Mitundu yabwino ya nthochi yamtundu ndi zipatso zazing'ono kuchokera ku maiko otentha: ubwino ndi kuvulaza

Matenda a nthochi kutchedwa mosiyana mwana wobiriwira ndi mini. Asanabweretsedwe ku Russia, adapezeka ku Africa, Caribbean ndi South America, ndipo adakali pano.

Kufunika kwa banani wobiriwira ndi chifukwa cha zizindikiro zawo.

Kodi iwo ndi chiyani?

Mtengo wa Banana mumkhalidwe wachilengedwe ukhoza kukula mpaka mamita khumi m'litali. Pakhomo, nthawi zambiri sichimafika mamita awiri.

Wake masamba amasiyana ndi mthunzi wobiriwira wambiri. Muyeso iwo ali yaitali ndi otalika. Thunthu la mtengo lili ndi mtundu wobiriwira.

Mthunzi wa duwa ndi wofiira. Kukula kwa fetasi - pafupifupi masentimita asanu ndi awiri. Mabanki aang'ono amapeza mtundu wachikasu pokhapokha atakhwima. Kukoma kwake ndi kofewa kwambiri. Thupi liri ndi maonekedwe abwino. Fungo la chipatso ndi lamphamvu kwambiri.

Mbiri yowonekera

Banana (Musa sapientum) ndi dzina la mitundu yoposa 1000 ndi hybrids ya chomera. Nkhumbayo imadziwika ngati mabulosi. Gulu la nthochi limatchedwa dzanja, nthochi imodzi imatchedwa chala. Nkhumba zikhoza kukhala zitsamba zoyamba kulima padziko lapansi. Archaeologists apeza umboni wa kulima kwawo mpaka 8000 BC. ku New Guinea. Pafupifupi mitundu yonse yamakono yopanda mbewu yopanda mbewu imabwera kuchokera ku mitundu iwiri ya zakutchire: Musa acuminata ndi Musa balbisiana. Lero, wolima padziko lonse wa banani ndi Ecuador, wotsatiridwa ndi Philippines. Nthomba zimakula m'madera otentha ndi madera ozungulira Asia, North ndi South America, Africa, Canary Islands ndi Australia.

Kusiyana kwa botanical pakati pa banki wachikasu ndi wobiriwira. Nthano chabe yachikasu imatanthauzira mtundu wokoma wa chipatso ndipo nthawi zambiri amadya yaiwisi, ndi yobiriwira - kwa mankhwala okhala ndi wowonjezera, komwe mungapange mbale zosiyanasiyana.

Mfundo za chisamaliro cha kunyumba

Mutagula mtengo wa nthochi, tcherani khutu ku mphamvukodi mizu yake ili kuti? Ngati mphika wabwino, chomera sichifunika kuika. Ngati liri mu chidebe ndi gawo lapansi, liyenera kusunthidwa, koma osati mu poto lalikulu kwambiri.

Musachotse gawolo kuchokera ku mizu panthawi yopatsira. Ngati mukuchita mosiyana, chomeracho sichitha msanga.

Banana amafunikira kuwala kowala mu chipinda. Iye amavomereza bwino pa khonde kapena pafupi ndiwindo. Ngati zenera zili kumpoto, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito kuunikira kwina. Ngati mukuika mphika ndi chomera pafupi ndi zenera lakumwera, musaiwale kuti mumakhala ukonde wa dzuwa pafupi ndi galasi. Kuwala kwa dzuwa sikugwira ntchito bwino.

Banana - chomera thermophilic. Ngati kutentha m'chipindamo kudumpha pansi pa madigiri khumi ndi asanu, zingathe kufa.

Adzakhala omasuka pa madigiri makumi awiri ndi atatu mpaka makumi awiri kudza asanu ndi limodzi.

Mukakula mukuyenera kukwaniritsa chinyezi. Ventilate chipinda, onetsani madzi m'madzi pafupi ndi mtengo.

Madzi Banana ayenera kutetezedwa ndi madzi ofunda. Nthawi zambiri kutentha ndi madigiri makumi awiri ndi asanu. Kuthirira kumakhala kobwerezabwereza, koma kuti madzi otsala asanakhale wouma.

Nthawi zina nkofunika kumasula nthaka musanamwe madzi kuti mpweya ufikire mizu.

Banana akhoza kuphuka miyezi itatu ndi khumi ndi iwiri. Mphukira imakhala ndi mtundu wofiira wofiira, ndipo duwa ili ndi hue wofiira. Pambuyo pa kuyamba kwa maluwa kuonekera. Zipatso zapamwamba zipse msanga.

Mtengo wa Banana umatsatira kudyetsa nthawi zonse pambuyo kuthirira, makamaka nthawi ya kusasitsa. Mzu wa nthochi ndi wosakhwima kwambiri, choncho feteleza zopangidwa sizinayenera. Ng'ombe yamtundu wabwino, feteleza wobiriwira ndi phulusa.

Kotero kuti izo sizikupita, ziyenera Bwezerani izo kamodzi pa miyezi khumi ndi iwiri iliyonse. Pankhani ya kukula mwakhama ayenera kutero nthawi zambiri.

Chophimba chodzala ikufanana ndi kukula kwa mbewu. Mwachitsanzo, ngati sapling ndi yaing'ono, mphika wochuluka ndi wokwanira. Zomera zokhwima zimafunikira mphika khumi ndi imodzi. Kubzala kumafuna nthaka yopanda ndale. Kuwongolera mu mawonekedwe a miyala yachitsulo kapena losweka njerwa ayenera kuikidwa pansi. Chotsatira chiyenera kukhala mchenga wosanjikiza. Nthaka yaikulu imapangidwa ndi nthaka pansi pa mitengo yovuta (nthaka si yabwino kwa mabokosi ndi thundu), mchenga wa mtsinje, madzi otentha ndi feteleza.

Banana akhoza kuchulukana ndi mbewu, ndi zothandizira. Ngati mukufuna njira yoyamba. Mbewu iyenera kuikidwa m'madzi, ndikubzala pambuyo poyimera. Mukalekanitsa ndondomeko, iyenera kubzalidwa nthawi yomweyo m'nthaka.

Ndikofunika kuyika sapling mu nthaka yokhala ndi ubweya komanso yonyowa. Ndi bwino ngati pali madzi mmenemo.

Pindulani ndi kuvulaza

Mabhanani abirime ndiwo magwero olemera opatsa thanzi: mavitamini ndi mchere, flavonoids, polyphenols, monga lutein, zeaxanthin, beta ndi alpha carotenes (akuchita monga antioxidants), mabakiteriya omwe amachititsa patsogolo thanzi. Nkhumba imodzi yokha ili ndi 422 mg ya potaziyamu (malingana ndi kukula), zomwe ndizofunikira kuti muwone kuyendera kwa mtima ndi kuthamanga kwa magazi. Zipatso zobiriwira zimadzaza ndi zowonjezera, zabwino kwa anthu omwe ali ndi vuto la kugaya ndi matumbo.

Kuipa kwa nthochi zobiriwira: kukoma kowopsya ndi kuyaka kwa sera. Zingathe kuyambitsanso kupuma ndi mpweya wopangidwa ndi mpweya chifukwa chokhala ndi wowuma.

Mtengo wa banki yaiwisi yaiwisi (100 gr)
CriterionPhindu la zakudyaPeresenti
Mphamvu90 kcal4,5%
Zakudya22.84 g18%
Mapuloteni1.09 g2%
Mafuta0.33 g1%
Cholesterol0 mg0%
Zakudya za zakudya2.60 g7%
Saharampaka magalamu 10(malingana ndi kucha)
Osakampaka magalamu 6(malingana ndi kucha)
Mavitamini
Folate20 mg5%
Niacin0.665 mg4%
Pantothenic acid0.4 mg4%
Vitamini B60.367 mg28%
Vitamini B20.073 mg5%
Thiamine0.031 mg2%
Vitamini A64 IU2%
Vitamini C8.7 mg15%
Vitamin E0.1 mg1%
Vitamini K0,5 mcg1%
Mchere
Calcium5.0 mg0,5%
Mkuwa0.078 mg8%
Iron0.26 mg2%
Magesizi27 mg7%
Manganese0,270 mg13%
Phosphorus22 mg4%
Selenium1.0 mcg2%
Zinc0.15 mg1%
Electrolytes
Potaziyamu358 mg8%
Sodium1 mg0%

Kodi n'zotheka kudya?

Chitsamba chobiriwira ndizowonjezera zakudya zambiri zokoma. Zitha kukhala zophika, zophika, zokazinga, zotsekedwa, zowonongeka kapena zipsu, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito monga kudzazidwa, mu saladi kapena optiliza.

Koma zipatso zosapsa zimapindulitsa mwachangu mawonekedwe awo, chifukwa ali ndi zotchedwa "wosakaniza wowuma", zomwe zimaphatikizidwa bwino ndi thupi, mosiyana ndi tirigu wambiri, mbatata ndi zina.

Chothandiza n'chiyani?

Nthomba ndi imodzi mwa zakudya zabwino kwambiri. Mukayerekezera nthochi ndi apulo, nthochi imakhala ndi mapuloteni 4, mavitamini awiri, katatu kuposa phosphorous, vitamini A katatu, zitsulo zochulukitsa kawiri, komanso mavitamini awiri ndi mavitamini 2. Ndipo, ndithudi, nthochi zimadziwika kuti ndizolemera potaziyamu.

Mabhanani a Green amathandizira kuthana ndi mavuto a kuthamanga kwa magazi, magazi, fupa ndi mitsempha, mtima, impso, khungu, zabwino kwa dyspepsia, zilonda za m'mimba, kupweteka kwa mtima, kudzimbidwa, kuchepa kwa magazi, PMS, kupweteka kwa mphuno, ziphuphu, kusinthika kwa minofu, kupondaponda. Amathandizira kuchepetsa shuga wa magazi, kupewa matenda a khansa ya impso, kuteteza maso kuchoka pansi.

Kwa dongosolo la mtima

Zipatso zobiriwira zimayambitsa kuthamanga kwa magazi chifukwa cha potaziyamu, yomwe imakhala ngati vasodilator (vasodilator). Chotsitsa chotsitsa chotsitsa cholesterol mu plasma ndi triglycerides. Chifukwa chake, kupanikizika m'mitsempha ya mitsempha ndi mitsempha, glycemic ndi insulinhemic yankho zacheperachepera, ndipo ischemic matenda a mtima, atherosclerosis, matenda a mtima ndi zilonda zimaletsedwa.

Chifukwa cha kapangidwe ka zakudya

Mabhanani abiriwira ali ndi mavitamini ambirimbiri omwe amathandiza kuti thupi lizikhala bwino komanso zimatuluka m'mimba.

Komanso, mankhwalawa amatenga kutsekula m'mimba chifukwa cha matenda a bactericidal, viral, kapena parasitic. Masamba osapsa amathandiza kuthana ndi zizindikiro za kupweteka kwa m'mimba: kunyoza, kutopa, colic ndi ululu m'mimba, ndi zina zotero.

Kugwiritsa ntchito nthochi nthawi zonse kumawonjezera kuyamwa kwa zakudya, makamaka calcium, pamakoma a m'mimba.

Kwa minofu dongosolo

Mabhanani abirime ndiwo magwero a vitamini osiyanasiyana, monga vitamini B6, vitamini C ndi zina zambiri. Pamodzi ndi potaziyamu wambiri (pafupifupi 400 mg mg pa 100 g ya mankhwala!) Ndipo phosphorous, zinthu zimenezi zimagwira ntchito mu mchere wa madzi, ndipo ndizofunika kwambiri kuti azikhala ndi minofu, panthawi yophunzitsa komanso ntchito zina.

Kwa dongosolo la manjenje

Nkhumba yaying'ono imapereka 33% ya mlingo wa tsiku ndi tsiku wa vitamini B6. Vitamini kumathandiza thupi kulenga melatonin - hormone yomwe imalamulira "mkati" la thupi. Kugwiritsa ntchito kuchuluka kwa vitamini B6 kuti ndibwino kuti mukhale ndi machitidwe abwino a chitetezo cha mthupi ndi amanjenje, ubongo umagwira ntchito. Pamodzi ndi mahomoni norepinephrine ndi serotonin, vitamini B6 imakhudza kwambiri maganizo, imakhala ndi zovuta.

Kwa ubongo

Mavitamini a gulu B amapereka ubongo ndi mphamvu, amatha kukumbukira, kusinkhasinkha, kuthetsa mavuto a maganizo, kutopa.

Chifukwa cha mano ndi mafupa

100 gr. Banana puree ali ndi pafupifupi 5.0 mg ya calcium. Mwina izi sizowonjezereka, koma nkofunika kulimbikitsa mazinyo a mano ndi mafupa. Kuwonjezera apo, zipatso za nthochi zimakhala ndi zochuluka za fructo-oligosaccharides - zakudya zopanda zakudya zomwe zimapangitsa kuti thupi likhale ndi mphamvu komanso thupi limatha kupeza kashiamu yowonjezera.

Kugwiritsira ntchito mkati mwa tsamba la nthochi (maminiti angapo tsiku lililonse) kumathandiza kubwezeretsanso mano.

Khungu

Nkhumba (mkati) imathandizira kuchotsa ziphuphu, kuchepetsa kuyabwa ndi kukwiya kwa khungu pambuyo pa kuluma kwa tizilombo. Chifukwa cha machiritso ake ndi kubwezeretsanso, tsamba la nthochi lidzathandizira kuthamanga machiritso, kutunduka, zilonda, ziphuphu ndi kuvulala kwina; kuchepetsa ziphuphu ndi kuteteza foci yatsopano. Banana kusinthitsa kumathandiza kuti thupi likhale lolimba, limachepetsa makwinya.

Kodi n'zotheka pa nthawi ya mimba?

Zakudya zam'tsogolo ndi amayi oyamwitsa ndi nthawi yofunikira kwambiri ya thanzi la mwanayo.. Pali zowonjezereka zogwiritsira ntchito mankhwala panthawiyi, koma chakudya chomwecho chiyenera kukhala chosiyana, chachibadwa, chokwanira ndi cholingalira.

Nkhumba zimapewa matenda a shuga pa nthawi yomwe ali ndi mimba, makamaka chifukwa cha folic acid, magnesium, phosphorus ndi tryptophan, zomwe zimakhudza kusintha kwa mahomoni a mkazi, shuga wokhudzana ndi magazi, zimatsimikizira kuti zimakhala zogwirizana ndi kupuma kwabwino usiku.

Milandu ya zolakwika m'mayi am'mbuyo am'tsogolo ndi osowa, koma amatha kudziwonetsera okha ngati zizindikiro zosasangalatsa: kuphulika, kusinthika muchitetezo, kusokoneza maganizo pakakhala kusasalana.

Kodi n'zotheka kuyamwa?

Miyezi yoyamba yakuyamwitsa amayi, ndikofunika kutsatira mndandanda wapadera, kuchotsa zakudya zomwe zimadya zakudya zambiri. Nthomba zimaphatikizidwa mndandandawu. Kawirikawiri, panthawiyi, ndibwino kuti musamawononge mankhwala osokoneza bongo. M'tsogolomu, nthochi zobiriwira ziyenera kuyambitsidwa panthawi ya zakudya pang'onopang'ono, kumamatira ku mfundo zachikhalidwe komanso kuyang'anira momwe zimachitikira thupi la mwanayo.

Ndi matenda a shuga

Zipatso zopanda zipatso zili ndi shuga wambiri kusiyana ndi okhwima. Mndandanda wa glycemic of the product ndi 30, choncho njira ya chimbudzi, kuyamwa ndi kuchepa kwa thupi kumachitika pang'onopang'ono, kuthetsa ngozi za kuwonjezeka mwadzidzidzi m'magazi a shuga. Nthomba zimakhala ndi zakudya zowonjezera zakudya - mchere wokhala ndi matenda a shuga.

Pamene kutaya thupi

Mtedza wosagonjetsa (resistant) ndi chida cha kulemera kwa chilengedwe: chimapangitsa kuti mapangidwe a hormone glucagon apangidwe, kuonjezera kuchuluka kwa mafuta omwe amawotcha thupi.

Kodi mungatani ndi iwo?

Mabhanani abiriwira alibe kukoma kokoma ndipo alibe fungo losangalatsa kwambiri. Yankho la vuto ili pakupanga kuphika.

  • Zigawo zowonongeka kapena chips - chithandizo chosangalatsa!
  • Wophikidwa mu peel (mkati mwa mphindi 20) mutatha kuchotsamo nthochi zobiriwira zimagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chakudya chosiyana kapena ndi nyama, mwachitsanzo, ndi dumplings.
  • Ma banki obiriwira omwe ali ndi mafuta pang'ono komanso mchere.
  • Oatmeal ndi magawo a nthochi, mtedza ndi yogurt.
  • Morning chodyera wa wobiriwira zipatso, kukwapulidwa mu blender ndi Kuwonjezera wa zipatso zokoma.
  • Zakudya zokometsera nthochi ndi tsabola, mandimu, mchere, shuga ndi anyezi.
  • Zotsitsimula saladi ndi tchizi, tchizi, timadziti, nkhaka, mandimu ndi mandimu.

Ubwino wonse wa zakudya zabwino!

Kodi kuvulaza kungapangidwe? Kodi ndi yotani?

Mukamadya banani wobiriwira mopitirira malire, palibe zotsatira zoopsa. Kugwiritsira ntchito mopambanitsa kungayambitse kugona, kumutu. Mutu umayambitsidwa ndi amino acid amene amachepetsa mitsempha ya magazi, ndipo magnesium imatulutsa minofu - nthawizina imathandiza ndipo nthawizina ndi yoopsa. Kugwiritsa ntchito masamba a mitundu ingapo tsiku lililonse kumawonjezera potaziyamu - hyperkalemia. Mabhanani abiriwira amachititsa kuti anthu ena azikhala okonzeka chifukwa cha wowuma.

Ma bananas osakwanira si oyenera kukhala chakudya chabwino, popeza alibe mapuloteni okwanira ndi mafuta. Komanso muli ndi makina ochepa a antioxidants, poyerekezera ndi nthochi.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Kunyumba, mtengo wawung'ono suli ndi matenda. Lamulo lokha - musaiwale kusunga chomeracho kuchokera ku zolemba. NthaƔi zonse feteleza amafunikanso. Inu mukhoza kuwaza dziko kamodzi masiku makumi atatu aliwonse ndi fumbi la fodya.

Zolemba zam'mlengalenga mumlengalenga wokongola

Ngati poyamba zinkaganiziridwa kuti zomera zotere sizikanakulira pakhomo, tsopano zowonongeka izi zawonongeka. Chikhalidwe chofunika ndi Pangani mpata wabwino wa nthochi.

Yesetsani kutsatira malamulo a kulima monga momwe zingathere kuti chomera chidzakondweretseni ndi thanzi lake ndi zipatso.