Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri, hybrids ndi mitundu mimulyusa

Mimulus kapena, monga momwe amatchedwanso, gubastik ndi wokongola kwambiri yokongola chaka chilichonse chomera cha nornichnikov banja. Sizingatheke kuti aliyense adzalandira chidwi, atawona mapiri a lengwe a motleyus. Dzikoli ndi la kumpoto kwa America. Amakhala ndi siponji m'malo omwe amakhala ndi mvula yambiri komanso nyengo yozizira. Kupezeka ku New Zealand, Australia, Asia. Koma kutchire ku Ulaya simudzapeza - apa mimulus imakula mu flowerbeds, munda wamaluwa komanso kunyumba.

Mukudziwa? Pali matembenuzidwe angapo a chiyambi cha dzina la chomeracho. Otsatira a oyambawo amakhulupirira kuti pamtima dzina lake Mimulus ndilo mawu akuti Mime - wamatsenga, wojambula, jester. Njira yachiwiri imanena kuti mawuwa ndi Mimo - monkey. Kutsimikiziridwa kwa Baibulo laposachedwapa kungakhale ngati kuti mu America chomera chimatchedwa "monkey maluwa". Popeza chikhalidwe cha maluwa a maluwa chikufanana ndi mulu wa monkey.
Amadziwika kuti alipo 150 mitundu ya gubastik. Zina mwazinthu zonsezi ndi zotsamba komanso zosatha; chophimba pansi, udzu ndi zitsamba zakuda. Mitundu iliyonse imakhala yosiyana ndi kukula kwa tsinde, kukula kwake ndi mitundu ya maluwa. Kutalika kwa tsinde kufanana ndi masentimita 10 mpaka 70, mu mitundu yambiri ya zomera yomwe imadutsa masentimita 150. Pali zomera zokhala ndi zowuma komanso zokwawa, zosabala ndi zosabala. Chinthu chachikulu chomwe chimapindulitsa kwambiri ndi maluwa ake. Zili zazikulu (masentimita 5), ​​ndipo zimakhala ndi zipilala zisanu: zam'mwamba ziwiri zimayendayenda, pansi zitatu zimakankhira patsogolo. Maluwawo ndi osasangalatsa (oyera, achikasu, pinki, ofiira, maroon) ndipo amalowa mkati mwazithunzi zina. Maluwawo amapanga chipatso mwa mawonekedwe a bokosi, ogawidwa m'magawo awiri.

Mimulus ali ndi nthawi ziwiri maluwa - mu masika ndi autumn. Mitengo yoyambirira ikumera mu April. Mitundu ina imatha kuphulika pamaso pa chisanu choyamba.

Maluwa ndi maluwa osalongosoka komanso osamalidwa bwino, koma mkhalidwe wake umadalira mitundu yosankhidwayo. Kawirikawiri, gubastik amadziwika ndi chipiriro - akhoza kukula pa dothi losauka. Pali mitundu yambiri yomwe imatha kukula m'madzi. Kwenikweni, zomerazi ndi thermophilic, koma mitundu iwiri yopanda chisanu yayamba kale. Amakonda kukula m'malo amdima, ngakhale ena amamva bwino mumthunzi. Amafalikira ndi mbewu ndi zomera.

Pansipa tikukufotokozerani za mitundu, zinyama ndi mitundu ya mimulyus, yomwe imakhala yosangalatsa kwambiri kumera m'minda.

Mbalame yamapomegranate (Mimulus puniceus)

Mbalame yamapomegranate - mbadwa ya Southern California. Kunyumba, kukula pamapiri a mapiri. Ili ndi mtundu wofiira, wamdima wakuda ndi lalanje mkati mwa corolla. Amamasula kuchokera kumapeto kwa autumn mpaka kumayambiriro kwa autumn. Chomeracho ndi chachikulu - chimakula mpaka mamita 1. Chimafuna kutentha kwambiri - sichimalola ngakhale pang'ono chisanu mpaka -5 ° С. Ikhoza kukula ponse dzuwa ndi mdima wandiweyani. Chilala chikulimbana. Kuwonjezera pa kubzala lotseguka pansi, ntchito mu mphika chikhalidwe.

Ndikofunikira! Gubastik yonse imakonda kukula m'madera owala bwino. Mitengo monga makangaza, mtundu wa dzuwa mumthunzi, Kutentha kwa dzuwa, dzuwa losakanizidwa, Nsakato za Abulu, ndi zina zotero zimatha kubzala mthunzi.

Mimulus chikasu (Mimulus luteus)

Siponji yachikasu ndi yofala ku Chile. Chomera ichi chimakhala cholimba, nthambi yachitsulo, kawirikawiri yopanda kanthu, koma imapezedwanso ndi pubescent pang'ono. Zimayambira za mimulyus imeneyi imatha kutalika kwa masentimita 60. Maluwa okongola a chikasu amapanga mapulaneti kumapeto kwa mphukira kapena tsamba la axils.

Mukudziwa? Anali mtundu wa chikasu umene poyamba unafotokozedwa m'zaka za zana la 18 ndi mtsogoleri wachipembedzo wa ku France, Bambo Fayet. Anamuwona paulendo wake waku South America. Kenaka mu 1763, chomerachi chinalembedwa ndi katswiri wa zachilengedwe wa Sweden Karl Linnei mu dongosolo lake la zomera, zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito mtundu wa Mimulus. Anayambitsa chikasu cha imulyus kuyambira 1812. Kulima sikumagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri.

Mimulyus speckled (Mimulus guttatus)

Zamawanga zamaliseche zomwe zinadziwika kuyambira 1808. Malo omwe amakula kwambiri ndi North America ndi New Zealand. Amakonda kukhala pafupi ndi madzi, m'madera ozizira. Amakonda malo amodzi. Ichi ndi chomera chokwanira - mpaka masentimita 80, ndi nthambi yowongoka. Maluwawo ndi achikasu ndipo ali ndi mdima wofiira womwe uli pamtunda wa corolla.

Mukudziwa? Mitulus yamakina yamtunduwu inkatchedwa dzina lake Fyodor Fisher, wasayansi amene anawunikira ku chikhalidwe.
Chifukwa cha masamba ake okongoletsera - imvi yobiriwira ndi yoyera - wolima Richard Bish (Mimulus guttatus Richard Bish) ndi wokondweretsa wamaluwa. Iyo imamera mu June-July ndi maluwa achikasu, pammero omwe muli madontho ofiira. Chomeracho ndi chophimba pansi - chimakafika kutalika kwa 15-25 masentimita. Amatha kulekerera kutentha.

Ndikofunikira! Mimulyusy - zomera thermophilic. Mitundu iwiri yokha ndiyo yachisanu-yolimba - imakhala yazing'ono ndipo imatsegulidwa gubastik. Mitundu ina yonse yozizira iyenera kuchotsedwa.

Mdima wofiira wa Mimulyus, kapena wofiirira (Mimulus cardinalis)

Red gubastik imafalikira ku North America. M'chilengedwe ndi osatha. Analimbikitsidwa kuyambira mu 1835 monga chaka. Mphukira za maluwa otchedwa mimulus, ofiira, amafika kutalika kwa masentimita 40-60. Masamba okhala ndi cloves kumapeto, pubescent. Amamera maluwa ofiira olimba. Nthawi yofalikira imayamba kuyambira June mpaka September. Odyetsa mwachangu ankagwiritsa ntchito mimulus wofiira chifukwa chowoloka ndi mitundu ina ndipo motero anapeza mitundu yambiri yomwe imakondweretsa alimi. Zina mwa mitundu imeneyi ndizo mitundu ina ya siponji: Kardinal (maluwa ofiira okhala ndi mawanga a chikasu), chinjoka Chofiira (maluwa ofiira), Mfumukazi ya Pink (Maluwa okongola a pinki), Aurantikus (maluwa okongola a lalanje).

Mkuwa Wofiira wa Mimulus (Mimulus cupreus)

Mkuwa wofiira wamapiri wotchedwa lipastik ndi wochepa kwambiri (12-15 masentimita mu msinkhu) ndipo uli ndi chivundikiro cha nthaka. Anayamba ku chikhalidwe kuchokera ku Chile. Zimayambira za mimulyus iyi ndi recumbent, pang'ono kuuka, opanda. Mtundu wa maluwa - kuchokera ku mkuwa wofiira ku mkuwa-lalanje. Zili ndizing'ono - mpaka 3 masentimita. Nthawi yamaluwa ndi July-September.

Zili ndi mitundu yambiri yokongola: Red Emperor, Indian nymph (duwa lofiira ndi kirimu halo ndi specks)

Primula mimulus (Mimulus primuloides)

Mimulus primiforma kumadzulo kwa North America, panyumba, imakula m'malo amvula, m'mapiri ndi m'mapiri. Chomeracho n'chochepa kwambiri - sichiposa 12 cm mu msinkhu, ndi tsinde lakukwawa. Masamba ali ndi mtundu wobiriwira mpaka wofiira, akhoza kukhala wosindikizira komanso wosabala. Amamasula ndi maluwa okongola a chikasu pazitali za peduncles. Maluwa - kuyambira June mpaka August.

Mimulus lalanje (Mimulus aurantiacus)

Kukula kumwera kwakumadzulo kwa United States, mtundu wa orange imulus umagwiritsidwa ntchito kutenthetsa ndi dzuwa, choncho sichidzathe kutentha ndi mthunzi. Ichi ndi chomera chachikulu - mpaka mamita 1. Ndi kutalika kotere, mphukira zimakhala zovuta kukula, choncho popanda zitsamba zimayamba kukulira mosiyana ndi kuyenda pansi. Imatulutsa maluwa okongola a lalanje, maluwa okongola a zalmon (mwina pangakhale pamakhala ndi misozi yofiira). Nthawi yamaluwa ndi May-September.

Kambuku ya Mimulyus, kapena wosakanizidwa (Mimulus x hybridus)

Zophatikiza, kapena spongele sponge - dzina la gulu la mitundu yambiri linapezedwa kuchoka mumtsinje wa mimulyus ndi Mimulus lutem. Mitundu imeneyi ndi imodzi mwazofala mu chikhalidwe chokongoletsera. Zomera zomwe zimaphatikizidwapo zimakhala ndi masamba akuluakulu omwe amatha kutalika kwa masentimita 25. Masamba awo ndi ofothed. Maluwa amitundu yosiyana mitundu, madontho, mikwingwirima. Maluwa amapanga inflorescences kukula pa yaitali peduncles. Nthawi yofalikira ya tiger mimulus ndi June-July. Panthawiyi, kuwonjezera pa maluwa, mukhoza kusangalala ndi fungo lochokera ku maluwa. Zili ngati fungo la musk.

Kuchokera ku mitundu iyi, mitundu yambiri ya mitundu ndi hybrids imachokera, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka kuti ibzalidwe muzitsulo. Tikupereka zokhazo zotchuka kwambiri. Mwachitsanzo Mitulyus mitundu Voerkenig akhoza kukhala ndi chidwi pachimake chachilendo cha maluwa ofiira ndi madontho a bulauni ndi mmero wa chikasu. Zosiyanasiyana zosangalatsa ndi dzina lokongola ndi motley maluwa Dzuwa mumthunzi. Iye amavomerezanso mthunzi.

Zochititsa chidwi ndi mitundu ya F1 yowonjezera Mfumukazi ya Mfumukazi ya Mfumukazi (Mfumukazi ya Mfumukazi), Royal Velvet (Royal Velvet). Maluwa ake a pinki ndi zilonda zimatha kudabwa mimulus mitundu ya gayti.

Pakati pa mitundu yowonjezera, F1 Viva, Calypso, Magic ndizofala kwambiri. Viva amaonekera pakati pa gubastik maluwa aakulu kwambiri (6-8 masentimita awiri) a mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Maluwa onse omwe ali oyenera kukula m'madera osiyanasiyana, kaya ndi mphika, mzere wam'mphepete mwa nyanja kapena gombe la malo okongoletsera, amamera mumzere wosiyanasiyana Mimulus Magic.

Kukongola kosadabwitsa kumakondweretsa diso; maluŵa omwe ali mbali ya gulu losakanikirana la mitundu yambiri yonyansa amatchedwa Highland Hybrids.

Ndi mawu ochepa ponena za kugwiritsa ntchito gubastik. Mu malo okongola mimulyus nthawi zambiri anabzala maluwa, rabatkah, kukongoletsa malire. Kumalo otseguka, kubzala kwake kukugwirizana ndi tchire la mabungwe, astilbe, saxiframe, buttercups, ndi periwinkle. Mitundu yofiira, primrose mimulyusy ndi mitundu ina yophimba pansi imagwiritsidwa ntchito pamapiri a miyala.

Zikuwoneka zokongola ndipo zikukula bwino kuzungulira matupi a madzi. Njira yotsegulidwa ikhoza kukula m'mitsuko mumadzi. Mitedusa yofiira ndi yofiira ikhoza kubzala m'madzi.

Kubastik idagwiritsidwa ntchito mu chikhalidwe cha mphika - imayesedwa mwakhama m'mabotchi, khonde ndi kunja kwa mawindo. M'chikhalidwe ichi, chiri pafupi ndi verbena, lobelia. Pofuna kupachika miphika, mimus yalanje ndi yangwiro, kapena imodzi mwa haibridi mitundu ya mimulus - Mbuzi ya Mkuwa (Ng'ombe za Bulu).