Hoya yangwiro: Kulima ndi Kusamalira

Hoya ndi chomera cha banja la Lastovnev, ndipo ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 200. Mitundu yowonjezereka kwambiri ndi: hoya yochuluka, tsamba la hoya lalitali ndi hoya bella.

Hoya ndi yokongola - imodzi mwa zomera zokongola komanso zachilendo. Dziko lakwawo ndi Pacific Islands, Thailand, Australia ndi India.

Izi zing'onozing'ono shrub, ndi mphukira zochepa ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono, amakula ngati chomera champhamvu.

Makhalidwe ndi ndondomeko

Dzina loyenera la chomera ichi ndi Hoya lanceolata bella. Mwachirengedwe, zochitika zam'mlengalenga za kukula, ndi epiphyte. Pokula kunyumba, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito nsalu zokopa kapena pulasitiki.

Mizu ya mizu Hoya ndi yaing'ono komanso yofooka kwambiri. Pofuna kuteteza zomera kuti zisamwalire, ziyenera kubzalidwa palimodzi, zongopeka za 2-3 majeremusi.

Zimayambira Hoya imakhala yoonda, yofewa komanso yosinthasintha, yobiriwira, yobiriwira komanso yofiira kwambiri. Mphukira ndi yaitali, kugwa, osasowa chithandizo. Branching zimayambira kukula mofulumira, kupanga lalikulu zamaluwa ambulera kumapeto a mphukira.

Masamba rhomboid, yoloza, yopapatiza, yaying'ono (Kutalika kwa masentimita 2-4). Mbali ya kumtunda kwa masamba ndi mdima wobiriwira, ndipo pansi ndi kuwala, koyera.

Maluwa Hoya yokongola ndi yokongola kwambiri. Muwonekedwe, iwo amafanana ndi nyenyezi zazing'ono zoyera ndi korona wamkati wofiira kapena pinki. Amakula mu inflorescences, maambulera, ma PC 7-9.

Kusamalira kwanu

Ichi ndi chomera chodzichepetsa chomwe sichifuna malo apadera. Kumusamalira ndi kophweka, koma muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena.

Tikufika

Mukhoza kugula tsamba la choyi, kulima, ndi kulima mu chidebe chokonzekera ndi dothi. Mukamabzala, madzi akuyikidwa pansi pa thanki, kakang'ono kakang'ono ka gawo kamatsanulidwa, 2-3 zidutswa zaikidwa ndi kuwaza ndi nthaka yochepa. Mutabzala, zimamera musamamwe madzi masiku 1-2.

Ground

Ndikofunika kwambiri kupanga gawolo molondola. Mukhoza kutenga nthaka yomaliza ya orchid ndikuwonjezera mchenga.

Alimi ambiri amasankha kukonzekera nthaka nthaka, peat, mchenga ndi kompositi, mu chiŵerengero cha 2: 1: 1: 1. Kuphatikiza pa izi zowonjezera zimaphatikizapo khungwa kakang'ono kodulidwa, moss ndi makala.

Miphika

Hoya Bella sakonda miphika yochuluka. Izi ziyenera kubzalidwa pang'onopang'ono, zopanda kanthu kuti mizu ikhale yosayikidwa. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito miphika ya pulasitiki yaing'ono, yomwe ili ndi mabowo ambiri. Pansi pa thanki ayenera kuikidwa kanyumba kakang'ono ka madzi. Samalani mukadzala, chifukwa chomeracho ndi chakupha.

Kuthirira


Imwani chomera ngati dothi luma. Ndikofunika kupewa kupezeka kwa madzi mu poto.. M'nthawi ya maluwa Bella madzi osachepera katatu pamlungu, ndi pambuyo - kawiri pa mwezi. Madzi ayambe kuteteza kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mvula. Kutentha kwa madzi kuyenera kukhala madigiri 2-3 kuposa firiji. M'nyengo yozizira, madzi okwanira amachepetsedwa.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Hoya amakonda mpweya wonyezimira. M'nyengo yozizira, iyenera kupopedwa, kuteteza madzi kuti asaloŵe mu masamba. Pambuyo pa njirayi, masambawo adzapukuta bwinobwino.

Maseŵera a kuwala

Hoya amakonda dzuwa. Koma masana, pawindo lakumwera, chomera ndi pang'ono pritenyut. Koma m'nyengo yozizira, hoy imafunikira dzuwa.

Kutentha

Hoya Bella sakonda kutentha.

Ntchito yabwino idzakhala: 22-25 C m'chilimwe ndi 17-18 C m'nyengo yozizira.

Chomera sichimalola kusintha ndi kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha.

Feteleza

Dyetsani hoya m'chilimwe koma osaposa 2-3 pa mwezi. Pochita izi, gwiritsani ntchito njira yofooka kwambiri ya zovuta zamchere feteleza.

Kuchuluka kwa mlingo wa feteleza chomera kumatha kufa.

Choncho, ndi kuvala ayenera kusamala.

Thirani mutatha kugula

Hoya Bella ayenera kusinthidwa nthawi yomweyo mutagula. M'tsogolomu, sungani izi pokhapokha ngati mukufunikira, koma osati mobwerezabwereza kamodzi pa zaka zitatu.

Kuswana


Zimabereka zokongola Hoya cuttings ndi kuika. Zimayambira hoyu zomwe zimafalitsidwa pofuna kupeza maluwa chaka choyamba mutabzala. Kuti muchite izi, muwombera wautali mumapanga chosokoneza, amachikulunga ndi moss-sphagnum moss, amangirire ndi ulusi ndikuphimba ndi kujambula filimu. Pambuyo mizu ikuwoneka, mphukira imadulidwa ndikubzala mu mphika wosiyana. M'malo amodzi mumakhala mphukira zosachepera 3 mwazi.

Njira yosavuta yoswana - cuttings. Kusankhidwa kwa rooting phesi uyenera kukhala chaka chatha, ndipo mukhale ndi masamba osachepera awiri. Kuti atenge mwamsanga mizu, idulidwa pakati pa internodes. Mukhoza kuyika mu kapu yamadzi kapena kulowa mu gawo lapadera. Pambuyo masiku 45-50 zikumera mizu ikuwonekera ndipo ingabzalidwe m'malo osatha.

Maluwa

Hoya imamasula m'chilimwe 1-2 patatha miyezi itatu kuchokera pamene maonekedwe a peduncles akuonekera. Panthawi imeneyi, zomera sizingasinthe. Maluwa amayamba mu May ndi June, ndipo amatha pafupifupi masiku asanu ndi atatu. Pambuyo pake, inflorescences, pamodzi ndi maluwa mapesi, amagwa, koma pafupifupi nthawi yomweyo zatsopano zimawonekera. Pakati pa maluwa, hoya bella imatulutsa fungo la vanilla, lomwe lingapangitse mutu.

Lifespan Hoya ndi yaikulu. Iyo imakula pang'onopang'ono ndipo, mosamala, imatha kufalikira kwa nthawi yaitali.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Powonongeka kwambiri, hoya ingakhudzidwe ndi powdery mildew ndi muzu zowola. Nthaŵi zina amamenyedwa ndi khungu la sirphip, scythophilus ndi kangaude.

Njira zovuta

Kuchotsa chomera kuchokera ku kangaude Ndikofunika kupopera ndi mankhwala a Actellic (madontho 15 pa lita imodzi ya madzi) ndikuwonjezera chinyezi mu chipinda.

Pamene chishango chikuwonekera amafunika kupukuta masamba a hoi ndi madzi odzola. Ngati pali tizirombo zambiri, ndiye kuti chithandizo ndi karbofos chingathandize.

Kuchokera ku mealybug Mukhoza kuchotsa ndi adyo kapena anyezi kulowetsedwa.

Njira zothandizira

Pofuna kusunga hoyu kuchokera ku powdery mildew, m'pofunikira kudula masamba onse ndi zimayambira zowonongeka koyera, m'malo mwa dothi la pamwamba ndikusamalira chomera.

Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa mizu zowola nthawi zambiri zomera sizikhoza kupulumutsidwa. Mizu ya hoya ili yofooka ndipo imamwalira kuchokera ku madzi.

Ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi malo okongola. Mwinanso akhoza kukhala wamaluwa osadziwa zambiri.

Ngati mumatsata njira zowonongeka komanso zosavuta, kuthirira ndi kuthirira feteleza mopitirira malire, mukhoza kutsimikizira kuti chomera ndi moyo wautali komanso maluwa ambiri.

Chithunzi

Ndiye inu mukhoza kuwona chithunzi cha chisamaliro cha kunyumba kwa Hoya Bell, wokongola: