Zokolola zapamwamba ndi nyengo yozizira ya "chikumbutso" zosiyanasiyana - peyala Memory of Zhegalov

Mapeyala chifukwa cha zokoma, zokolola ndi zokongola za inflorescences, zimatikondweretsa ndi zonunkhira panthawi ya maluwa, zimapindulitsa kwambiri kwa mafakitale kuswana m'minda yayikulu komanso pazinyumba za chilimwe.

Pofunafuna makhalidwe abwino a chipatso chokoma, chokoma ndi chopatsa thanzi, asayansi apanga mitundu yambiri yamitundu ya peyala yomwe ili yabwino kwambiri kwa nyengo ya dera linalake. Mmodzi mwa mitundu yapachiyambiyi ndi peyala "Memory Zhegalov" - kufotokozera makhalidwe onse a zosiyanasiyana, zithunzi ndi ndemanga za wamaluwa pamapeto pake.

Amalenga ake anayesera kugawana ana awo osati makhalidwe abwino okha, komanso kulemekeza kwambiri munthu wina wotchuka wa ku Russia, yemwe adachita zambiri kuti afalitse chikhalidwe chokonda kutentha m'chikhalidwe chakuda.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

Mapeyala osiyanasiyana "Memory Zhegalov" ndizofanana chomera chosabala zipatso. Izi zikutanthauza kuti chikhalidwe ichi sichitha kumera ndi mungu wake.

Pachifukwa ichi, wolima munda sayenera kugwiritsa ntchito mitengo ya zinthu izi poika munda wamunda. Ngakhale kuti anali ndi mtima wapadera kwa iye.

Choncho, poyesa bwino mapeyala a mapeyala a "Memory of Zhegalov", mapeyala a mitundu ina amafunika, makamaka, mungu wawo.

Cholakwika pa nkhaniyi ndi chakuti polumikiza mungu kuchokera ku mtengo wofikira pamtengo wosiyana siyana, nyengo zina zimakhala zabwino, pamene njuchi zikuuluka mofulumira.

Ngati nyengo ikuwonongeka nthawi yaitali, tizilombo timakhalabe mumng'oma mwawo, zomwe zimakhala ndi zotsatirapo zoipa pa nthawi yake.

Ndibwino kuti mukuwerenga Mapulogalamu odzola kwambiri a peyala "Memory of Zhegalov" amaonedwa kuti ndi "Bergamot Moscow" ndi "Wokondedwa Yakovlev".

Zomwe zimafotokozedwa chikhalidwe zimagwiranso ntchito ku mitengo ya zipatso autumn zipatso yakucha (mochedwa yophukira zosiyanasiyana). Malingana ndi mfundo za agrotechnical, mapeyala ake amakhala okonzeka komanso okonzeka kusankhidwa. mu zaka khumi ndi zitatu za September.

Ndi ichi ali ndi khalidwe labwino lokusunga - akhoza kusungidwa popanda kutaya makhalidwe awo oyambirira kuyambira masiku 100 mpaka 120, kutanthauza, mpaka pa January mpaka February.

M'dzinja Rossoshanskaya, Karataevskaya, Vernaya, Kupava ndi Moskvich ndi a autumn mitundu.

Mbiri yobereketsa ndi dera loswana

Mitundu imeneyi idalimbikitsidwa ndi asayansi ogulitsa pa maziko a Moscow Agricultural Academy. KA Timiryazev.

"Chikumbutso" peyala imatchulidwa kulemekeza wotchuka wa Russian Soviet scientist-geneticist, pulofesa Sergey Ivanovich Zhegalov (1881-1927).

Ntchito Zake zolimbikira pa maziko a otchuka "Timiryazevka"Dipatimenti yoyamba yapadera yopanga mbeu ku Russia inalengedwa, njira zowolola masamba ndi zipatso za zipatso zinapangidwa ndikukula bwino.

Wofalitsa wina wapamtima wapadera ankagwira ntchito yopanga mitundu yatsopano yapachiyambi - Sergey Chizhov (1903-1971).

Pofuna mapeyala "Memory Zhegalov" adagwiritsa ntchito njira yozembera mitundu "Forest Beauty ndi Olga.

Mu 1990, mitundu yosiyanasiyana idaphatikizidwa mu dongosolo la mayeso osiyanasiyana. Pambuyo pake, peyala zosiyanasiyana za Memory of Zhegalov, chithunzi cha zipatso, kufotokozera ndi ndemanga zomwe zimaperekedwa pansipa, ku Central Africa dera la Russia.

Ku Central Region, mitundu monga Noyabrskaya, Marble, Autumn Yakovleva, Larinskaya ndi Tatyana akukula bwino.

Fotokozani mitundu Memory Zhegalov

Kufotokozera za makhalidwe akunja omwe amasiyana ndi mapeyala ena, peyala zosiyanasiyana Memory Zhegalov:

Mtengo Monga lamulo, ali ndi kutalika kwa msinkhu, anthu wamtali siwodziwikiratu. Makungwa a zomera ndi osiyana ndi imvi kapena mdima wakuda.

Krone, nthambi. Pamene mbeu yomwe imayesedwa ikadali yachinyamata, imapanga korona ngati mawonekedwe osiyana. Pamene peyala ifika pamtunda wamphumphu wamphumphu wokhazikika, korona yake imakhala ndi chikhalidwe chozungulira (kawirikawiri chowulungika) mawonekedwe.

Korona wapangidwa kuchokera ku zigoba nthambi ku thunthu pafupifupi vertically, ndi pang'ono otsetsereka. Kuchulukitsitsa kwa chiwerengerochi kumayerekezera kuti ndipakati pafupipafupi (zosawerengeka).

Makungwa a nthambi za chigoba ndizopaka utoto wobiriwira. Mpando wachifumu ukukula kufika pamtunda waukulu mwamsanga mokwanira.

Akuwombera. Mphukira ya Brown ndi pakatikati ya kutalika internodes ndiwong'onoting'ono. Ziŵerengero zawo ndi makulidwe awo ndizoŵerengeka. Pubescence pazochitika sizikuwonedwa.

Kumayambiriro kwa mphukira kumaoneka mdima wofiira, womwe umakhala wosiyana ndi nthambi.

Pamwamba pa mphukira mu zowonjezera zowonjezera ndizochepa, kukula kwa mphodza. Kawirikawiri, mtengo wa zosiyanasiyana "chikumbukiro cha Zhegalov" amasonyeza mphamvu yochepa yopanga mbali.

Masamba. Pakatikatikatikati mwa kukula kwake, pepala lakuda-tating'onoting'ono kamakhala ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira (oval), omwe ali ndi chidziwitso chochepa pakati pa mitsempha. Mtundu wambiri wa masamba ndi wobiriwira.

Pamwamba pa tsambalo, monga lamulo, ndi zotsekemera-zosavuta kukhudza, ndi khalidwe lachikopa. Pubescence pamtunda ndi kumunsi kwa masamba akusowa. Mphepete mwa masamba ndi serrate. Masamba amasungidwa pa nthambi kudzera pakati pa petioles yaitali.

Inflorescences Anapangidwa ngati burashi wodula pafupifupi 5-7 maluwa. Maluwa onse omwe ali ndi maluwa amawoneka ndi kukula kwake. Mphepete zoyera zimakhala zolimba, pomwe zimakhala zotsekedwa. Maluwawo ndi oyera.

Zipatso. Iwo amadziwika ndi kulemera kwabwino ndi kulemera kwake kuchokera 120 mpaka 130 g. Maonekedwe ake amafanana ndi dzira.

Khungu la chipatso ndi losalala, koma lochepa thupi, kapangidwe kake ndi kofiira, nthawizina ndi kufooka kwa mafuta.

Mtundu wapamwamba wa chipatsocho ndi wobiriwira, uli ndi ubweya wofiira, womwe umakhala wofiira kwambiri. Pali khungu lenileni kapena orzhavnost.

Pulp kuwala kofiira kapena kofiira komanso kukhuta kwambiri.

Zomwe zimakhala zosalala, zomwe zimakhala ndi tirigu wambiri, zimapangitsa kuti kusungunuka kunenepa kumakhala pakamwa. Mkati mwa chipatso muli 5 mpaka 10 mdima wofiira wa mpendadzuwa wa kukula kwake.

Peduncleimene peyala imagwiritsidwa ntchito, ya sing'anga yaitali ndi sing'anga makulidwe. Kukongola kwa maonekedwe a zipatso zosiyanasiyana "Memory Zhegalov" amafika pa 4.3 mfundo (pamtunda wa 5-point).

Chithunzi





Zizindikiro

Mapeyala a zosiyanasiyana "Zhegalov kukumbukira" ali ndi zinthu zambiri zomwe zimawapangitsa kukhala opindulitsa kwa mafakitale kulima m'madera akuluakulu ndi ochepa.

Choyamba, zokhudzana ndi kukoma kwake. Zipatso za mitundu iyi ndizo kwambiri kutsitsimutsani ndi kuyankhula bwino, ali ndi vitamini ndi mavitamini abwino kwambiri owonjezera zakudya zambiri.

Madalitsowa amapindula ndi Kukoma kokoma kokongola kwambiri. Pa zokoma zabwino "zopangidwa" ndi fungo labwino kwambiri la zipatso.

Mitundu yambiri yamaperesi imasonyeza kukoma kwake: Rogneda, Krasulya, Lada, Dekabrinka ndi Ilyinka.

Mankhwala aakulu mu chipatso ndi awa:

KupangaChiwerengero cha
Sahara9,3%
Zotsatira0,41%
Zosungunuka zinthu14,2%
Nkhani yowuma16,5%
P-yogwira zinthu211 mg / 100 g

Pa mlingo wa 5-point of attractiveness, peyala "Memory of Zhegalov" analandira kuchokera akatswiri Malipiro 4.3.

Zipatso za chikhalidwe ichi ndi zabwino kwa iwo cholinga cha chilengedwe chonse.

Mwa kuyankhula kwina, iwo akugwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama mu mawonekedwe atsopano ndi osinthidwa monga zopangira kupanga zosiyanasiyana compotes, marmalades, jellies, jams, ndi zina zotero.

Komanso chipatso ichi chimayikidwa monga chikhalidwe chololera. Makamaka, pansi pa nyengo yabwino ndi nyengo komanso mwachidwi cha mtengo, limapereka nthawi zonse M'nthawi yokolola makilogalamu 40.

Munda wobzalidwa ndi "Memory of Zhegalov" zosiyanasiyana kuchokera ku hekita imodzi pamtunda kufika pa anthu okwana 122 a mbewu.

Kubala bwino kwa peyala kumapangitsa kuti msangamsanga. Amayamba kumupatsa zokolola zoyamba. 3-4 zaka mutabzala mmera.

Komanso, ubwino waukulu wa kulima malonda ndi zosiyanasiyana kutentha kwakukulu kwa nyengo yozizira, kukana bwino nyengo yoipa, kusowa kwa mapeyala osalala komanso kuyenda bwino kwawo.

Mitundu yodzikweza kwambiri imaphatikizapo mapeyala: Sverdlovchanka, Yanvarskaya, Chudesnitsa, Bere Bosk ndi Dushes.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira

Mofanana ndi mitundu ina yonse ya peyala, posankha malo obzala mmera wa zosiyanasiyana "Kumbukirani Zhegalov", m'pofunika kusunga zinthu zingapo.

Makamaka, malo abwino ayenera kuunikiridwa ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa, khalani chete, ngati nkotheka gawo lopanda mphepo ya m'mundamo, mwinamwake silingagwedezeke ndi madzi pansi.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti malo ano akhale dothi nthaka yakuda, mchenga, loamy kapena akhale osakaniza pa zigawo zikuluzikuluzi.

Pofuna kukumba dzenjelo, tiyenera kuganiza kuti mizu ya mmera iyenera kukhala yoyenera. Kawirikawiri ndikwanira kukumba dzenje lakuya mamita 1 ndi lalikulu la 60-70 masentimita.

Musanadzalemo, m'pofunika kukonzekera nthaka yobwezeretsanso mizu.

Mwachizoloŵezi, zimakonzedwa kuchokera ku dothi lopangidwa pamene kukumba dzenje, kumene likuwonjezeredwa 2 zidebe za humus ndi mchenga ndi galasi imodzi ya superphosphate. Sikuti mutha kutsanulira chidebe cha madzi ndi magalasi awiri a fluffy laimu omwe amasungunuka musanafike. Pambuyo pake, dzenje liyenera kuloledwa kuti liime kwa sabata ndi hafu mpaka tsiku lodzala.

Pa nthawi yobzala mtengo, mizu yake imagona m'njira yotero pamwamba pa nthaka ya 6-7 masentimita, mizu yake imatuluka pakhosi (malo osinthira muzu mpaka tsinde). Ngati, mutatha kuthirira ndi madzi, pulogalamuyi siidasungidwe, tikulimbikitsanso kubwereza.

Pambuyo posadzaza mizu ndikudula nthaka kuzungulira thunthu, Dothi lakuda ladothi, linapanga malo ozungulira 35-40 cm

Kumalo opangira motero amapangidwa kutsanulira 2-3 zidebe za madzi olekana. Fukani malo ndi mulch (youma humus ndi utuchi).

Kusamalira mtengo bwino ndi nthaka nthawi zonse imamasula kuzungulira mtengo, panthawi yake kugwiritsa ntchito organic ndi mineral feteleza, kudulira nthambi zowonjezereka komanso zowuma.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Pa matenda aakulu omwe amapezeka pakati pa zipatso za zipatso, apa mitundu yosiyanasiyana "Memory of Zhegalov" imadziwonetsera kuchokera kumbali yabwino.

Ziri choncho, iye ali kwambiri Zotsutsana ndi matenda akuluakulu a fungal, kuphatikizapo matenda aakulu monga //selo.guru/ptitsa/bolezni-p/gribkovye/parsha.html.

Monga momwe mukuonera, peyala yofotokozedwa ili ndi makhalidwe abwino kwambiri.

Mitundu ya peyala yosalekeza: Skorospelka kuchokera ku Michurinsk, Fairy Tale, Silent Don, Moscow Oyambirira ndi Svarog.

Komabe, kuti iwo awoneke mu ulemerero wake wonse ndi kupindula kwa munthu, wolima munda ayenera kugwira ntchito mwakhama. Komabe, n'kopindulitsa!