Pink pentagram masamba ndi inflorescences: Hoya Obovata

Zomera za mitundu Hoya Obovata ndizo za mtundu wina dzina lake Thomas Hoy, yemwe ali wolima ndi wothirira mbewu, yemwe wakhala akugwira ntchito kwa zaka makumi anai ndi zomera zosowa zachilengedwe m'mabotolo a Mkulu wa ku Northumberland.

Mtundu uwu wa hoi uli ndi tsinde lamphamvu, ali ndi zaka zowirira komanso minofu yonyezimira (mpaka 8 masentimita awiri) masamba obiriwira ndi mitundu yowala.

Maluwa ophatikizidwa pa 20-30 zidutswa - kuwala kofiira, zisanu. Korona wa mawonekedwe omwewo, koma a mthunzi wolemera, amakongoletsa pakati pa maluwa onse, kutulutsa timadzi tooneka tambirimbiri.

Maluwa okongola kwambiri usiku umamva kununkhira mwamphamvu - kununkhira kwabwino kwa uchi ndi chimbudzi chomwe chili chodziwika kwambiri ndi khoi, chomwe chimakumbutsa ena atsopano a radish kudula.

Hoya Obovata amakula m'chilengedwe cha zilumba za Indonesian, India, Thailand ndi Fiji.

Ngakhale kuti chiyambi chodabwitsa chimenechi, chomeracho chimakhala chokongola mu chikhalidwe cha chipinda.

Pangani zikhalidwe zoyenera kwa iye kuti kukula, chitukuko chonse, kubereka kwa mbeu ndi chaka cha maluwa sichivuta.

Kusamalira kwanu

Kuunikira

Mtundu uwu wa hoi zambiri zipinda zowonongeka bwino zidzachita ndi mawindo a kumwera kwa mawindo, koma sayenera kukhala dzuwa kwa nthawi yaitali pambuyo pake: pamene pali "kupsa kotentha kwa dzuwa", mtundu wa masambawo umakhala wowala, amawuma, amawunikira - madontho a kutentha kwa dzuwa.

"Kusintha malo" ndipo, motero, kusintha mtundu wa kuyatsa ndichinthu chosayenera: panthawi ya kukonzanso, hoya imataya maluwa ndi masamba, komanso imatulutsa masamba.

Kutentha

M'chilimwe, momwe akadakwanitsira kutentha amatha - kuchokera madigiri 17 mpaka 25, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira nthawi yopuma pa kutentha imathandiza. 10-15 madigiri.

Zojambula zimapweteka zomera.

Ground

Nthaka mu nkhaniyi zilizonse zoyenera - Mwa iwo omwe ali achonde mokwanira, osasunthika, asakhale ndi mbali kapena osatetezeka.

Hoya Obovata amamera bwino m'munda wamba wamaluwa, komanso m'nthaka zonse kuchokera ku sitolo, ndi masamba osakaniza ndi nthaka ndi peat, humus ndi mchenga, zomwe zimapangidwira zonse zofanana.

Tikufika


Kukhazikitsa mphamvu sikuyenera kukhala kwakukulu ndi chimbudzi chovomerezeka.

Miphika yakale yochokera pansi pa zomera zina kubzala hoi si abwino; Chotsani chatsopano chiyenera kutsukidwa bwino.

Musanadzalemo chomera, ikani pansi pa chidebe. makina osanjikiza (dothi lowonjezera, miyala yochepa, njerwa kapena nkhondo ya ceramic).

Kenaka tsanulirani dothi laling'ono, pamwamba pake muli mizu ndi opulumutsidwa, ngati n'kotheka, nsalu yowonongeka.

Kuti ukhale wokula bwino komanso maluwa, ndi bwino kudzala mbeu zingapo mumphika umodzi.

Dothi la nthaka lisakanikike pamtundu wofunikila, mosamala iye akuwombera.

Perekani thandizo zimamera zimayambira.

Kuwaza

Nkhumba zazing'ono zimaikidwa chaka chilichonse, makope akuluakulu - zaka 2-3 kapena pang'ono.

Kupalasa ayenera kukhala monga zowona, ndi kusinthika komwe kumapangitsa chipinda choyambirira chadothi kukhala chokwanira, ndipo mphika watsopano susankhidwa kwambiri.

Posachedwa kugula chomera chimaikidwa, popeza asanagulitse, pokamba nkhani yabwino, hoyas nthawi zambiri imathandizidwa ndi zolimbikitsa. Ndikumangirira kotero, gawolo likuchotsedwanso ku mizu, ndipo pakadali pano chipinda chadothi sichingasungidwe.

Kuthirira

Pakati pa chinyontho, dothi ladothi lidzauma; kupitirira, ndi zina zotero, kuchepa kwa chinyezi sikuvomerezeka.

Ndi kuzizira kwa wintering kumathera zochepa.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Kutentha kwa mlengalenga kungakhale kosavuta, koma m'chilimwe izi zimapanga kupopera mbewu.

Kupaka pamwamba


Pakati pa kukula kwakukulu komanso panthawi ya maluwa, makamaka zitsanzo zazing'ono, n'zotheka nthawi zina kudyetsa ndi maofesi a maluwa okongola kapena ndi njira yowonjezera kwambiri ya feteleza.

Kudulira

Mwinamwake mpesa woterewu ukhoza kukhala moyo kwa zaka zambiri ndipo mwamsanga zimakula mapesi 10 mamita yaitali. Mu chikhalidwe cha chipinda, kukula kwake kuyenera kukhala kochepa ku kasupe kudulira ndi kukanikiza.

Komanso, kuchepetsa mphukira yomwe ikukula mwakhama zimalimbikitsa chitukuko cha masamba oyandikana nawo, ndipo, motero, masamba ndi makulidwe a maluwa.

Kwenikweni, pambuyo pa tsamba lachinayi, mphukira ikhoza kudulidwa kapena kutsinja.

Peduncles sizimachotsedwe, monga ma inflorescences atsopano adzakula pakapita nthawi.

Maluwa

NthaƔi zonse (mpaka theka la chaka) maluwa amatha kuyang'anitsitsa poonetsetsa kuti zinthu izi zikhale bwino kuti asunge mpesa mu chipinda cha chikhalidwe, komanso kuthirira madzi ochepa m'nyengo yozizira.

Kuunikira bwino

Kuphatikizanso apo, mukhoza kulimbikitsa maluwa

, ngati mumathira mphika wa ma hoya kwa maola awiri m'madzi otentha ndikutsuka liana ndi madzi kutentha kwa madigiri 30-40.

Kuswana

Hoyas wa mitundu iyi imafalikira kawirikawiri ndi mosavuta ndi cuttings ndi stem zigawo. Kufalikira kwa nyemba ndi mbewu ndi kovuta kwambiri.

Kufalitsa mbewu


Mbewu yopangira chipinda hoyah sinapangidwe. Komabe, mbeu iyenera khalani atsopano: Mbeu kumera ikucheperachepera.

Mbeu yambewu imakhala yochepa kwambiri ndipo imafesedwa mu gawo lotayirira kwambiri lomwe lili ndi ubweya wambiri. Kuwombera kumawoneka, monga lamulo, mofulumira, sabata yoyamba, koma pambuyo pake aang'onowo ali ndi ngozi yaikulu: madzi, kugunda ndi imfa.

Izi ndizowonjezereka kuti kutentha, kutentha kwambiri, ndi kuunikira bwino n'kofunikira kuti kumera ndi kukula kwa mbande. Pakuti kupewa fungal matenda ndi othandiza kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa Bordeaux madzi. Pambuyo pa miyezi itatu, kutuluka masamba angapo a masamba enieni, Mbewu zimakhala m'magawo osiyana.

Kubalana ndi cuttings

Imeneyi ndi njira yosavuta yobala: Masika kapena chilimwe adadula masamba, pazigawo ziwiri za kukula ndi masamba ena. Gawo la pansi likutengedwa ndi mizu yopanga stimulator ndikuyikidwa mu chotengera chakuda ndi madzi kuti imveke pansi. Ndifunikanso kuwonjezera chinyezi.

Pakadutsa milungu iwiri, mizu imapangidwa, kenako timaduli timabzala mu thanki ndi madzi osakaniza.

Mukhoza kudula mitengo yachitsulo mwamsanga pansi. Kuti muchite izi, kuwonjezera mchenga wambiri kapena perlite, konzekerani dothi losakaniza ndi chinyezi chokwanira. Mmenemo mumayikidwa phesi, yokonzedwa ndi gawo lochepa la mizu yopanga stimulator, kuliika ilo ku nthiti yoyamba ndi kumera pa chinyezi chachikulu kwa masabata awiri kapena atatu.

Mbewu yatsopano ikufalikira, opezeka mwa kudula, m'chaka chachinai.

Kufalikira ndi zigawo za stem

Kwa njira iyi yoswana osakanikira kaleMalo osungira malowa akuzunguliridwa ndi chonyowa sphagnum ndi wokutidwa ndi pulasitiki.

Pamene mizu imapangidwa ndi kumera kupyolera mu sphagnum, kumtunda kwa mphukira, pamodzi ndi moss ndi mizu, imabzalidwa mu chidebe chosiyana.

Zotsatira zake zimamera mchaka choyamba.

Kubala zipatso

Kuberekera ndi kotheka ndi tsamba lokhala ndi axillary bud; limachitidwa mofanana ndi kuwombera mchenga mwachindunji m'nthaka, koma amapita molimba; kawirikawiri mizu imayamba pang'onopang'ono, kukula ngati kumalimbikitsa pa tsamba loyamba la tsamba limodzi ndi impso imodzi.

Zolakwika zosamalira


Hoya obovata amasamba masamba - zotsatira za zitatu "over-": permutations ndi / kapena hypothermia ndi / kapena overmoistening.

Zofunika za Liana nthawi iliyonse musasunthe, kuchepetsa kutentha ndi chinyezi, musagwiritse ntchito madzi ozizira kwa ulimi wothirira.

Palibe maluwa - Kutsika pang'ono, kutentha wintering. Ndikofunika kulimbikitsa kuyatsa ndikukonzekera nyengo yozizira m'malo ozizira.

Chomera chikutsikira masamba ndi maluwa - chilolezo kapena mpweya wouma ndi mkangano. Sitiyenera kuiwalika kuti hoya obovata ndi chomera cha "malo osasinthika", omwe amafunika kutsukidwa m'chilimwe.

Kukula pang'ono, masamba otumbululuka - chifukwa cha kusowa kwa zakudya, kupatsirana kumafunika.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Kusamalidwa bwino kumafooketsa zomera ndipo zingakhudzidwe ndi matenda opatsirana ndi mabakiteriya.

Zikatero, mankhwala ndi fungicides amathandiza. - monga Bordeaux madzi.

Monga njira yowonetsera, zimalimbikitsa kusamba masamba pansi pa kusamba ndi kukonzetsa ndondomeko ya ndende.

Zitsanzo zosasinthika zakhazikika kabokosi kakang'ono kofiira, aphid, chishango; Monga njira yothandizira yoyamba, njira yothetsera imagwiritsidwa ntchito, kapena ubweya wa thonje wothira mowa, umene umachotsa tizirombo. Kutaya kwathunthu kungathe kuwononga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Pofuna kupewa nthenda ya nematode, gawo la nthaka ndi chidebe ayenera kuthiridwa chosawidwa musanabzala.

Wachibadwidwe cha zilumba zachilendo, hoya obovata, safuna zambiri.

Sankhani malo owala okhazikika, perekani nyengo yozizira, musadwale kwambiri, muzidula nthawi - ndipo imakula mofulumira, Tulutsani masamba atsopano ozungulira ndi kuphulika nthawi zonse, kuchotsa imodzi mwa zosavuta zachilendo zomwe zimamva fungo lakutali.

Chithunzi

Kenako mudzawona chithunzi cha Hoya Obovat.