Chomera china chodabwitsa cha Alternantera ndi njira yabwino yosinthira maluwa pabedi!

Alternantera - izi ndizodzichepetsa ndi miyezo ya amalima ambiri amaluwa omwe ali ndi masamba okongola komanso omwe amatha kuwonjezereka.

Pogwiritsa ntchito mwaluso mitundu ya mitundu yosiyanasiyana, idzakupatsani maluwa okongola ngakhale popanda maluwa okongola.

Kusamalira Alternantera kunyumba

Alternantera ndi wodzichepetsa, amakondwera ndi zonse korona pamene kukula potted chikhalidwe, akugwedezeka ndi variegated masamba, akugwira dzuwa madera maluwa mabedi, pafupi arbors kapena pafupi njira.

Kusamala mutagula

Tikabweretsa phokoso lamaluwa ku chitsamba cha Alternatery kunyumba, yesetsani kusuntha kagulu kakang'ono kamene kamapezeka pakhomo. Pa zimayambira za oyamba kumene pangakhale spores zakuda zowola, pamapazi - whiteflies, zobiriwira nsabwe za m'masamba kapena akangaude.

Ziri zosavuta kuthana ndi matenda aliwonse pa chomera chimodzi kusiyana ndi kuchiza ngakhale okalamba omwe ali ndi kachilomboka.

Ndibwino kuti tiike malo otchedwa flowerpot m'chipindamo ndi mawindo kumbali yakum'mwera, kumwera chakumadzulo. Pamene udzu wamapiri umakonzeratu chomeracho mvula yofunda kuchokera kumadzi ofunda. Pamene mukugwira nokha, ndibwino kuti mutseke pansi mu mphika ndi pulasitiki "nsalu". Kugwira ntchito ndi wothandizira, ndikokwanira kusunga mphika pamadzi osungunuka komanso osayendetsa madzi kumtunda.

Mukhoza kuwona mawonekedwe a chomera cha Alternantera m'chithunzi chili pansipa:

Kuthirira

Perekani chomera chokhala ndi madzi ozizira kwambiri, poganizira kutentha ndi mpweya wouma. Pa kutentha, madzi ochuluka kwambiri, mu dzuwa lozizira ndi lowala, kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa madzi.

ZOFUNIKA. Nthaka kuzungulira chomeracho sichiyenera kugwera mufumbi, koma mchenga wa chinyezi sichivomerezeka - zidzatsogolera kupanga maphunzidwe a imvi.

Madzi ochulukirapo si owopsa kwa mitundu yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zomera m'madera a aquarium.

Maluwa

Kuphulika kwa masamba omwe amapanga maonekedwe ake, amachititsa kuti maluwa asapangidwe, chifukwa maluwawo ndi ochepa, osadziwika bwino, omwe amadzibisa m'mabasi axala pafupi ndi tsinde lalikulu.

Kukhudza kuuma, pamitengo ya mphika imapangidwa kawirikawiri.

Mapangidwe a korona

Zina zonsezi ndizovundikiro za nthaka ndi kudulira zimakhala bwino. Pakuchotsa nthambi, korona ingaperekedwe mozungulira, mawonekedwe a cubic.

REFERENCE. Mtundu wa leaf ndi chizindikiro cha kupanda kuwala.

Zinthu zakutchire

Mukafika pamatseguka, pewani:

  • malo;
  • Nthaka yosauka imamangidwa ndi zinthu zapafupi.

Zina zomwe zimakonda nthaka:

  • chopatsa thanzi;
  • chinyezi, breathable;
  • osasamala.

Mukadzaza mphika, gwiritsani ntchito:

  • Kusakaniza kosakaniza kopindulitsa ndi humus;
  • chisakanizo cha peat ndi nthaka ya mchenga, mchenga woyera (zonse mu magawo ofanana);
  • nkhumba, mchenga, humus, nthaka yachonde ndi masamba ambiri a chaka chatha (onse ali nawo magawo ofanana).

Kubzala ndi kuziika

Musanayambe kubzala mbewu kapena kuwombera phesi, sungani poto kwa mphika mwa kuwiritsa kapena kumaluma ndi madzi otentha.

Zina mwachitsulo zimakula kwambiri - pamene mukudzala tchire pabedi la maluwa, kusiya masentimita 8 pakati pawo.

Sungani tchire kuchokera ku bedi la maluwa kupita ku zitsulo kapena kuchokera ku mphika kupita ku poto yayikulu mu njira yopitiliza.

Kuswana

Chomera chomera:

  • kugawira chomera chachikulu muzitsamba ziwiri zazing'ono;
  • cuttings.

Pa cuttings kusankha amphamvu, wathanzi nthambi.

Ndondomeko ya algorithm:

  1. Kudulidwa kumapangidwa kumbuyo kwa mfundoyi komanso kumasula mbali ya tsinde kuchokera ku mphukira.
  2. Mu nthaka cuttings anayikidwa pang'ono asanafike pamtunda woyamba masamba otsala.
  3. Nthaka kuzungulira kumapeto kwa tsinde la chomera ndi bwino.
  4. Pamene nyengo yozizira ikuphatikizidwa, mapiko amawombedwa ndi chivundikiro chotulutsa kuwala kwa polyethylene, ndipo malo osungirako ana amaikidwa pamalo opepuka.

Maonekedwe a cuttings amasonyeza kupambana kwa njirayi.

Kukula

Zosintha zina zimakula:

  • mu maluwa a flowerbed chaka chonse ngati osatha, ngati nyengo ili yofunda ndipo palibe chisanu m'nyengo yozizira;
  • pa flowerbed ngati ana a zaka chimodzi, ngati, pakuyandikira kwa chisanu, musasambe zomera kukhala maluwa kuti azipangire malo ofunda;
  • monga mbewu zokhala ndi mchere (ndi kuwala kokwanira, iwo amakhalabe ndi chilengedwe chawo);
  • Mitengo ingapo mumphika, ngati ali aang'ono, ndipo mphika ndi wovuta kwambiri.
ZOFUNIKA. Manyowa ochepetsedwa ndi nayitrojeni akugwiritsidwa ntchito monga kuvala pamwamba. Limbikitsani kawiri pamwezi kuyambira kumapeto kwa February ndi kutha kwa August-September.

Kutentha kwakukulu Alternatera:

  • Nthawi yachisanu: malire otsika 14 ° C;
  • Nthawi yachilimwe: kumapeto kwapakati 28 ° C.
Komanso, zomera za herbaceous zosatha zimaphatikizapo: Lilian's Peperomia, Royal Begonia, Thyme (Thyme), Telefium (Ochitok), Banana, Cypress Spurge, Agave ndi ena ena.

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

Zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kupereka mabungwe ngakhale mtundu kwa alangizi a azungu.

Kuvulaza anthu ndi zinyama sizinalembedwe.

Dzina la sayansi la Alternaters ndi Alternanthera.

Matenda

Mphungu yakuda imathandiza zomera zomwe zimalandira madzi okwanira kwambiri.

Njira zovuta:

  • kuchepetsa kuchepetsa
  • kuthetsa malo ovuta kwambiri a zomera,
  • kupita kumalo atsopano,
  • sungani kutentha kwakukulu.

Tizilombo

Nkhumba yamtambo (yomwe imadziwika ndi kukhalapo kwa nthanga zazikulu pakati pa tsamba ndi masamba).

Njira zovuta:

  • kudulira madera okhudzidwa;
  • kupopera mbewu zomera ndi kutsuka kawirikawiri pawindo (kwa makope ophimba);
  • chithandizo;
  • kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa kuti awonongeke a malalanje a lalanje (njira yothandizira).

Whitefly (tizilombo tating'ono tokhala ndi mapiko awiri oyera). Njira zothandizira - mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Aphid (gulu la tizilombo tating'onoting'ono la mtundu wobiriwira) - masambawo amauma ndi kupota, zomera zimatha kukula. Njira zothandizira - mankhwala ophera tizilombo.

Kutsiliza

Kulima zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri. Zina zowonjezera sizikusowa kanthu: dzuwa lokwanira, kuthirira mwakhazikika ndi madzi otentha otentha komanso kupewa nthawi yowononga tizilombo.

Okondedwa alendo! Siyani ndemanga zanu za kukula ndi kusamalira Alternertera kunyumba.