Chimodzi mwa maonekedwe okongola kwambiri komanso aatali kwambiri a ficus Benjamin - "De Gantel"

Ficus de dumbbell ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yambiri ya ficus Benjamin, imasiyana ndi mitundu ina ya masamba.

Masamba a ficus Benjaminwa ambiri amakhala oyera ndi mtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira.

Mtundu uwu wa ficus benjamin ndi woyera.

Banja: Mabulosi - Moracea.

Dziko lakwawo: nkhalango zam'madera otentha a China ndi Japan.

Kusamalira kwanu

Kusamalira ficus de dumbbell sikutanthauza luso lapadera, koma molondola.

Ndikofunikira! Pakati pa kukula kwa ficus, m'pofunika kuchepetsa madzi omwe ali feteleza m'madzi, kutsatira malangizo pa phukusi ndi madzi, pamene akudyetsa zotsatirazo kamodzi mu masiku 14.

Ngati kupopera mankhwala mophweka kumachepetsa masamba a ficus de dumbbell ku chonyowa, ndiye mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito kuyeretsa, koma simungathe kuwagwiritsa ntchito molakwa, ndikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito kawirikawiri, kamodzi pa miyezi iwiri, komanso kawirikawiri.

Maziko a nthaka ya chomera ndi nthaka yachitsulo, ndipo ngati muwonjezera kuyanjana kwa nyanga za nyanga, zidzakulitsa malo opindulitsa a nthaka kwa zaka 3-4.

Chenjerani! Ngati ficus yanu yakula kwambiri, m'pofunika kuidula kumayambiriro, posachedwa kukula kumayamba, ndipo chofunika kwambiri musaiwale kuika makala pamadera odulidwa, izi ziyenera kuchitidwa kuti asiye kusankha ndi kusowa kwa timadziti.

Mankhwala akuluakulu amakonda kupereka mpweya wa mpweya, monga philodendron, kotero sangathe kudulidwa.

M'nyengo yotentha kuyambira 18-23 ° С, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira sifupi kuposa 15 ° С. Mitundu ya variegated ndi yovuta kutentha.

Monga ficuses onse, ichi chimakondanso chinyezi.

Amayenera kupopedwa tsiku ndi tsiku ndi madzi ofunda pang'ono, makamaka m'nyengo yozizira, pamene mpweya umayamba kuuma.

Kutentha kutsegulidwa, chomera chiyenera kuchotsedwa pafupifupi pa mamita 2, kapena zambiri.

Mabakiteriya amauma, ndipo izi ndizo zimayambitsa masamba akugwa m'nyengo yozizira.

Malowa ayenera kukhala owala. Kuwala kwambiri, mtundu wa mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayang'ana mozama, koma mofanana, ndikofunikira kuti tisawononge kuwala kwa dzuwa, ndi bwino kukonzekera Mera 1 kuchokera pawindoakuyang'ana chakummwera.

M'nyengo yozizira, chomerachi chikhoza kufunikira kowonjezera kowonjezera, popeza kuti kusowa kwa masamba kumakhala kosangalatsa.

Chenjerani! N'zosatheka kufalikira ndi kusuntha chomera nthawi zambiri, chifukwa izi zidzachititsanso kuti masamba a mbali imodzi ya zomera azigwa.

Kusamba madzi

M'nyengo ya chilimwe muyenera kumwa madzi nthawi zonse ndi madzi ozizira otentha. (makamaka kupatulidwa kapena kudutsa mu fyuluta) kamodzi pa masiku atatu kapena anayi, isanayambe kuthirira nthaka ikhale youma pang'ono.

Ngati chomeracho chikathiridwa, masambawo atembenukira chikasu ndikugwa, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa kuti mizu isakhale yonyowa kwambiri ndipo madzi sakuphimba. Komabe, ngakhale ndi kusowa kwa madzi, ficus ikhoza kukhalanso "balder".

M'nyengo yozizira, madzi kamodzi pa sabata ndi hafu.

Ndikofunikira! Ficusyi safuna madzi okwanira, pakali pano masamba ake akutembenukira chikasu ndipo imagwetsa.

Kuwaza

Kuwotchera kumachitika kamodzi pachaka, kawirikawiri kasupe. Pofuna kusamalira ficuses akuluakulu, m'nyengo yamasika, amalima odziwa maluwa amavomereza kuti alowe m'malo mwa nthaka mu mphika kapena gawo lina.

Mtundu wa ficus ukukula mofulumira, ndipo pa chitukuko pa nthawiyi amafunikira mineral yambiri ndi mavitamini owonjezera.

Kuti tichite izi, pofuna kupewa njala ya chomera, April aliyense ayenera kuikidwa mu nthaka yatsopano, yomwe imakhala yosakaniza,

chomera chonde ndi sod ndi mchenga. Ngati muli ndi miphika, ndiye kuti mndandanda wazitsulo umaphimbidwa pansi.

Kuswana

Ficus yosavuta akhoza kuphuka pamene akuphatikizidwa kumapeto.

Njira yoberekera ficus mu kutentha kwa nyengo imayamba kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March. Phesi lirilonse likhale ndi tsamba limodzi lokha, chinthu chachikulu sichiwononge diso, ndi theka la nthenda yapansi yopanda pepala. Ndi nthambi imodzi, mutha kupeza zipatso zingapo, malingana ndi masamba angati omwe alipo.

Kuti rooting ichitike monga momwe zingathere, pansi pa kudula kulimbikitsidwa kuti apange incision kapena kugawanika mozungulira, mwinamwake ngati nkhuni ndi yovuta, ndipo ndi yofewa imodzi idzakhala yokwanira.

Rooting cuttings zimachitika mu wowonjezera kutentha mu mchenga wothira. Mukhozanso kukonzekera chisakanizo cha nthaka ya sod, Pakati pa 1 gawo humus, tsamba limodzi, gawo limodzi la mchenga.

Ndondomekoyi ikapambana, imatha kuikidwa bwino mumiphika.

Madzi omwe amawamasula ayenera kutsukidwa ndi madzi, kenaka amakaikidwa m'bokosi lofufuzira kapena pamatumba, ndipo mmenemo, kuti asungidwe, ndikofunikira kukhala ndi kutentha kwakukulu. 25-30 ° mawonekedwe.

Pambuyo popindula bwino mizu ya cuttings, imayikidwa mu miphika 9 sentimita.

Pa nthawi yovuta imeneyi, muyenera kusamala kwambiri mukamamwetsa komanso kupopera mbewu, mphukira zazing'ono, komanso nthawi yodulira, pritenka idzakuthandizani.

Thandizo Pritenka amateteza zomera kuwononga kwa dzuwa.

Njira yomweyi ikhoza kuteteza zomera kuchokera kutentha m'mabotolo ndi greenhouses, komanso kuteteza kwambiri kutaya madzi kuchokera masamba a cuttings, ndi zomera zowonjezeredwa.

Pamene nthenda ya padziko lapansi imakhala yodzaza ndi mizu, kusinthika ndi kofunikira, ndikuthamangitsidwa kwa mbewu.

Chakumapeto kwa mwezi wa July, anyamata a ficuses amayamba kutengera kuwala kwa dzuwa, zomwe zimayandikira pafupi ndi magetsi.

Ndi njirayi ku bizinesi, kumayambiriro kwa autumn zomera zidzakula ndikukula mwamphamvu.

Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito ficuses m'nyumba, ndiye kuti nthawi zambiri amapangidwa kuti azifalitsa ndi zipatso zam'mwamba, zimatha kukhala mosavuta mu chidebe ndi madzi, botolo nthawi zonse lidzakwanira, lomwe liyenera kuikidwa pamalo omwe dzuwa limayang'ana.

Ngati mukufuna kufalitsa ficus yanu ndi mbewu, muyenera kukhala okwera kwambiri kutentha kutentha 25-30 °.

Mbewu zafesedwa m'munda wa masamba ndi kuwonjezera mchenga.

Tsamba loyamba likawonekera, mbande zimayenera kugwa pansi, ndipo patapita kanthawi kochepa Kufika kwawo pamtunda wa masentimita 7 ndi kotheka.

Mapangidwe a korona

Palinso vuto linalake la chisamaliro cha ficus, lomwe liri loyenerera kupanga korona. Imodzi mwa ntchito zofunika za kusamalira ficus kunyumba ndi kupanga korona nthawi ndi malingana ndi malamulo onse, chifukwa chodziŵa bwino sayansiyi, thupi lanu lidzakhala ndi mawonekedwe abwino omwe adzakondweretsani ndi kudabwitsa alendo anu.

Ndikofunikira! Kukula mowonjezereka iye ali wofooka ndipo nthawi yomweyo amapita kumalo osasinthasintha.

Kunyumba, izi zodabwitsa zingayambitse kukula kosagwirizana ndi zotsatira zake, korona yopanda mphamvu.

Pofuna kusunga chitsamba pamalo oyenera, nthawi zambiri palibe kamera kamodzi kamene kamabzalidwa mumphika, pamene akukulitsa mphukira zazing'ono pamene zikukula.

Panthawi imodzimodziyo pamalo awo olankhulana pali kuvomereza kwa mitengo ikuluikulu. Izi zidzakuthandizani ndondomeko yowongoka, yomwe muyenera kumangirizira mwana kuti amuthandize kukula bwino.

Pambuyo pofika kutalika kwa kuthawa ndi kufunika kwa makulidwe, chithandizo sichidzafunika ndipo chikhoza kuchotsedwa.

Ficus de dumbbell ngati kuti analengedwa kuti azidula tsitsi ndipo, chifukwa cha masamba ake ang'onoang'ono, kuchokera pamenepo mukhoza kuyesa kujambula zobiriwira.

Chithunzi

Mu chithunzi ficus "De Gunthel":

Pazitu yathu mudzapeza zithunzi ndi zowonjezereka pa kulima mitundu yambiri ya ficus, kuphatikizapo Eden, Pumila White Sunny, Moklame, Benedict, Amstel King, Retuz, Creeping, Ampely, Mikrokarpa ndi Ginseng.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Ficus wanu amataya masamba? Izi zimachitika kawirikawiri ndipo zimachitika chifukwa cha kusowa kwa dzuwa kapena zojambula zamphamvu. Iwo akuwononga kwenikweni ficuses onse!

Kuti mutenge ficus, sungani nyama yanu kumalo owala kwambiri, kumene ma drafts sangasokoneze.

Thandizo Benjamin's ficus (de dumbbell) amataya masamba ngati ali otupa, makamaka m'dzinja ndi m'nyengo yozizira.

Lolani dothi liume mpaka mbewuyo ikhale ndi moyo, ndipo kenako musinthe mawonekedwe okwanira, kuthirira pang'ono.

Mwamwayi, ngakhale mu malo okhala mumzinda, nkovuta kuti muteteze ficus yanu ku chiwonongeko cha zamoyo zovulaza.

Care Ficus de Dumbbell imaphatikizapo kuyang'anitsitsa nthawi ndi nthawi za mbeu kuti zisawononge maonekedwe ndi tizirombo.

Mitundu yambiri ya Benjamin ficus ili ndi masamba osiyana siyana, zimadalira mitundu zosiyanasiyana, izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kudziwa kangaude wa kangaude pa nthawi yake, mawonekedwe ake amachititsa kusintha pang'ono mwa mawonekedwe a masamba, mwachitsanzo, mu adenium.

Ngati masamba ataya mtundu, atha kukhala otupa, tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timayang'ana mkati mwa masamba, ndi tizilonda tolimba pambali zonse zazomera, ndiye ichi ndi chizindikiro cha scythes.

Mitundu yambiri ya ficus Benjamin ndi yovuta kwambiri kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa.

Angathe kuchotsedwa ndi thonje lopopedwa mu methyl mowa, kapena sprayed ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda angathe kuthandizidwa ndi sopo yankho.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati masamba a Benjamin Ficus atakhala achikasu, ndipo pansi pa mphutsi, ndiye kuti kangaude wofiira.

Pano, kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi ayitini kapena tizilombo toyenera kulimbikitsanso, komanso kuonjezera chinyezi cha chilengedwe. Ngati malo amtunduwu sali aakulu kwambiri, ndiye kuti ndibwino kuyamba kugwiritsa ntchito njira zolimbanirana.

Simungasankhe pa kusankha ficus kuti ikule ndi kutayika mu mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu? Mwinamwake mungathandizidwe ndi zilembo za akatswiri athu zokhudzana ndi kusamalira mitundu yotsatirayi: Mbalame yaikulu, Leaf, Small Leaf, Bengal, Ali, Blunted, Triangular, Lirat ndi Karik.

Pogwiritsa ntchito bwino, ficus de dumbbell idzakusangalatsani kwa nthawi yaitali ndi kukongola kwake, komwe inu mumayambitsa, kudzitamandira nokha komanso ngakhale nsanje ya alendo anu, ndi nsanje yoyera.