Liana yochititsa chidwi yomwe ili ndi masamba akulu - Rafidofora: zithunzi ndi nsonga za chisamaliro

Rafidofora - wokongola liana ndi masamba okongoletsedwa.

Zikuwoneka ngati monstera, imakula mofulumira ndipo imakhala chomera chotalika, kukongoletsa nyumba yanu ndi kuyang'ana kwake kokongola.

Kufotokozera

Rafidophora ndi mpesa wa banja la Aroid.

Mitengo ya kumidzi imatchedwa East India ndi Sri Lanka.

Mitundu ina ili ndi mapangidwe a singano pa zimayambira, zomwe zomerazo zimatchedwa: phora - "carrier", raphido - "singano".

Masambawa ndi ofunika kwambiri, omwe amawoneka ngati ovunda kapena mtima. Kutalika mpaka masentimita 60, m'lifupi - mpaka masentimita 45 mpaka 50. Masamba ndi obiriwira amdima, osakanikirana, koma achinyamata - lonse.

Nyumba sizikuphulika nthaƔi zambiri, maluwa sakuimira mtengo.

Chithunzi

Admire the Rafidofora creeper pa chithunzi pansipa:

Mitundu

Pali mitundu iwiri:

Kutsegula

Mitunduyi imakhala ndi thunthu lakuda, nsalu zazikulu zamakono zimakhala ndi masentimita 50, pinnate.

Chithunzi cha Nibbling:

Kuwongolera

Zimayambira ndi mafupitafupi, omwe amafika pa masentimita 10, amasonyeza.

Chithunzi cha zamoyo zowonongeka:

Kusamalira kwanu

Kusamala mutagula

Kupaka nyumbayi kumakhala kosasamala mu chisamaliro, amasankha kutentha kwambiri, kutentha kwakukulu, madzi okwanira komanso kuwala.

Rafidofor imafuna kupopera mbewu nthawi zonse ndi kusintha kwa pachaka.

Pambuyo kugula akulangizidwa kuti aziwaza maluwa kwa masabata atatu ndiye perekani masiku angapo a mpumulo. Kenaka, achinyamata zomera amaikidwa chaka chilichonse, makamaka kumayambiriro kwa masika; zomera zazikulu zimabzalidwa zaka 2-3.

Kudulira

Malo rafidofora amathandiza kwambiri kudulira. Ndi chithandizo chake, duwa lingapangidwe bushy korona. Kuti tichite zimenezi, zimayambira m'kati mwa kasupe mpaka theka la kutalika kwake.

Ndikofunikira: Mulimonse mulibe muyenera kuchotsa mizu yoyenera.

Duwa limakula kunyumba ndipo mwamsanga limapeza mphukira zatsopano.

Kuthirira ndi chinyezi

Chomera m'chilimwe ndi kasupe chimakonda nthawi zonse madzi okwanira ambiri kamodzi mu masiku 4-5, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ofunda osungunuka.

M'nyengo yozizira, madzi maluwawo moyenera, osati kamodzi pa sabata. Kuti nthaka ikhale ndi nthawi yowuma pamwamba.

Rafidofora imafuna chinyezi chachikulu. Kupopera mbewu sikutheka tsiku lililonse, koma osachepera 3 pa sabata.

Zidzakhalanso ngati njira yowonjezera yothetsera nthata za kangaude.

Mukhozanso kupukuta masamba akulu ndi nsalu kuti muthe kuchotsa fumbi.

Ndikofunikira: osayika maluwa pafupi ndi zipangizo zotentha.

Kutentha ndi kuyatsa

Rafidofora kusankha pa nkhani ya kutentha iye amakonda kutentha kutentha popanda lakuthwa madontho.

Kwa nyengo yozizira, kutentha kudzakhala 13 mpaka madigiri, mu nyengo yotentha ya chaka - 18-24 madigiri.

M'nyengo yotentha, mukhoza kutenga mpesa ku khonde la mpweya wabwino.

Maluwa a nyumbayi ndi ofunika kwambiri amakonda kuwala kosavuta. Ndikoyenera kuti ukhale pawindo pa dzuwa, koma popanda dzuwa lachindunji, ndi bwino pritenyat

Ndizosangalatsa: M'kuunika kochepa, masamba a rafidophora amakhala ochepa.

Tikufika

Miphika yayikulu imatengedwa mmera, kotero imakula mpaka masentimita 40 pachaka. Ma rafidophora amavomerezedwa ndi kuika kumapeto.

Amalangizidwa kuti atenge dothi lachonde, lokhala ndi gawo limodzi la nkhuni, 1 gawo la mchenga ndi nthaka ya masamba atatu. Tenga nyemba, humus, peat ndi mchenga mofanana.
Pangani mphika wabwino kuti mupewe madzi osagwa.

Kuwaza ndi kudyetsa

Young zomera amalangiza kubwezera chaka chilichonse wamkulu amamera zaka 2-3. Ndipo ngati mulibe tizilombo m'nthaka, ndipo nthaka ili bwino, ndiye kuti mutha kuchotsa dothi lokwera pafupifupi masentimita asanu, ndipo mudzaze nthaka yatsopano.

Bungwe: M'mwezi woyamba, yesetsani kuthirira mpesa moyenera.

Feteleza ndi yabwino pa nthawi ya kukula kwakukulu, ndiko kuti, m'chilimwe ndi masika. Mchere wamchere feteleza ndi angwiro pa cholinga ichi. pazifukwa zosaposa 50%. Amalangizidwa kuti azichita kamodzi pamwezi.

Kuswana

Rifidofora imachulukanso mosavuta pokhapokha ngati malo akukula.

Pali mitundu 2 yobereketsa:

  • mbewu - sitigwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri chifukwa cha kumera kochepa;
  • cuttings - kawirikawiri imachitidwa kunyumba.

Pofuna kubereka zipatso za chilimwe, nsonga za mphukira zazing'ono ndi masamba 2-3 kapena mizu ya mlengalenga imathetsedwa, ndipo zimayambira pansi pa tsamba.

Zotsatira za cuttings zimayika mu chidebe ndi kukula zopatsa.

Kenaka zidutswazo zimakhala ndi mizu ya masabata 2-3 pa kutentha kwa madigiri 20-22 makamaka mwadothi wokonzeka wa peat ndi moss kapena madzi. Amalangizidwa kuti aphimbe chidebecho ndi botolo kapena thumba la polyethylene.

Akukula ndi mizu amabzalidwa miphika mu nthaka ya humus, tsamba, nthaka ya sod ndi mchenga.

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

Ntchito

Chikhalidwe cha chipinda chimachepetsedwa chifukwa chokongoletsera. Masamba a mpesa ali ndi mitundu yambiri ya mankhwala omwe amatsutsa.

Kuchokera ku masamba owuma ndi zimayambira za Rafidophore nibbling, zimakonzedwa kuti zitha kumenyana kwambiri ndi causative wodwala malungo.

Kuvulaza

Rafidofora si chomera chakupha. Koma, monga zonse zowononga, iye poizoni.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Zosatheka zovuta

Chomeracho sichidzichepetsa ku zikhalidwe zomangidwa, koma kumafuna chinyezi chapamwamba.

Ngati masamba akuwuma ndi kuyanika - mpweya wouma kwambiri kapena nthaka yopanda madzi.

Kutembenuza zimayambira - kuthirira kwambiri.

Masamba otsika amagwa ndipo okhawo amene amaoneka ngati achikasu - hypothermia kapena matenda a mizu pamene madzi akutha.

Tizilombo

Nkhumba zazikulu zomwe zimakhudza chomera ndizo nsabwe za m'masamba, thrips, scythe ndi ntchentche.

Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa nsabwe za m'masamba, masamba azipiringa ndi kutembenukira chikasu, ndipo chobvala chowoneka chimapezeka.

Nkhumba za kangaude zimachoka ku kangaude pamtunda, ndipo masamba amakhala opusa komanso opanda moyo.

Thrips amayamwa madzi kuchokera kumapu, kuwawononga iwo, masamba amatembenukira chikasu, mabowo ndi makombero amapangidwa.

Mungathe kuchotsa tizirombo pogwiritsa ntchito masamba ndi tsinde ndi madzi otsekemera, kapena mungagwiritse ntchito mapangidwe apadera monga "Fitoverm" kapena "Inta-vir."

Ngati owerenga amakonda maluwa osadziwika, ndiye kuti muyenera kuwerenga nkhani zokhudzana ndi zomera zotere:

  • Partenocissus;
  • Zinthu;
  • Kufufuza;
  • Epipremnum;
  • Cissus;
  • Cyanotis;
  • Tseropegiya Sanderson;
  • Philodendron;
  • Tunbergia;
  • Tolmia

Nchifukwa chiyani sizamasamba?

Rafidophora mu chikhalidwe chamamaluwa chimamasula kwambiri, kawirikawiri maluwa amakhala osangalatsa ndipo samaimira mtengo wapadera.

Chipatsocho chimawala malalanje. Ngati rafidophora sichiphulika, zimatanthauza zakudya zochepa komanso kuwala pang'ono.

Kutsiliza

Ndi chisamaliro choyenera, kuthirira kwa nthawi yake ndi kutsimikizira kuti mvula imakhala yambiri, Rafidofora idzakula mwamsanga ndi kukongoletsa nyumba yanu kwa zaka zambiri!