Maluwa aakulu kwambiri padziko lapansi Titanic Amorphophallus

Mitengo ya Amorphophallus Titanic ndi zomera zochititsa chidwi kwambiri. Akukula zozizira za ku South Africa, zilumba za Pacific, Nicobar ndi Moluccas.

Maluwa amapezeka ku Vietnam, Malaysia, Cambodia, Nepal, Laos, India, Madagascar. Kawirikawiri zimamera m'malo ovuta komanso m'nkhalango zachiwiri.

Kusamala mutagula

Kukula kwa amorphofallus kunyumba kumakhala kosavuta. Koma kawirikawiri duwa limagulidwa mu dera la vegetative dormancy. Panthawiyi, tsamba la zomera limasanduka chikasu ndikugwa.

Olima ambiri amayamba kuganiza kuti titaniyamu yafa. Kawirikawiri, zomera zathanzi zimatayidwa ndi kusinthidwa ndi zatsopano.

Choncho, nkofunika kudziwa zimenezo Kukula kwa maluwa kumatenga pafupifupi miyezi isanu ndi umodzi. Pamapeto pa nthawi ino, chomerachi chidzatsitsimutsa ndikupereka kukula kwa tsamba latsopano, pang'onopang'ono kutsitsimuka kuchokera ku nyengo yokula.

Zambiri zokhudza chisamaliro cha amorphophallus zitha kupezeka apa.

Kuthirira

Mbewu imamwetsa kawirikawiri. Pambuyo mawonetseredwe a kukula kwakukulu kuthirira kwawonjezeka kamodzi masiku asanu ndi awiri. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito botolo la kutsitsi. Panthawi yopuma, kuthirira kumayenera kuchepetsedwa.

Maluwa

Kuperewera kwa mbeu kumayamba kukulirani nyengo isanayambe nyengo yobzala isanakwane. Nthawi ya maluwa Masiku 14. Flower tuber yafupika kukula.

Zimadalira kugwiritsa ntchito mchere wofunikira kuti chomera chikule bwino inflorescence.

Chitsamba chikhoza kutentha kwambiri mpaka 35-40 ° C. Maluwa a mkazi wa Titanium amavumbulutsa masiku angapo m'mbuyomo kusiyana ndi mwamuna. Choncho Amamphophallus sagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zomera zokhala ndi mungu.

Pofuna kupanga mungu, duwa limafunika Titanic Amorphophallus ina iwiri kapena itatu ndi maluwa omwewo. Mitengo iyi imathandizana wina ndi mnzake kuti apulumuke. Kusiyana kwa nthawi ya maluwa a Titanium kumasiyana masiku awiri kapena atatu.

Pambuyo pollination ayenera kupangidwa zimayambira. Amakhala ndi zipatso zamchere zokhala ndi mbewu zambiri. Pankhaniyi, chomera cha mayi chiyenera kufa.

Kumapeto kwa maluwa ayenera kupanga tsamba lalikulu lomwe labalalika. Fungo la duwa ndi lakuthwa, losasangalatsa. Mboni zimafotokoza fungo monga cadaver, yofanana ndi nsomba yovunda. Mu nyengo zakutchire, fungo ili limakopa tizilombo zomwe zimayambitsa mungu.

Kunyumba, duwa silingakhoze kupanga mbewu.

Mapangidwe a korona

Chomeracho chimakhala ndi tuber yomwe tsamba lalikulu limakula. Chiwerengero cha masamba sichidutsa zidutswa 3-4Kuti, makamaka, pepala lidzakula limodzi. M'lifupilo likhoza kufika mamita angapo. Amapitirizabe kubzala zomera zokha. Pambuyo-iye agwa.

Pambuyo theka la chaka, masamba atsopano amakula, otayika kwambiri, ambiri ndi apamwamba. Tsinde la masamba pansi likhoza kukula kwambiri, kukhala ngati kanjedza ya ku Africa. Malingana ndi alimi a maluwa amawunika, tsamba la tsamba limawoneka ngati korona wa kanjedza.

Ground

Dothi la maluwa Nthawi zonse konzekerani pasadakhale. Pansi pa chilengedwe, zomera zimakonda dziko lolemera mumatumbo. M'mizere ya chipinda, duwa limakula bwino mu dothi losakaniza, lomwe limaphatikizapo peat, mchenga, humus, turf ndi masamba.

Dzikoli limasakanizidwa mofanana, kuphatikiza nyambo. Zomwe zimapezeka pa gawo lapansi zimapereka Titanium zofunika mchere, mavitamini ndi zakudya. Zikatero, zomera zimakula bwino ndipo zimakula.

Kumtunda kwa tuber akhoza kukula yazing'ono mizu. Choncho, nthaka mu tangi imayambitsidwa nthawi zonse. Musatuluke mitsempha yambiri pambali ya kholo.

Kubzala ndi kuziika

Tubers wa zomera amayamba kudzuka kumayambiriro kasupe. Pamwamba pawo ayenera kumawonekera. Kukula kwa chidebe chosankhidwa chiyenera kupitirira kukula kwa mizu ya maluwa katatu.

Pansi pa mphika Kufalitsa miyala yozungulira. Gawo la thanki liyenera kudzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi ladothi.

Kenaka pang'onopang'ono mumakhala kupanikizika kumene tuber imakhala bwino. Kenaka mizu imagona mokwanira nthaka yomwe yatsalayo, imasiya mbali yambiri ya nyongolosiyo.

Titatha maluwawo amamwe madzi ambiri ndipo amaikidwa pamalo otentha komanso okongola.

Kuswana

Amorphophallus Titani mitundu kugawa kwa tubers. Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, gwiritsani ntchito tubers lalikulu. Iwo amakumbidwa kuchokera mu thanki. Zambiri mwa izo zimabwezeretsedwa mu mphika. Ndalama yatsala yoti abereke. Tubers mwachangu chodzala mu chidebe.

Patatha zaka zisanu akufika chomeracho chimakhala maluwa onse. Mitundu ina yoswana ndi mbewu. Iwo amafesedwa mu chidebe chokonzekera ndi kupopera kwa sprayer. Nthawi yabwino yofesa ndikumayambiriro kwa masika. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kutsetsereka ndi 20 ° C.

Amorphophallus Titanic ikhoza kubala m'magazi aang'ono. Amawoneka pachaka pa mayi tuber.

Kenaka kanema yokhudza kubereka kwa Amorphophallus Titanium.

Kukula

Muli bwino, chomeracho mwamsanga chimatha kubala ndi maluwa. The pedicle ikuwonekera mu March-April. Kutalika kwake kumafika pa masentimita oposa 50.

Mu chapamwamba ayenera kupangidwa inflorescences kuwala maroon.

Maluwa akhoza kuphimbidwa ndi kapu wochepa kwambiri wa mtundu wofiirira. Kutalika kwa Titanium kukufika mamita atatu kapena anayi. Lifespan pafupi zaka 35-40. Kwa zaka 40, maluwa imapezeka 3-4 nthawi.

Kutentha

Bzalani amakonda mwachikondi. Amorphophallus Titanic imamva bwino kutentha kwa 22 mpaka 25 ° C. Duwa limakonda kuwala. Kunyumba, ndibwino kuyika pafupi ndi mawindo, kutali ndi kutentha ndi mabatire.

Zomera zopatsa

Tubers wa zomera amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi oyang'anira kuphika. Zakudya kuchokera ku mizu ya maluwa amenewa zimapezeka ku Japan zakudya. Tizilombo timaphatikizidwira ku zamchere, maphunziro oyambirira ndi achiwiri. Mankhwalawa amatha kuwonjezeredwa.

Kuchokera ku mizu ya ufa wofiira wa Japan, kuigwiritsa ntchito kupanga phalata yokonza. Kuchokera ku tubers mukhale odzola kwambiri, tofu.

Zakudya zimathetsa vutoli, zimachotsa poizoni ndi poizoni. Tubers zimathandizira kulemera ndi kuchotsedwa kwa mafuta.

Dzina la sayansi

Titaniyamu ndi wa banja la Aroids. "Amorphos" amatanthauza "amorphous". Ndipo liwu lakuti "phallos" - "phallus", lomwe limayang'aniridwa ndi maonekedwe a clo inflorescence. Dzina la sayansi la Amorphophallus Titanic: Amorphophallus.

Nthawi zina zomera zimatchedwa Voodoo Lily. Mafuko aku Africa adatcha chomera chinenero cha satana. Ndizovuta, kukula m'magulu ang'onoang'ono. Olima amalima amatcha maluwa osazolowereka njoka pamtambo, poyerekeza ndi petiole. Chifukwa cha fungo, zomera zimatchedwa fungo losakaniza.

Pali mitundu ina ya amorphophallus yomwe ingapezeke apa:

  • Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maluwa Amorphophallus.
  • Kukongola maluwa ndi zosasangalatsa fungo - konjac.

Chithunzi

Amorphophallus Titanic: chithunzi cha chomera panthawi ya maluwa.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Matenda ambiri nsabwe za m'masamba. Nthawi zina pa masamba a chomera amapezeka kangaude. Pamene tizilombo timapezeka, masamba amasamba ndi sopo ndi madzi. Pambuyo pake, ayenera kupatsidwa chithandizo chapadera.

Zokwanira mwangwiro tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zonsezi zogulidwa ndi zopangidwa kunyumba. Sopo ya Tar yomwe ikuphatikizidwa ndi zitsamba zamaluwa.

Mukhozanso kugwiritsa ntchito njira yothetsera potassium permanganate, yoyeretsedwa ndi madzi muyeso: ma teaspoons awiri pa lita khumi za madzi.

Amorphophallus Titanic osadzichepetsa panyumba. Amakonda kusamba madzi okwanira, amakonda kudya. Pa tubers zimakula mizu yaing'ono, zomwe zimathandiza kuti mbeu ikhale yobereka. Pansi pa chilengedwe, amasankha malo okhala ndi miyala yamchere. Zitha kusokonezedwa ndi tizirombo.

Ndipo kanema ina ndi yaikuluyi, ikufalikira bwino.