Cherries: kufotokoza ndi chithunzi cha sing'anga kucha kucha

Kubzala m'munda chitumbuwazomwe zidzakondwera pachaka ndi mbewu zambiri, muyenera kutenga njira yoyenera pazomwe mwasankha. Ndipo musayambe kufunafuna zambiri zokhudza zipatso za mtengo wamtengo wapatali ndi zokoma, koma kuti muzisamala zinthu monga chisanu kukana, matenda, mafinya, nthawi ndi fruiting. Muyeneranso kusankha kuti ndi mitundu iti yomwe ingakhale yabwino kwambiri kulima m'madera anu ozungulira nyengo. Mitundu ya Cherry imagawidwa mu mitundu itatu malinga ndi mlingo wa kucha: kuyamba kucha, kucha mochedwa Mitengo yoyambirira ya zipatso kumapeto kwa June. Nthawi yamakono yamatcheri yakucha mu theka lachiwiri la July - kumayambiriro kwa August. Kukolola kotsiriza mu August - kumayambiriro kwa September.

Ndikofunikira! Migwirizano ya fruiting yamatcheri imatha kusiyana m'masabata angapo malinga ndi dera limene amakula.

Nkhaniyi ili ndi ndondomeko ya mitundu yambiri yamatcheri yamkati ndi yakucha.

Minx

Kuti mudziwe bwino yamatcheri a Minx, tiyeni tiyambe kufotokozera kukoma kwa zipatso zake ndi zizindikiro za mtengo. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Minx imakopa chidwi chifukwa cha kutalika kwa zipatso - zimakhala zazikulu (5-6 g), zofiira zakuda, pafupifupi zakuda. Chipatso chokoma ndi chokoma ndi chowawa, malingana ndi mchere womwe umadziwika kuti uli ndi mfundo 4.5.

Ndikofunikira! Chimodzi mwa zikhalidwe za mtengo wa zosiyanasiyana yamatcheri ndi kukoma kwa zipatso, zomwe zimayesedwa pa mlingo wa zisanu. Kuwunika kumeneku kumaphatikizapo kufufuza kwa chilengedwe, utoto, mapangidwe, zamkati, khungu la chipatso.

Pusher wa Minx ndi mdima wofiira, wamadzi wambiri. Zipatso ziphuka mu theka lachiwiri la July. Fruiting yoyamba imapezeka chaka chachinai cha mtengo. Chokoma chimodzi chachikulu chingabweretse makilogalamu 40 pa chaka. Mtengo uli ndi mphamvu zochepa, zimazindikiritsidwa ndi korona, yofalitsa korona. Izi chitumbuwa ndizosabala, zabwino mungu wochokera ndi Chernokorka ndi Vinka, komanso yamatcheri. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chitumbuwa minx ndi yamtengo wapatali chifukwa cha kukana kutentha ndi matenda.

Mukudziwa? Mitunduyi inkaonekera chifukwa chodutsa Samsonovka ndi Kievskaya-19 yamatcheri mu 1966.

Usiku

Nochka ndi wosakanizidwa wa yamatcheri okoma Valery Chkalov ndi Nord Star cherry. Chifukwa cha kusakanizidwa, zinali zotheka kukwaniritsa ubwino wotere mwazinthu zosiyanasiyana: zipatso zazikulu, zokoma, zokoma; Kutentha kwa chisanu cha mtengo ndi kukana coccomycosis. Mtengo ndi wamtali wokwera. Fruiting imayamba oyambirira - ali ndi zaka zitatu, zinayi, oyambirira. M'zaka khumi za June, amapereka zipatso zokoma zofiira zofiira 7 g.

Makhalidwe a mchere ndi zipatso zabwino kwambiri, ngakhale kuti ali ndi mphindi imodzi yokha. Anagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano ndi ntchito yogwiritsira ntchito. Cherry Nochka samoplodna, amafuna woyandikana nawo kubzala zina mitundu yamatcheri. Sweet chitumbuwa mungu wochepa.

Chernokorka

Zipatso za Chernokorki ndi zokongola kwambiri maonekedwe - zazikulu (4.5-5 g), zakuda zofiira, zowutsa mudyo, kulawa zokoma ndi zowawasa ndi mthunzi wa tart. Malingana ndi kukula kwa mchere, zipatso zimatchulidwa 3.5 mfundo. Oyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe atsopano ndi osinthidwa - kupanga kupanikizana, mavitamini, jams, timadziti. Mitundu yosavuta imalekerera chilala ndi chisanu (yozizira hardiness ili pamwamba payeso). Mitengo ya ku Chernokorki ndi yautali kwambiri, yokhala ndi korona. Zokolola zimabwera mmawa - zaka zitatu kapena zachinayi za moyo. Nthawi yodzala zipatso za zipatso khumi ndi ziwiri za June. Kufikira kukolola mu 25-30 makilogalamu kuchokera ku mtengo umodzi.

Mukudziwa? M'minda yomwe yamatcheri amamera pambali, Chernokorka imatha kupanga makilogalamu 50 pamtengo umodzi.

Izi zosiyanasiyana ndizosabala. Zokolola zambiri za Chernokorki zingapezeke mwa kubzala Donchanka, Ugolyok, Aelita, Yaroslavna m'munda womwewo ndi iye. Ali ndi matenda oletsa matenda. Kawirikawiri kuwonongeka ndi coccomycosis.

Toyu

Cherry Toy ndi wosakanizidwa wa yamatcheri ndi yamatcheri. Zomwe ankadutsa zinali zokoma kwambiri za mpira wotchedwa Cherry ndi Lyubskaya cherry. Atabala zipatsozi, obereketsa amatha kukwaniritsa zokolola zambiri - mpaka makilogalamu 45 kuchokera pamtengo umodzi ndi zipatso zazikulu kwambiri - ndi kulemera kwa 8.5 g. Zipatso zochulukirapo, zomwe zinalembedwa kuchokera ku chitumbuwa chimodzi, ndi 75 kg. Ubwino wina wa Toyu ndikuti umalowa mu fruiting, kufika zaka zitatu.

Zipatso za chitumbuwa Chidole ndi mdima wofiira ndi khungu lofewa ndi nyama yowutsa mudyo, ndipo kukoma kokoma kwambiri kuyenera kuwonjezeredwa ku kufotokoza kwawo. Iwo ali ndi mapiritsi okoma kwambiri - 4.5 mfundo. Zizindikirozi zikuphatikizapo Cherries Toy zonse, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano komanso pokonza.

Chipatso cha chitumbuwa kumapeto kwa June. Mutabzala kubzala zipatso pambuyo pa zaka zitatu. Mtengo uli wosagonjetsedwa ndi chilala ndi chisanu chosagonjetsedwa (umalola kuti kuzizira kufika -25 ° C). Matenda ali ndi chiwerengero cha chiopsezo. Amatchula samoplodny yamatcheri. Zokolola zabwino ku Nochka zimapezeka ngati anansi ake m'munda ndi Cherries Valery Chkalov, Franz Joseph, Krupnoplodnaya, Samsonovka Cherries, Minx.

Erdie Betermo

Erdi Betermo ndi wa mitundu ya chitumbuwa yakuthwa kucha. Yowonjezeredwa ndi obereketsa ku Hungary. Zipatso zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kumapeto kwa July. Izi chitumbuwa zipatso lalikulu zipatso (5.5-6.6 g), omwe ali okoma kwambiri makhalidwe (4.7 mfundo) ndi chilengedwe cholinga.

Zinyama zili ndi ubwino wambiri:

  • amadziwika ndi mkulu ndi khola zokolola;
  • kulimbana kwambiri ndi chisanu;
  • kukana ndi astrosis,
  • osagwirizana ndi coccomycosis.

Erdi Betermo ndi chitumbuwa chodzikonda. Mitundu yabwino kwambiri yamatcheri oyendetsa mungu ndiwotchedwa Fyurtosh, Turgenevka.

Podbelskaya

Podbelskaya cherry ndi mtengo wa chitsamba (mpaka mamita asanu). Korona wake ndi wandiweyani, wozungulira. Zipatso zazikulu zazikulu zolemera 6 g, maroon. Kulawa zipatso ndi yowutsa mudyo, okoma ndi wowawasa. Makhalidwe ake a mchere adalandira mwapamwamba kwambiri - 5. The Podbelskaya chitumbuwa zipatso zonse - zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano, ankagwiritsa ntchito mchere.

Nthawi yakucha ndi zaka khumi zoyambirira za July. Kwa nyengo, mtengo umodzi ukhoza kukwaniritsa zolemera 13 kg. Zowononga za zosiyanasiyanazi zimaphatikizapo kuzindikira mphamvu ya chisanu - kumpoto kuli kuwonongeka ndi kuwotchedwa ndi kuzimitsa. Matendawa amatha kudwala coccomycosis, ali ndi chiwerengero cha matendawa. Kawirikawiri kuwonongeka ndi nkhunda chlorosis.

Podbelskaya - samobesplodnaya chitumbuwa, amafunika kubzala pafupi ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mungu. Izi, yamatcheri komanso mitundu yamatcheri monga English, Lot, Small Duke ndi yoyenera.

Kumbukirani Vavilov

The yamatcheri a Vavilov komanso a sing'anga-kalasi yamatcheri. Mbewu imabweretsa zaka khumi zachiwiri za July zipatso zokometsera zofiira (4-4.5 g). Kukoma kwabwino maonekedwe a zipatso ndikulingalira pa mfundo 4.2. Mitengo imakhala ndi katundu wakukula mwakuya. Korona wawo ndi piramidi, yaying'ono-wandiweyani. Cherry amabwera mu fruiting zaka zinayi mutabzala. Zochita zake ndi zabwino. Zosiyanasiyana za Vavilov zimakumbukira kuti frosts zimayima ndipo sizimakhudzidwa ndi coccomycosis.

Mgwirizano

Zokolola zabwino zimadziwika ndi zina zosiyanasiyana zosakaniza kucha - Mgwirizano. Kwa kanthawi kuchokera ku chitumbuwa chazaka 10 za zosiyanasiyana, mutha kutenga makilogalamu 31. Mgwirizano umakhala wabwino pamene mtengo uli ndi zaka zinayi. Zotuta zotsekemera zokwanira zimatha kusonkhanitsa kumapeto kwa June. Izi zimabweretsa zipatso zazikulu - 6.5-7 g. Zili ndi mtundu wofiira wofiira. Mkati mwa zipatsozo muli pinki yowala. Mukamadya yowutsa mudyo, khalani lokoma kwambiri.

Kukoma kwa zipatso zatsopano pa kulawa kwakukulu kunapanga 4.6 mfundo. Cholinga chawo chiri chonse. Cherry Mgwirizano ndi wosiyana ndi zokolola zambiri ndi kukana matenda.

Nyenyezi ya Nord

Nyenyezi za ku America zosiyanasiyana za North America zimakondweretsa eni ake ndi zochepa, koma zowutsa mudyo komanso zokoma zipatso zomwe zimapsa mu zaka khumi zachiwiri za July. Zipatso zili mdima wofiira, wolemera 4-4.5 g. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa acidity, iwo makamaka amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti apange processing, koma amagwiritsidwanso ntchito mwatsopano. Mitengo ya zinthu zosiyanasiyana imayamba kubala chipatso kumayambiriro - m'zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu mutabzala. Nyenyezi ya North Star ndi yozizira kwambiri-yolimba - kutentha kwa -32 ° C, 57% impso zikupulumuka. Amadziwika ndi kukwera kwa coccomycosis ndi nodule. Izi yamatcheri amadzikonda okha. Kulima kwawo kumawonjezeka pamene mukubzala m'madera a Nefris, Meteor, Oblachinskaya mitundu.

Alpha

Malongosoledwe a mitundu ya yamatcheri yamtundu wamkati imakhala yosakwanira popanda Alpha yosiyanasiyana. Izi ndi mitundu yatsopano yatsopano yokhazikika ndi achiyukireniya obereketsa ku Mlievsky Institute of Horticulture iwo. L.P. Simirenko. Zipatso zabwino kwambiri mchere kukoma kukoma kucha kumayambiriro July. Alpha cherries ndi mdima wofiira, wolemera masentimita (4.5 g). Pofufuza momwe iwo amaonera, iwo adavotera pa 4.9 mfundo. Chakudyacho chimadyedwa mwatsopano ndipo chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga jams, juices, liqueurs. Izi zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi zabwino zokhazikika, zotsika komanso zolimba zokolola, kukana coccomycosis, moniliosis ndi chisanu. Mtengo wa zaka eyiti ukhoza kusokoneza 15-16 makilogalamu a yamatcheri.

Takupatsani inu mndandanda wa zipatso zamatcheri zakucha, zabwino kwambiri zomwe zimakhutiritsa zofunikira kwambiri za alimi, wamaluwa ndi ogula. Ndi pa mitundu iyi, tikukulangizani kuti muzimvetsera pamene mukuika munda wanu.