Mtundu wamtundu wa mbewu Tumpy perperomy

Pepperomia tuberous - mtengo wobiriwira wobiriwira wa tsabola, amasamukira m'nyumba ndi nyumba kuchokera ku nkhalango zaku South America.

Florists amasiyanitsa mitundu yambiri yamkati ya maluwa awa, omwe amasiyana ndi maonekedwe a mtundu.

Alba ndi mapepala a tsamba lopangidwa ndi monochromatic, Variegata omwe amakhala ndi mabala obiriwira komanso Albomarginata omwe ali ndi malire a silvery omwe amawunikira pakati pa tsambali amadziwika pakati pa mitundu yambiri ya opusa ya peperomia.

Chithunzi

Mutha kuona bwinobwino ndi "Tupolistnaya" peperia mu chithunzi pansipa:

Mitundu ya Peperomia yomwe ili pafupi pafupifupi 100, imakhala yowonongeka, yotchedwa bushy ndi ampelous oimira zomera za mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Mukhoza kupeza zambiri zokhudza mitundu yosiyanasiyana, Lilian, Magnolia, ndi Shriveled (Wrinkled) pa intaneti yathu.

Kusamalira kwanu

Kusamala mutagula

Kugula chomera mu sitolo, samalirani mawonekedwe ake.

Ndikofunikira! Pewani kugula peperomia ndi masamba owongolera, owuma, makamaka ngati gawo lapansi liri lochepetsedwa kwambiri.

Pambuyo pa kugula akulimbikitsidwa kuti musamuke chomera mu mphika wina kwa sabata.

Kudulira

Samalani. Peperomia ndizofunika kudulira pamene kukwera kwa mphukira kufika 20 cm, mwinamwake lolemera zimayambira zingagwe pansi pa zolemera zake.

Mukamapanga opaleshoniyi, mzere wokhotakhota umapangidwa pamtunda 3-4 masentimita kuchokera pansi pamtundakusiya masamba 3 pansi. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, mphukira yotsala idzayamba kukula 3-4 mphukira zazing'ono zowonjezera, zomwe, ngati zikhumba, zikhoza kukhazikika.

Pamene zimayambira zatsopano, amathanso kupinikizidwa kapena kudulidwa, zomwe zimabweretsa mapangidwe, otsika.

Kuthirira ndi kupopera mbewu

Pepperomia tuberous imafuna madzi okwanira nthawi zonse, koma kulola kuti oversiistening ya substrate kapena kukhetsa kwake isatheke. M'chilimwe, chomeracho chiyenera kuthiriridwa. Nthawi 1 m'masiku 10ndi m'nyengo yozizira Nthawi 1 mu masabata 2-3.

Kuthira maluwa pogwiritsa ntchito madzi ofunda, matalala kapena madzi okhazikika, omwe kutentha kuposa mpweya mpweya ku 2 ºС.

Peperomia ikulimbana ndi kutsika kwa chinyezi, komabe, amayamikira masamba ake ndi nsalu yonyowa ndi kuwawaza, makamaka kutentha kwa chilimwe. Kuphatikiza apo, zitsamba ndi maluwa zikhoza kuikidwa mu pulasitiki pallets ndi zowonongeka miyala kapena miyala.

Tikufika

Kubzala kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ponseponse, koma kosalala keramiki kapena mapepala apulasitiki. Monga dothi lakumanga zosakaniza zamasitolo ndizoyenera zokongoletsera zolimba zikhalidwe. Ngati ndi kotheka, gawo lapansi la nthaka likhoza kukonzekera.

Nthaka iyenera kukhala kumasuka ndipo khalani asidi pang'ono kapena kulowerera ndale.

Pa mbali yabwino, zotsatirazi zikudziwonetsera:

  1. Deciduous humus - magawo awiri.
  2. Peat - 1 ora
  3. Manyowa opsa - 1 ora
  4. Mchenga waukulu wa mtsinje - 1 h.

Mwinanso, mungagwiritse ntchito:

  1. Peat - 1 ora
  2. Mchenga - ora limodzi
  3. Malo osalala - 1 ora

Kwa kukula kwa zomera madzi abwino amafunika ngati mawonekedwe a dothi lopangidwa ndi dentimita 6, miyala yozungulira kapena mchenga wonyezimira, pansi pa mphika.

Kuwaza

Mpaka zaka zitatu, perforated peperomia amaikidwa tsiku ndi tsiku, kenako kamodzi mu zaka 2-3.

Kufunika kokweza zomera zimasonyeza kuti simungathe kukulitsa maluwa maonekedwe a mizu kudzera m'mabowo pansi pa mphika.

Tangi yatsopano yowonongeka iyenera kukhala 1.5 nthawi yapitayi.

Kukula kuchokera ku mbewu

Nthanga za zomera zimayikidwa mitsuko yodzaza ndi mchenga wofanana ndi mchenga wolimba. Pofuna kupititsa patsogolo mphamvu ya kumera, yang'anizani mapepala apulasitiki ndi kusunga kutentha osachepera 24 ºSnthawi kuthirira nthaka kusakaniza.

Pamene mbande zimapanga kachigawo kakang'ono kachiwiri, zimalowa m'mabokosi omwe ali ndi gawo lofanana ndilo, kufalikira pamwamba pamtunda wa masentimita 2. Pamene mbande zimapeza mphamvu zokwanira, zimakhala pamiphika yosiyana.

Kuswana

Pogwiritsa ntchito kuchulukitsa mbewu, Pezani mphukira zatsopano peperomii wopusa akhoza kudula. Pachifukwa ichi, masika kapena autumn, mu zomera zazikulu, gawo la tsinde ndi 2-3 internodes ndipo masamba angapo amadulidwa. Pambuyo pake, zidutswazo zimayikidwa mu mchenga wothira mchenga kapena madzi kutentha pafupifupi 25 ºC.

Pakatha kumera (masabata 3-4), omwe angathe kufulumizitsa ndi Kuwonjezera kwa "Kornevina", achinyamata mbande za peperomia tupolistnoy amaziika pamalo osungira mu chidebe ndi gawo lotayirira komanso ngalande.

Mukhoza kuphunzira zambiri zokhudza kusamalira ndi kuberekana kwa Tupoli peperomia kuchokera pa kanema pansipa:

Kutentha

Peperomia kufunafuna kutentha kokwanira. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa kulima kwake - 20-25 ºї, koma osachepera 16 ºС.

Ndikofunikira! Peperomia yoipa kwambiri imayendetsedwa ndi kusintha kwa kutentha ndi kusintha, ndipo mpweya wozizira umachititsa masamba akugwa.

Zofunikira zapadera amagwiritsidwa ntchito ku malo a nthaka: izo sayenera Khalani owala kuposa chipinda cham'kati kuposa 2-3 º C.

Ndi kuchepa kwa utali wa usana, zomera zimagwera mu malo opumukako, choncho m'nyengo yozizira kutentha kumatha kutsikira mpaka 16-17 ºS.

Kuunikira

Zatsimikiziridwa kuti mitundu ya zomera ndi masamba a monochromatic amafunikira mphamvu zochepa zowonjezera dzuwa kusiyana ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Peperomiya tupolistnaya kusamutsidwa kolakwika dzuwa lodziŵika, komabe, kuyatsa kokwanira kumadzaza ndi kudula masamba ndi kutaya mtundu wawo wamba.

Zinthu zabwino kwambiri pa kukula kwa duwa m'chipindamo zimapereka zenera lakummawa kapena kumadzulo maphwando.

Zothandiza

Kusangalatsa

Chomeracho ndi chamtengo wapatali chifukwa cha masamba ake okongola a masamba obiriwira, omwe, malingana ndi mawonekedwe ake okongoletsera, amapereka mlimiyo ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamitundu yosiyanasiyana monga mtundu wa silvery kapena golide, mabala a kirimu kapena mabala owala kwambiri.

Kugwirizana kwa malo ozungulira

Pali lingaliro lakuti peperomia imaimika mphamvu ya malo okhala, imakhazikitsa mtima wabwino, imathetsa mikangano, imasintha maganizo, amapereka mtendere ndi kugona tulo.

Disinfectant

Chifukwa chakuti chomera chimapanga phytoncidesizo chotsani mlengalenga zosiyana tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Choncho, ndibwino kuyika duwa m'zipinda za anthu omwe nthawi zambiri amavutika ndi matenda a catarral.

Thandizo

Monga nthumwi ya chizindikiro cha kanseri, peperomia ndi yopusa, ili ndi phindu pa ntchito yogwira m'mimba, chikhodzodzo cha mkaka ndi mazira a mkaka.

Kuvulaza

Bzalani mosamala kwa anthu, sizimatulutsa madzi oopsa kapena poizoni.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Kangaude mite

Mavuto okondweretsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda amaonekera ndi olimba mpweya wouma. Pa zimayambira za chomera pali vutolo loyera loyera, mapepala a pulasitiki akugwedeza ndi kugwa.

Pofuna kulimbana ndi kangaude, duwa limapukutidwa ndi phula lofewa; nthawi zonse kupopera mbewu ndi madzi ofunda.

Chifukwa chosagwira ntchitoyi, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timagwiritsidwa ntchito, mwachitsanzo, 0.15% Actellica yankho (1-2 ml pa 1 l madzi).

Kupuma

Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa tiyang'aniridwa ndi makilomita ambiri omwe ali pansi pa tsamba, ndi mawanga akuwoneka pamwamba. M'tsogolomu, tsamba la masamba limatulutsa mtundu wofiirira ndi mthunzi wa silvery.

Yokha Njira yogwiritsira ntchito mankhwala ndi mankhwala: "Aktellika", "Fitoverma" ndi "Int-vira".

Mealybug

Njira zolimbana zimasonyeza kusonkhanitsa tizilombo manja ndi Pukuta maluwa ndi masamba chinkhupule chatsekedwa mu mowa.

Msuzi wazitsulo zowola

Konzani vutoli lidzakuthandizani kuika zomera mu mphika watsopano ndi kuchepetsa kuchuluka kuthirira.

Mwachiwonekere, peperomia yovuta imayenera kulandira malo oyenera m'nyumba zobiriwira. Florists chomera amakopeka zosangalatsa zachilendo, kukongola ndi zodabwitsa kudzichepetsa.