Kuphulika Azalea - maluwa okongola kwambiri mu mphika!

Kufalikira azalea - chowonetseratu chapadera. Chitsamba chonse chophimbidwa ndi inflorescences cha mithunzi yosiyana chimakhala ngati maluwa okondwerera.

Chifukwa cha mitundu yambiri yomwe imafalikira panthawi zosiyanasiyana, mukhoza kukongoletsa mkatikati mwa nyumba ndi tsatanetsatane wodabwitsa pafupifupi chaka chonse.

Malingana ndi kuyambika kwa maluwa azaleas akugawidwa mu:

  • Maluwa oyambirira
  • Kupakatirana maluwa
  • Maluwa ochedwa

Koma nthawi yoyamba maluwa imadalira osati pa zosiyanasiyana, komanso zikhalidwe zomangidwa. Maluwa akupitirira miyezi iwiri kapena itatu.

Kodi rhododendron imayamba liti?

Kuti capricious kukongola pachimake

Azalea maluwa imadalira zochitika za nthawi yonse.

Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kutentha kozizira. Ngati kutentha kwa zomwe zili maluwa pambuyo pa madigiri 18, maluwa sangamange. Kutentha kokwanira ndi 15-16 ° C.

Kunyumba, sunga lamuloli mokongola zovutaChoncho, ambiri amalima maluwa sangathe kukwaniritsa maluwa.

Ophunzira a azalea akulangizani kuchoka ku azalea pamsewu mpaka nyengo yozizira itabwera, ndipo kenako ikhale pa khonde losasintha kufikira chisanu. Atakhala nthawi yokwanira m'nyengo yozizira, maluwa atayikidwa chifukwa chachisanu.

Komanso, azalea amafunikira kuwala ndi chinyezi mlengalenga ndi nthaka. Kuthirira madzi ozizira ndi kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa - izi ndi zomwe zimafunika kuti ukhale wabwino.

Posakhalitsa kusanayambe kwa maluwa akuyembekezeka, pamene masamba asonkhanitsidwa, mukusowa tulukani mphukira zazing'ono. Amafooketsa azalea ndi zovuta maluwa.


Kodi azalea amayamba liti?

Malingana ndi zosiyanasiyana, azalea amamasula kuchokera mu February mpaka June.
Pa maluwa, chidwi chimaperekedwa kwa feteleza.

Odziŵa zambiri akulangiza mankhwala:

  • Zircon

Oyenera kupopera mbewu mankhwala ndi mizu yovala. Zimagwiritsidwa ntchito Kamodzi pa sabata. Kumalimbikitsa maluwa ndi kumanga mizu.

  • Epin

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupopera mbewu kamodzi pamasabata awiri. Ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha kusanako kwa masamba.

  • Ferovit

Chitsulo chokhala ndi zitsulo. AmafunikaKukula masamba. Amagwiritsa ntchito mizu ndi mavalidwe a foliar.

  • Phytosporin

Amateteza matenda kuwonongeka kwa mizu.

  • Emerald

Akufunika kusunga luntha ndi masamba a saturation.

  • Mchere wa mandimu kapena asidi

Amaphatikizidwira pang'onopang'ono kuti madzi a ulimi wothirira. kamodzi mu masiku khumi. Amamanga nthaka.

Pakati pa maluwa akufunika kuwala, kuwala kosiyana. Koma musaike pamalo otentha komanso dzuwa - liponya maluwa.

Madzi pa maluwa, azalea ayenera kukhala nthawi zonse, nthaka iyenera kukhala yonyowa, koma osati yonyowa. Anagwiritsidwa ntchito kuthirira madzi otsika

Tapani muli mandimu ndi klorini, azaleas, zinthu izi zimatsutsana.

Madziwo ayenera kukhazikitsidwa, osankhidwa kapena osakanizidwa ndi njira yozizira.

Kuwathandiza kuti asunge chinyezi kulandira chinyezi chachilengedwe. Poto pansi pa azalea imadzaza ndi dothi lodzaza dothi, lodzazidwa ndi madzi ndikuika mphika. Onetsetsani kuti pansi sikukhudza madzi. Claydite imatsukidwa nthawi ndi madzi.

Njira yabwino kwambiri ndi yogwiritsira ntchito chidziwitso.

Pamene kupopera mankhwala azaleas pa maluwa sangathe kugwa pa maluwa, iwo adzavunda ndi kugwa.

Mitengo ina ya mkati mkati mwa maluwa silingasokonezedwe. Ndi azalea, chirichonse chiri cholakwika - chingasunthidwe, kusinthidwa, kukonzanso. Zokha ndikofunika kubwerera pambuyo maluwa kupita kumalo kumene iye anali ndi masamba owonetsera.

Monga lamulo, azalea blooms kamodzi pachaka. Koma chomera chaching'ono chaka choyamba nthawi zina akhoza kuthamanga kachiwiri patapita miyezi ingapo. Izi zidzangochitika kokha ngati mupereka zinthu zabwino zowonongeka.

Pamene azalea amamasula

Maluwawo atangobzala ndikugwa, zomera zimalimbikitsidwa. trim ndi kuika. Chitani pomwepo, mosachedwa. Ngati mwachedwa, mutha kudumpha masamba a bookmark.

Musamabwezeretse azalea mwamsanga mutagula., ziyenera kugwirizana ndi zikhalidwe za nyumbayo. Izo zidzachitika mu masabata awiri kapena atatu.

Mitundu ina imatsanulira masamba asanafike nthawi yayitali. Mukamagula azalea, funsani ngati izi ndizovuta. Ngati chitsamba chiri kwathunthu kapena chamaliseche, chikhoza kutanthauza kuti kuwonongeka.

Mwamsanga mutatha maluwa, kudulira ndi kukanikiza kumayenera kuchitidwa. Kudulira kumachitika mwa njira imene nthambi imatsalira Masamba 4-5. Nthambi zofooka ndi zokula mkati mwachitsamba zimachotsedwa. Njirayi idzakuthandizani kupereka chitsamba mawonekedwe a mpira - Izi zidzapereka wapadera kukongoletsa zotsatira pa zotsatira maluwa.

Kudulira ndi kofunika kwambiri. Ngati sizingatheke, zimayambira zidzatambasula ndikupachika, ndipo chitsamba chidzasungunuka.

Nthawi yopumula.

Chinthu chofunika kwambiri pa nthawi yonseyi ndi kutentha kwa ndende.

October - December pafupi madigiri 10, January-February kuzungulira 16-17.

Kuthirira nthawi zonse. N'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito ayezi kapena chisanu kuti zizizizira poika chitsamba m'malo modiririra. Mosiyana ndi zomera zina, azalea pambuyo pa dontho la masamba kapena kudulira amafunikanso kuwala. Musaike mumthunzi.

Kukula kwa Azalea

Izi zikhoza kuchitika pokhapokha ngati zili zofunikira kwambiri, ngati mizu inalimbikitsa nthaka yonse ndipo kukula kwatsopano kunawonekera pamwamba.

Chomera cha zaka zitatu chimafalikira kamodzi pachakandi zitsanzo zazikulu osaposa kamodzi pa zaka ziwiri.

Anabzala azalea m'nthaka ya rhododendrons, nthaka iyenera kukhala zowawa.

Chophika chinatenga osaya, chifukwa azaleas ali ndi mizu yeniyeni. Kukula kwayeneranso kukhala kwakukulu ndi 2-3 mamita wamentimita akale.

Kusamba kumathera njira yothetsera, mizu siidatsukidwa, chifukwa ili ndi bowa lapadera lomwe limathandiza kumanga zakudya.

Mulimonsemo musamabwezeretse azalea panthawi yamaluwa komanso nthawi ya maluwa. Nthawi yomweyo Bwezerani masamba ndipo mwina kufa.

Nchifukwa chiyani azalea akufalikira panyumba?


Kuperewera kwa maluwa kumayankhula zolakwika. Zifukwa zingakhale izi:

  • Zokwanira kutentha. Chomera chimakhudzidwa makamaka ndi mpweya wotentha wa mabatire. Tetezani mawindo omwe zomerazo zikuyimira, chithunzi choteteza.
  • Kupanda kuunikira. Tsiku lowala liyenera kukhala lofanana ndi maola 10-12. Ngati kulibe kuwala kwachibadwa, kuunika ndi nyali n'kofunika. Chofunikira kwa azaleas ndi zomwe zili m'mawindo akummawa kapena kumadzulo. Kumbali yakum'mwera, idzatha.
  • Kuthirira madzi otentha kapena madzi ndi mandimu. Iye raskislyaet lapansi, ndipo maluwa awa amakonda nthaka yowawasa.
  • Kuyanika pansi. Ngakhale kuuma kwafupipafupi kwa gawoli kumapangitsa kufa kwa maluwa.
  • Kudulira mwadzidzidzi. Mphukira yambiri yosatulutsidwa imatenga mphamvu kuchokera ku zomera. Kuonjezerapo, ngati mwachedwa ndipo mutadula chomera panthawi yochepa, mukhoza kuwawononga.
  • Azalea sakonda makina, kotero pamene akulowetsa chipinda, onetsetsani kuti mphepo yoziziritsa yoopsa siigunda mbewu.

Ngati mukulephera kupanga zinthu zotere za azalea, ndiye kuti zidzakusangalatsani ndi maluwa kamodzi kokha. Muthandizeni kwambiri, ndipo azikongoletsa nyumba yanu ndi mitundu yowala kwa chaka chimodzi.

Chithunzi

Onani zithunzi zambiri za azalea pachimake: