Amaluwa okonda - mitengo ya apulo yoyambirira "Anthu"!

Mitundu yambiri ya apulo ndi yosiyana ndi zokolola zake, fruiting liwiro ndi nkhanambo kukana.

Folk amasinthasintha bwino pazikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana, chifukwa chake zidapindula bwino malo zikwi zambiri za minda.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

Nthawi ya kucha kwa Narodnoe apulo zosiyanasiyana: mapeto a August ndi kumayambiriro kwa September, ndiko zosiyanasiyana ndi autumn oyambirira.

Zimakula m'madera ozizira. Mbewuyo ili ndi moyo wautali wautali. Maapulo pansi pa zifukwa zoyenera zothandizira akhoza kudyedwa mpaka January (nyengo ya ntchitoyi ili pafupi masiku 135).

Kusungidwa kumalimbikitsidwa mabokosi, kosungirako ndi zipinda zapansi. Kuti zipatso zisamawonongeke, m'pofunika kupewa kutentha kwadzidzidzi kutentha ndi kutentha kwambiri.

Kuwongolera

Ubwino wina wa zosiyanasiyana ndi mtengo wa apuloso wa Narodnoe - umadzikonda. Kotero ngakhale pansi pa zovuta kwambiri ndi kusakhala kwathunthu kwa tizilombo todwalitsa, mukhoza kudalira zokolola.

Tsatanetsatane mitundu mitundu

Chipatso cha Narodnoe chosiyana ndi mtengo wamtengo wapatali ndi zipatso zazikulu. Taganizirani zambiri.

Mtengo wa apulo ndi wautali pang'ono, pakakula maluwawo amangofika mamita 3.5 okha. Korona sikufalikira, imakhala yosawerengeka komanso yozungulira.

Mtundu wa makungwa a mafupa ndi wofiira. Malangizo a nthambi amatsogoleredwa pamwamba. Fruiting imaphatikizidwa pamodzi: pa kolchtakah, ndi zipatso za nthambi, mapiritsi ndi nthungo.

Amaloleza molunjika, m'malo mwake mphukira zakuda zomwe zili ndi mthunzi wofiirira.

Zomwe zimadziwika: Tsamba lachitsulo ndi lokhazikika pansi, lili ndi khosi-wavy m'mphepete mwake, pamwamba pa masamba ndi makwinya, osasangalatsa.

Folk amapereka zipatso zapakatikati. Kulemera kokwanira kwa kopi imodzi ndi 110-135 g. Maapulo ali ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira, osungunuka pang'ono pamunsi, samangomva pang'ono. Pa zipatso zina, mawonekedwe ena a msoko amatha kuwonedwa - cholowa chochokera ku zosiyanasiyana za Papirovka.

Pa khungu pali zinthu zing'onozing'ono zopangidwa ndi imvi, zobalalika pamtunda wa chikasu. Panthawi yakucha, musanayambe kusonkhanitsa, imawonekera mtundu wa golide-wachikasu.

Mnofu wa Anthu uli ndi chikasu, wachifundo ndi yowutsa madzi, ndikupereka kukoma kokoma ndi mafuta obiriwira.

Mankhwala makhalidwe a chipatso:

  • zidulo - 0,40%;
  • shuga - 11.4%;
  • Nkhani youma - 13%;
  • ascorbic acid - 7.7 mg / 100g.

Chithunzi

Onani zithunzi za mitundu ya apulo "Anthu":


Mbiri yobereka

Zomera za mtengo wa apulo, Narodnoe, zinapangidwa mwaluso kumayambiriro kwa theka lachiwiri la zaka makumi awiri. Kwa kuswana ankagwiritsa ntchito mitundu Belfer Chinese ndi Pakrovka.

Mtengo wa azitona "mtengo" udzakhala wooneka ndi maso: zipatso za anthu muzofanana kwambiri ndi Packrovka (mawonekedwe, kulemera kwake ndi mtundu), ndipo mwa kulawa mukhoza kuzindikira mosavuta Belfer-Chinese - juiciness yomweyo, kukoma komweko.

Mtunduwu unalengedwa ndi Pulofesa Isaev Sergey Ivanovich mumzinda wa Michurinsk.

Bungwe la People's Board linaponyedwa mu 1964 ku Mordovia, m'chigawo cha Voronezh ndi Lipetsk.

Pakati pa theka la makumi asanu ndi atatu, akuluakulu adasiya kulemba Narodnoe mu Register Register chifukwa bungwe (VNIIS) silinalipire kukonzekera m'bukuli.

Komabe, Narodnoe akukula mwakuya ku Russia komanso ngakhale Udmurt frosts (ndipo iwo amafikira -35 ° C) akulekerera mosavuta, ndipo chifukwa cha ichi, People's Republic yadziwika kuti "Kuwonongedwa" mu Republic.

Kukula kwachilengedwe kudera

Amasintha bwino kwathunthu m'madera otetezeka. Poyamba anafalikira kumadera a Voronezh, Lipetsk, Saransk ndi midzi yoyandikana nawo.

Mpaka pano, zikukula bwino m'madera ena ndi nyengo yosiyana kwambiri, palinso machitidwe ku Ukraine ndi Belarus.

Pereka

Ngakhale kuti Narodnoe amatanthawuza mtundu wochepa chabe, uli ndi chidziwitso chopanda pake.

Chokolola choyamba chimasonkhanitsidwa chaka chachiwiri mutabzala mmera.

Kuchuluka kwa zokolola kukuwonjezeka chaka chilichonse, mtengo wa apulo umabala zipatso nthawi zonse.

Pamene mtengo wa apulo umakula msinkhu, panthawi ya fruiting, mtengo umodzi udzakufikitsani pafupifupi makilogalamu 160 a zokolola.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira

Kuti anthu asonyeze makhalidwe ake abwino m'munda mwanu, m'pofunika kutsata mosamala malangizo okhudza kusamalira ndi kubzala.

Popeza Folk ndi mtengo wamtengo wapatali, palibe chifukwa choti mupatse malo ambiri, ngakhale m'munda wawung'ono mbeuyo idzakhala yabwino.

Chinthu chokha chofunika: onetsetsani kuti mbeu yanu siigwera mumthunzi wa mtengo wina. Ngati muli ndi kuwala kochepa simungapezeko zoyenera za mbewu.

Nthaka yabwino kwambiri yobzala anthu ndi nthaka yakuda.

  1. Musanadzalemo, tanizani korona ya mbeu pang'ono. Kudulira kotereku kuyenera kuchitika chaka chimodzi chitatha.
  2. Kukumba dzenje 50x50.
  3. Chotsani bwino nthaka, tisiyanitsani nthaka yomwe ili pamwamba ndi pansi.Musanabzala, mizu ya mtengo iyenera kuwongoledwa..
  4. Ndi zofunika kuti mudzaze dzenje ndi organic feteleza (mwachitsanzo, ndi humus).
  5. Mtengo umayikidwa mu dzenje, nthaka zigawo zimabwezeretsedwa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, poyamba mumagona mzere wazitali, kenako pamwamba. Dulani pansi poika aliyense wosanjikizakotero kuti mizu ikusamalidwa mosamala komanso mosamalitsa
  6. Pangani dzenje lozungulira mapazi.
  7. Bwezerani mtengo wa apulo ndi msomali kuti pakapita nthawi kukula sikuchotse thunthu pansi pa kulemera kwa korona.
  8. Lembani dzenje ndi madzi. Mtengo woyenera ndi 3 malita pa mtengo.
  9. Bwalo limene munapanga kuzungulira thunthulo liyenera kusamalidwa bwino ndi humus kapena peat.

Mbewu. Amachitidwa nthawi zonse kuti mtengowo ukhazikitse chipatso ndipo sagwiritsire ntchito mphamvu pazitsamba zosabereka. Kudulira koyamba kumachitika kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Kukonza ndikofunika phindu la pachaka, kufupikitsa ndi pafupifupi 20%. Nthambi zowonongeka zimachotsedwa.

Ndi kudulira koyenera pa mtengo wamtengo wapatali samapanga malo opanda kanthu, ndipo kuthamanga kwapachaka kumagawidwa mofanana.

Kuthirira Musanayambe kukolola, mtengo wa apulo umathiriridwa katatu pachaka, mtengo wonse uyenera kulandira ndowa zisanu. Lekani kuthirira kumayambiriro kwa August. Mtengo wa apulo umene umabala mbewu umafunika kuthirira kasanu ndi kamodzi.

Imwani mtengo usanayambe maluwa, nthawi ndi pambuyo pake.. Kenaka, pangani kuthirira mu June ndi kumayambiriro kwa fruiting.

Ukhondo Onetsetsani kuti mizu siimakula namsongole, kugwa, kuchotsani masamba onse akale ndikuwotcha kunja kwa munda.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Scab

Mosiyana ndi mitundu yambiri ya mitengo ya apulo, Narodnoe sangafanane ndi nkhanambo, komabe vuto la kachilomboka lapezeka mobwerezabwereza.

Nkhumba - matenda a fungal omwe amadziwika ngati mawonekedwe a bulauni pamasamba. Pambuyo popanga mapepala masamba owuma, ndi zipatso zowola.

Chithandizo: Chithandizo choyamba chimapangidwa m'chaka ndi Topaz. Chithandizo chachiwiri chimachitika pambuyo pa maluwa ndi yankho la "colloidal sulfure" kapena kukonzekera "Chom".

Mame a Mealy

Nthenda ya fungal yomwe ikukhudza mbali zonse za zomera. Pamtengo ndi masamba, oyera, otchedwa "mealy", pachimake amawoneka choyamba, ndi nthawi, popanda mankhwala, amasanduka bulauni.

Masamba a chomera chowongolerawo amame, kukula kumasiya, zipatso sizimangidwe.

Chithandizo: Kumapeto kwa nyengo, tengerani mtengo ndi "Skor" kapena "Topaz". Pambuyo maluwa, mankhwala ndi mkuwa wa chlorine oxide ndi ofunika, ndipo atatha kukolola ndi gawo limodzi Bordeaux madzi.

Bakiteriya amatenthe

Amayesedwa kuti ndi umodzi mwa matenda akuluakulu komanso osasokonekera a mitengo ya zipatso. Matendawa ali ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, zizindikiro zimayambira kumapeto kwa mwezi wa July: zopindula zapachaka zowuma, masamba amawoneka akuda.

Popanda kuchiza, mtengo umafa kwa zaka ziwiri ndipo umakhudza zomera zakufupi.

Chithandizo: Popeza kuti matendawa ali ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, amatha kupatsirana pogula mbande kapena tizirombo, komanso amalekerera ndi tizirombo. Tizilombo tiyenera kuonongeka, kuyang'ana ubwino wa kubzala.

Mukamagula chomera - muwotenthe, ndipo chitani nthaka yomwe inakula, ndi njira yothetsera mkuwa wa sulphate.

Ngati mwaganiza kugula mtengo wa apulogolo wa Narodnoe, mungakhale otsimikiza kuti sikudzakukhumudwitsani. Chodabwitsa n'chakuti mtengo wa zipatso uwu ulibe zolakwa zazikulu. Ndiwopanda chisanu, omwe sagwidwa ndi nkhanambo, zosavuta kupeza zipatso zambiri.