Kuchokera ku chipinda "Bonsai" ku chimphona chakuda: Ficus "Bengal"

Pali mtengo umodzi wodabwitsa padziko lapansi, umene umawonekera umachititsa chisangalalo chachabechabe mwa anthu omwe ali pafupi nawo.

Ndipo mafuko ena ammudzi amamupembedza iye ngati cholengedwa chofanana ndi milungu.

Ndipo ali ndi dzina lake - Ambiri a banyan

Dzinali limatchedwa cyclopic Bengali ficus, lomwe lili kale kuposa Zaka 200 limakula kutali ndi India ndipo "imaphimba" malo ake okhala korona 15 mita mamita km!

Koma anthu adaphunzira kukula ndi "makope" aang'ono a Great Banyan, kotero kuti aliyense wokongola wokongola akhoza kuyamikira malo ena a chipinda chachikulu cha ficus.

Chomera chochokera

Ficus benghalensis ndi wa banja la mabulosi. Amachokera m'nkhalango za ku India, Thailand, Burma, kum'mwera kwa China.

Dzina lake lachiwiri - banyan - limatanthawuza mtundu wa moyo, pamene chomera chimodzi, chifukwa cha luso lapadera la mizu yake ya mlengalenga ndi mphukira, zimawoneka ngati mitengo yonse.

Mitengo yambiri m'nkhalango yotereyi ndi mbali imodzi yokha ya zachilengedwe za Bengal ficus.

M'kupita kwa nthawi, lidzakula m'lifupi ndi lalitali, kulanda madera ambiri.

Kukula kumapitirira nthawi zonse, komanso mizu yatsopano ndi yatsopano, kuthamanga kuchokera kumtunda kumtunda, kumera mu nthaka ndikupatsa "mitengo" yatsopano.

Zoonadi, kunyumba sizingatheke kubwereza chozizwa ichi.

Anthu omwe adakali ndi chisankho chotere ayenera kukhala oleza mtima ndipo ali ndi chipinda chachikulu chomwe chidzakhala chofunikira kuti apange mlengalenga.

Komabe, anthu okonda zambiri amakula bwino m'nyumba zawo "banyanchiki", omwe nthawi zambiri amatchedwa chikhalidwe cha bonsai.

REFERENCE: "Bonsai" mu Chijapani amatanthawuza "mtengo mu mbale" ndipo ndi kakang'ono ndipo ndithudi amakhala moyo wa mtengo.

Kodi banyan ndi chiyani?

Olemba a mawu awa ndi a Ulaya. Pamene Ophunzira Chipwitikizi ndi Chingerezi m'zaka za m'ma XV-XVI. adalongosola zodabwitsa za Fairyland India zomwe adazipeza, adakambirana za mitengo yachilendo yomwe idakhala ngati denga la mabasiya am'deralo komanso misonkhano yambiri ya anthu okhalamo.

Inde, pansi pa mthunzi wa chimphona chotero, mawu akuti "baniya" amatchulidwa kawirikawiri, omwe m'chinenero cha Chijjarati amatanthauza "wamalonda, wogulitsa".

Popanda kuganiza mobwerezabwereza, a ku Ulaya "adalipira" mtengo wokha ndi mawu awa.

Choncho Bengal ficus inakhala "mtengo wamalonda".

Ngati mukufuna mitengo ya ficuses, tikupempha kuti mudzidziwe bwino malamulo a kulima mitunduyi: Lirat, Blunt, Karika, Ginseng, Eden, Amstel King, Large Leaf, Retuz, Small Leaf ndi Benedict.

Chithunzi

Mu chithunzi ficus "Belgium":

Kusamalira kwanu

Zimakhala zovuta kufotokozera kwambiri kukongola kwa Bengal ficus.

Koma ngakhale kuti ndi wokongola kwambiri komanso kumusamalira sikumakhala kovuta kwambiri, iwo amene amasankha kukula kwa mitundu imeneyi adzapeza malo abwino, owala. (ficus ikhoza kukula ngati masentimita 40, ndi kufika mamita 3)Momwemo mutsimikiziridwa kuti mutentha nthawi zonse (18-26 ° C), chinyezi chachikulu komanso kusowa kwazithunzi.

REFERENCE. M'nyengo yozizira, chomeracho chiyenera kuchotsedwa kutali ndi ma radiator, ndipo m'chilimwe zimayenera kutengera kumunda kapena kubwalo.

Dyetsani ficus 1-2 nthawi mwezi uliwonse. Pachifukwachi amalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza feteleza.

Kuthirira

Chomerachi chimafuna madzi okwanira nthawi zonse ndi madzi ozizira, mosasamala za nyengo.

Muyenera kuthiriridwa pamene dothi lopanda dothi luma 2-3 masentimita.

Kuti mukhale ndi chinyezi choyenera, ndibwino kuti musayese kupopera mtengo wonse, koma mwapukuta modzichepetsa masambawo ndi nsalu yofewa.

Pa nthawi yomweyi mumatsuka masamba kuchokera ku fumbi.

Ngakhale kuti nthano zokongola zomwe zimazungulira ficus-banyan, iwo amene akugwira ntchito yobzala mkati mwa mtengo sangathe kuyamikira maluwa ake.

Pa chifukwa chimodzi chophweka - anthu okhala m'nyumba za chimphona chosatentha samasamba.

Mpata wowona mtundu wa "classic" inflorescences - mawonekedwe ang'onoang'ono a syconia, ofanana ndi zipatso - okhawo wamaluwa omwe amalima Ficus Bengal amakula mu wowonjezera kutentha.

Mapangidwe a korona

Koma kusowa kwa maluwa kumapindula kwambiri ndi korona wa chomera, chomwe chimamera bwino kwambiri kumbali yonse.

Komabe, ndondomeko ya chitukuko cha mitengoyi siingaloledwe kutenga nthawiyo.

Choyamba, muyenera kuzungulira nthawi zonse pamtengo wake - kotero korona idzayamba mofanana ndi kupeza dzuwa lokwanira.

Chachiwiri, ndi kofunika kudulira nthawi zonse nthambi, kotero kuti nkutheka kupereka korona ndi "velvet" yake imasiya mawonekedwe enaake.

Ground

Kuti chitukuko chodziwika bwino cha ficus chikhale ndi malo apadera.

Chomeracho chimakonda dothi lokhala lachonde, lokhazikika pang'ono kapena lopanda ndale.
Nthaka yokonzeka kale ya ficus ingagulidwe pamsika kapena m'sitolo yapadera.

Koma inu mukhoza kuphika nokha mwa kusakaniza sod, peat ndi masamba owuma ndi mchenga.

Zinyumba zidzakula bwino ngati pali mpweya wosanjikiza pansi pa mphika.

Kuswana

Kuyambira kulima nyumba banyan, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti Bengal ficus nthawi zambiri imafalitsidwa ndi cuttings,

zomwe zimakhala zowonongeka bwino zimafuna kusakaniza mchenga ndi peat.

Koma pofuna kufalitsa chikhalidwe ichi ku mbewu, zidzatengera zambiri pakukolola mbewu zoterezi.

Kuwaza

Ali ndi zaka zing'onozing'ono, ficus iyenera kubzalidwa pachaka mu miphika ya lalikulu m'mimba mwake.

Kwa akuluakulu, ndi okwanira kubwezera pamwamba pa nthaka.

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

Chomerachi chimatsuka m'mlengalenga bwino mkati mwa chipinda.

Ficus sali poizoni. Komanso, imatenga zinthu zina zoipa kwa anthu (phenol, trichlorethylene, benzene), kuzigwiritsa ntchito pofuna kudya zakudya.

Panthawi imodzimodziyo, chomera chimataya zinthu zokhazikika mumlengalenga, kukweza maganizo ndi mphamvu zogwira ntchito, kuonetsetsa kuti tulo tagona.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Nthawi zambiri, tizirombo timasangalala ndi alimi a maluwa, kudutsa ficus ya Bengal.

Koma nthawi zina amamenyedwa ndi mealybug, kangaude wa kangaude, scythe.

Pachifukwa ichi, chomeracho chiyenera kukonza madzi osamba kapena kusamba ndi nsalu, potsatira mankhwala.

Ndifunikanso kuyang'anira malo a masamba.

Ngati munthuyo ndi wokalamba ndipo masamba otsika amatha, musadandaule.

Koma ngati kamtengo kakang'ono kamathyola masamba ambiri kamodzi m'malo osiyana, ichi ndi chizindikiro cha kupambana.

Bengal Ficus imatchedwa kuti ndi zamatsenga zambiri.

Koma kuti muwone momwe nthano zonse zokhudzana ndi "Wachimwenye Wachimwenye" ​​zodabwitsa, zingatheke ngati mutha kukwaniritsa mtengo waukuluwu wathanzi ndi wathanzi.

Kuganiza za kukhala ndi ficus kunyumba, koma kutayika mu mitundu yonse ya mitundu? Tikukufotokozerani nkhani za anthu otchuka komanso otchuka: Moklam, Pumila White Sunny, Ali, Mikrokarpa, Amuna, Achirombo, Ampelny ndi Amtatu, De Gunthel.