwino m'munda wa sage, zidzakula mizu ndikukula mwamsanga m'gawo la mamitala lalikulu mamitala. Pamene chodzala zomera ziyenera kukumbukira kuti zimakula ndipo nkofunikira kuchoka pamalo osungirako. Kawirikawiri ndi 50-60 masentimita ku chomera chotsatira.

Kodi nthaka imakonda bwanji?

Popeza nthanga ndi mbewu yamtchire, ilibe chofunikira pa nthaka. Chinthu chokha - ndikofunikira kuti pasakhale madzi apansi. Ndipo kotero kukula kwa chomera ndi choyenera wamba munda nthaka kapena nthaka kusakaniza kwa m'nyumba zomera. Mukamabzala pamalo otseguka, m'pofunikira kukumba mderalo musanafike m'dzinja ndikuzidyetsa ndi manyowa, kompositi kapena phosphorous-potassium mchere feteleza. Kukula bwino kwa mbeu kumapangidwa bwino mu nthaka ndi acidity - 5.5-6.5 pH.

Ndikofunikira! Pa nthaka yochulukirapo, maluwa amayamba bwino, kapena m'malo mwake, zimayambira bwino. Maluwa amapezeka mosavuta kwambiri - maluwa adzakhala ochepa ndipo masamba sangatsegulidwe bwino.

Zomwe zimabzala udzu Dubravnogo

Kufalitsa kwa salvia kungakhoze kuchitika m'njira zingapo:

  • mipangidwe ya mpweya;
  • timadula;
  • magawano a chitsamba;
  • mbewu.
Salvia mitengo ya oak imapezeka kawirikawiri polima mbewu. Njirayi ingagwiritsidwe ntchito pofesa mbewu mwachindunji kapena pokula mbande kunyumba. Monga pofesedwa pamalo otseguka, wokalamba amakula pang'onopang'ono ndipo chifukwa cha maluwawa mochedwa, nthawi zambiri zimakula msinkhu.

Mmene mungamere chomera chatsopano - njira yogawanitsira chitsamba, kufesa mchenga mwachindunji pansi ndi momwe mungabzalitsire sage pa mbande - mungathe kusankha pofufuza njira zonse ndikupeza zoyenera pazochitika zina. Aliyense wa iwo ali ndi makhalidwe ake omwe.

Malamulo othandizira kukula kwa mbande za oak

Mu maluwa Mbeu ya Dubravnogo kubzala kwa mbande zomwe zimapangidwa kumapeto kwa dzinja kapena mu March. Kubzala pamalo otseguka kumachitika mu kugwa kapena kasupe.

Kawirikawiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito moyenerera njira yoberekera ya oak. Izi ndi chifukwa cha zovuta zina za kulima mwa kugawa chitsamba. Kufalitsa mbewu kumatheka kwa mitundu yonse ya salvia.

Njira ya mmera

Salvia oakwood nthawi zambiri imafalitsidwa ndi mbande, kubzala pa mbande kumachitika mu February-March. Njirayi ndi yogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, chifukwa ikabzalidwa pamtunda, zomera zimakula pang'onopang'ono ndipo zimamasula mochedwa.

Pakuti kubzala mbewu za mbande zidzafuna mphamvu zomwe ziyenera kudzazidwa ndi zakudya, nthaka yochepa. Mbeuyi imayikidwa m'nthaka, yokonzedwa pang'ono ndi nthaka. Pambuyo pake, nthaka iyenera kukhala yothira komanso yokutidwa ndi zojambulazo.

Pamene masamba ochepa amatha pachimake, mbande zimathamanga. Kuyambira nthawi imene chodzala mbande, - Ichi ndi chiyambi cha kasupe, mbewu zimakhala zolimba kale isanafike chilimwe. Pambuyo pa miyezi 2-2.5 mutabzala mbewu, mbande ingabzalidwe pamalo otseguka.

Musanabzala mbande pamalo otseguka, zikhoza kuumitsa - kuyambira pakati pa April kutenga miphika ndi mbande kwa kanthawi pamsewu.

Ndikofunikira! Mbande ayenera kulandira kuchuluka kokwanira kwa chinyezi. Pachifukwa ichi, munthu akhoza kugula gawo lapansi ndi hydrogranules ya mbeu zowera. Izi zidzakuthandizani kutsimikiza kuti chinyezi mu mbeu iliyonse ndi yunifolomu.
Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu mmunsi

Kufesa mbewu mwachindunji Mbewu za Salvia zomwe zimatulutsa m'nyengo yozizira kapena kumayambiriro kwa masika. Mukhoza kufesa mbewu kuyambira March mpaka June.

Momwe mungabzalitsire mbewu za sage dubravny mwachindunji pansi:

  • Nthaka imakonzedwa ndi kuwaza ndi mchenga wokazinga, kenako mbeuzo zidaikidwa pamwamba;
  • Mbeu zowonongeka zimadetsedwa ndi mchenga, wothira ndi wokutidwa ndi polyethylene pamwamba;
  • Panthawi ya kukula muyenera kuyang'anira chinyontho cha gawo lapansi.
Nthawi ya kukula kwa sage oakwood - masiku 17-23 kutentha kwa 22-24 ° C. Pambuyo pa masamba omwe amabwera ndikuwonekera, filimuyi iyenera kuchotsedwa.

Kuswana sage dabravnogo kusuntha chitsamba

Salvia mitengo ya oak ikhoza kubereka ndi kugawa chitsamba kumadera akum'mwera. Mukhoza kuchita izi kumapeto kwa August. Shrub mwapang'onopang'ono, mutagawani mbali ya muzu. Gawo logawidwa lingagwiritsidwe ntchito pobzala watsopano shrub shrub.

Mukudziwa? Masamba a Salvia amaledzeredwa ndikuledzera ngati tiyi. Zakumwazi ndi zothandiza popewera chimfine, komanso zimathandiza panthawi yozizira.

Zomwe zimasamalira mtengo wa thundu

Sage oakwood amafunika kusamala. Ndipotu, ndi madzi okwanira komanso owala. Ndikofunika kupewa ma drafts ndi ozizira kutentha. Malamulowa amagwiritsidwa ntchito pa chisamaliro cha mbeu mumtunda ndi kumunda.

Momwe mungamwetsere chomera

Mitundu ina ya salvia silingalole chinyezi chochulukira m'nthaka, kotero simukuyenera kuyimitsa ndi kuthirira. Young zomera adzakhala othandiza kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa. Mukhoza kunena kuti chomeracho sichikusowa madzi, koma maluwawo akakhala ouma, zimakhala ngati chizindikiro cha kusowa madzi.

Zomwe zimadyetsa sage oak

Chaka chilichonse m'chaka, oakwood amafunika kudya. Mavitamini a feteleza ndi oyenerera izi. Pambuyo pake mukhoza kupanga phosphate ndi fetashi feteleza. Kumapeto kwa nyengo, kugulira mulingo kumathandiza. Manyowa a m'munda ndi abwino kwa izi.

Momwe mungakonzere chomera

Pamene kukula kwa salvia kumakhala kosatha, m'pofunika kuigula kuti apange chomera, kuti apereke mawonekedwe omwe akufuna. Komanso pamene chomera sichimakula ndi zowonekera, pamene kudulira kumapangitsa kuwonjezeka kwakukulu mu mphukira, tchire zimakhala zazikulu kwambiri.

Pambuyo maluwa aakulu atatha, muyenera kudula nkhalango ya salvia. Pachifukwa ichi, pachimake chimanso chidzafika kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Mankhwalawa amafunika kuchepetsedwa ndi magawo awiri pa atatu. Pachifukwa ichi, chomeracho chidzakhala chokwanira.

Matenda ndi tizilombo ta oak

Mtsinje wa Sage, kapena salvia, pamalo otseguka akhoza kuthandizidwa ndi tsamba la tsamba, kangaude, kansa ya mizu. Choncho, m'pofunikira kusamalira bwino mbeu ndi kuyigwiritsa ntchito ndi kukonzekera koyenera.

Zina mwa tizirombo zomwe zimakhudza nkhumba za oak, ndi izi:

  • sage mite;
  • tchire;
  • udzudzu waululu;
  • mchenga wa mchenga;
  • nyengo yozizira.
M'minda, nkhondo yabwino idzagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse ndi mankhwala ogulitsidwa m'masitolo apadera. M'madera akuluakulu amafunika kutsatira malamulo a kayendedwe ka mbewu.

Salvia oakwood si mtengo wokongola wokha, komanso maluwa othandiza kwambiri. Ndi chomera chabwino cha uchi komanso chithandizo chothandiza cha mankhwala m'thupi, stomatitis, matenda a chiwindi, m'mimba ndi ena. Sikovuta kulima, ndipo aliyense akhoza kupeza chomera chokha.