Zima-zolimba, zopatsa komanso zopanda matenda - apulo osiyanasiyana "Orlovskoye Polesye"

Mitengo ya Orlovskoye Polesye apulo imathandiza kuti phindu lathu lachisanu likhale lokoma ndi zokoma ndi zokongola zipatso ndi yowutsa mudyo, wandiweyani thupi.

"Masaya" awo ofiira amaoneka okongola kwambiri moti sikuti munthu aliyense wodzinyamula alimi adzakweza dzanja kuti apange madzi, jam, marshmallow kapena cider.

Ndi mtundu wanji?

Apple mitengo "Orlovskoye Polesie" - ndi zipatso zokongola, nyengo yozizira ndi yobala zipatso oimira nyengo zosiyanasiyana zachisanu ndi chitetezo chake kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kukana kwa matenda akuluakulu a chikhalidwe kumapereka Vf gene. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imakhala yopanga mungu wochepa, osagonjetsedwa ndi kusungirako makhalidwe.

Kwa zaka zinayi, zosiyanasiyana zinayesedwa mu zikhalidwe za Central, Nizhnevolzhsky, Chernozem madera. Walembedwa m'mabuku a Register Register kuyambira 2002.

Kusungirako

Orlovskoye Polesye maapulo osiyanasiyana khalidwe la kusunga bwino.

Shalafu moyo wa chipatso ukhoza kupitilira mpaka mwezi wa January, ngati nthawi yomweyo amatumizidwa kuzipinda zapamwamba za firiji ndi chinyezi chotsitsa pambuyo pa kuchotsedwa.

Mitundu yotsatirayi imakhalanso ndi khalidwe labwino la kusunga: Chudny, Malt Bagaevsky, Kandil Orlovsky, Moscow Late ndi Young Naturalist.

Chidebe choyika maapulo mkati mwa malo ozizira:

  • pulasitiki ndi mabowo a mpweya wabwino m'dera lonse la chidebecho,
  • matabwa (kuchokera ku mitundu yosiyana ya nkhuni).

Kufotokozera zosiyanasiyana Orlovskoe Polesie

Zithunzi zofanana ndi mitengo akuluakulu:

  • mtengo wokwanira mtengo
  • osati korona korona
  • nthambi zambiri zimakhala zozungulira.

Malo a nthambi zazikulu zokhudzana ndi thunthu ndi pafupifupi zozizwitsa. Nthambizo ndi zolunjika, mphukira zimatsogoleredwa pamwamba. Makungwawo ndi ofewa, pa thunthu ndi mphukira za lignified za mtundu wa imvi.
Zipatso zimamangirizidwa pa zosavuta ndi zovuta annuli.

Kukula mphukira ya brownish kamene imatulutsa mabala, imatulutsa mawonekedwe ofiira, bulauni mu mtanda. Maonekedwe a timing'ono tochepa pafupi ndi mphukira.

Mdima wonyezimira ndi mtundu wa bluish umapanga masamba ndi mawonekedwe a dzira.

Melkopilchatye m'mphepete mwake, ndi kofiira kofiira pamtunda, kumakhala nthambi zomwe zimakhala ndi masamba ochepa chabe.

Kumalo amodzi kumapanga mazira ambiri pa mapesi ang'onoang'ono. Kumayambiriro kwa pinki, pang'onopang'ono amawala ndi pinki yofiira.

Anatsegulidwa maluwa ndi lathyathyathya, ndi osasunthika ozungulira pamakhala.

Anthers ndi ochepa kusiyana ndi zonyansa, pistils pamtanda sagwiritsidwa ntchito, osakonzedwa.

Zipatso zobiriwira ndizowala, zazikulu, oblong-conical mawonekedwe. Ambiri a maapulo okonzeka kukolola amalemera 130-140 g uliwonse. Amagwedeza kwambiri, ali ndi sing'anga chodula kwambiri chomwe chimakhala chochepetsedwa ndi kapu yotsekedwa. Msuzi wokhotakhota ali ndi kukula kwake.

Mbewu ndi zofiirira, zomwe zimapezeka muzipinda zotsekedwa.

Apulo imakhala pamtengo pa phesi laling'ono. Pakati pa msinkhu, mphuno ya chipatso ndi yowala, mafuta ochepa. Mtunduwu ndi wachikasu-wachikasu ndi bulawu umafalikira ku theka la chipatso chophatikizira mikwingwirima yofiira kapena yofiira ndi zofiira.

Mtundu wa zamkatiwu umamveka bwino. Lawani lokoma, lokoma ndi wowawasa.

Mitundu imeneyi amasonyezedwa ndi mitundu Molodyozhny, Aromatny, Silver ziboda, Belfleur-Kitaika ndi Bolotovsky.

Chipatso cha juiciness ndi chapamwamba. Malinga ndi dongosolo la zisanu, makhalidwe a Orlovskoye Polesye apulo analandira 4.3.

Mankhwala makhalidwe a chipatso:

  • Zosakaniza shuga: 8.2%.
  • Zotsatira zamtengo: 0.78%.
  • Kuchulukitsa: 7.9 mg.
  • P-yogwira zinthu: 342 mg.

Chithunzi

Zithunzi za zipatso zosiyanasiyana za apulo "Orlovskoye Polesie":



Mbiri yobereka

Kwa nthawi yoyamba, mbande za Orlovsky Polesie zinakula mu 1979, pofesa mbewu za chipatso cha chaka chapitacho kuchokera ku mtengo wa mayi 814, womwe unapatsidwa ufulu woyamitsa mungu, pansi.

Fruiting makope oyambirira a mitundu yatsopanoyo anadza zaka 11 pambuyo pake - mu 1990. Ntchito yopanga Orlovsky Polesie inkachitidwa ndi: V.V. Zhdanov, E.N. Sedov, E.A. Dolmatov, Z.M.Serova.

Chigawo chokula

Amaganizira za nyengo ya Central Black Earth dera la Russia. Zovuta kawirikawiri amavutika ndi chisanu, kukana kozizira kutentha kumakhala kofanana ndi ka Antonovka wamba.

M'derali, wachikulire, Kandil Orlovsky, Orlik mitundu inachita bwino.

Pereka

Kuphulika kwa masika kukolola kumakhala pakati ndi theka lachiwiri la mwezi wa September.

Mitengo yaing'ono imayamba kubala chipatso bwino kuchokera chaka chachisanu ndi chitatu chomwe chadutsa mutatha kukonzanso.

Avereji: mpaka 133-150 kg / ha, yomwe pamtunda wa mitengo 100 / ha ili pafupi makilogalamu 130-150 kuchokera ku mtengo umodzi wa apulo.

Kubzala ndi kusamalira

Pamene kukula kwa apulo mitundu "Orlovskoye Polesie", tsatirani zofanana kwa ulimi chikhalidwe.

Zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi kuwala kokwanira. Kuperewera kwa "malo ake" ndi kumeta kumachititsa kuwonjezeka kwa acidity mu chipatso, kuchepetsa kukula kwa mbewu.

Mitengo yabwino ya nthaka ya chikhalidwe: pH 5.6-6.0. Ngati chizindikirocho chikuposa (chizindikiro chake ndi sorelo yobiriwira bwino, yobiriwira, masamba osakaniza, sorelo ya akavalo), malo oti mubzala mtengo wa apulo sayenera kuchepa.

Kwa ntchito iyi:

  • laimu,
  • ufa wa dolomite,
  • phulusa.

Ndi bwino kuwonjezera chigawocho pansi pa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi musanayambe ngodya ya apulo m'munda.

Ngati malo amtengo amadziwika nthawi zonse kapena madzi akuyenda pamtunda wa 2-2.5 m, ndiye kuti si malo otsetsereka omwe akukonzekera mmera, koma mchenga wa nthaka yowonjezera.

Kodi muyenera kukhala ndi chisamaliro chotani kuti mupeze mbewu yabwino?

Kuwerengera zokolola zabwino m'tsogolo, kubzala mbande, musayiwale:

  • kuchoka pa khosi la mtengo 5 masentimita pamwamba pa nthaka;
  • Kuphimba muzu ndi ngwewe yonyowa, kukonzekera chotsitsa chomera kuchokera ku malo osungirako mbeu mpaka kumalo ake;
  • Chotsani masamba onsewa kuchokera ku mtengo womwe ukufalikira nthawi yoyamba (izi zidzakuthandizani kudzidzimitsa mokwanira ndi chinyezi ndi zakudya kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira, kuti mukhale ndi mizu yathanzi);
  • kuteteza thunthu kutentha kwa dzuwa ndi utoto, ndi kuchokera ku makoswe - ndi ukonde wapadera, womangiriza ndi udzu, makungwa, bango (m'nyengo yozizira);
  • Chotsani pafupi masamba onse kuchokera ku korona ngati rhizome ya chodzala ndi "mimba";
  • kuchepetsa "hairstyle" ndi gawo lachitatu, lomwe lingathandize ndikufulumizitsa chitukuko cha mizu.

Manyowa othandizira ndi kuthirira:

  1. Kuthirira mitengo kasanu pamwezi, m'zigawo za 12-15 malita kawiri patsiku kuthirira.
  2. Ndi bwino kupanga zovala zapamwamba pachaka pokha pa nthaka yosauka ya mchenga, kuwonjezera chisakanizo cha urea, nitroammofoski, 30 g aliyense, 5-7 makilogalamu a humus kunthaka m'chaka.
  3. Malo ena obiriwira amapindulitsa kawirikawiri.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Kulimbana ndi masamba-kudya ndi zipatso moths amagwiritsa ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kuchokera ku matenda ambiri opatsirana a mitengo ya apulo, wamaluwa amagwiritsa ntchito kupopera mbewu mankhwala nthawi ndi nthawi ndi mkuwa sulphate kapena kukonzekera.

Kupukuta kwa korona, ndiko kulepheretsa kugonjetsedwa kwa mitengo ndi bowa (pa nthawi yosaposa mphindi za mphukira zomwe zatsala pang'ono kuwonongedwa zimachotsedwa).

Kuti asayambe kudodometsedwa ndi kukongoletsa:

  • Kupatulira kumachitika pambuyo pa kutuluka kwa masamba kapena masabata ambiri chiyambireni kusokonezeka kwa impso;
  • Amagwiritsa ntchito nthambi zakutali ndi mphukira zophimbidwa ndi phula (kapena kupaka mafuta).

Sitiletsa nthawi ndi nthawi kugwiritsa ntchito tizirombo ta m'munda, monga njenjete, njenjete ya migodi, hawthorn, silkworms ndi zipatso zamtengo wapatali.

Kodi mukufuna kukula mtengo wa apulo umene umapirira mosavuta chisanu cha nyengo yozizira, suwopa nkhanambo, ndipo chaka chilichonse amakondwera ndi zokolola zabwino?

Kenaka pitani nyemba za Orlovskoye Polesye pa chiwembu chanu, zomwe zakhala zikuwonetsa zotsatira zabwino kwa zaka zambiri ndi zipangizo zamakono zamakono.

Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa mtengo wokhala ndi khansa yakuda, bakiteriya akutentha, ndi bwino kupatukana nthawi yomweyo nthambi zomwe zakhudzidwa kuchokera ku mbali yonse ya korona ndi kuwotcha.