Kubereka kwa Hibiscus ndi phunziro kwa wodwala!

Kalekale hibiscus wotchedwa stockosis, tsopano wotchedwa chinese rose. Anthu a Kummawa ankakhulupirira kuti chomeracho chimatetezera nyumba, kumathandiza anthu amalonda, kuchepetsa nkhawa, kumatulutsa mphamvu zabwino. Powasamalira mosamala, chomera chimakondweretsa ndi kuchuluka kwa zomera ndi maluwa okongola.

Kodi mungakulire bwanji kunyumba?

Muyenera kuganizira mosamala malo omwe mukufuna: hibiscus ndizofunikira Kuwala bwino ndi kuteteza dzuwa. Palibe ma drafts omwe amaloledwa - chomera sichikhoza kuima. Kutentha kwakukulu ndi madigiri 12 -16, osachepera 10 madigiri m'nyengo yozizira.

Hibiscus imafuna zambiri kuthirira m'chilimwe, moyenera mu autumn, yochepa m'nyengo yozizira. M'nyengo ya chilimwe tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tizilumikiza, tifunika kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza kuchokera mu March komanso kuphatikizapo September.

Musadonge chipinda chadothi mumphika, mwinamwake chikhoza kuyamba tsamba lakugwa, kusowa kwa masamba ndi kusowa kwa maluwa m'tsogolomu.

Kubereka kunyumba

Kufalitsa kwa maluwa achi Chinese kumagwiritsa ntchito:

  • mbewu;
  • timadula;
  • kugawanitsa chitsamba;
  • cuttings.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Pambuyo mphukira ya chomera imatha, mbewu zimawonekera. Kulima hibiscus kuchokera ku mbewu kumafuna kukonzekera koyamba kufesa. Muyenera kutsanulira madzi mu chidebe, kuwonjezera rooting stimulator ndipo zilowerere mbewu kwa maola 12. Pambuyo pake, tsambani, kuchepa mu njira yofooka ya potaziyamu permanganate, kuika nsalu yonyowa pokhala ndi kuchoka pamalo otentha.

Pambuyo maluwawo akuwonekera, onetsetsani madzi ndi kuwomba. Zomera zimabzala miphika mwamsanga zimapereka mphukira zatsopano. Blossom imayamba patapita zaka zitatu, osati nthawi zonse ndi njirayi imasunga zinthu zomwe zimayambira pachiyambi.

Kodi kukula kuchokera ku cuttings?

Hibiscus yokongoletsera imasiyana mosiyanasiyana, imawonjezeka mosavuta ngati zikhalidwe zina zatha. Pofalitsa ndi cuttings, m'pofunika kudulira kudula kuchokera ku chomera chomwe mumakonda. Posankha petioles, kumbukirani kuti ziyenera kukhala osachepera awiri.
Pakuti rooting cuttings angagwiritsidwe ntchito m'njira zingapo:

  • Dulani phesi mu February, liyike mu mchenga wouma kuti ukhale rooting (kuti muthamangitse ndondomeko ya rooting, mukhoza kuphimba chidebe ndi phesi Manga pulasitiki), chomeracho chiyenera kukhala kutentha kwa madigiri 22-24 mpaka miyezi iwiri;
  • kudula nthambi ndikuyiyika m'madzi musanayambe mizu.

Kuti mukhale odulidwa oyenera a rooting:

  • pulasitiki yaing'ono kapena chidebe cha magalasi;
  • peti piritsi;
  • kukonzedwa bwino (dothi lowonjezera);
  • mankhwala kuti apititse patsogolo rooting;
  • galasi ya polyethylene kapena filimu;
  • nthaka disintegrant (vermiculite).

Pulogalamu ya peat iyenera kutsanulidwa ndi madzi, kudula phesi mosamalitsa, mopepuka kuumitsa ndi ufa ndi "Kornevin". Pambuyo ponyamula pulogalamuyi pindani pang'ono, yikani vermiculite ndi kusakaniza.

Ikani madzi pansi pa thanki, kutsanulirani dothilo, ikani kudula 2 cm Phimbani chidebecho ndi galasi kapena pulasitiki, muzikhala pamalo okongola. Kuthirira pamene nthaka iuma, nthawi zina mpweya (milungu iwiri iliyonse).

Pambuyo pa miyezi 2.5, mizu idzawoneka, ikadzakula, mutha kubzala mbeu mumphika ndikupitiriza kuisamalira, monga munthu wamkulu.

Kawirikawiri mbewu yaying'ono imatulutsa masamba. Izi sizingakhoze kuchitika, chifukwa mphamvu ya chomera si yokwanira. Maluwa oyamba adzawoneka pambuyo pa mbeuyi kufika pamtunda wa 30 cm Panthawi yonse yachilimwe hibiscus imakula mwakhama. Kudula phesi mu October, mutha kupeza maluwa pachilimwe.

Rooting cuttings wa Chinese maluwa m'madzi

Nthambi zadula zimayikidwa m'madzi, kuwonjezera kukula kwa stimulator (kufulumizitsa mapangidwe a mizu). NthaƔi ndi nthawi amafunika kuwonjezera madzi pamene ikuphulika. Maonekedwe a mizu amatha nthawi yayitali, atapanga mapangidwe okwanira, mbewuyo imasamutsidwa mumphika ndi nthaka yokonzedwa.

Momwe mungabzalitsire Chitsamba chokwera ndi mphukira?

Mphukira zachitsulo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga hibiscus, makamaka m'nyengo ya chilimwe awo rooting amapezeka mwamsanga ndi mosavuta. Kuti muchite izi:

  • sankhani phesi m'lifupi la masentimita 0,5;
  • dulani nsonga pamtunda wa masentimita 15, chotsani masamba ochepa;
  • ikani mu chidebe cha rooting;
  • khalani pamalo okongola;
  • madzi ngati pakufunika.

Kodi n'zotheka kubzala tsamba?

Tsamba la hibiscus lodulidwa ndikuikidwa m'madzi limapereka mizu. Zobzala pansi, zidzakhala zobiriwira komanso zokongola. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuti mugwiritse ntchito tsamba la kubalana: mbewu yosamalidwa bwino siidzawonekera kuchokera pamenepo.

Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito pepala lokulitsa ndi "chidendene", ndiye kuti lidzaonongeka kale, lidzakula bwino ndipo lidzasintha.

Katemera

Kuti katemera apambane ayenera kuganiziridwa:

  • Kuphatikizidwa zipatso zimagwiritsa ntchito chomera chaching'ono cha Chinese;
  • inoculate chisoti chomera;
  • pa chitsamba chimodzi sayenera kukhala oposa 5 scions;
  • Katemera akulimbikitsidwa mu miyezi yoyambirira ya chilimwe.

Pakuti zomera zothandizidwa zimasowa samalirani Apatseni malo abwino kwambiri ndikudyetsa nthawi zonse.

M'nyengo yozizira, ma hibiscuses aphatikizidwa amafunika kuyatsa (pafupifupi maola 6 pa tsiku) kuti katemera asafa.

Kugwiritsa ntchito katemera kukuthandizani kupeza mitundu ingapo pa chomera chimodzi.

Zochepa

Maluwa a hibiscus amafalitsidwa ndi kuponyera pansi mphukira pansi, kumwaza ndi dziko lapansi ndikuliphwanya. Dziko lapansi liyenera kusungunuka kwa mwezi umodzi mpaka mizu ikuwonekera. Mizu yozika mizu imatha kuikidwa mu kugwa kapena chaka chamawa m'chaka.

Ndi kutentha kokwanira ndi kuwala, mbande imayamba kukula mwakhama, kumapeto kwa chilimwe iwo amatha pachimake. Kulimbikitsa kukula ndi maluwa a hibiscus kudulira kumafunikira.

Posankha njira yoswana, iyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti kumangiriza kumatengedwa kuti ndibwino. Zomera zomwe zimachokera ku mbewu sizidzangokhalira kukondwera maluwa.

Chithunzi

Zithunzi zambiri za hibiscus, onani pansipa: