Zodabwitsa kwambiri zokongola "Begonia ya Red-leaved"

Red Begonia - kulemba m'nyumba zopanda ulemu. Kutalika sikufikira masentimita 25. Amakonda kwambiri chinyezi, kutentha komanso kusasangalatsa.

Nthawi zina Red Begonia amatchedwa Fista. Dzina la sayansi Begonia erythrophylla (feastii). Dziko lakwawo chomera chodabwitsa ichi ndi South America. Tsamba lofiira limatchedwa dzina lake chifukwa cha masamba ofiira kapena a burgundy. Ali ndi masamba owoneka bwino kwambiri a mawonekedwe a oval-beveled popanda pubescence, nthawizina popanda nsonga yolumpha. Kwambiri kufika masamba 8-12 masentimitam'litali kuyambira masentimita 12 mpaka 15. Zimayambira pang'onopang'ono, zowonjezera, zamtundu wobiriwira, zolimba kwambiri. Petioles amawala, amaliseche. Maluwa ndi mtundu wa pinki wofiira kwambiri. Maluwa akhoza kuchitika kuyambira mu December mpaka June. Kutalika kutalika kwa Fista 25 masentimita.

Kuwombera


Kubzala Krasnolistnoy kuyenera kupangidwa nyengo isanakwane kapena pambuyo pa maluwa. Mizu siimapita kutali - imakula pamtunda wautali pamwamba pa nthaka. Choncho, chodzala chiyenera kuchitidwa m'zinthu zamatabwa.
Miphika ya pulasitiki amagwira ntchito bwino. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito matabwa kapena zitsulo, monga ngati kuthirira kwambiri mitengo ndi chitsulo chimayamba kupota.
Kompositi ndi yabwino kubzala. Dothi lofanana mofanana ndi mineral feteleza, peat kapena kompositi. Nthawi zina amawonjezera masamba kapena mchenga.

Zaletsedwa kuzembetsa nthaka mwamphamvu, nthaka iyenera kumasuka ndi kupuma.

Chisamaliro cha Begonia

Young maluwa ndi kukula kukula madzi modabwitsa - pamene dziko liuma. Fistas wamkulu amafunika kuthirira kamodzi pa sabata. M'nyengo yozizira, madzi okwanira amachepetsedwa kamodzi kokha ndi hafu kwa milungu iwiri. Kuthira kwakukulu sikuvomerezeka - pali ngozi ya powdery mildew. M'nyengo yozizira, chitsamba chimafuna mkulu chinyezi. M'nyengo yozizira yotentha pambali pa chomera ndi kofunikira kupopera mpweya. Kufunika kutentha m'nyengo yachilimwe kuyambira 20 mpaka 22 ° C. M'nyengo yozizira, kuyambira 16 mpaka 18 ° C. Kutentha sikuyenera kugwa pansi pa 15 ° C. Yadzaza ndi imfa. Tsamba lofiira limakula bwino mu zipinda zotentha ndi dzuwa. Amakonda amabalalika kuwala kowala. Amakondera mbali zakumadzulo ndi kummawa. Kuyambira madzulo dzuwa la Fistu pritenuyut. Mvula imatuluka ndipo imatenthedwa. Popanda kuwala, masamba amayamba kutuluka.

Tsamba lofiira silingalekerere mphepo ndi zojambulajambula, sizikufuna zilolezo kumalo ena.

Maonekedwe ndi njira zoberekera kwa begonia yofiira


Kupanga korona sikovomerezeka. Sungani chomera chokha kuti apeze zokolola. Maluwa amafalitsidwa ndi kudula.
Mapeto a rhizome yomwe ikukula bwino imadulidwa bwino. Kudula kutalika kwa masentimita 6 mpaka 9 kulowetsedwa mu mankhwala a mahomoni, amalimbikitsa rooting zabwino. Mapesi amabzalidwa mu miphika ndi madigiri oposa masentimita 10.
Kuberekera pogwiritsa ntchito peti yowonongeka ndi mchenga. Mu thanki perekani mabowo ndikuphimba ndi mtsuko wa galasi.
Kuyala zinthu kumaikidwa m'chipinda chofunda ndi dzuwa. Patatha masiku 14, tsamba lofiira amafunika kudyetsa feteleza. Patapita mwezi umodzi, a Fists amachotsa mtsuko wa galasi kwathunthu ndikupanga madzi ochuluka.

Nthawi ya moyo wa begonias ndi yochepa kuyambira zaka 7 mpaka 8.

Kuwaza ndi kudyetsa

Achinyamata makope anaika miyezi isanu ndi umodzi, monga ndi kusintha kambiri, begonias amayamba kukula bwino. Maluwa akuluakulu amaikidwa ngati tangi yadzaza ndi mizu, kawirikawiri kamodzi pa zaka 3-4. Ndi bwino kudyetsa feteleza wathunthu kamodzi masiku makumi atatu. Manyowa amabwera ndi kuthirira. Kukonzekera kumaphatikizidwa ndi madzi kutentha.

Manyowa amadzimadzi, zitosi za mbalame (0,5 makilogalamu pa 12 malita a madzi), manyowa ovunda (0.5 makilogalamu pa 5 malita a madzi) ndi oyenerera kudya.

Mankhusu a nkhanu, mabala a citrus, peel anyezi, phulusa, masamba a tiyi akhoza kuwonjezeredwa kunthaka.

Zofunika za chisamaliro cha chisanu


Nyengo Yofiira Yozizira amafunikira chisamaliro chapadera. Kutentha kwa chipinda sayenera kugwa pansi pa 15 ° C. Chifukwa chopanda dzuwa amalimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito kuwala.
Chinyezi chiyenera kuwonjezeka chaka chonse. Mlengalenga kuzungulira chomeracho ndi sprayed ndi madzi okhazikika. Kuthirira kumachepetsedwa kamodzi kwa theka lililonse mpaka masabata awiri.
Dziko lapansi lamasulidwa kuti likhale lopuma bwino. Kudyetsa kunachepetsedwa kamodzi pamwezi. Pofuna kupewa kuzizira maluwa, amatetezedwa kuzithunzi ndi mphepo. Pamene dziko lachilendo likuchitika, sizilandizidwa kuti mukhudze Fista.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Maluwawo amatha kuphuka ndi kuvila imvi. Zowola zowononga zimakhudza mizu ya zomera. Iwo amakhala bulauni kapena burgundy. Matendawa sungakhoze kuwonedwa mwamsanga. Choncho, kukuda kwa zimayambira ndi masamba a tsamba la Krasnifolia ndilololedwa. Kuteteza begonia ku matendawa kungathe kuchotsa mizu ya kachilombo ka HIV. Pofuna kupewa matenda amenewa, Musati muthamangire chomeracho ndi kugwiritsa ntchito njira yabwino yosamba madzi. Grey kuvunda imawonekera ngati mawonekedwe a nkhungu. Nkhumba zimatha mosavuta pamene zomera zimatembenuzidwa. Matendawa atayamba, masamba amdima ndi kutha. Chifukwa cha matenda ngati amenewo ndipamwamba kwambiri chinyezi ndi mpweya wabwino wa chipinda. Kuchokera ku tizirombo tingathe kuwona mealybug. Zikuwoneka ngati mawonekedwe okhwima mu tsamba lamachimo. Kawirikawiri, chisa cha tizilombo choterechi chiri pansi pa tsamba lofiira la tsamba. Chifukwa cha chimbudzi chake, mealybug imatchedwa nsabwe za m'masamba. Dyetsani tizilombo tikadula fumbi ndi dothi.

Masamba a chomera ayenera kukhala oyera.

Fista ili ndi masamba okongola kwambiri.

Salola kulekerera ndi kutulutsa dzuwa.

Kawirikawiri zowola zowola zimadwala pamene kuphulika kwa tsinde la zomera kumachitika. Lili ndi maluwa okongola a pinki. Amamera kuyambira December mpaka June.

Chithunzi

Pambuyo pake mukhoza kuona chithunzi chachisamaliro cha kunyumba kwa begonia wofiira: