Kukolola ndi nyengo yozizira-yolimba peyala zosiyanasiyana "Hera": kufotokoza ndi chithunzi

Tsamba, mosiyana ndi mtengo wa apulo, posachedwapa si wotchuka kwambiri. Chifukwa chake chinali chotsika chisanu chotsutsana ndi chikhalidwe ichi.

Koma m'kupita kwa nthawi, mitundu yatsopano idzadzaza phokosoli bwinobwino. Zosiyanasiyana "Hera" ndi ubongo watsopano wa obereketsa ku Russia.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

Zosiyanasiyana ndizo kufikira nyengo yozizira, kuphulika kwa zipatso kumapindula pambuyo pa theka lachiwiri la September. Zokolola zambiri ndi chisanu chokhazikika. Mtengo wautali, zipatso za chilengedwe chonse.

Mitengo yachisanu imaphatikizaponso January, Chudesnitsa, Bere Russkaya, ndi Fairy.

Mbiri yobereketsa ndi dera loswana

"Hera" imaonekera kwa mitundu iwiri ya makolo "Bwerani ndi Turin"ndi"Mwana wamkazi wa Dawn".

Zambiri zinapezeka ku All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics ndi Kubereka Zipatso Zomera Michurin, ndi kutenga nawo mbali olemba monga S.P. Yakovlev, A.P. Gribanovsky, N.I. Saveliev ndi M.Yu. Akimov.

Zinalembedwa mu Register Register ya Central Black Earth dera.

M'dera lino, mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayenda bwino: Duschess, Rossoshanskaya Dessert, Muscovite ndi Cosmic.

Peyala "Hera": kufotokoza zosiyanasiyana ndi zithunzi

Mtengo wautali wamtunduwu uli korona waung'ono, yopapatiza-pyramidal mawonekedwe. Kusakaniza masamba, monga pa masamba apachaka, ndi osatha.

Akuwombera molunjika, sing'anga makulidwe, khalidwe la bulauni mtundu, osakhala ndi tsitsi. Chechevichek pa thunthu pang'ono. Zosakaniza zolimba zimapangidwira ku thunthu, zikhale ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira ndi kukula kwake. Masamba ndi odulidwa, obiriwira, oboola pang'ono.

Kuyang'ana kwa tsamba la masamba ndi sing'anga, pali mapepala ang'onoang'ono pamphepete, pamapeto pake pali chidziwitso chaching'ono. Pamwamba pa pepala ndiwonyezimira ndi yosalala. The petiole ndi sing'anga m'litali ndi makulidwe.

Zipatso za kalasi zimaonedwa ngati zazikulu. Ambiri zolemera kuchokera 180 g mpaka 250 g. Zipatso za mawonekedwe oyenera, ofewa ndi apakati. Khungu la chipatsocho ndi lolimba, mwinamwake louma ndipo ali ndi makulidwe ambiri.

Zipatso zazikulu zingadzitamande Krasnobokaya, Elena, Victoria ndi Lel.

Mtundu umasakanikirana, mtundu wobiriwira ndiwo mtundu waukulu wa chipatso, mthunzi wamthunzi ndi wofiira, pali mzere wozungulira. Peduncle oblique, yaying'ono.

Mphunoyi ndi yaying'ono kapena pafupifupi imperceptible. Chikho cha peyala chimatseguka, saucer sagwera, kukula kwa saucer ndi sing'anga. Mtima ndi wochepa, mawonekedwe ozungulira. Mbeu zofiira zimapezeka mu maselo obisika.

Chipatso cha zipatso za kalasiyi bwino-grained, ali ndi mthunzi wa kirimu. Kapangidwe kawo ndi granular ndi mafuta. Chipatso cha zipatso wokoma ndi wowawasa, wokhala ndi madzi okwanira ndi fungo labwino. Pamwamba pa mfundo zisanu, peyala ya Hera inali adavotera pa 4.3 mfundo.

Mapeyala osiyanasiyana "Hera" akufotokoza za mankhwalawa:

KupangaChiwerengero cha
Nkhani yowuma14,5%
Shuga9,6%
Zotsatira0,4%
Ascorbic acid8.8 mg / 100g
P-yogwira zinthu86.0 mg / 100g

Kuti mumve zambiri zokhudza zosiyanasiyana ndikuwona mapeyala "Hera" akhoza kukhala pa chithunzi pansipa:




Zizindikiro

Zipatso pamtengo zimatha kuchoka pa sabata lachitatu la September. Peyala yokwanira ndi "Hera" imayamba kubereka zipatso Zaka 4-5 akufika.

REFERENCE: Zipatso za izi zosiyanasiyana mu malo osungirako bwino sizikhoza kutaya khalidwe lawo la malonda mpaka masiku 160.

Zosiyanasiyana ndi zosiyana kwambiri zabwino zokolola ndi pafupifupi chitetezo kwa chisanu. Pansi paziyesero zojambula zozizira, zosiyanasiyana zinatsutsana ndi kutentha kwa -38 ° C. Kuwonongeka kwazing'ono kwa pafupifupi 1.8 mfundo kunkaoneka pa nthambi za pachaka.

Zokolola zapamwamba zikuwonetsedwa ndi mitundu zotsatirazi: Bere Bosk, Cathedral, Noyabrskaya ndi Elegant Efimova.

Kudzipereka kwa "Gera" ndi kochepa kwambiri. Kuti mukhale ndi ovary odzaza zipatso pa tsamba amafunika kukhala ndi mitundu ina ya peyala yoyambitsa mungu.

Koma ngati mumapanga mitundu iwiri kapena itatu ya mitundu ina pamtengo umodzi, ndiye kuti ikhoza kuchita mosavuta popanda opaleshoni.

Pa nkhani ya zovuta za nthaka kuti zikhale zovuta ndi ulimi wothirira zosiyanasiyana zimayesedwa.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira

Ku Russia, m'madera okhala ndi nyengo yozizira, ndi chizolowezi choyala peyala. m'nyengo ya m'dzinja. Malo oti chomera ayenera kusankhidwa mosamala kwambiri, kupatsidwa kuti peyala ndi mtengo wamtali ndithu.

Mtunda kuchokera pa mpanda, nyumba kapena mitengo ina iyenera kukhala osachepera mamita atatu ndipo zina ndi zabwino.

ZOFUNIKA KWAMBIRI: Young peyala mbande samapulumuka bwino ndikukula pang'onopang'ono kwa zaka ziwiri zoyambirira. Izi ndi zotsatira za mizu yoipa.

Kulowa dzenje kuyenera kukhala pafupifupi mita imodzi yakuya ndi pafupifupi 80 masentimita awirizingakhale zambiri. Ngati malowa akuyendetsedwa ndi dothi lamchenga, ndiye kuti wothira humus ndi 2-3 ndowa za peat. Peyala yabwino imakula ndi kuwonjezera kwa nthaka yakuda.

Ndi mwambo wokonzekera dzenje sabata isanachitike. Iyenera kupangidwa msuzi ndi mchenga wochuluka mumagulu ofanana, zitsamba ziwiri, ndi supuni zitatu. l potaziyamu sulphate.

Manyowa amasakaniza bwino ndi nthaka kuti abwererenso ndi kuthira madzi awiri. Pambuyo masiku asanu ndi limodzi (6-7), dzenje lirikonzeka kwathunthu kubzala mitengo yaying'ono.

Mwezi woyamba mtengo umafuna kuthirira bwino mpaka utakonzedweratu. Komanso m'chaka choyamba, peyala imayenera kudulira zida zapamwamba.

M'tsogolo, peyala zosiyanasiyana "Hera" sizikufuna kuthirira mobwerezabwereza, chifukwa mizu yake imatha kutulutsa chinyezi bwino. Chimodzi chokha ndicho nyengo za chilala chokhalitsa. Madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala katatu m'nyengo ya chilimwe, musanayambe maluwa, nthawi ya ovary ya chipatso ndi yophukira mu October.

REFERENCE: Peyala "Hera" sichifunikira kwambiri kudula, monga mitundu ina. Kupanga korona wake kumachitika mwachibadwa ndipo kumafuna kusintha pang'ono.

Kuyala mitengo ya peyala kumachitika molingana ndi ndondomeko yotsatirayi:

  1. Kupukuta nthambi zowonjezereka kwambiri kuti dzuwa likhale lofikira ku nthambi zonse.
  2. Kuti mtengo usatambasule kwambiri, thunthu lake limadulidwa pa kotala.
  3. Malo odulidwa ayenera kuchitidwa ndi chida chapadera.
  4. Nthambi zonse zakudwala kapena zouma ziyenera kuchotsedwa, komanso zomwe zikukula kumbali yoyenera.
  5. Dothi liyenera kupangidwa pansi pa nthambi, osasowa kuchoka.

Popeza "Hera" ndi mitundu yosazirala, Iye safuna malo ovuta kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira. Mitengo yaing'ono yokha ndiyofunikira chisamaliro chapadera.

Ndi kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yozizira, iwo amawombera ndi spruce nthambi ndi chisanu. Monga lamulo, izi ndi zokwanira. Mitengo yokhwima iyenera kuphimbidwa ndi chipale chofewa m'madera ozungulira mtengo.

Zima-mitundu yolimba ndi monga: Rogneda, Svetlyanka, Sverdlovchanka ndi Samara Kukongola.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

"Hera" ali ndi matenda abwino oteremonga //selo.guru/ptitsa/bolezni-p/gribkovye/parsha.html, septoriosis ndi antomosporiosis. Koma izi sindizo matenda omwe angakhudze mtengo wa peyala.

  1. Khansara yakuda Pamene pali kugonjetsedwa kwa masamba, nthambi, korona ndi zipatso.
  2. Monilioz. Peyala zipatso zowola pa nthambi.
  3. Bakiteriya amatenthe. Kugonjetsedwa kwa mtengo, kumatsogolera ku imfa yake.
  4. Cytosporosis. Nthenda ikayamba yofiira, makungwawo amalira.
  5. Mame a Mealy. Awonetsedwa ngati mawonekedwe oyera pa mphukira ndi masamba.
  6. Kutupa. Zimatsogolera ku masamba oyambirira oyambirira.
  7. Milky shine. Zimakhudza makamaka zipatso zomwe zimafa pomwepo pa nthambi.

Makamaka zotsutsana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda m'zinthu zosiyanasiyana zapezeka. Tsamba silikugwidwa ndi matenda okha, komanso ndi tizirombo timakhala pamtengo.

  1. Njenjete yaing'ono. Mbozi ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda imatengera chipatso cha peyala.
  2. Aphid wobiriwira. Kuwononga masamba ndikulimbikitsa chitukuko cha soot.
  3. Listoblashka. Zimakhudza kwambiri, mpaka kuwonongeka, mbali zonse za mtengo.
  4. Listovertka. Amasankha malo a masamba, kuwasungira mu chubu.
  5. Peyala mite Kujambula zowonongeka kumayambiriro kwa masamba kumasokoneza kukula ndi kukula kwa mtengo.

Zotsatira izi zimatengedwa kuti zithetse matenda a mtengo ndi kuwononga tizilombo:

  • Kugwa masamba m'dzinja kumachotsedwa ndi kutenthedwa, chifukwa chakuti pamakhala pafupifupi mavitamini onse ndi mavairasi a matendawa.
  • Kugwilitsika kwa matabwa a nkhuni ndi mandimu kudzatetezera ku tizirombo tomwe timaphika pamakungwa.
  • Kuyenera kuyendera mtengo nthawi yonse, kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa masika ndi kutha kumapeto kwa autumn.
  • Chithandizo cha bwalo la thunthu la njira ya urea ndi kukumba bwino.

Pang'ono pokha kuzindikira matenda kuti apopera mbewu mankhwalawa mosiyana ndi matenda kapena tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pofuna kupewa, mutha kuchiza mtengo mumasika, chilimwe ndi autumn ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Peyala "Hera" ndi bwino kuti kudzichepetsa kwake kuzizira ndi korona wozungulira. Ndichisamaliro choyenera, chidzakondwera ndi zipatso zake zokongola osati mbadwo umodzi.