Gold medalist chifukwa cha kuwonetsa bwino ndi khalidwe - peyala Elegant Efimova

Chipatso cha mtengo wa peyala ndi chimodzi mwa zakudya zabwino kwambiri. Peyala - amatanthauza mitengo ya zipatso ndi zitsamba za Pink.

Mitundu ya peyala ya "Elegant Efimova" imatanthawuza mitundu yodula komanso yosazira.

Ali mitengo yayitali yamtali ndi zipatso zabwino mawonekedwe apamwamba.

Matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, peyala zosiyanasiyana "Chokongola Efimova" sichikhudzidwa - tsatanetsatane wa zizindikiro za mitundu zosiyanasiyana ndipo chithunzi cha chipatso chimaperekedwa pambuyo pake.

Kodi ndi mapeyala otani?

Peyala "Elegant Efimova" amatanthauza chifukwa yophukira mitundu ndi oyambirira fruiting. Zosiyanasiyanazi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza monga wopereka wapamwamba-ololera ndi chisanu chokaniza.

Chakumapeto kwa zaka za 80, chiwonetsero cha ulimi chinachitikira ku Erfurt (Germany, Thuringia).

Mitundu ya peyalayi inapatsidwa chisamaliro chapadera ndi mphoto Medali ya golidi yapamwamba kwambiri komanso maulendo abwino kwambiri.

Kuwoneka kwa mapeyala kunali kuyerekezera pa 4.5 ndime mwa zisanu zotheka. Kukoma kokoma kokoma ndi mfundo 4.

Zosakaniza shuga zimasiyanasiyana ndi 9.1 mpaka 9.3%; asidi okhutira kuchokera 0.10 mpaka 0.13%.

Mitundu ya mapeyala a m'dzinja imaphatikizapo Thumbelina, Svetlyanka, Pamyati Yakovleva, Tatyana, Larinskaya.

Mbiri yobereketsa ndi dera loswana

Zosiyanasiyana zinagwidwa pakati pa 30s mu WSTISP, Moscow. Mitundu ya peyala inagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito mitundu yowonda (mipiringidzo yambiri ya ku Russia) komanso "Chiweto cha Clapp"(Kukula mosiyanasiyana ndi kumveka kokwanira).

Thandizo. Asayansi abwino kwambiri, ovomerezeka, apulofesa, mphotho ya maiko a boma, otchuka otchuka komanso ochita kafukufuku wa likulu lawo amachita ntchito zawo mu bungwe la VSTISP. Pali ma laboratories otseguka, madipatimenti ofufuzira omwe kafukufuku amachitidwa pa mitundu yatsopano yobzala ndi kusakaniza kwa mbewu ndi zipatso za mabulosi.

Mitundu yoyambitsa Efimov Victor Alexandrovich.

Mu 1974, mitundu yosiyanasiyana inalowa m'zilembetsero za boma ndipo inagawidwa kudera lonse lapansi.

Zamoyo zosiyanasiyana zimakhala bwino Moscow, Leningrad, Ivanovo, Yaroslavl, Smolensk, Oryol.

Komanso pamunda wamaluwa Bryansk, Kaluga, Kostroma, Tula, Tver, Ryazan.

Zimakula bwino Moldova, Kazakhstan, Estonia, Ukraine, Belarus. Chaka chilichonse amapereka madera atsopano.

M'madera awa, mitundu ya peyala imadziwonetseratu mwangwiro: Krasnobokaya, Elena, Vernaya, Victoria ndi Lada.

Peyala "Elegant Efimova": kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana

Mitengo ili ndi mphamvu, imayenda mwamsanga. Korona ngati mawonekedwe a piramidi, srednezagushenaya.

Chomveka chimayambira ndi kuchoka pang'onopang'ono kuchokera mu mtengo wa mtengo kupanga mawonekedwe 30 a lakuthwa ngodya.

Makungwa pa thumba la chigoba cha mtengo ndi nthambi zazikulu popanda kuphulika, mthunzi wamthunzi. Fruiting ya zosiyanasiyanazi ndi oyambirira, mitundu yosiyanasiyana..

Kawirikawiri, zipatso zimapangidwa pa kolchatka, tsinde lamaluwa, ang'onoang'ono komanso ochepa zipatso zamphesa.

Akuwombera zosalala, zosalala, zinyama za burgundy, ndi mawu ochepa.

Nkhumba zazing'ono zing'onozing'ono. Impso yopindika, yosalala, yofanana ndi cone.

Masamba emerald hue, lalikulu, ndi mapiri afupi ndi mawonekedwe a ellipse. Pakati pa m'mphepete muli ndizing'onoting'ono za serrate.

Mbalame yamtengo wapatali, oblate, ndi ndege yaing'ono komanso malo ochepa.

Petioles apang'ono, osakanikirana, opanda pake. Flower masamba wapafupi, elongated. Maluwa zochepa, chipale chofewa ndi zokongola zokongola maluwa. Nkhumba zimakhala zofanana-mazira.

Zipatso zapakatikati gawo limodzi, lokongola mawonekedwe apamwamba. Kulemera kwake kumafika pa 85 mpaka 125 magalamu. Ndibwino, zipatso zazikulu kwambiri akhoza kulemera mpaka 185 magalamu.

Khungu ndi losalala ndi chiwerengero chachikulu chotchedwa cilia. Pa nthawi yokolola, mtundu waukulu emerald amber. Lembani mtundu wotchulidwa mwa mawonekedwe a zofiirira, yomwe ili pa 2/3 ya chipatso. Panthawi yogwiritsidwa ntchito mapeyala aakulu amitundu.

Lembani mtundu m'malo mwa zofiirira amatenga burgundy hue wolemera.

Tsinde ndi lakuda, losakanikirana, lopindika, lomwe lili pansi pa kusokonekera pang'ono.

Phokosoli ndi laling'ono kapena losowa. Calyx yamkati-yotsekedwa, yofanana.

Sakisi ndi kakang'ono, mawonekedwe ozolowereka. Podchashechnaya chubu ndi yachibadwa, yaing'ono. Mtima wamtima.

Zipinda zambewu za peyala zili pafupi. Njere ndi zazikulu, mthunzi wofiirira.

Mnofu ndi wolimba, wamafuta wamba, ndi beige woyera.

Lili ndi madzi abwino komanso fungo losangalatsa.

Kulawa zipatso ndizotsekemera, mopweteketsa pang'ono ndi tartness.

Chithunzi

Kuti mumve zambiri zokhudza peyala ya zosiyanasiyana "Elegant Efimova" mukhoza kukhala mu chithunzi pansipa:




Zizindikiro

Pa peyala ya "Elegant Efimova" fruiting khola. Zokolola za zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zapamwamba. Kuchokera pa hekita imodzi ya nthaka amakolola matani 30 a zipatso.

Kukolola kumachitika zaka khumi zoyambirira za September. Ndi nyengo yabwino ya nyengo, zipatso zimatha kuphuka - mu 2 zaka khumi zapitazi.

Zokolola zabwino zingadzitamande mitundu yotere: Rogneda, January, Duchess, Chizhovskaya ndi Skorospelka kuchokera ku Michurinsk.

Mapeyala a zosiyanasiyana liyenera kuchotsedwa mu fomu yokhazikikapamene mtundu wa chipatsocho ndi emerald ndi mtundu wochepa wa amber mtundu. Apo ayi pamene zipatso zowonjezera zimataya kukoma kwawo.

Ndikofunikira! Pambuyo kukolola, mapeyala osapsa ayenera kugona kwa masiku 2-3 m'chipinda chozizira kufikira atatha kucha ndi kukhala amber burgundy.

Thupi limakhala losauka, madzi, osokonezeka. Mu malo osungira a peyala Nthawi yosungiramo zipatso masiku 14-21.

Kutalika moyo wautumiki sayenera kupitirira masiku 30.

Fruiting imapezeka pa 7 kapena 8 chaka chitatha.

Mtundu uwu wa peyala ndi chisanu chopinga.

Malo okhala m'nyengo yozizira safuna.

Kutentha kwa chisanu kumasonyezanso ndi: Extravaganza, Moscow Yoyambirira, Lel, Nika ndi Bere Russkaya.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira

Peyala "Elegant Efimova" chifukwa chodzala Amafuna malo owala ndi dzuwa. Ngati mitengo ya peyala imabzalidwa mumthunzi, zipatsozo zidzachepetsedwa kwambiri ndipo zidzakhala ndi asidi ambiri.

Mtengo wa peyala sayenera kubzalidwa pafupi ndi madziSichikonda madzi omwe salipo m'nthaka. Ngati pali mwayi wodzaza malowa, m'pofunikira kukhetsa kapena kuyika mtengo pa phiri.

Zimakula bwino padziko lapansi lakuda. Koma ndi umuna wambiri, loamy, nthaka yamchenga.

Kutentha kwa dziko lapansi sikuyenera kukhala koposa 5.6-6.0 pH. Kuthirira mapeyala opangidwa Kamodzi pa sabata. Kutentha, mukhoza kuwonjezeka 2-3 pa sabata.

Izi Zosiyanasiyana zimayenera kudulira mwadongosolo wa korona. Nthambi siziyenera kuloledwa kubwerera pansi.

Kudulidwa kumapangidwe pamunsi, kuchoka kutsekemera sikuletsedwa.

Ndikofunika kuti ukhale wochepa kunja korona pachaka.

Kudulira kwambiri kumawonjezera zokolola za nkhuni, amalepheretsa kuchitika kwa matenda.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Zosiyanasiyana zimakhala yotsutsana kwambiri ndi //selo.guru/ptitsa/bolezni-p/gribkovye/parsha.html. Osatengeke ndi septoria, peyala dzimbiri, khansara, bakiteriya yotentha, zowola zipatso, zowola ndi coccomycosis.

Mitundu yotsutsana ndi nkhanambo: Moscow oyambirira, Oryol kukongola, Orel Chilimwe, Elegant Efimova, Marble, Noyabrskaya.

Osadyedwe ndi tizirombo. Kuwonongeka kwa peyala yamchere mite sikunali kuwonedwa. Zosiyanasiyana siziteteza mankhwala oletsa matenda ndi tizirombo.

Kutsiliza Mtundu wa peyala "Elegant Efimova" amatanthauza mitundu yodzikweza. Kuchokera pa hekita imodzi ya nthaka amakolola matani 30 a zipatso. Ali ndi zipatso zokongola zonunkhira za mawonekedwe oyenera a peyala.

Kugawanika pakati pa dzikoli. Ali ndi kutentha kwakukulu kwa chisanu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza monga wopereka.