Mitundu ya hydrangea yosakanikirana ndi masamba akulu: kubzala ndi kusamalira, zithunzi ndi malangizo a malo ogona m'nyengo yozizira

Kuwonjezera pa dzina "hydrangea" chomera chachikulu choterechi mpaka mamita 4 chimakhala ndi dzina lakuti Hydrangea ("Water Ships"), kutsindika chikondi chake cha nthaka yozama.

Kumtchire, hydrangea imayimiliridwa ndi mitundu makumi atatu ndi zisanu yomwe ikukula kumadera a East Asia ndi American subtropics.

Kufotokozera ndi makhalidwe a zosiyanasiyana

Mitundu yothamanga kwambiri, m'malo mwa thermophilic ndi mitundu yochititsa chidwi kwambiri ya hydrangea yaikulu inapezeka ku France.

Zosankha zina, zokhudzana ndi kupeza mawonekedwe ozizira ozizira, zimayambitsa ma hydrangeas omwe amatha kupitirira overwinter kumalo otseguka a gulu lapakati - zoona ndi malo oyenera a pogona.

Mitundu yolimbayi ikuphatikizapo:

  • kalasi "Alpengluchen", chitsamba chobiriwira chobiriwira, chomwe mu June-July chimadzaza ndi zipewa zofiira za inflorescences.
  • Mzere wa mitundu ya terry "U & M" zimaphatikizapo kuwala ndi phokoso la pinki mu inflorescences a mibadwo yosiyana.
  • "Kwamuyaya ndi Nthawi Zonse" Kuwala ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana: pinki, yoyera, yofiira, buluu.
  • Hortensia "Chilimwe chosatha"(" Chilimwe Chamuyaya ") amatha kupuntha kachiwiri.

Mankhwala otchedwa hydrangeas amathandizidwanso mumzinda wa chikhalidwe, zomwe zimathetsa vuto la nyengo yozizira, koma salola kuti tchire lifike kukula kwakukulu kotero kuti akhoza kukhala.

Chithunzi

Kubzala ndi kusamalira

Kusankha malo

Kuti mukhale wochuluka komanso wokoma maluwa pamafunika kuchuluka kwa dzuwa. Pa nthawi yomweyi, padzuwa "chotengera madzi" chimalira mofulumira.

Choncho, malo oti ikamatera ayenera kukhala pang'ono shaded. Imodzi mwa njira zoyenera: gawo lakumtunda la chitsamba limakhala lochepetsedwa, ndipo pamwamba pali dzuwa. Malo oyandikana nawo mitengo yaikulu ndi osafunika, chifukwa mizu yawo yamphamvu imayamwa mwamsanga chinyezi, chomwe chili chofunika kwambiri kwa hydrangeas.

Ground

Nthaka iyenera kukhala pang'ono kapena sing'anga asidi, modetsa nkhawa komanso wathanzi mokwanira. Zolemba zake zingakhale monga izi: peat, humus, turf, masamba ndi mchenga wofanana. Amagwiritsanso ntchito "kusakaniza" kusakaniza kwa peat, humus, singano ndi nthaka ya dothi.

Tikufika

Nthawi yabwino kubzala izi chitsamba lotseguka nthaka - kutha kwa kasupe (nthaka yotentha ndi kuzizira). Gombe lolowera mu kukula kwake liyenera kufanana ndi mizu ya sapling. Kwa zomera zazikuluzikulu, makamaka, masentimita 35 m'litali, m'lifupi ndi kuya ndikwanira.

Pansi pa dzenje, ngati dongo liri dothi, perekani makina a miyala, dothi, njerwa kapena nkhondo ya ceramic. Ikani wosanjikiza wa okonzeka nthaka osakaniza ndi mowongoka bwino mizu, yomwe idakonzedwa mu chidebe cha madzi.

Phulani dothi, pang'onopang'ono kulipanga, kupanga organic ndi zonse zamchere feteleza, zomwe zingathandize kupanga maluwa.

Madzi, ndiye pamwamba pa dziko lapansi zisowa zakugwa kapena makungwa opundulidwa. Ntchito yotsirizayi ndi yofunika kuti nthaka pansi pa chitsamba ikhale ndi chinyezi. Hydrogel imathandizidwanso kuti asunge chinyezi m'nthaka.

Mtunda pakati pa mbande zingapo uyenera kukhala mita imodzi.

Kuthirira

Kuthira madzi ayenera kukhala ofewa, monga chomera ichi sichiloleza madzi, laimu.

Zokongola - kuthirira madzi a mvula. Madzi ochokera ku makina a madzi ayenera kukhazikika bwino ndi kutenthetsa, ndipo nthawi zina zimathandiza. onjezerani pang'ono - madzi a mandimu kapena vinyo wosasa.

M'nyengo ya chilimwe, ngati kulibe mvula, chitsamba chilichonse chiyenera kulandira madzi awiri sabata iliyonse.

Kupaka pamwamba

Chomeracho chimayankha bwino ku chimbudzi cha feteleza chophatikizapo nthenga, rhododendrons ndi azaleas. Njira yabwino - Mitundu yapadera ya hydrangeas.

Malamulo ogwiritsira ntchito feteleza aganizire mbali zazikulu za kukula ndi chitukuko:

  • kusamba kwa kasupe amalimbikitsa mapangidwe a mphukira zazing'ono;
  • June kumalimbikitsa kwambiri kupanga mapangidwe;
  • chilimwe, mu nthawi yake, nthawi yaitali maluwa komanso amapatsa mtengo wamaluwa, umene udzatsegulidwe chaka chamawa. Mu chakudyachi ayenera kuwonjezera potash ndi phosphorous chigawo, ndi nayitrogeni - kuchepetsa.
  • Kutha, asanakhale pogona, ndi superphosphate ndi potaziyamu.

Kudulira

Kuthamanga kwakukulu kwa hydrangea, monga lamulo, kumadulidwa pang'ono, kuchepa kwa kasupe kuchotsedwa kwafooka, kuonongeka ndi thickening mphukira. Njira yabwinoyi ndi chifukwa chakuti pachimake perekani zokha chaka chatha mphukira za lignifiedizo ziyenera kupulumutsidwa mochuluka momwe zingathere.

Mzere wa mitundu "Kwamuyaya ndi Yonse", "U & M", "Chilimwe Chamuyaya" amawombera pachimake chaka chonse komanso chaka chomwecho, kotero tchire Zingatheke kudulira kwambiri osati masika, komanso pambuyo maluwa - theka kutalika kwa mphukira ndi zina zambiri.

Kodi mungaphimbe bwanji nyengo yozizira?

Mu August-September, ngati nyengo yayuma, hydrangea iyenera kukhala madzi ambiri. Mbewu yabwino yosungunulira bwino idzalekerera mosavuta mtsogolo chisanu. Pa nthawi yomweyi, monga prophylaxis ya kuvunda pansi pa pogona, amatsanulira chisakanizo cha Bordeaux.

Mu October, ndi isanayambike usiku frosts, spud baka mpaka kutalika kwa mamita 0.3.

Kumayambiriro kwa November nthambi zimagwada pansi, zimagona masamba owuma, kuphimba ndi nthambi za spruce.

Mutha kuika pamwamba bokosi kapena bokosi miyeso yabwino, yomwe idzaperekanso chotsamira mpweya, kapena kukhazikitsa otsika mtengo ndikuphimba ndi filimu ya pulasitiki.

M'chakachi malowa amatsatira kuchoka pang'onopang'ono.

Maluwa

Mitengo yamaluwa imapezeka m'miyezi ya chilimwe - June ndi July.

Mpweya wa hydrangea unasanduka masabata 2-4 m'mbuyomu, ndipo mapuloteni ake amakula kwambiri, chomeracho chimaphatikizidwa ndi njira yowonjezereka ya accelerators, gibberellins, m'madzi pamtunda wa 50 mg / l kawiri, ndi masiku 4 mpaka 7.

Mtundu wa inflorescences umadalira momwe nthaka imachitira ndi kusintha kuchokera ku pinki mu malo osalowerera kupita ku buluu ndi buluu mu gawo losavomerezeka.

Nyumbayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, makamaka kuyambira madzi ofewa, madzi ofewa amapindulitsa zomera.

Kukhalapo kwa aluminiyamu pang'ono ndi chitsulo m'nthaka kumapanga masewera ena owonjezera. Makamaka, kuti mupeze buluu labwino, zimalimbikitsanso kumwa madzi zomera ziwiri zilizonse ndi malita awiri a alum potash kapena ammonium potash alum ku ndende ya 3-5 g / l.

Zida "zowonongeka" nthawi yomweyo musachotse: m'nyengo yozizira, amapereka chitetezo chowonjezera cha kukula ndi maluwa. Chotsani maluwa owuma pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira, kumayambiriro kwamawa.

Kuswana

Mbewu za hydrangea yaikulu sizitenga nthawi yozizira m'nyengo ya chilimwe pakati pa gulu, choncho amafalitsa Zomera zokha: kuika ndi cuttings.

  • Kubalanso poyika gwiritsani ntchito kumapeto kwa nyengo: kugwetsa pansi nthambi yoyenerera, kuikonza pakati ndi kuwonjezera pake. Pofika m'dzinja, gawo loyandikana limapanga mizu yokwanira, koma zomera zatsopano zimasiyanitsidwa ndi mayi omwe amatha kasupe wotsatira.
  • Kubalana cuttingsndipo zimapindula kumayambiriro kwa nyengo ya masika (zigawo za zobiriwira) ndi m'chilimwe (zigawo za mphukira zobiriwira). Pogwiritsira ntchito zozizira kukula, pamakhala mvula yambiri, kutentha kwa madigiri 14-17, cuttings ndi ziwiri kapena zinayi zizindikiro mwamsanga kupanga mizu mu gawo lapansi la masamba ndi peat ndi mchenga kapena coniferous nthaka.

Wilting m'chilimwe ndi kuthirira okwanira Dzuwa limatuluka pamene kutentha kumawoneka madigiri 30. Pofuna kupewa izi, malo obzala hydrangeas ayenera kupangidwa pang'ono.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Hydrangea pa malo omwe ali ndi zifukwa zabwino kwambiri zomwe zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda.

Ngati dothi ndi limestone kapena supersaturated ndi humus, chomeracho chikhoza kukula chlorosis, momwe masamba, kupatulapo mitsempha yamkati, amakhala mdima. Pankhaniyi, khalani kuthirira potaziyamu nitrate yankho ndi ndondomeko ya 4g / l, ndipo patapita masiku atatu - chitsulo chosakaniza sulfate ndende yomweyo.

Downy mildew, mumdima wamdima, pang'onopang'ono kufalikira mawanga amapangidwa pa masamba ndi zimayambira, zimakhudza hydrangea kutentha kwa madigiri 18-20 kuphatikiza ndi mpweya wa mlengalenga. Chithandizo champhamvu cha matendawa ndi kupopera mbewu ndi sopo: 15 g zamkuwa sulfate ndi 150 g wa sopo wobiriwira mumtsuko.

Kumalo otseguka, chomeracho sichimakhudzidwa ndi tizirombo, kupatulapo nkhonozomwe zimatha kudya masamba ndi masamba. Pankhaniyi, nkhono ndi zokolola zawo zimasonkhanitsa, kuwononga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito makonzedwe apadera opangira mollusks.
Kawirikawiri, lalikulu-leaved hydrangea, monga chomera chotsegula, ndi anthu osadzichepetsa omwe ali pa webusaitiyi.

Nthawi yozizira ndi vuto - ngakhale mitundu yozizira yosagonjetsa nyengo yozizira kutsika madigiri 18. Komabe, amalima a maluwa omwe ali pakatikati omwe amapereka ma hydrangeas ndi malo oyenera a chisanu adzapindula ndi maluwa ochulukirapo ambirimbiri a tchire. M'dzinja, asanagwe m'nyengo yozizira, masamba awo amawoneka ofiira, poika chokweza pa chovala cha golide.

Mfundo zothandiza

Mukhoza kuwerenga zipangizo zina:

  1. Kodi mungasamalire bwanji mobo bobo? Kukula ndi kukonzekera nyengo yozizira
  2. Kodi mungasamalire bwanji Limelight?
  3. Kodi nyengo ya ku Dubolist imakhala bwanji?
  4. Wosakanikirana ndi Pinky Winky pa tsamba lanu
  5. Paniculata grandiflora - zizindikiro za kusamalira ndi kubereka m'munda chiwembu
  6. Mphuno (petiolate, kukwera) - mpanda mumunda wanu!
  7. Mtengo wa Hydrangea Annabelle - kukongoletsa koyera kwa malo anu
  8. Mtengo wa hydrangea m'munda wanu - kubzala ndi kusamalira, kuswana, nyengo yozizira
  9. Kodi mungapange bwanji abwenzi ndi serrate?
  10. Japanese Kyushu mumunda wanu
  11. Kodi mungasamalire bwanji paniculate phantom? Kubzala, wintering, kuswana
  12. Kodi mungasamalire bwanji panicle vanilla fraze?
  13. Kokometsetsa "mfumu" ya paniculata m'munda wanu: zizindikiro za chisamaliro
  14. Zinsinsi zobzala munda
  15. Garden hydrangea: kubzala ndi kusamalira, m'munda wa m'munda
  16. Musalole kuti munda ukhale wothira! Kodi mungaphimbe bwanji nyengo yozizira?
  17. Kodi mungateteze bwanji munda ku matenda ndi tizirombo?